People credited with this unit standard are able to describe: the ear and the functional process of hearing and balance; the eye and the normal functional process of sight; the nose and the functional process of smell; and the tongue and the functional process of taste.
Health, Disability, and Aged Support > Core Health
Marieb, E.N. (2010). Essentials of human anatomy and physiology (10th ed.). San Francisco, CA: Pearson/Benjamin Cummings.
2 As the content of this unit standard is largely informational, evidence requirements assume that knowledge will be acquired from the reference text in conjunction with models and other information-bearing media. In this regard it is expected that outcomes and evidence will be in accordance with the reference text.
Normal structure and function refers to structure and function which are not impaired by abnormalities or dysfunction.
Outcomes and evidence requirements Outcome 1 Describe the ear and the functional process of hearing and balance.
Evidence requirements 1.1 The structure of the ear is described.
Range external ear, middle ear, inner ear, vestibulocochlear nerve.
1.2 The functional process of hearing is described.
Range sound waves, tympanic membrane, ossicles, oval window, spiral organ/organ of Corti, vestibulocochlear nerve.
1.3 The role of the ear in maintenance of balance is described.
Range static equilibrium, dynamic equilibrium.
Outcome 2 Describe the eye and the normal functional process of sight.
Evidence requirements 2.1 The normal structure and function of the eye are described.
Range sclera, cornea, choroid, ciliary body, iris, lens, retina, interior of eyeball, optic nerve.
2.2 The function of the accessory structures of the eye is described.
Range eyelashes, eyebrows, eyelids, conjunctiva, lacrimal gland, lacrimal sac.
2.3 The normal functional process of sight is described.
Range refraction, accommodation, convergence, rods and cones.
Outcome 3 Describe the nose and the functional process of smell.
Evidence requirements 3.1 The structure of the nose in relation to the sense of smell is described.
Range superior nasal conchae, roof of nose, mucous membrane, olfactory nerve endings and fibres, olfactory bulb, olfactory tract.
3.2 The functional process of smell is described.
Range inhalation of chemical particles, dissolving of particles, stimulation of nerve cells, perception threshold.
Outcome 4 Describe the tongue and the functional process of taste.
Evidence requirements 4.1 The structure of the tongue in relation to the sense of taste is described.
Range papillae, taste buds.
4.2 The functional process of taste is described.
Range areas of taste sensation including sweet, sour, bitter, and salt; sensations of taste; stimulation of nerves; gustatory centre.
Status information and last date for assessment for superseded versions
Last Date for Assessment
23 October 1998
31 December 2012
26 May 2004
31 December 2012
20 March 2008
31 December 2012
20 September 2012
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