Street Names: Blow, Bump, C, Candy, Charlie, Coke, Crack, Flake, Rock, Snow, Toot



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DRUG

DESCRIPTION

EFFECTS

DEA DRUG SCHEDULE

Cocaine

Street Names: Blow, Bump, C, Candy, Charlie, Coke, Crack, Flake, Rock, Snow, Toot

Type: Stimulant

Made from leaves of the coca plant, usually found in a white powder and/or whitish rock crystal



Narrowed blood vessels, enlarged pupils, increased body temperature, heart rate and blood pressure, headache, abdominal pain and nausea, euphoria, increased energy and alertness, insomnia/restlessness, anxiety/panic attacks, paranoia, loss of sense of smell, nose bleeds and other nasal damage, infection, decreased appetite, weight loss

Schedule II

No medical uses



Methamphetamines

Street Names: crank, chalk, crystal, fire, glass, go fast, ice, meth, speed

Type: Stimulant

An extremely addictive amphetamine drug often found in the form of a white powder or pill; crystal meth looks like pieces of glass or shiny blue-white “rocks” of different sizes



Increased wakefulness and physical activity, decreased appetite, increased breathing, blood pressure, temperature, and heart rates, irregular heartbeat, anxiety, confusion, insomnia, mood swings, violent behavior, paranoia, hallucinations, weight loss, severe dental problems (“meth mouth”), intense itching leading to skin sores from scratching

Schedule II

Amphetamines approved for weight loss



MDMA (Ecstasy/Molly)

Street Names: Adam, clarity, eve, lover’s speed, peace, uppers

Type: Stimulant/Hallucinogen

A synthetic, psychoactive drug with both stimulant and hallucinogenic properties that is often found in colorful tablets with imprinted logos; also found in capsules, powder, or liquid forms



Lowered inhibition, enhanced sensory perception, confusion, depression, sleep problems, anxiety, increased heart rate and blood pressure, muscle tension, teeth clenching, nausea, blurred vision, faintness, chills/sweating, sharp rise in body temperature leading to kidney, liver, and/or heart failure/death, depression, memory and attention problems, impulsiveness, aggression

Schedule I

No medical uses



Ritalin/Adderall/Concerta

Street Names: Bennies, black beauties, crosses, hearts, LA, turnaround, speed, uppers, skippy, the smart drug, vitamin R

Type: Stimulant

Prescription medications that increase alertness, attention, energy, blood pressure, heart rate, and breathing rate



Increased alertness, attention, energy, increased blood pressure and heart rate, narrowed blood vessels, increased blood sugar, opened-up breathing passages, high body temperature, irregular heartbeat, heart failure, seizures

Schedule II

Prescribed for hyperactive children, especially those with ADD/ADHD




Synthetic Cathinones (Bath Salts)

Street Names: bloom, cloud nine, cosmic blast, flakka, ivory wave, lunar wave, scarface, vanilla sky, white lightening

Type: Stimulant

An emerging family of drugs that contain synthetic chemicals related to a stimulant found naturally in the khat plant (cathinone); usually found in white or brown crystalline powder and sold in small plastic or foil packages that are labeled “not for human consumption”



Increased heart rate and blood pressure, euphoria, increased sociability, paranoia, agitation, hallucinations, psychotic and violent behavior, nosebleeds, sweating, nausea and vomiting, insomnia, irritability, dizziness, depression, suicidal thoughts, panic attacks, reduced motor control, clouded thinking, breakdown of muscle tissue, kidney failure, death

Schedule I —but sometimes sold as jewelry cleaner

No medical uses



Rohypnol

Street Names: Circles, date rape drug, forget pill, mind eraser, R2, roach, roofies, rope, ruffies, wolfies

Type: Depressant

A chemical similar to those in prescription depressants that is often used in clubs/bars to sedate and debilitate unsuspecting victims



Drowsiness, sever sedation, sleep, amnesia, blackouts, decreased anxiety, muscle relaxation, impaired reaction time and motor coordination, impaired mental functioning and judgment, confusion, aggression, excitability, slurred speech, headache, slowed breathing and heart rates


Schedule IV

Not approved for medical use in the US, but is available as a sleep aid in other countries



Xanax/Valium/Ambien/Lunesta

Street Names: Barbs, phennies, reds, yellow jackets, yellows, candy, downers, sleeping pills, tranks

Type: Depressant

Prescription medications that slow down brain activity, heart rate, and breathing rate



Drowsiness, slurred speech, poor concentration, confusion, dizziness, problems with movement and memory, lowered blood pressure, slowed breathing

Schedule II, III, and IV

Prescribed for individuals experiencing anxiety and insomnia/sleeping problems



GHB

Street Names: G, Georgia Home Boy, Goop, Grievous Bodily Harm, Liquid Ecstasy, Liquid X, Soap, Scoop

Type: Depressant

A drug that often presents as a colorless liquid or white powder and is often combined with alcohol or other beverages



Euphoria, drowsiness, decreased anxiety, confusion, memory loss, hallucinations, excited and aggressive behavior, nausea, vomiting, unconsciousness, seizures, slowed heart rate and breathing, lower body temperature, coma, death

Schedule I

Approved for use in treatment of narcolepsy



Ketamine

Street Names: Special K, Cat Valium, Vitamin K

Type: Depressant/Hallucinogen

A dissociative drug that causes the user to feel detached from reality, also used as an anesthetic in veterinary practice, and often abused as a date rape drug



Problems with attention, learning and memory, dreamlike states, hallucinations, sedation, confusion and problems speaking, loss of memory, problems moving, unconsciousness, slowed breathing and blood pressure that can lead to death, ulcers and pain in the bladder, kidney problems, stomach pain, depression

Schedule III

No medical uses



Marijuana (Cannabis)

