Learn Smart Chapter 1 Review with Answers



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Learn Smart Chapter 1 Review with Answers

  1. Combining vowel is used when joining a root of a suffix that begins with...

    1. Consonant ( not a vowel)

  2. Ending of a term that gives the word essential meaning

    1. suffix

  3. Neuralgia relates to what part of body

    1. nerves

  4. Global language of scientific revolution

    1. latin

  5. When defining a term define which part first

    1. suffix

  6. What 2 languages serve the foundation of medical language?

    1. Greek and latin

  7. Cardiology relates to what body organ

    1. heart

  8. When do you use a combining vowel?

    1. To join to a consonant and to join a root to a root

  9. What is the most common vowel used when using a combining vowel?

    1. O

  10. Using a persons name of who discovered or invented a body part or procedure...

    1. Eponym

  11. What century did the scientific revolution begin?

    1. 16th

  12. Second the last syllable of a word is called?

    1. penult

  13. 3rd to last syllable of a word is called?

    1. antepenult

  14. MRI is an example of what?

    1. acronym

Identify the correct word element for the following definitions:



  1. away

    1. ab

  2. around

    1. peri

  3. through (2)

    1. Trans and dia

  4. Out

    1. ex

  5. against (2)

    1. contra and anti

  6. vessel

    1. angi/o

  7. skin

    1. cutane/o derm/o dermat/o

  8. lung

    1. puneum/o

  9. specialist

    1. ist

  10. softening

    1. malacia

  11. enlargement

    1. megaly

  12. toward

    1. ad

  13. hernia

    1. cele

  14. presence of

    1. iasis

  15. resembling

    1. oid

  16. dry

    1. xer/o

  17. foreign

    1. xen/o

  18. fungus

    1. myc/o

  19. nourishment

    1. troph/o

  20. narrowing

    1. sten/o

  21. hard

    1. scler/o

  22. pus

    1. py/o

  23. instrument used to look

    1. scope

  24. process of measuring

    1. metry

  25. instrument used to measure

    1. meter

  26. process of recording

    1. graphy

  27. instrument used to produce a record

    1. graph

  28. written record

    1. gram

  29. puncture

    1. centesis

  30. not

    1. a or an

  31. half

    1. semi or half

  32. over

    1. hyper

  33. large

    1. macro

  34. tumor

    1. oma

  35. disease

    1. pathy

  36. drooping

    1. ptosis

  37. involuntary contraction

    1. spasm

  38. binding

    1. desis

  39. removal

    1. ectomy

  40. surgical fixation

    1. pexy

  41. reconstruction

    1. reconstruction

  42. creation

    1. gen/o

  43. death

    1. necr/o

  44. eat

    1. phag/o

  45. slow

    1. brady

  46. after



    1. ante

Identify the definition of the following word roots



  1. Ule

    1. small

  2. ary

    1. pertaining to

  3. tachy

    1. fast

  4. post

    1. after

  5. re

    1. agaom

  6. iasis

    1. presence of

  7. cele

    1. hernia

  8. ia

    1. pertaining to

  9. gram

    1. written record

  10. meter

    1. instrument used to measure

  11. geno

    1. creation

  12. cutane/o

    1. skin

  13. hydr/o

    1. water

  14. morph/o

    1. change

  15. necr/o

    1. death

  16. orth/o

    1. straight

  17. phag/o

    1. eat

  18. plas/o

    1. formation

  19. penia

    1. deficiency

  20. rrhage

    1. excessive flow

  21. rrhexis

    1. rupture

  22. ole

    1. small

  23. hyper

    1. over

  24. hypo

    1. under

  25. semi

    1. half

