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Herpes simplexvirus type 1

The virus that causes oral herpes, which is characterized by cold sores or fever blisters on the lips or mouth. Abbreviated HSV-1.




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Herpes simplexvirus type 2

The virus that causes genital herpes. Abbreviated HSV-2.




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Anti-androgen drug

A chemical substance that reduces the sex drive by lowering the level of testosterone in the bloodstream.




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Aversion therapy

A method for terminating undesirable sexual behaviour in which the behaviour is repeatedly paired with an aversive stimulus such as electric shock so that a conditioned aversion develops.




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Bondage

Ritual restraint, as by shackles, as practised by many sexual masochists.




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Cognitive-behaviour therapy

The systematic application of the principles of learning to help people modify problem behaviour.




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Coprophilia

A paraphilia in which sexual arousal is attained in connection with feces. (From the Greek copros, which means “dung.”)




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Covert sensitization

A form of aversion therapy in which thoughts of engaging in undesirable behaviour are paired repeatedly with imagined aversive stimuli.




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Exhibitionism

A paraphilia characterized by persistent, powerful urges and sexual fantasies that involve exposing one's genitals to unsuspecting strangers for the purpose of achieving sexual arousal or gratification.




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Fetishism

A paraphilia in which an inanimate object such as an article of clothing or items made of rubber, leather, or silk elicit sexual arousal.




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Frotteurism

A paraphilia characterized by recurrent, powerful sexual urges and related fantasies that involve rubbing against or touching a nonconsenting person. (From the French frotter, which means “to rub.”)




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Hypoxyphilia

A practice in which a person seeks to enhance sexual arousal, usually during masturbation, by becoming deprived of oxygen. (From the Greek root meaning “under” [hypo-].)




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Klismaphilia

A paraphilia in which sexual arousal is derived from the use of enemas.




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Lovemap

A representation in the brain of the idealized lover and of idealized erotic activity with the lover.




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Necrophilia

A paraphilia characterized by desire for sexual activity with corpses. (From the Greek nekros, which means “dead body.”)




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Orgasmic reconditioning

A method for strengthening the connection between sexual arousal and appropriate sexual stimuli (such as fantasies about an adult of the other gender) by repeatedly pairing the desired stimuli with orgasm.




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Paraphilia

A diagnostic category used by the American Psychiatric Association to describe atypical patterns of sexual arousal or behaviour that become problematic in the eyes of the individual or society, such as fetishism and exhibitionism. The urges are recurrent and either are acted on or are distressing to the individual. (From Greek roots that mean “to the side of” [para-] and “loving” [philos].)




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Partialism

A paraphilia related to fetishism in which sexual arousal is exaggeratedly associated with a particular body part, such as feet, breasts, or buttocks.




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Pedophiles

Persons with pedophilia, a paraphilia involving sexual interest in children.




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Sadomasochism

A mutually gratifying sexual interaction between consenting sex partners in which sexual arousal is associated with the infliction and receipt of pain or humiliation. Commonly known as S&M.




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Sexual masochism

A paraphilia characterized by the desire or need for pain or humiliation to enhance sexual arousal so that gratification may be attained. (From the name of Leopold von Sacher-Masoch.)




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Sexual sadism

A paraphilia characterized by the desire or need to inflict pain or humiliation on others to enhance sexual arousal so that gratification is attained. (From the name of the Marquis de Sade.)




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Sexual sadists

People who become sexually aroused by inflicting pain or humiliation on others.




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Social skills training

Behaviour therapy methods that rely on a therapist's coaching and practice to build social skills.




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Systematic desensitization

A method for terminating the connection between a stimulus (such as a fetishistic object) and an inappropriate response (such as sexual arousal to the paraphilic stimulus). Muscle relaxation is practised in connection with each stimulus in a series of increasingly arousing stimuli, so that the person learns to remain relaxed (and not sexually aroused) in their presence.




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Telephone scatologia

A paraphilia characterized by the making of obscene telephone calls. (From the Greek skatos, which means “excrement.”)




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Toucherism

A practice related to frotteurism and characterized by the persistent urge to fondle nonconsenting strangers.




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Transvestism

A paraphilia in which a person repeatedly cross-dresses to achieve sexual arousal or gratification or is troubled by persistent, recurring urges to cross-dress. (From the Latin roots trans-, which means “cross,” and vestis, which means “garment.”) Also known as transvestic fetishism.




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Urophilia

A paraphilia in which sexual arousal is associated with urine.




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Voyeurism

A paraphilia characterized by strong, repetitive urges and related sexual fantasies of observing unsuspecting strangers who are naked, disrobing, or engaged in sexual relations. (From the French voir, which means “to see.”)




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Zoophilia

A paraphilia involving persistent or repeated sexual urges and related fantasies that involve sexual contact with animals.




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Acquaintance sexual assault

Sexual assault by an acquaintance of the person who is assaulted.




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Crisis

A highly stressful situation that can involve shock, loss of self-esteem, and lessened capacity for making decisions.




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Incest

Marriage or sexual relations between people who are so closely related (by “blood”) that sexual relations are prohibited and punishable by law. (From the Latin in-, which means “not,” and castus, which means “chaste.”)




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Pedophilia

A type of paraphilia that is defined by sexual attraction to unusual stimuli: children. (From the Greek paidos, which means “child,” not the Latin pedis, which means “foot.”)




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Post-traumatic stress disorder

A type of stress reaction brought on by a traumatic event and characterized by flashbacks of the experience in the form of disturbing dreams or intrusive recollections, a sense of emotional numbing or restricted range of feelings, and heightened body arousal. Abbreviated PTSD.




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Sexual assault

Nonconsensual bodily contact for a sexual purpose.




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Sexual harassment

Deliberate or repeated unsolicited verbal comments, gestures, or physical contact of a sexual nature that the recipient does not welcome.




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Stranger sexual assault

Sexual assault that is committed by an assailant previously unknown to the person who is assaulted.




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Call girls

Prostitutes who arrange for their sexual contacts by telephone. Call refers both to telephone calls and to being “on call.”




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Hustlers

Men who engage in prostitution with male customers.




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Obscenity

That which offends people's feelings or goes beyond prevailing standards of decency or modesty. (From the Latin caenum, which means “filth.”)




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Pimps

Men who serve as agents for prostitutes and live off their earnings. (From the Middle French pimper, which means “to dress smartly.”)




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Pornography

Written, visual, or audiotaped material that is sexually explicit and produced for purposes of eliciting or enhancing sexual arousal. (From Greek roots that mean “to write about prostitutes.”) Today, pornography has a negative connotation and is typically associated with SEM that is violent and/or degrading.




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Post-traumatic stress disorder

A type of stress reaction brought on by a traumatic event and characterized by flashbacks of the experience in the form of disturbing dreams or intrusive recollections, a sense of emotional numbing or restricted range of feelings, and heightened body arousal. Abbreviated PTSD.




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Prostitution

The sale of sexual activity for money or goods of value, such as drugs. (From the Latin prostituere, which means “to cause to stand in front of.” The implication is that one is offering one's body for sale.)




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Prurient

Tending to excite lust; lewd. (From the Latin prurire, which means “to itch” in the sense of “to long for.”)




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Scores

Customers of hustlers.




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Streetwalkers

Prostitutes who solicit customers on the streets.




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Whore–Madonna complex

A rigid stereotyping of women as either sinners or saints.






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