Periodontal literature review session N

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Session No. 8

Osseous Surgery: Anatomy; Wound Healing

Dr. Palcanis and Dr. Green

1. Lackler K, et al. Development of an invitro wound healing model for periodontal cells. J Perio 2000;71:226-237.

2. Bower RC Furcation morphology relative to periodontal treatment. Furcation root surface anatomy. J Perio 1979B;50:366-374.
3. Clarke M, et al. Anatomical consideration in periodontal surgery. J Perio 1971;42:610-625.
4. Easley JR Methods of determining alveolar osseous form. J Perio 1967;38:112-118.
5. Gher ME, Vernino AR Root morphology - clinical significance in pathogenesis and treatment of periodontal disease. JADA 1980.
6. Hiatt WH, et al. Repair following mucoperiosteal flap surgery with full gingival retention. J Perio 1972;39:11-16.
7. Karring T, et al. Potentials for root resorption during periodontal wound healing. J Clin Perio 1984;11:41-52.
8. Moghaddas H, et al. Alveolar bone remodeling following osseous surgery. J Perio 1980;51:376-381.
9. Nyman S, et al. Periodontal surgery in plaque infected dentitions. J Clin Perio 1977;4:240-249.
10. Pfeifer JS The growth of gingival tissue over denuded bone. J Perio 1963;34:10-16.
11. Pfeifer JS The reaction of alveolar bone to flap procedures in man. Periodontics 3:135, 1965.
12. Polson AM, Caton J Factors influencing periodontal repair and regeneration. J Perio 1982;53:617-625.
13. Wilderman MN Exposure of bone in periodontal surgery. Dent Clinics N Am 1964;8:23-36.
14. Wilderman MN, et al. Histogenesis of repair following osseous surgery. J Perio 1970;41:551-565.


Session No. 9

Apically Positioned Flaps and Osseous Resective Surgery

& Post-Op Management

Dr. Reddy and Dr. Parker

1. Friedman N Periodontal osseous surgery: Osteoplasty and osteoectomy. J Periodontol 1955;26:257-269.
2. Siebert J Treatment of infrabony lesions by surgical resection procedures. In: Stahl SS, ed. Periodontal Surgery: Biologic Basis and Technique. Springfield, IL; Charles C. Thomas; 1976;339-357.
3. Ochsenbein C, Bohannan H The palatal approach to osseous surgery. I. Rationale. J Periodontol 1963;34:60-68.
4. Ochsenbein C, Bohannan H The palatal approach to osseous surgery. II. Clinical application. J Periodontol 1964;35:54-68.
5. Tibbetts L, Ochsenbein C, Rationale for the lingual approach to mandibular osseous

Loughlin D. surgery. Dent Clinics N Am 1976;20:61-78.

6. Selipsky H Osseous surgery — how much need we compromise? Dent Clinic N Am 1976;20:79-106.
7. Barrington E An overview of periodontal surgical procedures. J Periodontol 1981;52:518-528.
8. Ochsenbein C Combined approach to the management of intrabony defects. Int J Perio & Rest Dent 15(4):328-343, 1995 Aug.
9. Zamet JS A comparative clinical study of three periodontal surgical techniques. J Clin Perio 2(2):87-97, 1975 Apr.
10. Curtis JW Jr, McLain JB, The incidence and severity of complications and pain following

Hutchinson RA periodontal surgery. J Perio 56(10):597-601, 1985 Oct.

11. Vogel RI, Desjardins PJ, Comparison of presurgical and immediate postsurgical ibuprofen

Major KV on postoperative periodontal pain. J Perio 63(11):914-918, 1992 Nov.

12 Linden ET, Abrams H, A comparison of postoperative pain experience following

Matheny J, Kaplan AL, periodontal surgery using two local anesthetic agents. J Perio

Kopczyk RA, Jasper SJ Jr 57(10):637-642, 1986 Oct.
13. Vaughan ME, Garnick JJ The effect of a 0.125% chlorhexidine rinse on inflammation after periodontal surgery. J Perio 60(12):704-708, 1989 Dec.
14. Ruben MP, Kon S, Complications of the healing process after periodontal surgery.

Goldman HM, Alpha K, J Perio 43(6):339-346, 1972 Jun.

Bloom AA
15. Pack PD, Haber J The incidence of clinical infection after periodontal surgery. A retrospective study. J Perio 54(7):441-443, 1983 Jul.
16. Baumhammers A Control of excessive bleeding following periodontal surgery. General Dentistry 31(5):384-385, 1983 Sep-Oct.




1. Ochsenbein C A primer for osseous surgery. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 1986;6(1):9-47.
2. Ochsenbein C, et al. In our opinion. When and to what extent do you remove or recontour bone in periodontal therapy? J Perio 43(3):184-188, 1972 Mar.
3. Olsen C, Ammons W, A longitudinal study comparing apically repositioned flaps, with

van Belle G and without osseous surgery. Int J Perio & Rest Dent 1985;5(4):11-33.

