Download 37.5 Kb.
Size37.5 Kb.

  1. Costerton JW, Lewandowski Z, Caldwell DE, Korber DR, Lappin- Scott HM. Microbial biofilms. Annu Rev Microbiol 1995;49:711-745

  2. Darveau RP, Tanner A, Page RC. The microbial challenge in periodontitis. Periodontal 2000 1997;14:12-32.

  3. Fischman SL. The history of oral hygiene products: how far have we come in 6000 years? Periodontol 2000 1997;15:7-14

  4. Mandel ID, Gaffar A. Calculus revisited- A review. J Clin Periodontol 1986;13:249-257.

  5. Hoyer I, Gaengler P, Bimberg R. In vivo remineralisation of human enamel and dental calculus formation. J Dent Res 1984;63(9):1136-1139.

  6. Newmann, Takei, Klokkevold, Carranza: Clinical periodontology. 10th Edition. Noida: Elsevier; 2009

  7. Glossary of periodontal terms (2001). 4th edn. Chicago: The American academy of periodontology.

  8. White DJ. Dental calculus: Recent insights into occurrence, formation, prevention, removal and oral health effects of supragingival and subgingival deposits. Eur J Oral Sci 1997;105:508-522

  9. Jepsen S, Deschner J, Braun A, Schwarz F, Eberhard J. Calculus removal and the prevention of its formation. Periodontol2000 2011;55:167-188

  10. Schroeder HE (1969) Formation and inhibition of dental calculus. Vienna: Hans Huber.

  11. Egelberg J. Periodontics. In: The scientific way. Synopses of clinical studies, 3rd edn. Malmo, Sweden: OdontoScience, 1999.

  12. Oda S, Nitta H, Setoguchi T, Izumi Y, Ishikawa I. Current concepts and advances in manual and power driven instruments. Periodontal 2000 2004;36:45-58

  13. Claffey N, Polyzois I, Ziaka P. An overview of non-surgical and surgical therapy. Periodontal 2000 2004;36:35-44.

  14. Copulos TA, Low SB, Walker CB, Trebilcock YY, Hefti AF. Comparative analysis between a modified ultrasonic tip and hand instruments on clinical parameters of periodontal disease. J Periodontol 1993;64: 694–700.

  15. Oosterwaal PJ, Matee MI, Mikx FH, van 't Hof MA, Renggli HH. The effect of subgingival debridement with hand and ultrasonic instruments on the subgingival microflora. J Clin Periodontol 1987:14: 528–533.

  16. Busslinger A, Lampe K, Beuchat M, Lehmann B. A comparative in vitro study of a magnetostrictive and a piezoelectric ultrasonic scaling instrument. J Clin Periodontol 2001;28: 642–649.

  17. Jotikasthira NE, Lie T, Leknes KN. Comparative in vitro studies of sonic, ultrasonic and reciprocating scaling instruments. J Clin Periodontol 1992;19: 560–569.

  18. Arabaci T, Cicek Y, Canakci CF. Sonic and ultrasonic scalers in periodontal treatment: a review. Int J Dent Hygiene 2007;5:2-12

  19. Lea SC, Felver B, Landini G, Walmsley AD. Ultrasonic scaler oscillations and tooth surface defects. J Dent Res 2009;88:229-234

  20. Lea SC, Felver B, Landini G, Walmsley AD. Three dimensional analyses of ultrasonic scaler oscillations. J Clin Periodontol 2009;36(1):44-50.

  21. Cross-Poline GN, Stach DJ, Newman SM. Effects of curette and ultrasonics on root surfaces. Am J Dent 1995;8: 131–133.

  22. Sculean A, Schwarz F, Berakdar M, Romanos GE, Brecx M, Willershausen B, et al: Non-surgical periodontal treatment with a new ultrasonic device (Vector™ Ultrasonic System) or hand instruments. J Clin Periodontol 2004; 31: 428-433.

  23. Schwarz I. The VectorTM System: an Ultrasonic Device for Periodontal Treatment. Perio 2004;1(2): 181–185

  24. Braun A, Krause F, and Nolden R, Frentzen M: Efficiency of the Vector™ System compared to conventional methods for periodontal debridement (abstract). Parodontologie 2002;13: 281-282.

  25. Braun A, Krause F, Nolden R, Frentzen M: Subjective intensity of pain during the treatment of periodontal lesions with the Vector‘-system. J Periodontal Res 2003; 38: 135-140.

  26. Aoki A, Sasaki KM, Watanabe H, Ishikawa I. Lasers in non-surgical periodontal therapy. Periodontal 2000 2004;36:59-97

  27. Radvar M, Creanor SL, Gilmour WH, Payne AP, McGadey J, Foye RH, Whitters CJ, Kinane DF. An evaluation of the effects of an Nd:YAG laser on subgingival calculus, dentine and cementum. An in vitro study. J Clin Periodontol 1995;22: 71–77.

  28. Tseng P, Liew V. The potential applications of a Nd:YAG dental laser in periodontal treatment. Periodontology (Australia) 1990: 11: 20–22.

