Long Island North Shore Heritage Area National Heritage Area Feasibility Study April 2012

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Long Island North Shore Heritage Area

National Heritage Area

Feasibility Study
April 2012

This document utilizes research and data originally contained in the

Long Island North Shore Heritage Area Management Plan

approved December 2006

by Commissioner Bernadette Castro,

New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation.

This source document was prepared by the New York Department of State with funds provided for under Title 11 of the Environmental Protection Fund
Matching funds and services were provided for the preparation of this source document by:

New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation

Natural Heritage Trust
New York State Senate
State Sen. Kenneth P. LaValle
State Sen. Carl L. Marcellino
Town of Huntington
Generous donations from private sources


Long Island North Shore Heritage Area, Inc.

Board of Directors
John E. Coraor, Ph.D., President
Deena Lesser, Vice-President
Myralee Machol, Treasurer
Avrum H. Golub, M.D., J.D., Secretary
Ira Paul Costell
Frank DeVita
Monica Harbes
Brad Harris
Michelle Isabelle-Stark
Eileen Krieb
Dan Maddock
Franklin Hill Perrell
Henry Tobin, Ph.D.
Dr. George Williams

Jennifer Sappell, Executive Director

Representatives of Participating Municipalities

Rosemary Bourne, Village of Oyster Bay Cove
John E. Coraor, Ph.D., Town of Huntington
Lou DiDomenico, Village of Kings Point
Rita DiLucia, Village of Manorhaven
Rob Finnegan, Town of Islip
Steve Fiore-Rosenfeld, Town of Brookhaven
Avrum H. Golum, M.D., J.D., Town of Asharoken
Edna Guilor-Segal, Village of Great Neck
Brad Harris, Town of Smithtown
Rita Hess & Roger Fay, Village of Williston Park
Michelle Isabell-Stark, Suffolk County
Chris Kempner, Town of Riverhead
Eileen Krieb, Nassau County
Deena Lesser, Town of North Hempstead
Dan Levy, Village of Saddle Rock
Anthony Macagnone, Town of Oyster Bay
Dan Maddock, Village of Sea Cliff
Leila Mattson, Village of Thomaston
Thomas Mohrman, Village of East Williston
David Nachmanoff, Village of Russell Gardens
David Nyce, Village of Greenport
Nancy Orth, Village of Port Jefferson
Franklin Hill Perrell, Village of Roslyn
Erin A. Rielley, City of Glen Cove
Dr. Peter Salins, Village of Baxter Estates
Robert Sargent, Village of Roslyn Estates
Larry Schmidlapp, Village of Centre Island
Martin Sidor, Town of Southold
Libby Smith, Village of the Branch
Douglas Watson, Village of Bayville
Dr. George Williams, Village of Port Washington North

Founding Planning Commission

Lori Bahnik, Co-Chair, Oyster Bay Cove

J. Lance Mallamo, Co-Chair, Centerport
Patricia Bourne, Nassau County
John Canning, Sea Cliff
Ira Paul Costell, Port Jefferson Station
Joanne Drielak, Ridge
Jeanne Garant, Port Jefferson
Ann Gill, Huntington
Louise Harrison, Setauket
Peter Gerbasi, Nassau County
Thomas Kehoe, Northport
Deena Lesser, Great Neck
Judith Pannullo, Massapequa
Gloria D. Rocchio, Stony Brook
Ian Siegel, Nassau County
Jeffrey S. Wiesenfeld, Great Neck
Non-Voting Planning Commission Members

Commissioner Bernadette Castro

NYS Office of Parks, Recreation & Historic Preservation
Chairman Charles Gargano
Empire State Development Corporation
The mayor, supervisor or other chief executive officer of any city, town or village
within the Long Island North Shore Heritage Area
Planning Commission Boundary Committee

Louise Harrison, Chair

Cynthia Barnes
Barbara Mazor Bart
Ira Paul Costell
Francine Ferrante
Steve Fiore-Rosenfeld
Jack Guy
Robert Lipper
Myralee Machol
Frank Madden
Diane Moje
Lisa Tyson
Planning Commission Outreach Committee

Ira Paul Costell

Jeanne Garant
Planning Commission Fundraising Committee

Lori Bahnik

Ann Gill

NYSOPRHP, LINSHA Administration

Marcia Kees, NYSOPRHP
Lucy Breyer, NYSOPRHP
Lee York, NYS Dept. of State
Jack Guy,Empire State Development Corp.

We recognize and thank the following people for their attendance at meetings

related to preparation of the Long Island North Shore Heritage Area Management Plan, the source document for this Feasibility Study. Listing is based on meeting sign-in lists and may not reflect subsequent changes in affiliation:

Paula Abate, Village of Plandome Heights

Neil Ackerson, NYS OPRHP

Dorothy Acquino, NYS OPRHP

Herbert Adler, Jr.

Jim Ainslie, Suffolk Co. Economic Devt.

Hon. Marc Alessi, NYS Assembly

Joni Altner, Property Owners of Eatons Neck Beach

Alice Amrhein, Suffolk Co. Dept. of Economic Devt.

Sarah Anker, Mt. Sinai

Lester Arstark, Historic District Board of Roslyn

Yvonne Atkinson, WLNY TV-55

Larry Austin, LINSHA PC (former)

Stella Baer, Long Island Greenbelt Trail

Stephanie Bail, Wading River Hist. Soc.

Amy Balaban, Town of Brookhaven DEP

Lori Baldessare, Mt. Sinai Heritage Trust,

Brookhaven Highway Dept.