Session No. 10

Furcation Management/Root Resection

Dr. Wang and Dr. Vassilopoulos

1. Kalkway KL, Reinhardt RA The furcation problem. Current controversies and future directions. (Review 75 refs.) Dental Clinics of North American 32(2):243-266;1988 Apr.

2. Muller H P, Eger T Furcation diagnosis. J Clin Perio 26:485-498; 1999.
3. Hempton T A review of root resective therapy as a treatment option for maxillary molars. (Review 30 refs.) JADA 128(4):449-455;1997 Apr.
4. Haskell E Vital Root Resection OSOMOP 27:266-274;1969.
5. Benoliel R Palatal root hemisections and subsequent tooth restoration: a simple procedure? (Rev 15 refs.) British Dent J 178(10):375-378;1995 May 20.
6. Newell DH The role of the prosthodontist in restoring root-resected molars: a study of 70 molar root resections. J Pros Dent 65(1):7-15;1991 Jan.
7. Langer B, et al. An evaluation of root resections. A 10 year study. J Perio 52:719-722;1981.
8. Buhler H Evaluation of root-resected teeth. Results after 10 years. J Perio 59(12):805-810;1988 Dec.
9. Carnevale G, Pontoriero R, Long-term effects of root-resective therapy in furcation-

Di Febo G involved molars. A 10 year longitudinal study. J Clin Perio 25:209-214; 1998.

10. Hellden L B The prognosis of tunnel preparations in treatment of Class III furcation: a follow-up study. J Perio 60(4):182-187;1989 Apr.
12. Little LA, Beck FM Lack of furcation bone loss following tunneling procedure. J Clin Perio 22(8):637-641;1995 Aug.
13. Masters DH, Hoskins SW Projection of cervical enamel into molar furcations. J Perio 39:49-53;1964.

14. De Leonardis D, et al. Clinical evaluation of the treatment of class II furcation involvements with bioabsorbable barriers alone or associated with demineralized freeze-dried bone allografts. J Perio 70:8-12; 1999.

15. Gutmann JL Prevalence, location and potency of accessory canals in the furcation region of permanent molars. J Perio 49(1):21-26;1978 Jan.



1. Green EN Hemisection and root amputation. (Rev 51 refs.) J Amer Dent Assoc 112(4):511-518;1986 Apr.

2. Saadoun AP Management of furcation involvement. (Rev 158 refs.) J West Soc Perio-Perio Abstracts 33(3):91-125;1985.

Session No. 11

Mucogingival - Frenectomy, Vestibuloplasty -

Dr. Palcanis and Dr. Barnes

1. Ariavdo A & Tyrrell H Repositioning and increasing the zone of attached gingiva. J Perio 28:106-110, 1957.
2. Nabors JM Free gingival grafts. Periodontics 4:243-245, 1966.
3. Sullivan and Atkins Free autogenous gingival grafts. I. Principles of successful grafting. Periodontics 6:121, 1968.
4. Lang NP and Loe H The relationship between the width of keratinized gingiva and gingival health. J Perio 43:623, 1972.
5. Karring T, et al. The origin of granulation tissue and it’s impact on postoperative results of mucogingival surgery. J Perio 46:577-585, 1975.
6. Matte J Creeping attachment of free gingival grafts - a five year follow-up study. J Perio 681-685, Dec. 1980.
7. Kennedy JE, et al A longitudinal evaluation of varying widths of attached gingiva. J Clin Perio 12:667, 1985.
8. Wenstrom JL Lack of association between width of attached gingiva and development of gingival recessions five year study. J Clin Perio 14: 181, 1987.
9. Addy M, et al. A study of the association of fraenal attachment, lip coverage, and vestibular depth with plaque and gingivitis. J Perio 58(11):792-757, 1987 Nov.
10. Miller PD Jr Regenerative and reconstructive periodontal plastic surgery. Dent Clin North Am 32(2):287-306, 1988 Apr.
11. Nabuto T, et al. Microvascularization of the free gingival autograft. J Perio 59(10):639-646, Oct. 1988.
12. Wennstrom JL, Zucchelli G Increased gingival dimensions. A significant factor for successful outcome of root coverage procedures? J Clin Perio 23:770-777; 1996.
13. Paolantonio , et al. Subpedicle connective tissue graft versus free gingival graft in the coverage of exposed root surfaces. J Clin Perio 24:51-56; 1997.
14.Giovanpaolo PP, et al. Mucogingival interceptive surgery of buccally-erupted premolars in patients scheduled for orthodontic treatment I. A 7 year longitudinal study. J Perio 2000; 71:172-181;

Session No. 12

Root Coverage - Pedicles, C T Grafts

Dr. Wang and Dr. Bowie

1. Hall Walter The current status of mucogingival problems and their therapy. J Perio 569-575;1981 Sept.
2. Grupe H & Warren R Repair of gingival defects by a sliding flap operation. J Perio 27:92-95;1956.
3. Bernimoulin JP, et al. Coronally repositioned periodontal flap. Clinical evaluation after one year. J Clin Perio 2:1-13;1975.