  26. troph/o

    1. nourishment

  27. xen/o

    1. foreign

  28. ac

    1. pertaining to

  29. itis

    1. inflammation

  30. eal

    1. pertaining to

  31. sten/o

    1. narrowing

  32. trans

    1. through

  33. anti

    1. against

  34. sym

    1. together

  35. algia

    1. pain

Identify if the following word is plural or singular

  1. vertebrae

    1. plural

  2. ova

    1. plural

  3. biopsy

    1. singular

  4. appendix

    1. singular

  5. larva

    1. singular

  6. diagnoses

    1. plural

  7. bronchi

    1. plural

  8. thrombus

    1. singular

  9. spermatozoon

  10. diagnosis

    1. singular

  11. ovum

    1. singular

  12. throax

    1. singular

  13. vertebra

    1. singular

Chapter 2 Learnsmart Review



Subjective – tells the story of the patient’s health issue. Anything the patient TELLS you goes in this section (PATIENTS OWN WORDS)

  1. A record of habits like smoking, drinking, drug use and sexual practices

    1. Social history

  2. Any significant illness that runs in patients family

    1. Family history

  3. Description of individual body systems in order to discover any symptoms not directly related to the main problem

    1. Review of Systems

  4. The main reason for the patients visit

    1. Chief complaint

  5. The story of the patients problem

    1. History of present illness

  6. Started recently, sharp sever problem

    1. acute

  7. It has been going on for a while

    1. chronic

  8. It is getting worse

    1. exacerbation

  9. All of a sudden

    1. abrupt

  10. To have a fever

    1. Febrile (to NOT have a fever is afebrile)

  11. Not feeling well

    1. malaise

  12. More and more each day

    1. progressive

  13. Something a patient feels

    1. symptoms

  14. Decrease in level of consciousness, indication that patient is really sick

    1. lethargic

  15. It runs in the family

    1. Genetic/ hereditary

Objective- data that is collected during the health care provider’s interaction with the patient

  1. Able to answer questions, responsive, interactive

    1. alert

  2. Another way of saying normal

    1. unremarkable

  3. To feel

    1. palpation

  4. To listen

    1. auscultation

  5. Being aware of who he or she is

    1. oriented

  6. It really stands out

    1. marked

  7. To hit something and listen to the resulting sound or feel for the vibration

    1. percussion

Assessment- to reach a conclusion on the nature of the problem

  1. To have again

    1. recurrent

  2. Dangerous, a problem

    1. malignant

  3. Another way of saying assessment

    1. impression

  4. The cause

    1. etiology

  5. Safe

    1. benign

  6. List of conditions the patient may have based of symptoms exhibited and the results of exams

    1. Differential diagnosis

  7. Stays in a certain part of the body

    1. localized

  8. To risk for dying

    1. mortality

  9. Hidden

    1. occult

  10. Diseased tissue

    1. lesion

  11. What health care professionals think the patient has

    1. diagnosis

  12. To get better or improve, does not mean cure

    1. remission

  13. All over the body

    1. Systemic or generalized

  14. The organism that causes the problem

    1. pathogen

  15. No known cause

    1. Idiopathic

  16. Waiting for

    1. pending

  17. A problem resulting from a disease of injury

    1. sequelae

  18. The risk for being sick

    1. Morbidity

Plan- lays out what the provider recommends to do about the patients current health status