Doreen Banks, Nassau Co. Parks Commissioner,

Nassau Conservancy

Cynthia Barnes, Setauket, NYS Assembly

(Englebright); Three Village Community Trust

Hap Barnes, Setauket

Barbara Bart, Walt Whitman Birthplace

Andrew Batten, Raynham Hall Museum (former)

Maryann Beaumont, FOTA

Rita Beckman, Vanderbilt Museum

Barbara Behrens, Nassau BOCES

Claire Bellerjeau, Oyster Bay Main Street Assoc.

Munah Bensun, NYS Assembly (Acampora)

Brad Berthold, Southold

Jack Binder, Village of Lake Success, Historian

Andrew Binkowski, Cross Sound Ferry

Barbara Blass, Riverhead

Bill Bleyer, Newsday

Myron Blumenfeld, Town of North Hempstead

Robert Boise, Huntington

Ken Born, Central Pine Barrens Commission

Hon. Rosemary Bourne, Village of Oyster Bay

Cove, Mayor

Debbie Breen, Planting Fields Coe Hall Foundation

Paul Brendel, Beachkroft Assoc.

Eugene Brickman, US Army Corps of Engineers

Linda Brickman, Town of North Hempstead

Wally Broege, Suffolk Co. Hist. Soc.

John Broven, Civic Assoc. of the Setaukets

Robert Brusca, Oyster Bay

Ernie Bubek, East Hills

Iris Bunshaft, East Hills Village CPR

Frederick Burn, Northport Chamber of Commerce

Mark Buttice, Nassau Co. Dept. of Commerce

Rita Byrne, Town of Oyster Bay Planning Dept.

Joel Cairo, Newsday

Dorothy Cappadona, Village of Lloyd Harbor;

Caumsett Foundation

Kevin Carey, NYS OPRHP

Hon. Angie Carpenter, Suffolk Co. Legislature

Ann Carter, Miller Place

Georgette Case, Riverhead

Charles Caserta, Inspecto, Inc.

Tony Caserta, Inspecto, Inc.

Carolyn Casey, NYS OPRHP

Suzanne Cassidy, Northport

Richard Causin, NYS DOT

Fran Cheshire, NYS OPRHP

Karen Chytalo, East Setauket, NYS DEC, Div. of

Marine Resources

Christopher Clapp, Setauket

Patti Conti, Village of Sea Cliff

Michael Corbisiero, NYS OPRHP

Christopher Cotter, NYS Dept. of Transportation

Rob Crafa, The Waterfront Center (former)

Eric Crater, Suffolk Co. Parks, Recreation and

Conservation (Suffolk Co. PRC)

Loretta Crawford, Empire State Devt. Corp.

Ms. Creedman

David Criblez, Oyster Bay Guardian

Victoria Crosby

Helen Crosson, Cold Spring Harbor Library

Laila Dahl, Calverton

Charles Dalhe, Soc. for the Preservation of Long

Island Antiquities (SPLIA)

Cynthia Daniels, Newsday

Mary Daum, Shoreham

Cindy Davis, East Setauket

Michael Davidson, Glen Cove Chamber of

Commerce (C. of C.)

Stephanie Davy, Oyster Bay Guardian

Paul DeOrsay, Cold Spring Harbor Whaling


Robert deZafra, Civic Assoc. of the Setaukets

Michael J. Domino, Southold

Frank Dowling, Suffolk Co. Planning Dept.

Fred Drewes, Heritage Trust

Phyllis Elgut, NYS Dept. of Transportation

Arlene Ellant, Great Neck

Dr. Paul Ellant, Great Neck

Hon. Steven Englebright, NYS Assembly

Kathy Farren, Three Village C. of C.

Roy Fedelem, Suffolk Co. Planning Dept.

Gerilynn Fedrich, LICVB

Eileen Feinman, Nassau Conservancy

Debbie Felber, Selden Civic Assoc.

Francine Ferrante, Glen Cove Business

Improvement District

Arthur Finer, North Shore Hist. Museum

Rhoda Finer, Nassau Co. Advisory Committee;

Nassau Co. Legislature (Yatauro)

Steve Fiore-Rosenfeld, Port Jefferson, NYS

Assembly (Englebright)

Linda Fischer, Cow Neck Peninsula Hist. Soc.

Donald Fisher, Southold

Phineas Fiske, Northport Historical Society

Dan Fox, Vision Long Island

Gay Frangella, Village of Roslyn Building Dept.

Christopher Freville, WLNY TV-55

Bea Friedman, Village of East Hills

Harry Friedman, Village of East Hills

Guy Frost, Village of Roslyn Architect

Ralph Fumante, Oyster Bay, Nassau Co. Open

Space and Parks Advisory Council

Linda Furey, Northport Hist. Soc.

Marguerite Galano, Village of East Hills

Dale Gifford, Alliance to Preserve Huntington


Tom Gill, Huntington

Lorraine Gilligan, Planting Fields Coe Hall

Foundation (former)

Chris Giordano, Three Village Herald

Sam Girardi, LINSHA PC (former)

Noel Gish, Smithtown

Dave Glass, NYS Dept. of Transportation


Judith Goldsborough, North Shore Land Alliance

Judy Gordon, Suffolk Co. PRC

Judith Gorevic, Village of Northport

George Gorman, NYS OPRHP

Chester Green, Consultant, Town of Oyster Bay

Andrew Greller, Queens College; Long Island

Botanical Soc.