4. Caffesse R, et al. Treatment of localized gingival recessions. Part II. Coronally repositioned flap with a free gingival graft. J Perio 49:357-361;1978.

5. Baldi C, et al Coronally advanced flap procedure for root coverage. Is flap thickness a relevant predictor to achieve root coverage? A 19-case series. J Perio Vol 70:9:1077-1084; 1999 Sept.
6. Cohen D & Ross S The double papillae repositioned flap in periodontal therapy. J Perio 39:65-70;1968.
7. Tarnow DP Semilunar coronally repositioned flap. J Clin Perio 13:182-185;1986.
8. Langer B & Langer L Subepithelial connective tissue graft technique for root coverage. J Perio 56(12):715-720;1985.
9. Nelson S The subpedicle connective tissue graft. A bilaminar reconstructive procedure for the coverage of denuded root surfaces. J Perio 58(2):95-102;1987.
10. Harris R The connective tissue and partial thickness double pedicle graft: a predictable method of obtaining root coverage. J Perio 63:477-486;1992.
11. Harris R A comparative study of root coverage obtained with guided tissue regeneration utilizing a bioabsorbable membrane versus the connective tissue with partial-thickness double pedicle graft. J Perio 68:779-790; 1997.
12. Paolantonio M, et al. Subpedicle connective tissue graft versus free gingival graft in the coverage of exposed root surfaces. J Clin Perio 24:51-56;1997.
13. Silverstein LH, et al. An acellular dermal matrix allograft substitute for palatal donor tissue. PGD Vol 3:4:14-21.
14. Wei PC, et al. Acellular dermal matrix allografts to achieve increased attached gingiva. Part I. A clinical study. J Perio 71:1297-1305; 2000.
15. Tatakis DN & Trombelli L Gingival recession treatment: guided tissue regeneration with bioabsorbable membrane versus connective tissue graft. J Perio 71:299-307; 2000.

Periodontal Literature Review

Session No. 13
Cosmetic Periodontal Surgery; Crown Lengthening; Gummy Smile; Ridge Augmentation; Onlay Grafts; Ovate Pontics; Papilla Restoration

Dr. Weatherford and Dr. Gonzalez

1. Seibert J & Lindhe J Esthetics in periodontal therapy. Textbook of Clinical Periodontology. 3rd ed; chap 21:647-681.
2. Townsend CL Resective surgery: An esthetic application. Quintessence International. 8(24):535-542; 1993.
3. Allen EP Use of mucogingival surgical procedures to enhance esthetics. Dent Clinics of No Amer. 32:307-330; 1988.
4. Miller PD Jr & Allen EP The development of periodontal plastic surgery. Perio 2000 Vol 11:7-17; 1996.
5. Garber DA & Salama MA The aesthetic smile: diagnosis and treatment. Perio 2000 Vol 11:18-28, 1996.
6. Cranham J The functional esthetic interface. Compendium Vol 20(6):585-595, 1999 June.
7. Jacques LB, et al. Tissue sculpturing: An alternative method for improving esthetics of anterior fixed prosthodontics. J Pros Dent Vol 81(5):630-633; 1999 May.
8. Levine R & McGuire M The diagnosis and treatment of the gummy smile. Compendium. Vol 18(8):757-819; 1997 August.
9. Allen EP Surgical crown lengthening for function and esthetics. Dental Clinics of N Amer. 37(2):163-179;1993 April.
10. Becker W, et al. Crown lengthening: The periodontal-restorative connection. Compendium Vol 19(3):239-254;1998 March.
11. Rosenberg ES, et al. Crown lengthening revisited. Compendium Vol 20(6):527-540; 1999 June.
12. Abrams H, et al. Incidence of anterior ridge deformities in partially edentulous patients. J Pros Dent Vol 57(1):191-194; 1987 Feb.
13. Seibert JS & Salama H Alveolar ridge preservation and reconstruction. Perio 2000 Vol 11:69-84; 1996

14. Han TJ & Takei HH Progress in gingival papilla reconstruction. Perio 2000 Vol 11:65-68; 1996.

15. Azzi R, et al. Surgical reconstruction of the interdental papilla. Int J Perio & Restor Dent Vol 18(5):467-473; 1998.
16. Blatz MK, et al. Reconstruction of the lost interproximal papilla – presentation of surgical and nonsurgical approaches. Int J Perio & Restor Dent Vol 19(4):395-406; 1999.
17. Dylina TJ Contour determination for ovate pontics. J Pros Dent Vol 82(2):136-142; 1999.


1. Johnson CK & Leary JM Pontic design and localized ridge augmentation in fixed partial denture design. Dent Clin of N Amer. 36:591-605; 1992.
2. Page L & Halpern BG Restorative dentistry - interactions with periodontics. Dent Clin of N Amer. 37:457-463; 1993.
3. Becker CM & Kaldahl WB Current theories of crown contour, margin placement and pontic design. J Pros Dent. 45:268-277; 1981.
4. Carnevale G, et al. A retrospective analysis of perio prosthetic aspect of teeth re prepared during surgery. J Clin Perio. 313-316; 1990.
5. Ingler JS, Rose LF & The biologic width - a concept in periodontics and

Caslef JG restorative dentistry. Alpha Omegan. 70:62-65; 1977.