  1. To send home

    1. discharge

  2. To watch or keep an eye on

    1. observation

  3. Extremely clean, germ free conditions

    1. sterile

  4. Preventative treatment

    1. prophylaxis

  5. To tell the patient that the problem is not serious

    1. reassurance

  6. Treat the symptoms, but not actually getting rid of the cause

    1. palliative

  7. Treat the symptoms and make the patient feel better

    1. Supportive care

  8. What happened to the patient at the end of the visit

    1. disposition

  9. After medical history and physical exam are done, professional writes a …..

    1. Admission summary

  10. Second line of prescription (Sig)

    1. Patients instructions

  11. Which line on a prescription is the dispense line- to tell how much

    1. 3rd line

  12. Plane that divides body into left and right viewing parts

    1. sagittal

  13. Plane that divides body into front and back viewing parts

    1. coronal

  14. Plane that divides body into top and bottom viewing parts

    1. transverse

  15. Closer to the center

    1. proximal

  16. Farther away from the center

    1. distal

  17. Toward the top

    1. cranial

  18. Toward the bottom

    1. caudal

  19. The back

    1. Dorsal or posterior

  20. The front

    1. Ventral or anterior

  21. Toward the middle

    1. medial

  22. Above

    1. superior

  23. Below

    1. inferior

  24. Lying down on belly

    1. prone

  25. Opposite side

    1. contralateral

  26. Same side

    1. ipsilateral

  27. Both sides

    1. bilateral

  28. Top of hand/foot

    1. dorsum

  29. Sole of foot

    1. plantar

  30. Palm of hand

    1. palmar

Abbreviations



  1. CCU- coronary care unit

  2. ECU- emergency care unit

  3. ER- emergency room

  4. ED- emergency department

  5. ICU- intensive care unit

  6. PICU- pediatric intensive care unit

  7. SICU- surgical intensive care unit

  8. PACU- postanesthesia care unit

  9. L & D- labor and delivery

  10. OR- operating room

  11. Post-op- after surgery

  12. Pre-op- before surgery

  13. ROS- review of systems

  14. PMHx- past medical history

  15. FHx- family history

  16. PE- physical exam

  17. NEC- not elsewhere classified

  18. NOS- not otherwise specified

  19. WNL- within normal limits

  20. WDWN-well developed, well nourished

  21. A&O- alert and oriented

  22. VS- vital signs

  23. T- temperature

  24. BP- blood pressure

  25. HR- heart rate

  26. RR- respiratory rate

  27. Ht- height

  28. Wt- weight

  29. I/O- intake/output

  30. f/u- follow-up

  31. PCP= primary care provider

  32. y/o- years old

  33. h/o- history of

  34. PR- per rectum

  35. QID- four times daily

  36. Dx- diagnosis

  37. DDx- differential diagnosis

  38. Tx- treatment

  39. Rx- prescription

  40. H&P- history and physical

  41. Hx- history

  42. CC- chief complaint

  43. HPI- history of present illness

  44. SOB- shortness of breath

  45. NPO- nothing by mouth

  46. NAD-no acute distress

  47. CTA- clear to auscultation

  48. RRR- regular rate and rhythm

  49. PEERLA- pupils are equal, round, and reactive to light and accommodation

  50. AC- before meals

  51. SC- subcutaneous

  52. IM- intramuscular

  53. PICC- peripherally inserted central catheter

  54. Ad lib- as desired

  55. Sig- instructions

  56. IV- intravenous

  57. CVL- central venous line

  58. PC- after meals

  59. prn- as needed



Chapter 3 Learnsmart Review

  1. Pertaining to the skin

    1. epidermal

  2. Below the skin

    1. hypodermal

  3. Inside the skin

    1. intradermal

  4. Black

    1. melan/o

  5. Yellow

    1. xanth/o

  6. Blue

    1. cyan/o

  7. Red

    1. erythr/o

  8. Hidden

    1. crypt/o

  9. Scaly

    1. ichthy/o

  10. Hard, horny

    1. kerat/o

  11. Thick

    1. pachy/o

  12. Dry

    1. xer/o

  13. Wrinkle

    1. rhytid/o

  14. White (2)

    1. Alb/o leuk/o

  15. Sweat

    1. Hidr/o

  16. Fat (3)

    1. Adip/o lip/o steat/o

  17. Skin (3)

    1. Dermat/o derm/o cutane/o

  18. Hair (2)

    1. Trich/o pil/o

  19. Drug that prevents relieves itching

    1. antipruritic

  20. Drug that prevents rotting flesh by killing microorganisms

    1. antiseptic

  21. Drug that temporarily blocks sensation

    1. anesthetic

  22. Inflammation of skin caused by skin exposure

    1. Actinic dermatitis

  23. Lack of sweat

    1. hypohidrosis

  24. Inability to see yellow

    1. axanthopsia

  25. Lack of skin pigmentation

    1. albinism

  26. Person who specializes in breaking codes and deciphering secret messages

    1. cryptolinguist

  27. Solid mass deep into the skin

    1. nodule

  28. Large solid mass

    1. tumor

  29. Small blister

    1. vesicle

  30. Pus blister

    1. pustule

  31. Large blister

    1. bulla