Nancy Griffith, Port Jefferson

Phil Griffith, Port Jefferson Civic Assoc.

Christopher Gross, Key Span Energy

Leslie Gross, Town of North Hempstead Business

and Tourism

David Gugerty, Nassau Co. LINSHA Advisory Comm.

Tom Gulbransen, Village of Old Field, Trustee &

Environmental Commissioner

Steve Haber, Town of Brookhaven

Kara Hahn, Suffolk Co. Legislature (Viloria-Fisher)

Hon. Leland Hairr, Village of Lloyd Harbor, Mayor

Louise Hall, Caleb Smith Park

Claire Hamilton, Nassau Co. Parks & Museums

John Hammond, Town of Oyster Bay Historian

Arlene Handel, Village of Northport

Carol Hanja, Town of Huntington

Jamie Hanja, Town of Huntington

Brad Harris, Smithtown

Carol Hart, Smithtown Hist. Soc.

Jim Hartnett, Suffolk Co. Economic Devt.

Mike Haufman, Suffolk Co. Hist. Trust

Jesse Heatley, Mattituck

Phil Heckler, Hicksville

Lenice Hertweck

George Hoffman, Town of Brookhaven (Supvr.


Michael Hollander, LINSHA PC (former)

Richard Holliday, Suffolk Co. Hist. Soc.

Debbi Honorof, Friends of the Arts

Gail Horton, Greenport

Lauren Hubbard, Port Jefferson

Laurie Huenteo, Nassau Co. Legislature (Yatauro)

Robert C. Hughes, Huntington Hist. Soc., Town


Ami Huttemeyer, Port Jefferson C. of C.

Robert Huttemeyer, Astoria Federal Savings,

Stony Brook

Bill Hydek, Port Jefferson Civic Assoc.

Phillip Ingerman, NYS Senate (Lack)

Thomas Isles, Suffolk Co. Planning Dept

John Iurka, Bartlett Tree Experts

Sharon Jabkowski, Alliance to Save Coindre Hall,

Alliance to Protect Huntington Harbors

Dominic Jacangelo, NYS OPRHP

Linda Jacks, NYS OPRHP

Terri Jimenez, Long Island Transportation Mgmt.

Carol Johnston, Matinecock

Isle Kagan, Village of Great Neck Estates

Mary Kail, Northport Village Residents Assoc.

Elizabeth Kaplan, Three Village Hist. Soc.

Dagmar Karppi, Oyster Bay Enterprise-Pilot

Michael Kaufman, St. James, Suffolk Co. LINSHA

Advisory Committee

Eileen Kelly, Fay, Spofford & Thorndike

Hon. William Kelly, Village of Asharoken, Mayor

Joan Kent, Cow Neck Hist. Soc., Town of North


Jerry Kessler, Muttontown, Friends of Long Island


Michael Klein, LINSHA PC (former)

Rosemary Konatich, NYS Assembly (DiNapoli)

Darrell Kost, NYS Dept. of Transportation

Carmen Krauss, United Civic Assoc., Village of Dix


Leonard Krauss, NYS OPRHP

Eileen Krieb, Village of Sea Cliff, Trustee

Robin Kriesberg, Save the Sound

Miles Kucera

Thomas Kuehhas, Oyster Bay Hist. Soc.

Jerome Lacent, Village of Port Jefferson

Wendy Ladd, Village of Huntington Bay

Barry E. Lamb, Bayville

Fritz Lang, Town of Huntington

Steve Latham, Nassau Co. Dept. of Commerce &


John Laurine, Village of Bayville, Trustee

Kevin LaValle

Gary Lawton, NYS OPRHP

Jerry Leeds, Long Island Lighthouse Soc.

Dolores Lenea, Village of Roslyn

Joe Lescinski, NYS OPRHP

Deena Lesser, Town of North Hempstead

Beth Levinthal, Heckscher Museum of Art

Anne LiBassi, NYS Senate (LaValle)

Bob Lipper, Island Metro Publications

Nancy LiRosi, Wyndham Hotel

Hon. Daniel Losquadro, Suffolk Co. Legislature

Carole Lucca

Bob MacKay, SPLIA

Frank Madden, American Phoenix Lines

Dan Maddock, Village of Sea Cliff

Jeanine Magarine, Ward Melville Heritage


Joan Mahon, Oyster Bay Main Street Assoc.

Aidan Mallamo, St. James

Richard Mallett, Town of Huntington

Dorothy Maloney, NYS Assembly (Fitzpatrick)

Hon. Carlo Manganillo, Village of Plandome

Manor, Mayor

Jeff Mansell, Roslyn Landmark Soc.

Carla Mare, Three Village Hist. Soc.

Phil Marino, Lynbrook

Charles Markis, Sagamore Hill National Hist. Site

John R. Martin, NYS Dept. of Transportation

Richard Martin, Suffolk Co. PRC

Maggie Martinez-Malito, Roslyn Harbor, Nassau

Co. Museum of Art

Kevin Masley, NYS Senate (Balboni)

Vivian Matthews, Huntington Hist. Soc.

James McAllister, AKRF Environmental and

Planning Consultants

David McAnanay, Village of Belle Terre

Michelle Carter McCabe, NYS Assembly


Michelle McFaul, Hoffman Center

Patrick McGloin, Nassau Hiking and Outdoors Club

Moke McGowan, LICVB and Sports Commission

Alex McKay, Northport

Charles McKinney, Mineola, Nassau Co. Planning


David McLaughlin, North Shore Land Alliance

William McNaught, Orient

Irwin Mendlinger, Nassau Co.

