New Archaeological Discoveries Enlighten Britain’s Past
Embargoed until 11.30, Monday 28 November 2016
This morning, at the launch of the Portable Antiquities Scheme (PAS) and Treasure annual reports at the British Museum, Matt Hancock,Minister of State for Digital and Culture, announced the recording of a further 82,272 archaeological finds made by the public in 2015. Finds discovered include a Bronze Age gold torc (the largest ever found), a beautifully enamelled Anglo-Saxon mount and an intriguing hoard of silver coin clippings deposited in the late 17th century. These finds, and others, are rewriting the archaeology and history of Britain and enabling people across the county to learn more about the past of their local area.
A further 1,008 Treasure finds have been reported this year in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, of which the most significant have been acquired by museums across the country; next year the British Museum with its local partners will be celebrating 20 years since the the Treasure Act came into force, and the establishment of the PAS.
The PAS has recorded over 1.2 million archaeological finds to date (since 1997). This data has been widely used by academics, students and many others by searching the PAS database (www.finds.org.uk/database). PAS data has been used in over 528 research projects, including 25 pieces of large-scale reaserch and 110 PhDs.
The PAS is a partnership project, managed by the British Museum working with at least 119 national and local partners to deliver the Scheme’s aims. It is an important part of the British Museums’ National Programmes activity which extends across the UK.
As part of the HLF funded project PASt Explorers, the PAS is working with volunteers across the country to record archaeological finds made by the public and get involved in archaeology. In 2015, 259 volunteers, including 100 self-recorders (metal-detectorists who record their own finds on the PAS database), have contributed to the work of the Scheme.
The PAS is now working closely with other Europe areas, including Denmark, Flanders and the Netherlands, where initatives are underway to record archaeological finds made by the public. Also there are plans for these recording schemes to work even closer together, to share information about archaeological discoveries and recording them. A North Sea Area finds recording group has been recently established to take this forward.
Tracey Crouch, Minister for Heritage, said: “The Portable Antiquities Scheme enables us to learn more about our nation’s history and preserve and safeguard treasure for generations to come. New discoveries keep getting made every year through the scheme that then find their way into our wonderful museums across the country.”
Hartwig Fischer, Director of the British Museum, said “The British Museum is a world museum but it is also a museum for Britain. The PAS contributes enormously to our National Programme activity and our work across the country. It is an amazing partnership, drawing together over 100 local museums and other organisations to deliver the Scheme’s aims of recording the past to advance knowledge and sharing that knowledge with all”.
Finds on display at the launch: Bronze Age gold torc or armlet from Cambridgeshire (CAM-E5D871), which dates to circa 1300-1100 BC. Gold torcs were fashionable jewellery in both Britain and Ireland during this period but this example, found in 2015, is one of the most important and spectacular ever found. The weight of the gold torc (732gms) is exceptional and it is one of the largest ever found in Britain and Ireland. The torc is made of 86% (20 carat) gold, making it very soft. However, detailed study by scientists at the British Museum found very little evidence of use on the solid gold terminals used to fasten the torc together. This raises questions regarding its original use and meaning. Torcs are usually worn around the neck but the Cambridgeshire torc is probably too large to fit even the largest waist (extended it measures c.126cms). It may have been designed to be worn over thick winter clothing or as a sash worn across the body, or may not of been intended to be worn by a human at all, it may instead have been worn by a prized animal (perhaps in the course of animal sacrifice). The absence of torcs in burials means that their function remains mysterious.
Anglo-Saxon hanging bowl mount from West Sussex (SUSS-F9E7AA), which dates to AD 600-725. The mount is decorated intricately with swirling motifs set against bright red enamel and millefiori glass inlay, recalling aspects of the large hanging bowl from the famous Sutton Hoo burial. The hook at the top is moulded delicately into an animal’s head, which would have peered over the bowl’s edge. The mount is beautifully preserved and of fine quality. It featured in the British Museum’s ‘Celts’ exhibition and was donated by the finder to Littlehampton Museum.
A large, rare, hoard of 463 silver coin clippings and fragments from Gloucestershire (GLO-0794E0) deposited probably around the time of the Great Recoinage of 1696. One consequence of the decision to recall from English currency all the pre-1662 hand-struck coinage and turn it into machine-struck coins was a bout of clipping of the older money, removing silver from the edge. All the clippings in this hoard show the complete removal of the inscription from the coins. These arer half-crowns, shillings and sixpences from the period 1554 to 1662. Coin clipping was a criminal activity and perpetrators faced the death penalty.
Notes to Editors: The Treasure Act 1996
Under the Treasure Act (finds. org.uk/treasure) finders have a legal obligation to report all finds of potential Treasure to the local coroner in the district in which the find was made. The success of the Act is only possible through the work of the Portable Antiquities Scheme, advising finders of their legal obligations, providing advice on the process and writing reports for coroners on Treasure finds.
The Act allows a national or local museum to acquire Treasure finds for public benefit. If this happens a reward is paid, which is (normally) shared equally between the finder and landowner. Interested parties may wish to waive their right to a reward, enabling museums to acquire finds at reduced or no cost. Rewards are fixed at the full market value of the finds, determined by the Secretary of State upon the advice of an independent panel of experts, known as the Treasure Valuation Committee.
The administration of the Treasure process is undertaken at the British Museum. This work involves the preparation of Treasure cases for coroners’ inquests, providing the secretariat for the Treasure Valuation Committee, and handling disclaimed cases and the payment of rewards.
The Portable Antiquities Scheme
Thousands of archaeological objects are discovered every year, many by members of the public, particularly by people while metal-detecting. If recorded, these finds have great potential to transform archaeological knowledge, helping archaeologists understand when, where and how people lived in the past.
The Portable Antiquities Scheme (www.finds.org.uk) offers the only proactive mechanism for recording such finds, which are made publicly available on its online database. This data is an important educational and research resource that can be used by anyone interested in learning more.
The Portable Antiquities Scheme is managed by the British Museum, and funded by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport through a grant, the British Museum and local partners. Its work is guided by the Portable Antiquities Advisory Group, whose membership includes leading archaeological, landowner and metal-detecting organisations.
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