  32. Skin disease

    1. dermopathy

  33. Loss of skin

    1. dermatolysis

  34. Redness of skin

    1. erythroderma

  35. Blue sweat

    1. cyanidrosis

  36. Hair follicle plugged with sebum

    1. comedo

  37. Inability to see yellow

    1. axanthopsia

  38. Loss of pigment

    1. albinism

  39. Skin transplant from self

    1. autograft

  40. Dried substance

    1. crust

  41. Mole with bad changes or formations

    1. Dysplastic nevus

  42. Large bruise

    1. ecchymosis

  43. Loss of skin

    1. dermatolysis

  44. A scratch

    1. excoriation

  45. Sweating blood

    1. hemathidrosis

  46. Sweat gland

    1. Sudoriferous gland

  47. Oil gland

    1. Sebaceous gland

  48. Highly contagious bacterial infection of skin

    1. Impetigo

  49. Small bruise

    1. petechia

  50. Bite nails

    1. onychophagia

  51. Soften the skin

    1. macerate

  52. Tissue death

    1. necrosis

  53. Overgrowth of scar tissue

    1. keloid

  54. Ingrown nail

    1. onychocryptosis

  55. Wrinkled skin

    1. rhytidoderma

  56. Using electricity to destroy tissue by burning it

    1. electrocauterization

  57. Skin transplant taken from a species other than the patients

    1. Heterograft or xenograft

  58. Removal of tissue that has been destroyed using chemicals

    1. chemosugery

  59. Destruction of tissue through freezing

    1. cryosurgery

  60. Using electricity to destroy by drying it

    1. electrodesiccation

  61. Crack in the skin

    1. fissure

  62. Formation of sweat

    1. hidropoiesis

  63. Skin transplant taken from a member of the patients species

    1. Homograft or allograft

  64. rubbing or scraping away the outer surface of skin

    1. abrasion

  65. A small blood vessel tumor

    1. Cherry angioma

  66. A scar

    1. cicatrix

  67. To cut into a wound to allow trapped infected liquid to drain

    1. Incision and drainage

  68. Skin disease

    1. Dermopathy

  69. Drug that destroys or opposes the growth of microorganisms

    1. antibiotic

  70. Bed sore

    1. Decubitus ulcer

  71. A sore

    1. ulcer

  72. Skin flaking off

    1. scale

  73. Baldness experienced by woman after a pregnancy

    1. Postpartum alopecia

  74. Rashes that start from the middle and work their way outward

    1. Centrifugal

  75. Rashes that spread from the outside inward

    1. centripetal

  76. An itch or itchy skin

    1. pruritus

  77. Removal of tissue in order to examine it

    1. biopsy

  78. Black head/white head

    1. comedo

  79. Yellow tumor

    1. xanthoma

  80. Unusual inflammation of the skin

    1. Atopic dermatitis

  81. Small flat discolored area- freckle

    1. macule

  82. Large flat discolored area (vitiligo)

    1. patch

  83. Small solid mass

    1. papule

  84. Solid mass on surface of skin

    1. plaque

  85. Localized collection of pus in the body

    1. Abscess

  86. Fatty tumor

    1. Steatoma

  87. Dry skin

    1. xeroderma

  88. Inflammation of skin follicles

    1. Acne vulgaris

  89. Baldness

    1. Alopecia

Abbreviation

  1. SC- subcutaneous

  2. TD- trasdermal

  3. Bx- biopsy

  4. ABCDE- asymmetry, border, color, diameter, evolving

  5. derm- dermatology

  6. EAHF- eczema, asthma, hayfever

  7. SCC- squamous cell carcinoma

  8. XP- xeroderma pigmentosa

  9. BCC- basal cell carcinoma

  10. C & S- culture and sensitivity

  11. decub- decubitus ulcer

  12. FS- frozen section

  13. ID- I ntradermal

  14. SQ- subcutaneous

  15. subcut- subcutaneous

Chapter 4

  1. Achondroplasia means

    1. Defective cartilage formation

  2. Tumor made up of cartilage

    1. Tumor like cartilage growth

  3. The softening of cartilage

    1. chondromalacia

  4. Costochondritis means

    1. Inflammation of the cartilage associated with a rib

  5. Overdevelopment of the muscle tissue

    1. hypertrophy

  6. The C in ACL and PCL mean…

    1. Cruciate (anterior cruciate ligament and posterior cruciate ligament= both in knee)

  7. IF you have tarsitis what is inflamed?

    1. ankle

  8. Incision of bone

    1. osteotomy

  9. Tendinitis and tendonitis both mean…

    1. Inflammation of a tendon (connects muscle to bone)

  10. Removal of a fluid filled sac

    1. bursectomy

  11. Arthrodesis means

    1. Surgical fixation of a joint

  12. Carpectomy is removal of…

    1. Wrist bone

  13. Costectomy is removal of…

    1. rib

  14. Craniectomy is removal of…..

    1. skull

  15. Fibrous connective tissue that binds muscles together

    1. Fascia fasci/o

  16. When forming bone, the initial model is made from…. And later replaced with bone

    1. cartliage

  17. Spondylitis is inflammation of…..

    1. veterbrae

  18. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome affects what part of the body