Matthew Meng, East Norwich Civic Assoc.

Sarah Meyland, Nassau Co. Planning Federation

Ray Minzo, NYS Assembly (Herbst)

Diane Moje, LINSHA PC (former)

Amy Moody, Town of Brookhaven DEP

Georgy Morgenstern, Nassau Co. Planning Dept.

Alison Morris, WLNY TV-55

Rona Moyer, Nassau Co. Planning Dept.

Robert Muller, Long Island Lighthouse Soc.

Hon. Richard Murcott, Village of Muttontown,


John Murray, Suffolk Co. Public Works/Highway


Margo Myles, Town of Huntington Planning Dept.

Arthur Nastre, NYS Assembly (Walker)

Franklin Neal, East Setauket

Robert Nellen, NYS OPRHP

Polly Neyssen, East Setauket

Salvatore Nicosia, Suffolk Co. Legislature


Christine Neilson, Oyster Bay Guardian

John Norbeck, NYS OPRHP

Elizabeth Nostrand, Suffolk Co. Legislature


Sally O’Hearn, Town of Huntington Highway Dept.

Kathy O'Sullivan, Long Island Seaport and Eco


Lisa Ott, North Shore Land Alliance

Joseph Pagano, NYS Assembly (Fitzpatrick)

Pete Palamaro, WLNY TV-55

Lee Parker, Village of Roslyn Estates

Norm Parsons, North Shore Environmental

Doreen Pennica, Nassau Co. Legislature


Cathy Pierce, Todd Shapiro Associates for LICVB

Glenn Pisano, Town of Brookhaven

Chris Pushkarsh, NYS OPRHP

Henry Quindark, LI News Tonight

Barbara Ransome, Brookhaven Tourism Comm.;

Village of Port Jefferson, Dep. Mayor

Henry Rappuhn, East Norwich Civic Assoc.

Sheldon Reaven, SUNY at Stony Brook

Glen Reeve

Margaret Reilly, NYS OPRHP

John Renyhart, Long Island Museum

Paula D. Rice, Huntington

Fred Richtberg, Northport C. of C.

Francine Rossi, Huntington C. of C.

Richard Ryan, Oyster Bay

Susan Ryan, Nassau Co. Parks & Museums

Richard Rzehak, Centerport

Frank Santomauro, US Army Corps of Engineers

Bob Sargent, Village of Roslyn Estates

Marie Sarchiapone, NYS OPRHP

William Schaub, Civic Assoc. of the Setaukets

Gwynn Schroeder, Mattituck, North Fork

Environmental Council

Valerie Scopaz, Town of Southold, Planner

Delores Sedacca, Nassau Co.

John Sepenosk, Southold

Natalie Shafiroff, NYS OPRHP

Elizabeth Shepherd, St. James

Judith Shivak, Greater Smithtown C. of C.

Craig Shores, Roslyn

Nancy Shores, Roslyn Heights Historic District

Ed Siegel, Bayville

Hon. Victoria Siegel, Village of Bayville, Mayor

Vincent Simeone, NYS OPRHP

R. Sinckler, LI News Tonight

Patricia Sisler, Port Jefferson

Robert Sisler, Port Jefferson

Donald Smith, Greenport

Jim Smith, Newsday

Kathy D’Amato Smith, Roslyn Heights

P. Lenore Smith, Planting Fields

Joel Snodgrass, SPLIA

Elizabeth Sobel, Times Beacon Record

Arlene Soifer, Nassau Co. Museum of Art

George Solomon, Mattituck C. of C.

Nancy Solomon, Port Washington, Long Island


George Soos, Village of Roslyn, Deputy Treasurer

Mary Ann Spenser, SPLIA

Beth Sperber, Head-of-the-Harbor Environmental

Conservation Board

Michelle Stark, Suffolk Co. Dept. of Economic


Lily Stolzberg, WLNY TV-55

Ruth Stone, SPLIA

Peter Sverd, Village of Poquott, Attorney

Alan Svoboda, South Shore Estuary Reserve

Melissa Swanson, LICVB

Adam Sweeting, WLNY TV-55

Carol Swiggett, Huntington

Peter Sylver, LINSHA PC (former)

Joe Talmage, WLNY TV-55

Harry Tenenbaum, NYS Dept. of Transportation

Julius Tepper, DVM, Long Island Fish Hospital

William Titon

Jill Toby, LI News Tonight

Beverly Tyler, Frank Melville Memorial Foundation

Lisa Tyson, Long Island Progressive Coalition

Katherine Ullman, Village of Sands Point, Trustee

Katie Velsor, Bayville

Gay Vietzke, Sagamore Hill National Historic Site

Jacob Von Hoefer, NYS OPRHP

Arvind Vora, Suffolk Co. Dept. Public Works

Amar Walker, LI News Tonight

Edward Wankel, Suffolk Co. Dept of Economic Devt..

Clarence Ware, NYS OPRHP

Louis Warner, Town of Oyster Bay, Supt. of Planning

Ken Washington, Smithtown Township Arts Council

Norma Watson, Setauket

Walter Watson, Setauket

Dennis Weiner, Village of Centre Island, Planning


Anne Wesp, Centerport Harbor Civic Assoc.