  29. Tseng P, Liew V. The use of a Nd:YAG dental laser in periodontal therapy. Aust Dent Assoc News Bull 1991:3–6.

  30. Koort HJ, Frentzen M. Laser effects on dental hard tissue. In: Miserendino, LJ, Pick, RM, editors. Lasers in Dentistry. Chicago: Quintessence, 1995: 57–70.

  31. Aoki A, Ando Y, Watanabe H, Ishikawa I. In vitro studies on laser scaling of subgingival calculus with an erbium: YAG laser. J Periodontol 1994: 65: 1097–1106.

  32. Aoki A, Miura M, Akiyama F, Nakagawa N, Tanaka J, Oda S, Watanabe H, Ishikawa I. In vitro evaluation of Er:YAG laser scaling of subgingival calculus in comparison with ultrasonic scaling. J Periodontal Res 2000: 35: 266–277.

  33. Meissner G, Kocher T. Calculus detection technologies and their clinical application. Periodontol 2000 2011;55:189-204

  34. Meissner G, Oehme B, Strackeljan J, Kocher T. Clinical subgingival calculus detection with a smart ultrasonic device: a pilot study. J Clin Periodontol 2008;35: 126–132.

  35. Caffesse RG, Sweeney PL, Smith BA. Scaling and root planing with and without periodontal flap surgery. J Clin Periodontol 1986;13: 205–210.

  36. Buchanan SA, Robertson PB. Calculus removal by scaling and root planing with and without surgical access. J Periodontol 1987;58: 159–163.

  37. Sherman PR, Hutchens LH Jr, Jewson LG. The effectiveness of subgingival scaling and root planing. I. Clinical detection of residual calculus. J Periodontol 1990;61: 9–15.

  38. Rabbani GM, Ash MM, Caffesse RG. The effectiveness of subgingival scaling and root planing in calculus removal. J Periodontol 1981;52: 119–123.

  39. Gellin RG, Miller MC, Javed T, Engle WO, Mishkin DJ. The effectiveness of the Titan-S sonic scaler versus curettes in the removal of subgingival calculus. A human surgical evaluation. J Periodontol 1986;57: 672–680.

  40. Brayer WK, Mellonig JT, Dunlap RM, Marinak KW, Carson RE. Scaling and root planing effectiveness: the effect of root surface access and operator experience. J Periodontol 1989;60: 67–72.

  41. Clifford LR, Needleman IG, Chan YK. Comparison of periodontal pocket penetration by conventional and microultrasonic inserts. J Clin Periodontol 1999:26: 124–130.

  42. Carey HM, Daly CG. Subgingival debridement of root surfaces with a micro-brush: macroscopic and ultrastructural assessment. J Clin Periodontol 2001;28: 820–827.

  43. Kawanami M, Sugaya T, Kato S, Iinuma K, Tate T, Hannan MA, Kato H. Efficacy of an ultrasonic scaler with a periodontal probe-type tip in deep periodontal pockets. Adv Dent Res 1988;2: 405–410.

  44. Anderson GB, Palmer JA, Bye FL, Smith BA, Caffesse RG. Effectiveness of subgingival scaling and root planing. Single versus multiple episodes of instrumentation. J Periodontol 1996;67: 367–373.

  45. Lee A, Heasman PA, Kelly PJ. An in vitro comparative study of a reciprocating scaler for root surface debridement. J Dent 1996;24: 81–86.

  46. Ritz L, Hefti AF and Rateitschak KH: An in vitro investigation on the loss of root substance in scaling with various instruments. J Clin Periodontol 1991;18:643-647.

  47. Cheetham WA, Wilson M, Kieser JB. Root surface debridement – an in vitro assessment. J Clin Periodontol 1988;15:288–292.

  48. Smart GJ, Wilson M, Davies EH. The assessment of ultrasonic root surface debridement by determination of residual endotoxin levels. J Clin Periodontol 1990: 17:174–178.

  49. Kepic TJ, O’Leary TJ, Kafrwy AH. Total calculus removal: an attainable objective? J Periodontol 1990;61: 16–20.

  50. Leon LE, Vogel RI. A comparison of the effectiveness of hand scaling and ultrasonic debridement in furcations as evaluated by differential dark-field microscopy. J Periodontol 1987;58: 86–94.

  51. Takacs VJ, Lie T, Perala DG. Efficacy of 5 machining instruments in scaling of molar furcations. J Periodontol 1993;64: 228–236.

Directory: files
files -> Ucsf school of Dentistry
files -> Southern California Regional Dentistry Post-Baccalaureate Program ucla & Loma Linda, Schools of Dentistry
files -> Pursuing a career in Dentistry What's Unique about Dentistry?
files -> The university of michigan school of dentistry honor system policy for students enrolled in advanced dental education programs
files -> Curriculum vitae laurie k. Mccauley
files -> To be eligible to apply for core privileges in dentistry, the applicant must meet the following qualifications
files -> North-Western State medical University n a. I. I. Mechnikov Program for General Medicine Department
files -> National medical university of LVIV department of therapeutic dentistry
files -> An Annotated List of Websites Related to Geriatric Education for Dentists and Dental Hygienists

Share with your friends:

The database is protected by copyright © 2019
send message

    Main page