    1. wrist

  19. Surgery that uses an instrument to look inside a joint……

    1. arthroscopic

  20. Sway back, excessive curvature of lumbar vertebrae

    1. lordosis

  21. Hunch back, excessive curvature of thoracic vertebrae

    1. kyphosis

  22. Lateral curvature of vertebrae

    1. Scoliosis

  23. Using screws, pins or plates to hold healing bones in place from the inside is called….

    1. Internal fixation

  24. Returning a broken bone to its proper position without surgery is called…..

    1. Closed reducation

  25. List bones of the upper arm

    1. Humerus, radius, ulna, carpals, metacarpals and phalanges

  26. Genu valgum and varus relate to what body part?

    1. knee

  27. Knock kneed

    1. Genu valgum

  28. Bow legged

    1. Genu varum

  29. Osteodystrophy is poor development of…

    1. bone

  30. Term for bone loss

    1. osteolysis

  31. Osteonecrosis is Bone………

    1. death

  32. Abnormal hardening of bone is called

    1. osteosclerosis

  33. Place the names of the vertebrae in order, starting at the top of the head.

    1. Cervial, Thoracic, Lumbar, Sacrum, Coccyx

  34. Abduction- separate this word into word elements

    1. Ab-duction

  35. Premature fusion of skull bones cause misshapen skull

    1. craniosynostosis

  36. Poor muscular development

    1. Muscular dystrophy

  37. Violent muscle contractions

    1. myoclonus

  38. Muscle disease

    1. myopathy

  39. Muscle weakness

    1. myasthenia

  40. Myosarcoma means….

    1. Tumor within muscle

  41. A loss of muscular control is a disorder called….

    1. Tardive dyskinesia

  42. The deltoid, triceps and biceps can be found where in the body

    1. Upper arm (shoulder and forearm)

  43. Slow movement

    1. bradykinesia

  44. Inability to control movement

    1. dyskinesia

  45. Increase in muscle movement

    1. hyperkinesia

  46. Decrease in muscle movement

    1. hypokinesia

  47. What connects bone to bone

    1. ligament

  48. Osteoalgia and osteodynaia both mean bone……..

    1. pain

  49. Partial dislocation of a joint

    1. subluxation

  50. Disease that causes death to the fascia

    1. Necrotizing fasciitis

  51. Polymyositis means…..

    1. Inflammation of multiple muscles (myositis= muscle inflammation)

  52. Gluteus maximus, Gluteus medius, Gluteus minimus and gastrocnemius all are located where in the body…..

    1. Lower Extremity

  53. Define osteometry

    1. Measure bone

  54. Procedure where you look into a joint

    1. arthroscopy

  55. Instrument that you use to look in to a joint

    1. arthroscope

  56. Spinal stenosis causes__________of the spinal canal

    1. narrowing

  57. Someone with polydactyle would have…….

    1. More fingers than normal

  58. Spondylitis means inflammation of ….

    1. vetebrae

  59. Spondylomalacia means ----------------- of the vertebrae

    1. softening

  60. Condition of fused toes or fingers

    1. syndactyly

  61. Brittle bone disease

    1. Osteogenesis imperfecta

  62. Abnormal softening of bone

    1. osteomalacia

  63. Loss of bone density

    1. osteoporosis

  64. Internal abdominal obliques, External abdominal obliques, pectoralis major, pectoralis minor and latissimus dorsi are muscles that are located where in the body…