Larry Wexler, NYS DOT

Lillian White, Greenport

Robert E. White, Greenport

Harry Whittelsey, Huntington Arts Council

George L. Williams, Village of Port Washington

North, Port Washington Historian

Carolyn Wilson, Glen Cove

Kathy Wilson, Oyster Bay C. of C.

Jennifer Wilson-Pines, Village of Manorhaven

Richard Wines, Jamesport

David Winzelberg, New York Times

Emanuel Wolf, East Hills Village CPR

Frances Wolf, Village of East Hills

Jeri Woodhouse, Orient

Christopher Wreck, Suffolk Co. Planning Dept.

Hon. Diane Yatauro, Nassau Co. Legislature

Hilda Yohalem, North Gate Civic Assoc., Village of

East Hills

Jocelyn Zadrozny, NYS Assembly (Raia)

Jolanta Zamecka, Holocaust Center & Children’s

Memorial Garden, Glen Cove

Aileen Zaslowsky

Kimberly Zimmer, Stony Brook, New York Sea Grant

Hon. Tom Zoller, Village of Cove Neck, Mayor

and anyone left out despite our best efforts to include all who participated!

Table of Contents

Forward 2

Introduction to the North Shore Heritage Area 5

Geographic Scope 6

The North Shore Heritage Area Management Plan 6

The People of the North Shore 7

Our History: Just a Beginning 8

Current Conditions and How We See the Future 9

The Long Island North Shore Heritage Area Vision 9

Purpose of the Management Plan 10

Overview 11

Heritage Policies and Suggestions for Action 13

Strategic Plan 14

Implementation Plan 16

Heritage Area Management Entity 17

Plan for Special Corridors, Waterfront Trails etc. 18

Conclusion 19

Demographics 20

National Heritage Area Integration 21

History: In National Context 25

Long Island North Shore Heritage Area 26

Boundary 27

Economic Benefit of Heritage Area 29

Visitor Economic Impact 31

Goals & Objectives 34

Management Plan 38

Heritage Policies and Actions 39

Preservation Policies 41

Sustainable Heritage Development Policies 46

Economic Revitalization Policies 52

Strategic Plan 58

Concept Plan 59

Preservation Concept 60

Revitalization Concept 63

Interpretation Concept 66

Recreation Concept 72

Strategic Summary 75

Implementation Plan 77

Summary 78

to the Long Island North Shore National Heritage Area Feasibility Plan

For years, we as residents of the North Shore of Long Island have found ourselves struggling with questions of what defines us as a common people and what future we wished to bequeath to our children and generations yet to come. Once a land of sprawling potato fields, dense woodlands, and barren areas of scruffy pine trees, “Paumonok” (as it was known by local Indians and heralded by Walt Whitman) had been transformed into a thriving suburbia. As time went by, a distinct culture and identity emerged that made us proud to make the north shore of Long Island our home.

Our beaches and recreational opportunities were second to none. To get away from the hectic pace of crowded urban life and find solitude and serenity within the confines of our well-manicured lawns and bountiful vegetable gardens held great allure. Safe, clean communities offered us places to worship as we chose to find refuge from the daily rigors of making a living. These amenities enticed many and brought more and more residents to our villages and communities. And, when we arrived, there were parks, historic sites, schools, museums, quaint whaling villages, and woods and shoreline of unsurpassed natural beauty to welcome us home.

During this same period, we began to break away from the gravitational pull of the New York City megalopolis. Many of us decided to go it on our own by opening businesses catering to the needs of our neighbors. There were card shops and gift stores, restaurants featuring the most succulent bay scallops and clams found anywhere, boatyards and marinas providing access to some of our favorite pastimes. There were garden shops and florists, taverns and nightlife. The result was a vibrant economic community where aerospace and technology industries grew and took advantage of a skilled, knowledgeable and educated workforce not found anywhere else in the country at the time. Visitors and residents alike could enjoy the wondrous experience of Gold Coast mansions, the vineyards of an emerging wine region, or just a pleasant day’s leisurely stroll through a village downtown or that icon of modern commerce enthusiastically adopted by Long Island, the ubiquitous shopping mall.

With this backdrop of suburban comfort and a maturing economy came tract homes and housing developments welcoming more and more people into our midst with elaborate road networks to move us around Long Island’s vast, sprawling acreage. Increasing commercial activities created more and more opportunity which, in turn, drove the demand to utilize available land and alter the face of our natural and historical landscape. We built it, and the people came.

By the mid-1970s, professional planners, politicians and active local residents had begun to focus on the inescapable reality that we, as Long Islanders, live on top of the water we depend upon for our very survival. Our choices over how we use our land became more momentous when we discovered that the top aquifer containing our drinking water was becoming polluted. Long Islanders have united over the last three decades to do more to safeguard our environment so that we do not spoil this very essential resource.

Crucial as water is to our future, we came to understand it is not the only resource at risk as we continue to grow. Our rocky and unique North Shore beaches saw declines in shellfish and finfish populations. Historic buildings and structures which evoked our past were paved over to make way for more shopping centers or allowed to fall into disrepair because we had forgotten their significance. Bucolic natural landscapes where we could escape the stresses of urban and suburban life began to disappear at alarming rates. Evidence of the Native Americans who populated these lands before we arrived became increasingly rare. Traffic nightmares, once limited to the morning and evening commutes to and from the city, became everyday phenomena throughout Long Island.

We felt our quality of life was deteriorating. The increasingly popular search for the “country life” threatened to obliterate the countryside! The forces that drew many of us to Long Island held the potential to attract so many more that we would overrun what we valued in the first place. In response, various interest groups formed: civic organizations, environmental activists, chambers of commerce, builders’ institutes, and tourism advocates, each voicing the concern that we might destroy the very things which defined us as Long Island.

