The refugees and immigrants from Cuba are some of the most interesting people to the Sons of the American Revolution (SAR) because the Cuban ancestors of these new Americans fought at Mobile, Pensacola, Central America, in the Bahamas, and were preparing to invade Jamaica when the Revolutionary War was ended by events in Europe.
Spanish records for the Revolutionary War period (June 1779 until Sep 1783) are among the best of the surviving records. Records of service were kept in bundles (called legajos) for each unit, and some have been published for the key persons in each unit. (The persons so listed would be called “the cadre” by those with experience in the American Army. They could be sent to form and train a new group as a unit.) The legajo lists the service of the person from first enlistment to the assignment at the time of the legajo. Most of the legajos were for the post war period, and they are included below through 1800. The records for 1765 were considered too early and the ones for 1809 and 1814 were considered too late. Only by studying the legajo or some other record of the time can one determine if the person was in service during the war.
In the following listing, asterisks are given for those known to be in service, but others may also be identified in service by careful study of the legajos or from other records or rosters. The units in Cuba were associated with certain localities or names to include: America, probably near Havana; Cuatro Villas, probably eastern Cuba; Cuba y Bayamo; Havana; Matanzas; Puerte Principe; Santiago de Cuba; and Trinidad. The legajos associated with Cuba are 7259, 7260, 7261, 7262, 7263, 7264, and 7265. Part of 7259 is from 1765 and considered too early. 7265 is from 1809 through 1815 and is considered too late.
The historian, Allan J. Kuenthe, listed the family surnames most frequently encountered as wartime leaders in the Cuban militia as Agramonte, Agüero, Arango, Armenteros, Arrendondo, Barerra, Basabe, Beitia, Beltrán, Boza, Caballero, Calvo de la Puerta, Camacho, Cárdenas, Castillo (of Havana), Castillo (of Puerte Príncipe), Chacón, Chavarria, Cisneros, Coca, Cruz, Duarte, Escobar, Ferrer, Hernández, Herrera, Jústiz, Lopez Silvero, Menocal, Meyreles, Miranda, Molina, Montalvo, Morales, Mustelier, Núñez, O’Farrill, Peñalver, Pita, Porlier, Pozo, Quesada, Sánchez, Santa Cruz, Socarrás, Sotolongo, Torre, Vásquez, Velasco, Zaldivar, Zayas (of Havana), Zayas (of Puerto Príncipe), and Zequera. Most of these names appear below.
Abad, Ramon. Sargento, 1st Class, Infantry of Havana, 1799. Legajo 7264:XVI:85.
Abarca, Juan. Lt, Militia Bn of Inf of Puerte Principe, 1793. Leg 7262:XXVII:16.
*Abascal, José Fernando. Brigadier, Lt of the King, Estado Mayor of San Cristóbal of Havana, 1797. Leg 7263:I:5.
Abella, Juan Jorge. Sargento, Inf of Havana, 1765. Leg 7259:XV:106. (Probably too old or deceased by 1779. No other names will be listed from 1765 unless they appear on other wartime records.)
Acosta, Antonio. Sargento, Inf of Havana, 1799. Leg 7264:XVI:84.
Acosta, Francisco. SubLt, Inf of Cuba, 1799. Leg 7264:XVII:57.
Acosta, Ignacio de. Lt, Estado Mayor de San Cristóbál of Havana, 1800, Leg 7264:II:9.
*Acosta, Ignacio. Lt Col, Estado Mayor de San Cristobál of Havana, 1800, Leg 7264:II:12. S:128, 130, Lt, Regt of Havana, 1781.
*Acosta, Joséde. S:121-122, Comandante of the Navy Yard at Havana, 1781.
Acosta, Manuel. Lt, Inf of Havana, 1791, Leg 7261:XXV:28.
Acosta, Pedro. Chaplain, Plana Mayor of the Bn of Morenos of Havana, 1799. Leg 7264:VIII:11.
*Agramonte, Francisco. Capt, Militia Bn Inf of Puerto Principe, 1795. Leg 7262:X:6.
*Aguado, Santiago. Capt, Inf of Havana, 1799. Leg 7264:XVI:18.
*Aguero, Fernando. Capt, Militia Bn Inf at Puerto Principe, 1797. Leg 7263:XII:7.
Aguiar, Luis de. SubLt, Inf of Havana, 1797. Leg 7263:XIV:49.
Aguiar, Rafael de. Chaplain, Militia Inf of Havana, 1799, Leg 7264:XIII:133.
Aguilar, Diego. Sargento, Inf of Cuba, 1790. Leg 7260:IV:56.
Aguilar, José. Lt, Inf of Havana, 1799. Leg 7264:XVI:129.
Aguilar y Arango, Juan Francisco. Cadet, Inf of Cuba, 1799. Leg 7264:XVII:102. (Cadets could be as young as 12 years old, so anyone listed as a cadet as late as 1799 was probably too young to have served in 1779-1783.)
*Aguilera, Alejandro. Capt. Inf Bn, Militia of Cuba and Bayamas, 1797. Leg 7263:IX:34.
Aguilera, José. Sargento, Inf Militia of Havana, 1799. Leg 7264:XIII:94.
Aguilera, José Eugenio. Cadet, Inf Bn, Militia of Cuba y Bayamas, 1799. Leg 7264:XI:52.
Aguirre, Francisco. Sargento, Militia Inf of Havana, 1792. Leg 7261:VI:83.
Aguirre, José. Sargento, Bn of Militia, Cuatros Villas, 1789. Leg 7260:XIII:31.
Ainsa, Cristóbal. SubLt of granaderos, Inf of Cuba, 1799. Leg 7264:XVII:61.
Alamo, Fernando del. Sargento 1st Class, Cavalry Militia of Havana, 1799. Leg 7264:XI:66.
Alamo y Rando, Antonio del. Lt, Cav., Militia of Havana, 1795. Leg 7262:VIII:17.