6. Bragger U, Lauchenaur D & Surgery lengthening of the clinical crown. J Clin Perio.

Lang NP 18:58-63; 1992.

7. Cohen DW & Ross SE Double papilla repositioned flap in periodontics. J Perio. 39:65-70; 1968.
8. Allen EP, et al. Improved technique for localized ridge augmentation. J Perio. 56:195-199; 1985.
9. Palomo F & Kopczyk R Rationale and methods for crown lengthening. JADA. 96:257-260; 1978.
10. Abrams L Augmentation of the deformed residual edentulous ridge for fixed prosthesis. Compendium for Cont Educ. 1(3):206-214; 1980; May/June.
11. Tabita PV Surgical correction of alveolar ridge form to enhance esthetics of fixed partial dentures. J Prosth Dent. 46:284-289; 1981.
12. Goodacre CJ Gingival esthetics. J Prosth Dent. 64:1-2; 1990.
13. Kaldahl W, et al. Achieving an esthetic appearance with a fixed prosthesis by submucosal grafts. JADA. 104:449-453; 1982.
14. Langer B The subepithelial connective tissue graft. J Prosthetic Dent. 44:363-367; 1980.
15. Abbott D & Harrington W Management of the isolated deformed dentino alveolar complex by subepithelial graft and resin-bonded fixed partial denture. JADA. 113:65-67; 1986.
16. Seibert J Ridge augmentation to enhance esthetics in fixed prosthetic treatment. Compendium. 12: 548-562; 1992.
17. Seibert J Reconstruction of deformed, partially edentulous ridges, using full thickness onlay grafts. Part I. Technique and Wound Healing. Compendium. 4:437-453; 1983.
18. Seibert J Reconstruction of deformed, partially edentulous ridges, using full thickness onlay grafts. Part II. Prosthetic/Periodontal Inter-relationships. Compendium. 4:549-564; 1983.
19. Takei H Maxillary anterior esthetics. (Preservation of the interdental papilla). Dental Clinic of N Amer. 33:263-273; 1982.
Periodontal Literature Review

Session #14

Bone Grafting Materials/Techinques I

Alloplast; Perioglass; Zenograft; Bovine bone; Ceramic HA

Dr. Reddy and Dr. Nielsen
1. Fetner AE, Hartigan MS & Periodontal repair using PerioGlass in non-human

Low SB primates: clinical and histologic observations. Compend Contin Educ Dent. 15(7):932-939; 1994.

2. Frame JW Hydroxyapatite as a biomaterial for alveolar ridge augmentation. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 16:642-655; 1987.
3. Hislop WS, Finlay PM & A preliminary study into the uses of an organic bone in

Moos KF oral and maxillofacial surgery. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 31:149-153; 1993.

4. Meffert RM, Thomas JR & Hydroxyapatite as an alloplastic graft in the treatment

Hamilton KM, et al. of human periodontal osseous defects. J Perio. 56(2):63-73; 1985.

5. Pinholt EM, Bang G & Alveolar ridge augmentation in rats by BIO-OSS. Scan J

Haanaes HR Dent Res. 9:154-161; 1991.

6. Second-hand bones? (editorial) Lancet. 340:1443; 1992.
7. Anson D Calcium sulfate: a 4 year observation of its use as a resorbable barrier in guided tissue regeneration of periodontal defects. Compend Contin Educ Dent. 17(9):895-899; l996, Sept.
8. Stahl SS, Froum SJ & Human clinical and histologic responses to the placement

Tarnow D of HTR polymer particles in 11 intrabony lesions. J Perio. 61:269-274; 1990.

9. White E & Shors EC Biomaterial aspects of Interpore-200 porous hydroxyapatite. Dent Clin North Am. 30(1):49-67; 1986.
10. Yukna RA Clinical evaluation of coralline calcium carbonate as a bone replacement graft material in human periodontal osseous defects. J Perio. 65:177-185; 1994.
11. Yukna RA Clinical evaluation of HTR polymer bone replacement grafts in human mandibular class II molar furcations. J Perio. (4):342-349; 1994.
Periodontal Literature Review

Session #15

Bone Grafting Materials/Techniques II

Alloplast; Perioglass; Zenograft; Bovine bone; Ceramic HA

Dr. Reddy and Dr. Yoda

1. Meffert RM, et al. Hydroxyapatite as an alloplastic graft in the treatment of human periodontal osseous defects. J Perio. 56(2):63-73; 1985.