Increasingly, our voices raised in concern seemed to be coming into conflict with each other; the legitimate needs and interests of one at variance with those of another. Those advocating continued growth of our commercial and economic prosperity worried that others wished to “close the doors behind them.” The focus for some was on protecting the character of our villages and our environment from overdevelopment. Lines were drawn, and people of good will engaged in vociferous disagreement. It seemed unlikely that we could agree on what our communities and our economic future should look like.

Out of this swirling controversy, a consensus developed among elected officials, local activists and environmentalists, as well as tourist and business interests throughout Long Island’s North Shore, that there was more that united us than divided us. From this consensus, the Long Island North Shore Heritage Area (LINSHA) was born.

We believed that we could coalesce as a diverse, local group and that the LINSHA process could be a new way to protect and guide the “history of our future.” We agreed that a planning effort which sought to identify and celebrate the common thread that connected all of us regionally as North Shore residents gave us the best chance to sustain what we value most. And we concluded that it was possible to protect and preserve our past while maintaining a bright and vibrant economic future. That is why the North Shore Heritage Area is dedicated to preservation as the overriding theme of our efforts.

Nothing in the study advocates a specific “bricks and mortar” project or insists on any particular course of action that would add to concerns of overdevelopment. The Heritage Area is not a proposed “super-agency” intent on forcing new projects through towns and villages by fiat. Rather, we are area residents reflecting the diverse views of our respective communities and organizations. Our vision has always been to work together to provide a “blueprint” for our future.

LINSHA offers a way for us to look at ourselves and define our unique culture. It suggests educational opportunities for us to understand the connections that unite us and to share with others our rich history and resources. Our proposal documents how the Long Island North Shore Heritage Area is a “living museum,” which can be experienced and understood in new ways. As in any museum, curators must plan how best to display the abundant “works of art” and safeguard them for all the visitors yet to come.

And so, to reach that lofty goal, we suggest coordinated signage, information kiosks, downtown beautification, protection of scenic “view-sheds,” and improved access to our coastline. We anticipate that the Heritage Area will foster such undertakings, advance the goals of the study through education, and enter into cooperative partnerships to display the “treasures” in our “museum.” We expect that this process will enable us to be good stewards of our resources and ensure their continued survival. We intend that divergent interests will find common ground and seek ways to coexist, cooperate for our shared future, celebrate the unifying themes which connect us, and steward our resources which define our unique heritage.

This study offers suggestions and recommendations of other ways to invest in our future because we value our past. Though we seek cooperation and approval of this proposal for a National Heritage Area by all the 56 villages, eight townships, and one city (Glen Cove) in the LINSHA region, subsequent participation is wholly voluntary. In essence, we ask that you take advantage of what you like in the plan and leave the rest! We have endeavored to produce a proposal that reflects our lives and our communities. We hope that the concept will prove useful to all those within the Long Island North Shore Heritage Area.

It is our conviction that a deeper appreciation and understanding of our shared history and culture will build stronger agreement to protect and preserve the “hidden gems” of Long Island’s North Shore which truly reflect “Our Heritage.”

Partnership between the New York State Heritage System and the National Heritage Program raises the profile of Long Island’s historic significance to a level consistent with America’s storied past.

We are proud of Long Island. And we are proud to be united as a nation of citizens standing to protect both our past and our present for generations in the future.
By: Ira Paul Costell

For the Long Island North Shore Heritage Area

March 20, 2012

Introduction to the North Shore Heritage Area
The members of the Long Island North Shore Heritage Area (LINSHA) Planning Commission represent people who live or work in Long Island’s North Shore area from Great Neck to Orient Point. Asked to work together as volunteers, they came up with a plan for preserving, protecting and showcasing the extensive cultural, natural and recreational resources that make our area unique. The New York State Legislature commissioned completion by December 2006.
LINSHA Mission Statement
The mission of the original LINSHA Planning Commission was to preserve, protect, and enhance the cultural, historical and natural resources which defines the North Shore of Long Island and to promote responsible economic development of the area compatible within the historical and natural environment.
To fulfill its mission, intent has always been that LINSHA will continually evaluate, refine and implement its plans to include strategies and specific policy recommendations that concern the future of the unique historical, maritime and special environmental resources contained within the area. Through the coordination of cooperative and inclusive participation between private sector and government agencies, LINSHA works to provide a framework of resources as well as stimulating interest and excitement in the area.
In 2012, the application for participation in the National Heritage Area system is a reasonable and logical extension of the LINSHA mission.
This undertaking contributes to the process of sound planning and environmental protection. In this way, retention of the spectacular resources and unique character of the Heritage Area for the purpose of encouraging, promoting, and ensuring public appreciation of all we enjoy about Long Island's North Shore is ensured. We do this for all of Long Island, its residents, businesses and visitors, the people of New York, the United States, and for future generations yet to come.

Many have helped to articulate a vision for the North Shore’s future. These include local governments, citizens, civic organizations, historical societies, environmental groups, and businesses sharing a concern for preserving and protecting what makes our region special and with a desire to intensify pride in our shared regional and national heritage.

What is a Heritage Area?

A heritage area is a voluntary grass-roots program with opportunities for shared support provided by a variety of public and private partners to preserve communities, guide resource protection, attract investment, enhance quality of life, and sustain economic revitalization.

