Lesson: Dental Health
Choose one of the following pictures and write about it.
Unit: Preventive Health Care
Lesson: Children’s Dental Care
Competency Objectives: Adults will learn the anatomy of a tooth.
Adults will read questions and answers about children’s dental health.
Adults will acquire dental health related vocabulary.
Adults will be introduced to the gerund.
Suggested Criteria for Success: The class will be able to identify baby-bottle tooth decay and how it happens.
Students will understand the importance of dental care for children from birth.
Students will practice dental health vocabulary and using gerunds.
biting brushing flossing
drooling putting holding
See additional vocabulary list at the end of this lesson.
Suggested Materials: small hand held mirrors
donated toothbrushes, toothpaste, and reveal tablets
instructor copy of The Importance of Baby Teeth
printouts for each student: Tooth Anatomy
Caring for Children’s Teeth, A Parent’s Guide put out by the Crest company
Suggested Resources: http://www.saveyoursmile.com, click on Parent Dental Center, click on directory, then on The Importance of Baby Teeth.
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/anatomy/teeth/toothanatomy.shtml This inexpensive membership site has excellent materials on Tooth Anatomy. If you start at http://www.enchantedlearning.com , click on Anatomy under the Site Index on the right side of the screen, scroll down and click on Tooth Anatomy Page and Printout.
http://www.crest.com/siteMap.html Scroll down and click on Tips for Parents. Now click on Parent’s Guide.
http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/grammar/g_verbals.html Verbals: Gerunds, Participles, and Infinitives
Your local health department or home health nurse
Dental Health Technicians from a local community college
Suggested Methods: Inquiry, Student Discussion, Goal Setting
Getting Started: Introduce the lesson and the target grammatical form, the gerund. Explain the form and how we use it. Then use the overhead to show the parts of the tooth. As you talk, ask students to raise their hand every time they hear you use a gerund form. Be sure students can differentiate between the gerund and the progressive verb tenses.
Inquiry: Introduce the vocabulary by having students draw slips from a hat. Have learners pronounce the words phonetically. Then, have students break into groups of threes or fours with their slips of paper. Each student should have a Crest Parent’s Guide. Have the small groups be responsible for finding and reporting to the class the vocabulary meanings. Some help may be required from more advanced learners.
Lecture: Share information from The Importance of Baby Teeth.
Student Discussion: Talk about new information students have learned. Allow students to tell their own stories or share experiences with their own cultural beliefs about teeth and dental care, especially as they pertain to children.
Inside and Out. Share the diagram of the tooth and it’s parts. Help students locate their vocabulary words on the diagram. Talk about new information the diagram has helped the students understand. If you have been able to get some dental health student or professional, have them show slides or videos. Usually if you ask, they will bring the toothbrushes and toothpaste as well as the reveal tablets.
Brush Contest. Challenge students to do the best job brushing. Take bets on who will brush more completely. Then have students chew the reveal tablets and smile. Anyone not wishing to participate can handle the betting.
Goal Setting: Now students can expand vocabulary by writing new goals related to brushing, flossing, infant tooth care and so on. Give incentives for the student who is able to use the largest number of vocabulary words for the day in writing their goals. Be sure to follow up on the goals at the future class meetings (i.e., let students tell you how they are doing in achieving their goals).
Additional Dental Vocabulary
Suggested Questions to Quiz for Understanding
1. You should place your toothbrush at a 75-degree angle to brush your teeth.
2. You should never brush your tongue.
3. The less time you spend brushing, the more stains you remove.
4. Children should use an adult toothbrush.
5. You should brush your teeth twice a week.
6. Incisors, canines, and molars are all types of teeth.
7. Children are born with their permanent teeth.
8. You should not begin to brush your child's teeth until they are at least two years old.
9. Only adults should floss.
10. You should give your baby a bottle at bedtime if it contains water only.
11. You should push floss deep into your gums to make sure you get them clean.
12. Dentin is the hardest surface in our body and it is on our teeth.
13. Drinking lots of juice and soda, as well as eating loads of candy, does not harm your child's teeth.
14. It is not important to wash your hands after touching unsanitary things.
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