This Assessment has been compiled in accordance with the provisions of the Industrial Chemicals (Notification and Assessment) Act 1989 (Cwlth) (the Act) and Regulations. This legislation is an Act of the Commonwealth of Australia. The National Industrial Chemicals Notification and Assessment Scheme (NICNAS) is administered by the Department of Health, and conducts the risk assessment for public health and occupational health and safety. The assessment of environmental risk is conducted by the Department of the Environment.
For the purposes of subsection 78(1) of the Act, this Public Report may be inspected at our NICNAS office by appointment only at Level 7, 260 Elizabeth Street, Surry Hills NSW 2010.
This Public Report is also available for viewing and downloading from the NICNAS website or available on request, free of charge, by contacting NICNAS. For requests and enquiries please contact the NICNAS Administration Coordinator at:
Level 7, 260 Elizabeth Street, SURRY HILLS NSW 2010, AUSTRALIA.
Based on the available information, the notified chemical is recommended for hazard classification according to the Globally Harmonised System for the Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS), as adopted for industrial chemicals in Australia. The recommended hazard classification is presented in the table below.
Eye Irritation (Category 2)
H319 – Causes serious eye irritation
Skin Irritation (Category 2)
H315 – Causes skin irritation
Based on the available information, the notified is recommended for hazard classification according to the Approved Criteria for Classifying Hazardous Substances (NOHSC, 2004) with the following risk phrase:
R36: Irritating to eyes
R38: Irritating to skin
The environmental hazard classification according to the Globally Harmonised System for the Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) is presented below. Environmental classification under the GHS is not mandated in Australia and carries no legal status but is presented for information purposes.
Acute (Category 1)
H400 – Very toxic to aquatic life
Chronic (Category 1)
H410 – Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects
Human health risk assessment
Provided that the recommended PPE is used and engineering controls are in place to limit exposure, under the conditions of the occupational settings described, the notified chemical is not considered to pose an unreasonable risk to the health of workers.
When used in the proposed manner, the notified is an unreasonable risk to public health.
Environmental risk assessment
On the basis of the PEC/PNEC ratio and the reported use pattern, the notified chemical is not considered to pose an unreasonable risk to the environment.
Hazard Classification and Labelling
The notified chemical should be classified as follows:
Avoid contact with waste materials contaminated with the notified chemical
A person conducting a business or undertaking at a workplace should ensure that the following personal protective equipment is used by workers to minimise occupational exposure to the notified chemical:
Respiratory protection if inhalation exposure may occur
Guidance in selection of personal protective equipment can be obtained from Australian, Australian/New Zealand or other approved standards.
A copy of the (M)SDS should be easily accessible to employees.
If products and mixtures containing the notified chemical are classified as hazardous to health in accordance with the Globally Harmonised System for the Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) as adopted for industrial chemicals in Australia, workplace practices and control procedures consistent with provisions of State and Territory hazardous substances legislation should be in operation.
The following control measures should be implemented by transporters and end-users to minimise environmental exposure during transport and use of the notified chemical:
Notified chemical or waste water containing the notified chemical is not to be released, directly or indirectly, to sewers or surface waters.
The notified chemical should be disposed of to landfill.
The handling and storage of the notified should be in accordance with the Safe Work Australia Code of Practice for Managing Risks of Hazardous Chemicals in the Workplace (SWA, 2012) or relevant State or Territory Code of Practice.
Spills and/or accidental release of the notified chemical should be handled by physical containment, collection and subsequent safe disposal.
Regulatory Obligations Secondary Notification
This risk assessment is based on the information available at the time of notification. The Director may call for the reassessment of the chemical under secondary notification provisions based on changes in certain circumstances. Under Section 64 of the Industrial Chemicals (Notification and Assessment) Act (1989) the notifier, as well as any other importer or manufacturer of the notified chemical, have post-assessment regulatory obligations to notify NICNAS when any of these circumstances change. These obligations apply even when the notified chemical is listed on the Australian Inventory of Chemical Substances (AICS).
Therefore, the Director of NICNAS must be notified in writing within 28 days by the notifier, other importer or manufacturer:
(1) Under Section 64(1) of the Act; if
further information becomes available on the carcinogenicity and sensitisation potential of the notified chemical;
the notified chemical or waste water associated with equipment and container cleaning operation are to be released, directly or indirectly, to sewers or to surface waters.
(2) Under Section 64(2) of the Act; if
the function or use of the chemical has changed from a component of inks and overprint vanishes, or is likely to change significantly; the amount of chemical being introduced has increased, or is likely to increase, significantly;
additional information has become available to the person as to an adverse effect of the chemical on occupational health and safety, public health, or the environment.
The Director will then decide whether a reassessment (i.e. a secondary notification and assessment) is required.
(Material) Safety Data Sheet
The (M)SDS of the notified chemical (and a product containing the notified chemical) provided by the notifier were reviewed by NICNAS. The accuracy of the information on the (M)SDS remains the responsibility of the applicant.