Geographic Scope
As originally envisioned, the Long Island North Shore Heritage Area would generally be described as the North Shore from the Long Island Expressway or State Route 25 (whichever is further south), north to the Connecticut line in Nassau and Suffolk Counties, east to Orient Point.
The Heritage Area could include towns and portions of towns in Nassau County (North Hempstead and Oyster Bay, including the City of Glen Cove) and Suffolk County (Huntington, Smithtown, Brookhaven, Riverhead, Southold and a very small portion of the Town of Islip). The North Shore Heritage Area also could include 56 incorporated villages.
As of December, 2006, 27 municipalities (shown in bold capital letters on page 19) passed a resolution in support of the LINSHA Management Plan and are considered to be the designated Heritage Area boundary. The others listed on Page 19 may elect to participate in the future by following the Guidelines for Heritage Area Management Plan Amendments found at the front of this document.
The North Shore Heritage Area Management Plan
All Heritage Areas designated by the New York State Legislature must have management plans. The Long Island North Shore Heritage Area was designated by the Legislature in 1998. Planning work began soon thereafter. We were charged with preparing a document that defines our goals and sets forth the means for implementing these suggestions.
After final recommendation of the Management Plan by the Long Island North Shore Heritage Area Planning Commission, the LINSHA Management Plan was submitted to the Commissioner of the New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Following approval, the LINSHA Management Plan was adopted as state policy − that is, it is New York State’s policy to follow the recommendations in the Plan.

Current LINSHA Management Plan includes:

  • The Heritage Area’s boundary

  • An inventory of resources

  • Goals and objectives

  • Compatible uses we suggest be accommodated

  • Properties which may need preservation through acquisition

  • A program for encouraging appreciation of resources and accommodating sustainable visitation

  • An estimation of associated costs

  • The benefits of carrying out the plan

  • Techniques for preservation

  • An organizational structure

  • A schedule for implementation

All of the features of the LINSHA Management Plan are consistent with the public-private partnerships that exemplify National Heritage Areas.

The People of the North Shore
The Heritage Area is complex, geologically, historically, demographically, and physically. A good way to interpret the area’s countless resources, with the aim of preserving and protecting those resources, is through our stories.

National Historic Landmark “Old House” in Cutchoque,

built in 1649; asserted to be "one of the finest surviving examples of

English domestic architecture in America"

Long Island’s North Shore residents have been, and in many ways remain, seafarers, naturalists, builders and visionaries. We’ve lived by the water and harvested its resources. We’ve always been dependent on our coastlines and forests and made efforts at good stewardship. In all cases, we were defined by our landscape even as we further defined it.

One way to reintroduce ourselves and our visitors to Long Island’s north shore heritage is by presenting thematic “neighborhoods” in which we have lived:

  • The Gold Coast

  • The American Dream

  • The Maritime Coast

  • The Pine Barrens

  • The Harvest Coast

Click here for Neighborhood Concept Map.

These neighborhoods are not strictly geographic, but the Management Plan does offer general locations for exploring them as heritage themes.
The LINSHA management plan identifies these categories of people and places as a means toward interpreting the Heritage Area, which we hope will foster continued preservation and protection efforts. An underlying principle of the plan is that if we learn about our heritage and come to appreciate and value it, we will become increasingly better stewards of our intrinsic resources. The LINSHA Planning Commission hopes these ideas for interpretation will bring about positive actions by residents and visitors alike.
Our History: Just a Beginning
The North Shore of Long Island is one of the longest-settled places in North America. Its first migrants, attracted by the temperate climate, were Native Americans.
By the 16th century, Native Americans were joined by Europeans. Native Americans located the best places to live and the Europeans took their lead. Whether they were Connecticut Yankees from across Long Island Sound or the new New Yorkers transplanted from a growing New Amsterdam, those of European descent and culture had almost completely overwhelmed Native Americans and their way of life by the 19th Century.
Our region played a central role in the formation of the fledgling nation. Nathan Hale, the Connecticut patriot who had “but one life to lose for [his] country,” was on a spy mission here when he was captured and executed by the British. Several years later, George Washington again turned to Long Island’s patriots to outwit the British. In 1778, a group of young men and women formed what would become known as the Culper Spy Ring. It operated clandestinely until 1783, when the Revolutionary War was won.
The story of the Spy Ring has all the intrigue of a first-rate spy story: assumed names, code words, invisible ink, secret drop boxes, even a laundry-line signal involving a ladies’ petticoat and white handkerchiefs. The ring had astonishing success, and was able to answer Washington’s specific questions regarding British troops and their movements. As president, Washington visited Long Island to thank his spies, traveling a route that generally parallels the Scenic and Historic Route 25A Corridor. It is now a designated New York State Heritage Trail.

The diversity of the people who settled here was shaped, in no small measure, by the action of ice and water on the topography of the shoreline of Long Island Sound. The North Shore’s western harbors and bays provided abundant natural resources to support Native Americans, protection for later whaling and shipping communities, and, yet later, provided playgrounds for pleasure craft.