Street Names: Blunt, bud, dope, ganja, grass, green, herb, joint, mary jane, pot, reefer, skunk, smoke, trees, weed, hashish, boom, hash, hemp

Type: Hallucinogen/Depressant

Made from the hemp plant, a greenish-gray mixture of dried, shredded leaves, stems, seeds, and/or flowers containing mind-altering chemical THC that is typically smoked or eaten; also found in the form of resin (hashish) or sticky, black liquid (hash oil)



Enhanced sensory perception and euphoria followed by drowsiness/relaxation, slowed reaction time, problems with balance/coordination, increased heart rate and appetite, problems with learning and memory, hallucinations, anxiety, panic attacks, psychosis, mental health problems, chronic cough, respiratory infections

Schedule I

However, states are increasingly approving medicinal marijuana laws for treatment of:



  • Chemotherapy

  • AIDS

  • Glaucoma

Spice/K2 (Synthetic Cannabinoids)

Street Names: Black mamba, bliss, Bombay blue, fake weed, fire, genie, moon rocks, skunk, smacked, yucatan, zohai

Type: Hallucinogen

A wide variety of herbal mixtures containing synthetic cannabinoid chemicals related to THC in marijuana, but often much stronger and more dangerous; often marketed as “natural” and “safe,” it usually shows up in the form of a dried, shredded plant material that looks like potpourri (sometimes sold as incense)



Increased heart rate, vomiting, agitation, confusion, hallucinations, anxiety, paranoia, increased blood pressure, reduced blood supply to the heart, heart attack

Schedule I

No medical uses



Salvia

Street Names: Magic mint, maria pastora, sally-d, shepherdess’s herb, diviner’s sage

Type: Hallucinogen

A dissociative drug that is an herb in the mint family native to southern Mexico; it is sold legally in most states as Salvia divinorum as fresh or dried leaves



Short-lived but intense hallucinations, altered visual perfection, mood, body sensations, mood swings, feelings of detachment from one’s body, sweating

Not scheduled, but labeled as a “Drug of Concern” by DEA and illegal in some states

Inhalants

Street names: Poppers, snappers, whippets, laughing gas

Type: Hallucinogen

Solvents, aerosols, and gases found in household products like spray paints, markers, glues, and cleaning fluids that are inhaled through the nose or mouth



Confusion, nausea, slurred speech, lack of coordination, euphoria, dizziness, drowsiness, disinhibition, lightheadedness, hallucinations/delusions, seizures, coma, headaches, sudden sniffing death, liver and kidney damage, brain/nerve damage

Not scheduled

Nitrous oxide used for dental surgeries



LSD

Street Names: Acid, blotter, blue heaven, cubes, microdot, yellow sunshine

Type: Hallucinogen

Manufactured from lysergic acid, which is found in a fungus that grows on rye and other grains; is usually swallowed or absorbed through mouth tissues via absorbent paper squares



Rapid mood swings, distortion of a person’s ability to recognize reality, think rationally or communicate with others, raised blood pressure, heart rate, and body temperature, dizziness and insomnia, loss of appetite, dry mouth, sweating, numbness, weakness, tremors, enlarged pupils, frightening flashbacks, ongoing visual disturbances, disorganized thinking, paranoia

Schedule I

No medical uses



Psilocyben—Magic Mushrooms

Street Names: Little smoke, magic mushrooms, purple passion, shrooms

Type: Hallucinogen

A drug found in certain types of mushrooms that grow in parts of South America, Mexico, and the US; mushrooms usually have long, slender stems topped by caps with dark gills and are often eaten with certain foods or brewed in teas



Hallucinations, altered perception of time, inability to tell fantasy from reality, panic, muscle relaxation or weakness, problems with movement, enlarged pupils, nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, flashbacks, memory problems, accidental poisoning

Schedule I

No medical uses



Heroin

Street Names: Brown sugar, China White, Dope, H, Horse, Junk, Skag, Skunk, Smack, White Horse

Type: Opioid

Made from morphine, a natural substance extracted from the seed pod of the Asian opium poppy plant; usually found in white or brownish powder or black sticky substance (“black tar heroin”)



Euphoria, warm flushing of the skin, dry mouth, heavy feeling in hands and feet, clouded thinking, nausea, vomiting, slowed heart and breathing rates, collapsed veins, abscesses, infection of lining of heart, constipation/ cramps, liver or kidney disease, pneumonia

Schedule I

No medical uses



OxyContin/Percocet/Vicoden

Street Names: O.C., Oxycet, Oxycotton, Hillbilly Heroin, Percs

Type: Opioid

Prescription pain relievers that have a similar origin to that of heroin (opium poppy plant)



Pain relief, drowsiness, nausea, constipation, euphoria, confusion, slowed breathing, death

Schedule II, III, IV

Prescribed mainly for pain relief



Anabolic Steroids

Street Names: Juice, gym candy, pumpers, roids

Type: Performance enhancer

Man-made substances used to treat conditions caused by low levels of steroid hormones in the body and abused to enhance athletic performance/physical appearance; usually seen in tablet or capsule form, can also be in the form of liquid drops, gels, creams, patches, and injectable solutions



Headache, acne, fluid retention, oily skin, yellowing of skin and white of the eyes, infection and injection sites, kidney damage/ failure, liver damage, high blood pressure, enlarged heart, aggression, extreme mood swings, anger (“roid rage”), paranoia, jealousy, extreme irritability, delusions, impaired judgment; stunted growth (in adolescents), in males: shrunken testicles, lower sperm count, baldness, development of breasts, increased risk for prostate cancer; in females: facial hair, male-pattern baldness, menstrual cycle changes, deepened voice

Schedule III

Can be prescribed for individuals deficient in human growth hormone



Corticosteroids are used for allergies, poison ivy, burns



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