2. Yukna RA, et al. 5-year evaluation of durapatite ceramic alloplastic implants in periodontal osseous defects. J Perio. 60:544-551; 1989.
3. Stahl SS, et al. Human clinical and histologic responses to the placement of HTR polymer particles in 11 intrabony lesions. J Perio. 61:269-274; 1990.
4. Nery EB, et al. Tissue response to biphasic calcium phosphate ceramic with different ratios of HA/βTCP in periodontal osseous defects. J Perio. 63:729-735; 1992.
5. Yukna RA Clinical evaluation of coralline calcium carbonate as a bone replacement graft material in human periodontal osseous defects. J Perio. 65:177-185; 1994.
6. Hall EE, et al. Comparison of bioactive glass to demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft in the treatment of intrabony defects around implants in the canine mandible. J Perio. 70:526-535; 1999.
7. Karatzas S, et al. Histologic observations of periodontal wound healing after treatment with perioglas in nonhuman primates. Int J Perio Rest Dent. 19:489-499; 1999.
8. Richardson CR, et al. Clinical evaluation of bio-oss: a bovine-derived xenograft for the treatment of periodontal osseous defects in humans. J Clin Perio. 26:421-428; 1999.
9. Persson GR, et al. A retrospective radiographic outcome assessment study of intro-bony defects treated by osseous surgery or by bone graft procedures. J Clin Perio. 27:104-108; 2000.
10. Simonpietri-C JJ, et al. Guided tissue regeneration associated with bovine-derived anorganic bone in mandibular class II furcation defects. 6-month results at re-entry. J Perio. 71:904-911; 2000.
11. Yukna RA Multi-center clinical comparison of combination anorganic bovine-derived hydroxyapatite matrix (ABM)/cell binding peptide (P-15) and ABM in human periodontal osseous defects. 6-month results.

J Perio. 71:1671-1679; 2000.

Periodontal Literature Review

Session #16

Guided Tissue Regeneration: Materials and Techniques

Dr. Geurs and Dr. Parker

1. Becker W & Becker BE Treatment of mandibular 3-wall intrabony defects by flap debridement and expanded polytetrafluoroethylene barrier membranes. Long-term evaluation of 32 treated patients. J Perio. 64:1138-1144; 1993, Nov.
2. Newman, MG The role of infection and anti-infection treatment in regenerative therapy. J Perio. 64:1166-1170; 1993, Nov.
3. Hugoson A, Ravald N, Treatment of class II furcation involvements in humans

Fornell J, Johard G, with bioresorbable and nonresorbable guided tissue

Teiwik A & Gottlow J regeneration barriers A randomized multi-center study. J Perio. 66:624-634; 1995, July.
4. Gottlow J, Nyman S & Maintenance of new attachment gained through guided

Karring T tissue regeneration. J Clin Perio. 19:315-317; 1992.

5. Brägger U, Hämmerle CHF, Remodeling of periodontal tissues adjacent to sites

Mombelli A, Bürgin W & treated according to the principles of guided tissue

Lang NP regeneration (GTR). J Clin Perio. 19:615-624; 1992.
6. Chaves ES, Geurs NC, Clinical and radiographic digital imaging evaluation

Reddy MS & Jeffcoat MK of a bioresorbable membrane in the treatment of

periodontal bone defects. Int J Perio Rest Dent. 16:443-453; 1996.
7. Becker W, Becker BE, A prospective multi-center study evaluating periodontal

Mellonig J, Caffesse RG, regeneration for class II furcation invasions and

Warrer K, Caton JG & intrabony defects after treatment with a bioabsorbable

Reid Tricia barrier membrane: 1-year results. J Perio. 67:641-649; 1996, July.

8. Yukna CN & Yukna RA Multi-center evaluation of bioabsorbable collagen membrane for guided tissue regeneration in human class II furcations. J Perio. 67:650-657; 1996.
9. Zarkesh N, Nowzari H, Tetracycline-coated polytetrafluoroethylene barrier

Morrison JL & Slots J membranes in the treatment of intraosseous periodontal lesions. J Perio. 70:1008-1016; 1999.

10. Zybutz MD, Laurell L, Treatment of intrabony defects with resorbable

Rapoport DA & Persson GR materials, non-resorbable materials and flap debridement. J Clin Perio. 27:169-178: 2000.

11. Machtei EE The effect of membrane exposure on the outcome of regenerative procedures in humans: a meta-analysis. J Perio 72:512-516; 2001.
Periodontal Literature Review

Session #17

Regeneration Principles
Dr. Geurs and Dr. Green

1. Melcher AH On the repair potential of periodontal tissues. J Perio. 47(5):256-260; 1976.

2. Karring T, et al. Healing following implantation of periodontitis affected roots into bone tissue. J Clin Perio 7:96-105; 1980.
3. Caton J, Nyman S & Histometric evaluation of periodontal surgery II.

Zander H Connective tissue attachment levels after four regenerative procedures. J Clin Perio. 7:224-231; 1980.

4. Nyman S, Gottlow J, The regenerative potential of the periodontal ligament.

Karring T & Lindhe J An experimental study in the monkey. J Clin Perio. 9(3):257-265; 1982.

5. Nyman S, Gottlow J, New attachment formation by guided tissue regeneration.

Lindhe J, Karring T & J Perio Research. 22(3):252-254; 1987.

