Naming of Muscles: Gluteus maximus: G. relative size of the muscle

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Naming of Muscles:

  1. Gluteus maximus: G. relative size of the muscle

  2. Adductor magnus: A. action of the muscle

  3. Biceps femoris: D. Number of origins

  4. Transversus abdominus: F. Direction in which the muscle fibers run relative to some imaginary line

  5. Extensor carpi ulnaris: C. location of the muscle’s origin and/or insertion

  6. Trapezius: B. shape of the muscle

  7. Rectus femoris: E. Location of muscle relative to a bone or body region

  8. External oblique:

Muscles of the head:

  1. Used in smiling: I. Zygomaticus

  2. Used to suck in your cheeks: A. Buccinator

  3. Used in winking: D. Orbicularis oculi

  4. Used to form the horizontal frown crease on the forehead: B. Frontalis

  5. The “kissing” muscle: E. Orbicularis oris

  6. Prime mover of jaw closure: C. Masseter

  7. Synergist muscle for jaw closure: G. Temporalis

  8. Prime mover of head flexion; a two headed muscle: F. Sternocleidomastoid

Muscles of the trunk:

  1. The name means “straight muscle of the abdomen: I. Rectus abdominus

  2. Prime mover for shoulder flexion and adduction: H. Pectoralis major

  3. Prime mover for shoulder abduction: A. Deltoid

  4. Part of the abdominal girdle; forms the external lateral walls of the abdomen: D. External oblique

  5. Acting alone, each muscle of this pair turns the head toward the opposite shoulder: J. Sternocleidomastoid

  6. Muscle pairs that help form the natural abdominal girdle: F. Internal oblique

  7. Muscle pairs that help form the natural abdominal girdle: K. Transversus abdominis

  8. Deep muscles of the thorax that promote the inspiratory phase of breathing: E. Internal intercostals

  9. An unpaired muscle that acts with the muscles named immediately above to accomplish inspiration: C. External intercostals

  1. Muscles that allows you to shrug your shoulders or extend your head: G. Trapezius

  2. Muscle that adducts the shoulder and causes extension of the shoulder: E. Latissimus dorsi

  3. Shoulder muscle that is the antagonist of the muscle described above: A. Deltoid

  4. Prime mover of back extension; a deep composite muscle consisting of three columns: B. Erector spinae

  5. Large paired superficial muscle of the lower back: C. External oblique

  6. Fleshy muscle forming part of the posterior abdominal wall that helps maintain upright posture: D. Gluteus maximus

Muscles of the hip, thigh, and leg:

  1. Hip flexor, deep in pelvis; a composite of two muscles: H. Iliopsoas

  2. Used to extend the hip when climbing stairs: E. Gluteus maximus

  3. “Toe dancer’s” muscle; a two bellied muscle of the calf: D. Gastrocnemius

  4. Inverts and dorsiflexes the foot: O. Tibialis anterior

  5. Muscle group that allows you to draw your legs to the midline of your body, as when standing at attention: A. Adductors

  6. Muscle group that extends the knee: I. Quadriceps

  7. Muscle group that extends the thigh and flexes the knee: G. Hamstrings

  8. Smaller hip muscle commonly used as an injection site: F. Gluteus medius

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  11. Like the two-bellied muscle that lies over it, this muscle is a planter flexor: N. Soleus

Muscles of the arm and forearm:

  1. Wrist flexor that follows the ulna: E. Flexor carpi ulnaris

  2. Muscle that extends the fingers: D. Extensor digitorum

  3. Muscle that flexes the fingers: F. Flexor digitorum superficialis

  4. Muscle that allows you to bend (flex) the elbow: A. Biceps brachii

  5. Muscle that extends the elbow: G. Triceps brachii

  6. Powerful shoulder abductor, used to raise the arm overhead: B. Deltoid

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