Stomatology is one of the basic medical fields. It studies diagnostics, treatment and prevention of diseases affecting teeth, oral cavity and tissues and organs which are topographically associated with it. Stomatology services are provided mainly in the form of an outpatient care, just a small part of the care is provided by inpatient stomatological facilities.
Today’s stomatology is a field that employs exclusively university-educated professionals, i.e. doctors after graduation from five to six years long studies at a university.
A doctor-stomatologist’s coworkers are health services staff: a nurse, a dental technician, an X-ray technician, and a dental hygienist.
1.1 Classification of Stomatology
Among the basic stomatological fields there are therapeutic stomatology, orthopedic stomatology, and surgical stomatology. Therapeutic stomatology (protective, conserving stomatology) deals with the diagnostics, treatment and prevention of a dental decay and its complications. Associated with this basic stomatology branch there are: children’s stomatology (pedostomatology, pedodontics) that deals with the care of the milk dentition or the developing permanent dentition of youngsters.
Periodontics deals with diseases of the periodontium tissues and the oral cavity mucous membrane diseases.
Orthopedic stomatology (dental prosthetics) deals with the replacement of parts of crowns, individual teeth losses or provides for the total replacement of lost teeth by the production and application of various dental prostheses (crowns, bridges, removable dentures). An individual specialty is orthodontics (othopedics of jaws) that deals with the diagnostics, treatment and prevention of irregularities of the individual teeth, groups of teeth and anomalies of jaws.
Surgical stomatology deals with the surgical treatment of the oral cavity diseases (dentoalveolar surgery) or as a specialty (maxillofacial surgery) provides for surgical treatment of larger orofacial diseases, mainly in the form of the inpatient care.
A graduate of the stomatology studies is prepared both theoretically and practically for the praxis in prevention and cure in the basic stomatology fields. He or she receives only general knowledge in the specialized disciplines that allow for a responsible decision of a consequent treatment at highly specialized dental offices. As a graduate student he or she can receive a higher degree of qualification after passing necessary examinations and continue to work as a specialist in othodontics or maxillofacial surgery fields.