Wennstrom J
6. Aukhil I & Iglhaut J Periodontal ligament cell kinetics following experimental regenerative procedures. J Clin Perio. 15:374-382; 1988.
7. Aukhil I Biology of tooth-cell adhesion. Dental Clinic of N Am. Vol 35(3):459-467; 1991, July.
8. Minabe M A critical review of the biologic rationale for guided tissue regeneration. J Perio. 62:171-179; 1991.
Periodontal Literature Review

Session #18

Root Conditioning, Growth Factors

Dr. Palcanis and Dr. Duong

1. Garrett J, Crigger M & Effects of citric acid on diseased root surfaces. J Perio

Egelberg J Res. 3:155-163; 1978.

2. Albair WB, Cobbs CM & Connective tissue attachment to periodontally diseased

Killoy WJ roots after citric acid demineralization. J Perio. 53(8):515-526; August 1982.

3. Moore JA, Ashley FP & The effect on healing of the application of citric acid

Waterman CA during replaced flap surgery. J Clin Perio. 14:130-135; 1987.

4. Terranova VP, Franzetti LC A biochemical approach to periodontal regeneration:

& Hic S, et al. tetracycline treatment of dentin promotes fibroblast adhesion and growth. J Perio Res. 21:330-337; 1986.

5. Claffey N, Bogle G, et al. Topical application of tetracycline in regenerative periodontal surgery in beagles. Acta Odont Scand. 45:141-146; 1987.
6. Bouchard P, Nilveús R & Clinical evaluation of tetracycline HCI conditioning in

Etienne D the treatment of gingival recessions. A comparative study. J Perio 68:262-269; March 1997.

7. Caffessee RG, Smith BA, Cell proliferation after flap surgery, root conditioning

Nasjleti DE & Lopatin DE and fibronectin application. J Perio 58:661-666; 1987.

8. Heijl L, Heden G, Enamel matrix derivative (EMDOGAIN) in the treatment

Svardstrom G, Ostgren A of intrabony periodontal defects. J Clin Perio 24:705-714; Sept. 1997.

9. Lynch SE, Williams RC & A combination of platelet-derived and insulin-like

Polson AM, et al. growth factors enhances periodontal regeneration. J Clin Perio 16:545-548; 1989.

10. Howell TH, Fiorellini JP, A phase I/II clinical trial to evaluate a combination of

et al. recombinant human platelet-derived growth factor-BB and recombinant human insulin-like growth factor-I in patients with periodontal disease. J Perio 68:1186-1193; 1997.

11. Kinoshita A, Oda S, Periodontal regeneration by application of recombinant

Takahashi K, et al. human bone morphogenetic protein-2 to horizontal circumferential defects created by experimental periodontitis in beagle dogs. J Perio 68:103-109; 1997.

12. Froum SJ, et al. A comparative study utilizing open flap debridement with and without enamel matrix derivative in the treatment of periodontal intrabony defects: a 12 month re-entry study. J Perio 72:25-34; 2001.
13. Soory M & Virdi H Implications of minocycline platelet derived growth factor, and transforming growth factor-beta on inflammatory repair potential of the periodontium. J Perio 70(10):1136-1143; 1999.
14. Baker PJ, Rotch HA, An in vitro screening model to evaluate root conditioning

Trombelli L, Wikesjo UM protocols for periodontal regenerative procedures. J Perio July;71(7):1139-1143; 2000.

Periodontal Literature Review

Session #19

Implant Surgery Principles I

History And Biomaterials

Dr. Wang and Dr. Vassilopoulos
1. Friberg B Sterile operating conditions for the placement of intraoral implants. J Oral & Max Surg. 54(11):1334-1336; 1996, Nov.
2. Adell R, Lekholm U, A 15 year study of osseointegrated implants in the

Rockler B, Branemark PI treatment of the edentulous jaw. Int J of Oral Surg. 10(6):387-416; 1981, Dec.

3. Eriksson RA, Albrektsson T The effect of heat on bone regeneration: an experimental study in the rabbit using the bone growth chamber. J Oral & Max Surg. 42(11):705-711; 1984, Nov.
4. Ten Cate AR Biological determinants in implant design. Int Dent J. 39(2):108-112; 1989, June.
5. Albrektsson T, Osseointegrated titanium implants. Requirements

Branemark PI, Hansson HA, & for ensuring a long-lasting, direct bone-to implant

Lindstrom J anchorage in man. Acta Ortho Scan. 52(2):155-170; 1981.

6. Puleo DA, Nanci A Understanding and controlling the bone-implant interface. Biomaterials. 20(23-24):2311-2321; 1999, Dec.

7. Cochran DL A comparison of endosseous dental implant surfaces. J Perio. 70(12):1523-1539; 1999 Dec.
8. Buchs AU, Hahn J, Interim clinical study report: a threaded,

Vassos DM hydroxylapatite-coated implant — five-year post-restoration safety and efficacy. J of Oral Implantology. 21(4):266-274; 1995.

