Amyloidosis. Etiology and Pathogenesis. Classification. Staining Characteristics of Amyloid. Pathologic Changes in Organs.
Irreversible Cell Injury. Necrosis. Etiology and Pathogenesis. Morphology. Apoptosis. Specific Morphologic Forms of Necrosis: Coagulative Necrosis, Caseous Necrosis, Liquefactive Necrosis, Gangrene, Decubitus, Fat Necrosis, Fibrinoid Necrosis.
Hemodynamic Disorders. Edema. Etiopathogenetic Mechanism .Type and Morphology of Edema: Subcutaneous Edema. Pulmonary Edema. Edema of the Brain. Fluid Accumulation in Body Cavities. Clinical Correlation.
Hemodynamic Disorders. Hyperemia. Active Hyperemia. Passive Hyperemia (Congestion). Morphology. Acute and Chronic type. Pathologic Changes in Lungs, Liver, Spleen and Brain.
Hemorrhage. Causes. Mechanisms. Types. Hematoma, Petechia, Purpura. Ecchymoses. Large Accumulation of blood in the body cavities.
Thrombosis. Pathogenesis (Virchov’s triad). Morphology of Thrombi. Arterial system Thrombi. Thrombosis in the Heart.Venous Thrombosis. Phlebothrombosis. Migratory Thrombosis. (Trousseau’s Syndrome). Fate of Thrombosis. Clinical Features. Disseminated. Intravascular Coagulation (DIC).
Regeneration. Local and Systemic Factors. Forms. Repair. Granulation tissue. Wound Healing.
Regeneration and Healing of Specialized Tissues. Healing of Mucosal Surface and Solid Epithelial Organs (Liver, Kidney, and Lung).Repair of Muscles, Nervous tissue. Healing of Bone Fracture.
Diseases of Immunity: Types of Hypersensitivity Reactions. (I, II, III, IV). Morphologic Correlations.
Immunodeficiency diseases. Primary and Secondary Immunodeficiency diseases. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Etiologic Agent. Epidemiology .Routes of Transmission. Pathogenesis. Pathology and Clinical Features.
Autoimmune Diseases. Types. Organ Specific Diseases. Non-organ Specific Diseases.
Neoplasm. Definition. Macroscopic Features. Microscopic Pattern; Cytomorphology of Neoplastic Cell: Differentiation and Anaplasia. Angiogenesis and Tumor Stroma. Inflammatory Reaction.
Neoplasms. Nomenclature of Benign Epithelial Tumors and Tumors of Mesenchymal cells. Local Invasion. Metastasis. Grading and Staging of Cancer. Premalignant Lesions. Acquired Preneoplastic Disorders.
Carcinogenesis. Etiology and Pathogenesis of Neoplasm. Carcinogens. Chemical Carcinogenesis. Stages.Physical Carcinogenesis. Carcinogenesis. Hormonal Carcinogenesis. Biologic Carcinogenesis. DNA and RNA Viruses.
Benign Epithelial Tumors. Clinical aspects and Morphologic Types Papillomas. Adenomas.