    1. Trunk and chest

  65. Visual record of a joint

    1. arthrogram

  66. Osteectomy and ostectomy are both terms that mean what ?

    1. Removal of bone

  67. Hyperkinesia is excessive…..

    1. Excessive movement

  68. A drug that will decrease pain

    1. analgesic

  69. Tendectomy and tenonectomy are terms that both mean what?

    1. Removal of a tendon

  70. When someone has hemarthrosis, they have _______ in a joint?

    1. blood

  71. When someone has hydrarthrosis they have_______ in a joint?

    1. water

  72. When someone has pyarthrosis they have ____________in a joint?

    1. pus

  73. What would the procedure to remove a rib be called?

    1. costectomy

  74. In a myocele, there is a __________ to the muscle.

    1. hernia

  75. If someone has myolysis, they have muscle ____________

    1. loss

  76. Myotasis means

    1. stretching

  77. Myotonia means

    1. tone

  78. Reconstruction of the fascia is called.

    1. fascioplasty

  79. Fasciorraphy is a __________to the fascia?

    1. suture

  80. Fasciotomy is ___________of fascia?

    1. removal

  81. Fasciodesis is the ___________ of the fascia?

    1. Binding/fixing

Chapter 5 Review

  1. Inability to speak

    1. aphasia

  1. Lack of coordination

    1. ataxia

  2. Decrease in muscle tone

    1. catonia

  3. Brief loss of mental function

    1. delirum

  4. Loss or decline of mental function

    1. dementia

  5. Difficulty reading

    1. dyslexia

  6. The word root Myel/o means two things…….

    1. Bone marrow and spinal cord

  7. Lou Gehrigs is a disorder other wise known as……

    1. ALS

  8. Negative emotional state

    1. dysphoria

  9. Meningi/o and mening/o both mean…

    1. meninges

  10. Encephalography is …..

    1. Studying the brain

  11. Cerebro and encephalo both mean….

    1. brain

  12. Abnormal large head

    1. macrocephaly

  13. Abnormal small head

    1. microcephaly

  14. Myelocele is a hernia of the ….

    1. Spinal cord

  15. Myelomeningocele is a hernia of the … and ….

    1. Spinal cord and meninges

  16. Meningocele is a hernia of the …..

    1. meninges

  17. Inflammation of a nerve

    1. neuritis

  18. Word root meaning feeling or sensation

    1. Esthesi/o

  19. Procedure where they record the electrical activity of the brain

    1. electroencephalography

  20. Drug that relieves pain

    1. analgesic

  21. ICP =

    1. Intracranial pressure

  22. Anesthesia where there is a complete loss of consciousness

    1. general

  23. Acrophobia

    1. Fear of heights

  24. Agoraphobia

    1. Fear of outdoor spaces

  25. Hydrophobia

    1. Fear of water

  26. Kleptomania

    1. Desire to steal

  27. Photophobia

    1. Insensitivity to light

  28. Pyromania

    1. Desire to set fires

  29. Drug that dissolves blood clots

    1. Thrombolytic

  30. Disorder that you have a lack of smell

    1. anosmia

  31. Painful or burning sensation

    1. causalgia

  32. Bad feeling

    1. dysethesia

  33. Increase of sensation

    1. hyperesthesia

  34. Paraesthesia

    1. Abnormal sensation

  35. Pseudoesthesia

    1. False sensation

  36. Synesthesia

    1. Sensation in one area is experienced as another

  37. Somn/o and hypn/o both are word roots meaning….

    1. sleep