9. Jones JD, Lupori J, Van Sickels JE, A 5-year comparison of hydroxyapatite-coated

Gardner W titanium plasma-sprayed and titanium plasma-sprayed cylinder dental implants. Oral Surg, Oral Med, Oral Path, Oral Rad & Endo. 87(6):649-652;1999, June.

Periodontal Literature Review

Session #20

Implant Surgery Planning

Techniques - Immediate

Delayed, Grafts, Single Stage

ITI Grafting

Extraction replacing with Implants
Dr. Geurs and Dr. Barnes

1. Hämmerle & Lang Tissue integration of oral implants. Proceedings of the lst European Workshop on Periodontology. pg 297-316; 1993.

2. Jeffcoat, MK Dentomaxillofacial radiology. Vol 21:203-207; 1992, Nov.
3. Truhlar RS, et al. Distribution of bone quality in patients receiving endosseous dental implants. J Oral & Maxillofac Surg. 55(12 Suppl 5):38-45; 1997, Dec.
4. Scharf DR & Tarnow DP The effect of crestal versus mucobuccal incisions on the success rate of implant osseointegration. Int J Oral Maxillofac Impl. 8:187-190; 1993.
5. Barzilay I, et al. Immediate implantation of pure titanium implants into extraction sockets of mucosa fascicularis. Part II: Histologic Observations.
6. Tarnow DP, et al. Immediate loading of threaded implants at stage 1 surgery in edentulous arches: ten consecutive case reports with 1 to 5 year data. Int J Oral Maxillofac Impl. 12:319-324; 1997.
7. Becker W, et al. The use of e-PTFE barrier membranes for bone promotion around titanium implants placed into extraction sockets: a prospective multicenter study. Int J Oral Maxillofac Impl. 9:31-40; 1994.
8. Schwartz-Arad D & Placement of implants into fresh extraction sites: 4 to 7

Chaushu G years retrospective evaluation of 95 immediate implants. J Perio. 68:1110-1116; 1997.

9. Rosenquist B, Grenthe B Immediate placement of implants into extraction sockets: implant survival. Int J Oral Max Imp. 11:205-209; 1996.
10. Becker BE, Becker W, A prospective clinical trial of endosseous screw-shaped

Ricci A & Geurs NC implants placed at the time of tooth extraction without augmentation. J Perio. 69:920-926; 1998.

Periodontal Literature Review

Session #21

Guided Bone Regeneration
Dr. Reddy and Dr. Gonzalez-Toledo

1. Buser D, et al. Localized ridge augmentation using guided bone regeneration. I. Surgical procedure in the maxilla. Int J Perio and Rest Dent. Vol 13(1):29-45; 1993.

2. Buser D, et al. Localized ridge augmentation using guided bone regeneration. II. Surgical procedures in the mandible. Int J Perio and Rest Dent. Vol 15(1):11-29; 1995.
3. Tinti C, et al. Vertical ridge augmentation: surgical protocol and retrospective evaluation of 48 consecutively inserted implants. Int J Perio Rest Dent. 18:435-443; 1998.
4. Tinti C, et al. Vertical ridge augmentation: what is the limit? Int J Perio and Rest Dent. Vol 16(3):221-229; 1996.
5. Fugazzotto PA Report of 302 consecutive ridge augmentation procedures: technical considerations and clinical results. Int J Oral Maxillo Imp. 13:358-368; 1998.
6. Barboza EP Clinical and histologic evaluation of the demineralized freeze-dried bone membrane used for ridge augmentation. Int J Perio Rest Dent. 19:601-607; 1999.
7. Brugnami F, et al. GBR in human extraction sockets and ridge defects prior to implant placement: clinical results and histologic evidence of osteoblastic and osteoclastic activities in DFDBA. Int J Perio Rest Dent. 19:259-267; 1999.
8. Cordioli G, et al. Postloading behavior of regenerated tissues in GBR-treated implant sites. Int J Perio Rest Dent. 19:45-55; 1999.
9. Corrente G, et al. Long-term evaluation of osseointegrated implants in regenerated and nonregenerated bone. Int J Perio Rest Dent. 20:391-397; 2000.
10. Kohal RJ, et al. The effects of guided bone regeneration and grafting on implants plaed into immediate extraction sockets. An experimental study in dogs. J Perio. 69:927-937; 1998.
11. Doblin JM, et al. A histologic evaluation of localized ridge augmentation utilizing DFDBA in combination with e-PTFE membranes and stainless steel bone pins in humans. Int J Perio Rest Dent. 16:121-129; 1996.
12. Zeiter DJ, et al. The use of a bone block graft from the chin for alveolar ridge augmentation. Int J Perio Rest Dent. 20:619-627; 2000.
13. McGinnis M, et al. Comparison of resorbable and nonresorbable guided bone regeneration materials: a preliminary study. Int J Oral Maxillo Imp. 13:30-35; 1998.
14. Nowzari, Hessam, et al. The dynamics of microbial colonization of barrier membranes for guided tissue regeneration. J Perio. Vol 67(7):694-702; 1996.
Periodontal Literature Review

