Mr. V. Maniscalco, Principal Ms. C. Piszko, Assistant Principal
Mr. J. Manzo, Teacher Global History I
ALL HOMWORKS ARE TO BE NUMBERED AND YOUR HEADING SHOULD BE AS FOLLOWS:
FIRST NAME, LAST NAME GLOBAL I
MR. MANZO - PERIOD #_______ HOMEWORK # ___________
BE PREPARED TO DISCUSS ALL HOMEWORKS IN CLASS AND FROM TIME TO TIME YOU MAY EXPECT A POP QUIZ TO BE GIVEN THE FIRST FIVE MINUTES OF CLASS COVERING THE PAGES YOU HAVE READ.
(TEST QUESTIONS WILL INCLUDE MATERIAL NOT COVERED IN YOUR HOMEWORK QUESTIONS SO READ CAREFULLY AND MAKE NOTES) YOU ARE TO WRITE THE HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENTS IN THEIR OWN NOTEBOOK (FLINDER) AND BE PREPARED FOR ME TO COLLECT THEM YOUR HOMEWORK WILL BE GRADED ON A RUBRIC OF “A – F or 0” – WITH A “0” AS NO CREDIT. DO YOUR HOMEWORK ON TIME AND DO THEM CORRECTLY. IF YOU ARE ABSENT YOU ARE STILL ACCOUNTABLE FOR THE HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT.
1. Imagine you are an anthropologist living 10,000 years in the future. You know nothing about our present civilization, (which was destroyed in a nuclear war In the year 2060). An archaeologist presents you with the following artifacts. You have no idea what their function
is. For each one, write a couple of sentences describing the kind of conclusions you might draw about our society from analyzing these strange objects.
a. A Frisbee
b. A ballerina’s slipper
c. A football helmet
d. A Penny
Read Textbook, pages 7-11 (Chapter 1)
What are the three main types of scientist who discover clues to the pre-historic world? What does each do?
Look at the map on page 10. Up until about a decade ago, scientists believed man migrated over from Asia to America across a land bridge from Asia, (up by Alaska) What discoveries have thrown that theory into total confusion? (The answer is on the map)
The fate of Neanderthals is a mystery. What is your personal theory? Please give this some thought, and write a medium length essay expanding on your believe
What is the main idea of the diagram of the Empire State Building on the side-bar of page 11?
Read Textbook, pages 12-16. (Chapter 1)
In what key ways was Paleolithic (old stone-age) man quite proficient, technologically? In other words, describe the technological accomplishments of Paleolithic man.
In an essay, argue theoretically, polemically (1. A controversial argument, especially one refuting or attacking a specific opinion or doctrine.) and with verve, the following postulate: “The Neolithic revolution was the most significant event in the long history of mankind” (in other words, write an essay proving the previous statement, giving lots of facts to back up the position. Be sure to address exactly how the development of agriculture changed life for prehistoric people.)
Answer the two “Geography Skill builder” questions below the map on page 15.
Read Textbook pages 17—21 (Chapter 1)
How did the development of agriculture lead to both the establishment of cities and the growth of civilization?
List the five characteristics of civilization, and define each briefly by giving examples and details in how it contributed to creating advanced civilization.
Give an example of each characteristic from Sumerian Civilization
Which of the five characteristics of civilization is the most important? Argue your point in an essay to be read and discussed in class.
In what way does cuneiform represent a revolution in the history of mankind?
What do you think was more important to the progress of human development: The mastery of fire or the development of language? Defend your answer with examples?
Test on HW #’s 2 – 5 (Chapter 1)
Read Textbook pages 24 — 31 (stop at “Sumerian science and Technology”) (Chapter 2)
1. Look at the map on page 24/2 5 - What do all the great ancient civilizations have in common geographically? -
How did the Sumerians overcome the difficult problems they faced in order to survive? Be specific.
How was Sumer ruled? Did it change over time?
Why do you think the priests were so important in Sumerian society. Answer by citing specific information from the text.
Why are cities important in the development of civilization?
Read Textbook, pages 31 — 32. (Chapter 2)
Why is Sargon the world’s first Emperor?
Using the definition of “Empire,” select 3 empires from history, and tell specifically why they are empires?
Describe the code of Hammurabi?
Why did Hammurabi’s code represent a landmark in human history?
Read Textbook pages 33—36, (up to “Egyptian Culture”) (Chapter 2)
Why did Herodotus call Egypt “the gift of the Nile?”