  38. Accumulation of spinal fluid IN the brain….

    1. hydrocephaly

  39. 2 divisions of the nervous system

    1. CNS and PNS

  40. What does a psychotropic treat ?

    1. psychosis



  1. Word root meaning speech

    1. Phas/o

  2. Time between seizures is called

    1. interictal

  3. Time after seizure is called

    1. postictal

  4. Encephalitis refers to what part of body

    1. brain

  5. Cranial refers to what part of the body

    1. skull

  6. Head pain

    1. cephalalgia

  7. Brain pain

    1. encephalalgia

  8. Nerve pain

    1. neuralgia

  9. Paralysis to half of the body

    1. hemiplegia

  10. Partial Paralysis to half of the body

    1. hemiparesis

  11. Lack of emotion

    1. apathy

  12. Nerves that take impulse toward the CNS are called (2 names)

    1. Afferent or sensory

  13. Nerves that take impulse away from CNS and toward muscles/glands are called (2)

    1. Efferent or motor

  14. Excessive fear

    1. phobia

  15. Kinesi/o and Kinet/o are both word roots meaning…

    1. movement

  16. Nystagmus

    1. Involuntary back and forth eye movement

  17. 2 word elements pertaining to paralysis

    1. Plegia and paresis

  18. Inflammation of the brain

    1. encephalitis

  19. Word element meaning arrangement, coordination and order

    1. Tax/o

  20. Word element meaning weakness

    1. asthenia

  21. Disease having NO origin

    1. idiopathic

  22. Myelodysplasia is a deformation of what?

    1. Spinal cord

  23. Tumor like mass composed of blood.

    1. hematoma

  24. Hematoma beneath the skull

    1. Cranial hematoma

  25. Hematoma on top of the dura mater

    1. Epidural hematoma

  26. Hematoma inside the brain

    1. Intracerebral hematoma

  27. Hematoma beneath the dura mater

    1. Subdural hematoma

  28. Encephalocele is a hernia where?

    1. brain

  29. Word element meaning Excessive desire

    1. mania

  30. Word element meaning know

    1. Gnosi/o

  31. Word element meaning mind- there are 2

    1. Psych/o and phren/o

  32. Word element meaning muscle tone, tension or pressure

    1. Ton/o

  33. Fainting

    1. syncope

  34. Condition of sleep walking

    1. Somnambulism

Chapter 5 Review



  1. Inability to speak

    1. aphasia

  2. Lack of coordination

    1. ataxia

  3. Decrease in muscle tone

    1. catonia

  4. Brief loss of mental function

    1. delirum

  5. Loss or decline of mental function

    1. dementia

  6. Difficulty reading

    1. dyslexia

  7. The word root Myel/o means two things…….

    1. Bone marrow and spinal cord

  8. Lou Gehrigs is a disorder other wise known as……

    1. ALS

  9. Negative emotional state

    1. dysphoria

  10. Meningi/o and mening/o both mean…

    1. meninges

  11. Encephalography is …..

    1. Studying the brain

  12. Cerebro and encephalo both mean….

    1. brain

  13. Abnormal large head

    1. macrocephaly

  14. Abnormal small head

    1. microcephaly

  15. Myelocele is a hernia of the ….

    1. Spinal cord

  16. Myelomeningocele is a hernia of the … and ….

    1. Spinal cord and meninges

  17. Meningocele is a hernia of the …..

    1. meninges

  18. Inflammation of a nerve

    1. neuritis

  19. Word root meaning feeling or sensation

    1. Esthesi/o