The fertile soils of the east end, deposited by retreating glacial ice, created an agricultural paradise. Rural charm and rustic beauty have made the North Shore’s east end and North Fork a sought-after second home destination; now it is home to our constant struggle between development pressure and preservation of farming.
Current Conditions and How We See the Future
At the dawn of the 21st Century, the North Shore of Long Island is home to well over one million residents. Yet this area retains coherent character and legacy, earning it a special place in the State of New York. The region north of the ice tide’s terminal moraine − now defined by state Route 25 and the Long Island Expressway (from Great Neck to Orient Point and north to the border of Connecticut) − has been designated the first New York State Heritage Area on Long Island.
The Long Island North Shore Heritage Area abounds in natural, cultural and historic resources that are important to us and illustrative of our stories. Yet we have not successfully understood and interpreted their importance so they could be preserved. To reverse that trend, we wish to tell the stories of the Long Island North Shore Heritage Area to protect, inform about, and enhance the beneficial use of the region’s intrinsic resources. These efforts, in turn, can enhance our region’s economic vitality.
The Heritage Area proposes to reinforce our mission to:

  • Reconnect us with our past and with one another as we reach into the future

  • Help preserve and celebrate our cultural, historic and natural resources

  • Discover the traits and character we hold in common.

The Long Island North Shore Heritage Area Vision
Today, North Shore communities are proudly moving toward the LINSHA vision to:

  • Reuse, rehabilitate and revitalize to meet the demands of development,

  • Preserve open space, habitat and agriculture for this and future generations,

  • Increase the number and value of our cultural, historic and natural resources,

  • Develop opportunities for economic expansion through preserving and growing traditional ways of life in maritime communities,

  • Refocus on the downtown as the center of life in our communities, and

  • Turn back toward Long Island Sound as a source of pride and sustenance, supporting both our economy and ecosystems.

To tell and enjoy our stories and enhance our area’s identity and sense of place, we think it best to foster preservation and revitalization. Communities can choose to do so by:

  • Increasing visual and physical access to Long Island Sound,

  • Preserving traditional maritime communities and the industries unique to those communities, and

  • Increasing understanding of the fragility of ecosystems and our dependence on sustaining them.

To preserve quality of life, we must protect and restore the waters of Long Island Sound. Coastal resources are a critical feature defining the Long Island North Shore Region.

National Historic Landmark, 1883 Oyster Sloop Christeen,
Purpose of the New York State Management Plan
The existing LINSHA plan articulated our formative vision for the Heritage Area and gives it a framework for its organization. It illustrates how our stories bind us and creates themes across the entire stretch of the Long Island North Shore Heritage Area, across water and land, as well as through time.
This Management Plan has positioned LINSHA to develop sophisticated public-private partnerships that will benefit localities, the region and a stronger nation as a National Heritage Area.

Overview of the Long Island North Heritage Area System
The Long Island North Shore Heritage Area (LINSHA) is the first New York State Heritage Area on Long Island. There are 18 state-designated Heritage Areas in New York, encompassing more than 400 communities. The state’s heritage program incorporates civic, private and public partnerships and is administered by the New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation.
As originally envisioned, the Long Island North Shore Heritage Area would generally be described as the North Shore from the Long Island Expressway or State Route 25 (whichever is further south), north to the Connecticut line in Nassau and Suffolk Counties, east to Orient Point.
The Heritage Area could include towns and portions of towns in Nassau County (North Hempstead and Oyster Bay, including the City of Glen Cove) and Suffolk County (Huntington, Smithtown, Brookhaven, Riverhead, Southold and a very small portion of the Town of Islip). The North Shore Heritage Area also could include 56 incorporated villages.

As of December 8, 2006, 27 municipalities (shown in bold capital letters on page 19) passed a resolution in support of the LINSHA Management Plan and are considered to be the designated Heritage Area boundary. The others listed on Page 19 may elect to participate in the future by following the Guidelines for Heritage Area Amendments found at the front of this document.
Long Island North Shore Heritage Area Location

Benefits of Being in a Heritage Area
A new interest in and respect for heritage has been sparked and heritage tourism has been developing as a trend for the last 20 years. Cultural, historic and natural resources attractions are among the fastest growing destinations for recreation in the nation. We in New York State are finding that visiting historic sites is the fastest growing of all of our outdoor recreational activities. Nationally, culture and heritage are included in 65 percent of trips and the prime motivator of 30 percent of travel.
The LINSHA consultant’s analysis of current Long Island North Shore Heritage Area visitors and residents shows that Long Islanders and our visiting relatives frequent historic sites, cultural resources, and areas for passive recreation, such as parks and places for biking. We already enjoy extensive cultural, historic and natural resources, yet could use and further intensify our interest to promote preservation and stewardship of these assets. Economic activity could showcase our resources and instill and maintain regional pride in our heritage.
By diversifying the experiences of current visitors and residents - focusing on preservation and sustainable heritage development, where development occurs, and on existing growth industries we can enhance our region’s economic vitality.

Goals and Objectives
The LINSHA Planning Commission mission was three-fold:

  • The Long Island North Shore Heritage Area Management Plan promotes preservation.

  • The Management Plan presents revitalization strategies and identifies ways to expand the economy of North Shore communities.

  • The Plan presents methods to ensure that development, as it inevitably proceeds here, focuses on our heritage and is sustainable (as in “sustainable heritage development”).

The Plan’s Goals and Objectives point out potential areas of conflict and identify ways to mitigate them, while providing a unifying framework that celebrates our similarities and differences.

The Long Island North Shore Heritage Area goals are to:
Protect Understand and manage growth for the Long Island North Shore Heritage Area

Connect Develop a unifying identity for the Long Island North Shore Heritage Area

Package Identify experiences residents and their visitors will enjoy and recommend to others

Promote Increase visitation by our friends and neighbors and decrease the seasonality of our tourism, all within sustainable limits

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