How did the Nile help unify Egypt under one government?
In what ways were the Egyptians much luckier than the Mesopotamians?
Egypt is a theocracy. Explain. Are there any theocracies in the world today?
Why were the pyramids built?
Read textbook pages 36— 39. (Chapter 2)
1. Many polytheistic religions have similar gods. Who do you think is the Greek goddess that corresponds to Isis? How about the Roman goddess?
How did the Egyptian view of the afterlife differ from the Mesopotamians?
How were hieroglyphics actually more sophisticated than cuneiform?
What were some of the great scientific discoveries of the Egyptians?
Read Textbook, pages 83—87. (Chapter 4, section 1)
For each of the following, please state briefly why it is a significant turning point in Egyptian history: a. Hyksos, b. Hatshepsut, c. Ramses II
Why did the great Empire of Ancient Egypt fall into decline?
Was Egypt hurt or helped by “cultural diffusion?” Answer citing evidence from Egypt’s relationship with Kush, Nubia, and Meroe.
Read Textbook, pages 88—91. (Chapter 4, section 2)
What specific strategies did the Assyrians use to create a huge empire?
Which of the 4 methods described in the box on the top of page 89 do you think was most effective for the Assyrians? Explain.
Why was Assyria’s greatest ruler. Explain
What was Nebucchadnezzar’s greatest accomplishment
Read Textbook pages 92—96. (Chapter 4, section 3)
Compare the rule of Cyrus to that of the Assyrians. How was he different?
What was the most enduring and lasting legacy of the Persians?
What was their biggest failure?
Critique the ideas of Zoroastrianism based upon your own religious beliefs. In other words, to you share any beliefs in common with them? Explain
Read Textbook, pages 42— 45. (Chapter 2)
1. Why is India called the “sub-continent?”
In terms of geography, do you think the Indus valley civilization was more fortunate, or less fortunate than the Egyptians? How about the Mesopotamians?
How do the Harappans (the name for Indus valley civil.) compare to the other two civilizations we studied in terms of technology and discoveries etc? Give specific examples
What happened to the Harappans?
Read textbook, pages 46—51. (Chapter 2)
1. Why did China develop a civilization that is utterly different from all others? (hint:
In your opinion, what was the greatest contribution of the Shang Dynasty? Explain in an essay of some length.
Explain how the “Mandate of Heaven” has influenced Chinese ideas about government.
Was feudalism a good thing or a bad thing for China? Explain, citing several examples.
1. The Hebrews were a very small civilization. Why do you think they are so important to us as historians?
Make a list of the 4 greatest leaders of the Hebrews from most important to least important. Cite reasons for each, briefly.
Read the last section carefully. (Babylonian Captivity p. 76) What is the most significant aspect of this section. Use your intelligence to figure this one out. (no penalty for wrong answers)
Test on HW #’s 6 – 13 (Chapter 2, 3[section 4], 4[sections 1-3,])
Read Textbook, pages 108-115 (Chapter 5)
1. How did each of the following physical characteristics of Greece affect its-development as a culture?
a. The Sea
b. The land
c. The Climate
Is the story of the Trojan horse fact or fiction? Explain.
Who is Homer, and what did he write?
Read Textbook, pages 115-119 (Chapter 5)
1. Define the various political forms that the Greeks employed (described on page 115)
2. Compare and contrast Athenian and Spartan society. You may construct a side-by-side chart, if you’d like, or simply write two brief essays.
3. Which is superior, Athenian or Spartan society? (essay and debate prep)
Who is the greatest Athenian reformer, Draco, Solon, or Cleisthenes? Explain in a short essay
What was the most historically significant battle of the Persian wars?
Read Textbook, pages 120-125 (Chapter 5)
1. What can we conclude from the outcome of the Peloponnesian War about the relative superiority of Athens and Sparta to each other?
Who is the greatest Greek philosopher? Socrates, Plato, or Aristotle? Argue in an essay of considerable length.
In what ways was Athens NOT very democratic by modern standards?
Read Textbook, pages 128-131 (Chapter 5)
How was Alexander able to conquer such a huge empire?
Was Alexander just a ruthless conqueror, or was he a great ruler?
Read Textbook, pages 126, 132-135, 136 (The Legacy of Greece chart) (Chapter 5)
This chapter is what I like to call a “great stuff’ chapter. It describes all the great stuff that Hellenistic culture created or discovered. Make a list of all this great stuff and explain what it’s all about.