  20. Procedure where they record the electrical activity of the brain

    1. electroencephalography

  21. Drug that relieves pain

    1. analgesic

  22. ICP =

    1. Intracranial pressure

  23. Anesthesia where there is a complete loss of consciousness

    1. general

  24. Acrophobia

    1. Fear of heights

  25. Agoraphobia

    1. Fear of outdoor spaces

  26. Hydrophobia

    1. Fear of water

  27. Kleptomania

    1. Desire to steal

  28. Photophobia

    1. Insensitivity to light

  29. Pyromania

    1. Desire to set fires

  30. Drug that dissolves blood clots

    1. Thrombolytic

  31. Disorder that you have a lack of smell

    1. anosmia

  32. Painful or burning sensation

    1. causalgia

  33. Bad feeling

    1. dysethesia

  34. Increase of sensation

    1. hyperesthesia

  35. Paraesthesia

    1. Abnormal sensation

  36. Pseudoesthesia

    1. False sensation

  37. Synesthesia

    1. Sensation in one area is experienced as another

  38. Somn/o and hypn/o both are word roots meaning….

    1. sleep

  39. Accumulation of spinal fluid IN the brain….

    1. hydrocephaly

  40. 2 divisions of the nervous system

    1. CNS and PNS

  41. What does a psychotropic treat ?

    1. psychosis

  42. Word root meaning speech

    1. Phas/o

  43. Time between seizures is called

    1. interictal

  44. Time after seizure is called

    1. postictal

  45. Encephalitis refers to what part of body

    1. brain

  46. Cranial refers to what part of the body

    1. skull

  47. Head pain

    1. cephalalgia

  48. Brain pain

    1. encephalalgia

  49. Nerve pain

    1. neuralgia

  50. Paralysis to half of the body

    1. hemiplegia

  51. Partial Paralysis to half of the body

    1. hemiparesis

  52. Lack of emotion

    1. apathy

  53. Nerves that take impulse toward the CNS are called (2 names)

    1. Afferent or sensory

  54. Nerves that take impulse away from CNS and toward muscles/glands are called (2)

    1. Efferent or motor

  55. Excessive fear

    1. phobia

  56. Kinesi/o and Kinet/o are both word roots meaning…

    1. movement

  57. Nystagmus

    1. Involuntary back and forth eye movement

  58. 2 word elements pertaining to paralysis

    1. Plegia and paresis

  59. Inflammation of the brain

    1. encephalitis

  60. Word element meaning arrangement, coordination and order

    1. Tax/o

  61. Word element meaning weakness

    1. asthenia

  62. Disease having NO origin

    1. idiopathic

  63. Myelodysplasia is a deformation of what?

    1. Spinal cord

  64. Tumor like mass composed of blood.

    1. hematoma

  65. Hematoma beneath the skull

    1. Cranial hematoma

  66. Hematoma on top of the dura mater

    1. Epidural hematoma

  67. Hematoma inside the brain

    1. Intracerebral hematoma

  68. Hematoma beneath the dura mater

    1. Subdural hematoma

  69. Encephalocele is a hernia where?

    1. brain

  70. Word element meaning Excessive desire

    1. mania

  71. Word element meaning know

    1. Gnosi/o

  72. Word element meaning mind- there are 2

    1. Psych/o and phren/o

  73. Word element meaning muscle tone, tension or pressure

    1. Ton/o

  74. Fainting

    1. syncope

  75. Condition of sleep walking

    1. Somnambulism




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