Session #22

Posterior implant management

Sinus lifts; complications

What don’t we know

Long term results

Dr. Geurs and Dr. Nielsen

1. Tatum H Maxillary and sinus implant reconstruction. Dental Clinics of No America. 1986;30:207-229.

2. Boyne PJ, James RA Grafting of the maxillary sinus floor with autogenous marrow and bone. J Oral Surg. 38:613-616; 1980.
3. Hürzeler MB, Kirsch A, Reconstruction of the severely resorbed maxilla with

Ackerman K-L, dental implants in the augmented maxillary sinus: A 5-

Quinones CR year clinical investigation. Int J Oral and Maxillo Imp. 1996;11:466-475.
4. Wallace SS, Froum SJ, Histologic evaluation of a sinus elevation procedure: a

Tarnow DP clinical report. Int J Perio Res Dent. 16:46-51; 1996.

5. Lazzara RJ The sinus elevation procedure in endosseous implant therapy. Current Opinion in Periodontology. 1996;3:178-183.
6. Timmenga NM, et al. Maxillary sinus function after sinus lifts for the insertion of dental implants. J Oral and Maxillo Surg. 1997;55:936-939.
7. Wheeler SL, Holmes RE, Six-year clinical and histological study of sinus-lift

Calhoun CJ grafts. Int J Oral and Maxillo Imp. 1996;11:26-34.

8. Hürzeler MB, et al. Maxillary sinus augmentation using different grafting materials and dental implants in monkey. Part I. Clin Oral Imp Res. 1997;8:476-486.
9. Hürzeler MB, et al. Maxillary sinus augmentation using different grafting materials and dental implants in monkey. Part II. Clin Oral Imp Res. 1997;8:401-411.
10. Froum SJ, et al. Sinus floor elevation using anorganic bovine bone matrix (OsteoGraft/N) with and without autogenous bone: a clinical, histologic, radiographic, and histomorphometric analysis – part 2 of an ongoing prospective study. Int J Perio & Rest Dent. 18:528-543; 1998.
11. Dario LJ, English R Jr Achieving implant reconstruction through bilateral mandibular nerve repositioning. J American Dental Assoc. 1994 Mar.;125(3):305-309.
12. Tong DC, et al. A review of survival rates for implants placed in grafted maxillary sinuses using meta-analysis. Int J Oral & Maxillo Imp. 13:175-182; 1998.

Periodontal Literature Review

Session 23
Implant Maintenance

Failing and Ailing


Diagnosis inf vs overload of implant

Dr. Wang and Dr. Yoda

1. Fox SC, Moriarty JD, et al. The effects of scaling a titanium implant surface with metal and plastic instruments: An in vitro study. J Perio. 1990;61:485-490.

2. Grondahl K, et al. The predictive value of radiographic diagnosis of implant instability. Int J Oral Maxillo Imp. 1997;12;59-64.
3. Lee KH, et al. Pre- and post-implantation microbiota of the tongue, teeth, and newly-placed implants. J Clin Perio. 1999;26:822-832.
4. Lekholm V, Ericsson I The condition of the soft tissues at tooth and fixture

Adell R, Slots J abutments supporting fixed bridges. A microbiological and histological study. J Clin Perio. 1986;13:558-562.

3. Smith DE, Zarb GA Criteria for success of osseointegrated endosseous implants. J Prosth Dent. 1989;62:567-572.

4. Salcetti JM, et al. The clinical, microbial, and host response characteristics of the failing implant. Int J Oral & Maxillo Implants. 1997, Jan.-Feb.;12(1):32-42.
5. Kalykakis G, et al. Clinical and microbiological status of osseointegrated implants. J Perio. 1994, Aug.;65(8):766-770.
6. Drake DR, et al. Primary bacterial colonization of implant surfaces. Int J Oral Maxillo Imp. 1999;14:226-232.

7. Hutton J, et al. Factors related to success and failure rates at 3-year follow-up in a multicenter study of overdentures supported by Branemark Implants. Int J Oral Maxillo Imp. 1995;10:33-42.

8. Lee KH, et al. Microbiota of successful osseointegrated dental implants. J Perio. 1999;70:131-138.
9. Salcetti JM, et al. The clinical, microbial, and host response characteristics of the failing implant. Int J Oral Maxillo Imp. 1997;12:32-42.
10. El Askary AS, et al. Why do implants fail? Part I. Implant Dent. 1999;8:173-185.
11. El Askary AS, et al. Why do implants fail? Part II. Implant Dent. 1999;8:265-277.
12. Esposito M, et al. Differential diagnosis and treatment strategies for biologic complications and failing oral implants: a review of the literature.
13. Mellonig JT & Nevins M Guided bone regeneration of bone defects associated with implants: an evidence-based outcome assessment. Int J Perio Rest Dent. 1995;15:169-185.
14. Yukna RA, et al. Optimizing clinical success with implants: maintenance and care. Compend Cont Educ Dent. No. 15:5554-5561.

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