Test on HW #’s 14 – 20 (Chapter 5)
Read Textbook, pages 140-145 (Chapter 6)
Answer questions 2, 3, and 4 on page 145
Read Textbook, pages 146-152 (Chapter 6)
1. Julius Caesar is a controversial figure in history. Was it a tragedy that he was assassinated or was it a good thing? Answer in an essay that lists the good and bad points about hint
Augustus has been called the best example of a “benevolent dictator” In what way was this true?
What was the Pax Romano, and how did it affect the ancient world?
1. Why is St. Paul such an important figure in the spread of Christianity?
Why did the Romans persecute the Christians?
Why did Christianity eventually become the official religion of the Roman Empire?
Read Textbook, pages 158-163 (Chapter 6)
1. Why did the Roman Empire fall? List the reasons, and come to class prepared to defend your thesis.
In other words, you should know all the reasons, and you should be ready to argue what the most
important reason is.
Read Textbook, pages 138-139, 164-168 (Chapter 6)
This chapter is what I like to call a “great stuff” chapter. It describes all the great stuff that the Romans created or discovered. Make a list of all this great stuff and explain what it’s all about.
After studying Rome, which would you have rather lived in, The Roman Republic, or the Roman Empire? This should be answered in an essay. Be specific in addressing which time seemed better to live in by giving specific examples of the different types of governments, how much war or peace there was in the time, the architectural, art, literature, scientific and medical advancements for the given period.
Test on HW #’s 21 – 25 (Chapter 6)
Read Textbook pages 97—99, 262 – 263 (Chapter 4, section 4) China Write a dialogue between a Confucian, a Taoist, and a Legalist. It should be in the form of an argument. We will act out several of them in class. You may wish to have your 3 characters debate a particular question, for instance, “How can a well-ordered and harmonious society be created?” Use your imagination.
Which of the 3 philosophical approaches comes closest to your way of thinking and why?
What did Confucians, Daoists and Legalists believe were the keys to restoring social and political order in China?
Read Textbook, pages 99—101 (Chapter 4, section 4) China How did Qin Emperor unify China?
What would you regard as the greatest accomplishment of the Qin emperors?
Read Textbook, pages 181 — 187 (Chapter 7, section 3) China It has been said that the Han dynasty was a golden age of ancient China. Citing examples, argue whether this is true or false.
The Han Dynasty was in power at the same time as the Romans, although they didn’t have much to do with one another. Which was greater? Use the graph on page 187.
Which society would you rather live in, Rome or Han China? Why? Be sure to give a detailes comparison of both societies.
Read Textbook, pages 286 —292(Chapter 12, section 1) China Make a chart with the 3 dynasties that are discussed in the chapter. Put the accomplishments of each dynasty next to the name.
Which of the 3 dynasties was the most accomplished? Explain in an essay.
On page 289, there is a chart with two questions under it, labeled “Skillbuilder.” Answer question #2.
in what ways did the Tang and Song Dynasties change Chinese society?
Read Textbook, pages 57 - 61. (Chapter 3, section 1) India Read Only
Read Textbook, pages 62—64, 256 - 257 (Chapter 3, section 2) India Define all the following terms:
a. Vedas, b. Mahabaratha, c. Upanishads, d. Moksha, e. reincarnation, f. Karma
Is Hinduism a monotheistic or polytheistic religion? Explain, citing specific examples of God or gods.
What are the 3 ways a Hindu can achieve the ultimate goal of life?
How did the beliefs in Karma and reincarnation help to keep the caste system in place?
Read Textbook, pages 64—66,252—253. (Chapter 3, section 2) India / Belief Systems
1. How was Buddhism founded?
How can a Buddhist achieve enlightenment?
Why did Buddhism not “catch on” in India?
How did Buddhism spread to a lot of other places?
What role did the Silk Roads and trade play in the spread of ideas and cultures to and from India?
Read Textbook, pages 170, 173 — 176 (Chapter 7, section 1) India What’s the difference between Chandragupta and Chandra Gupta?
Why is Asoka a unique figure in ancient history? Answer by citing several of the important and unusual things that he did.
What’s the difference between a matriarchal and patriarchal society? What kind of society do we have today?
Read Textbook, pages 177— 180 (Chapter 7, section 2) India How did Buddhism change over time?
How did Hinduism change over time?
Compare and contrast Hinduism and Buddhism.
List all the cool stuff that was done under the (Guptas. Categorize them by artistic, scientific, economic things.
Read Textbook, pages 193 — 198. (Chapter 8, section 1) Afrrica Outline the above pages using the Harvard outline method.
Test on HW #’s 26 – 35 (Chapter 3[section 1-2], 4[sections 4], 7[section 1-3], 8[section 1], 12 [section 1])
Read Textbook, pages 269 — 273 (up to, but not including “Byzantium Preserves Learning”) (Chapter 11, section 1)
Why did Constantine move his capital to Byzantium?
2. The textbook says Justinian could truly call himself a Caesar. This is rubbish. Explain why in a short essay.
4. Was Constantinople the rival of Rome in terms of buildings and monuments? Explain citing examples.
Read the Story on page 271 about the famous Nika riots. (It is amazing to think of how serious people took sports in those days. If Mr. Callahan lived then, we would have to kill him for his loyalty to Boston sports teams.) Read the comment of Theodora, in “Voices from the Past” Do you agree with her, or do you think it would be wise for an emperor to flee to fight another day?
Read Textbook, from bottom of page 271 — 273 (Chapter 11, section 1)
1. Why did the Byzantine Empire go into a slow decline after Justinian’s reign?
2. Considering all the problems they had, how did they manage to hold out so long?
Define and explain the significance of all the words in Bold lettering on pages 272 and 273.
2. How did the Russians and the Byzantines become linked?
3. It has been said that the Mongols brought nothing but misery, and left nothing but destruction.
Read the account of the Mongol conquests, and describe whether this statement is true or not
4. How did the Russians finally get out from under the power of the Mongols?
Why did the Russian emperor take the ancient Roman title of Caesar (Czar)?
Read Textbook, pages 230 — 235 (Chapter 10)
Make up a newspaper front page describing in several articles the contents of these pages. Things to think about: Monotheism in Arabia before Mohamed, Biography of Mohammed, Story of the founding of Islam, Mecca, Hijrah, etc.
1. List the 5 pillars of Islam, and explain each briefly
2. Are the pillars in the correct order, from most important to least important, in the textbook?
3. All practicing Moslems must worship in Arabic. Is this a positive or negative thing for the spread of Islam?
How is Islam linked to Judaism and Christianity?
Read the Textbook, pages 238 — 241 (Chapter 10)
1. Who were the “tightly-guided” Caliphs, and why were they so called?
2. Look at the map on page 241, and notice how huge the empire of the Moslems was. Now, go to the maps in the back of the textbook, and mak~ a list of all the modem countries that were once ruled by the Moslems. Be thorough!
3. Why were the Moslem armies so successful in conquering huge territory?
List and explain all the words in BOLD lettering on pages 239-241.
Read the text book, pages 242—247 (Chapter 10)
Describe how Baghdad was once one of the great cities of the earth.
List the 4 classes 1f Muslim society.
Were women treated better or worse under Muslim society than other societies at that time? Be specific.
Oh no!! It looks like another Golden Age is about to pop up. Ok, you kids know the drill by now. Ho-hum... Make a list of all the really neat stuff that the Muslims did in medicine, math, science, philosophy, astronomy, Literature, and anything else that I forgot.
Which area of science and art do you think the Muslims excelled in to the greatest degree?
Test on HW #’s 36 – 42 (Chapter 10, 11[section 1-2])
Final Exam Part I (DBQ essay) Cumulative: HW #’s 2 – 42
Final Exam Part II (Multiple Choice) Cumulative: HW #’s 2 – 42
G - 1
Using a map or globe that you have at home or in the library, (steal one if you must) ascertain the coordinates of Latitude and Longitude of the following cities/places: London, Moscow, New York, North Pole
G - 2
Refer to the Textbook, pages 971 — 985.
1. For each of the following geographic features, write a brIef definition, (use a dictionary) and give at least two examples from somewhere in the world. When you give the example~ be sure to give either the relative location, or the absolute location. (absolute location refers to it’s latitude/longitude, while relative location refers to its relation to some well-known place, e.g. “off the coast of Labrador” or “extending south from Thailand into the South China Sea.”)
a.strait b. gulf c. peninsula d. archipelago e. mountain range £ isthmus g. estuary h. desert i. cape j. delta k. tributary