Lameness of the Horse, by John Victor Lacroix

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 Lameness of the Horse, by John Victor Lacroix

Title: Lameness of the Horse

Veterinary Practitioners' Series, No. 1

Author: John Victor Lacroix

Release Date: July 27, 2005 [eBook #16370]

Language: English

Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1

Transcriber's Notes:

The original text was inconsistent in the use of accents and hyphenation. These variants and a small number of typographical errors were maintained in this transcription. A complete list of the variant spellings is found at the end of the book along with the list of typographical errors.

The Table of Contents lists the Authorities Cited section as preceding the Index but it was printed following the Index. This order has been maintained in this transcription and the links from the Table of Contents go to the appropriate section rather than the page number.




NO. 1



J.V. Lacroix, D.V.S.

Professor of Surgery, The Kansas City Veterinary College
Author of "Animal Castration"






All that can be known on the subject of lameness, is founded on a knowledge of anatomy and of the physiology of locomotion. Without such knowledge, no one can master the principles of the diagnosis of lameness. However, it must be assumed that the readers are informed on these subjects, as it is impossible to include this fundamental instruction in a work so brief as this one.

The technic of certain operative or corrective procedures, has been described at length only where such methods are not generally employed. Where there is no departure from the usual methods, treatment that is essentially within the domain of surgery or practice is not given in specific detail.

Realizing the need for a treatise in the English language dealing with diagnosis and treatment of lameness, the author undertook the preparation of this manuscript. That the difficulties of depicting by means of word-pictures, the symptoms evinced in baffling cases of lameness, presented themselves in due course of writing, it is needless to say.

It is hoped that this volume will serve its readers to the end that the handling of cases of lameness will become a more satisfactory and successful part of their work; that both the practitioner and his clients may profit thereby; and last but by no means least, that the horse, which has given such incalculable service to mankind and is deserving of a more concrete reward, will be benefited by the application of the principles herein outlined.

In addition to the consultation of standard works bearing on various phases of the subject of lameness, the author wishes to thankfully acknowledge helpful advice and assistance received from the publisher, Dr. D.M. Campbell; to appreciatively credit Drs. L.A. Merillat, A. Trickett and F.F. Brown for valuable suggestions given from time to time. Particular acknowledgment is made to Dr. Septimus Sisson, author, and W.B. Saunders & Co., publishers of The Anatomy of Domestic Animals, for permission to use a number of illustrations from that work.


Chicago, Illinois, October, 1916.

Justice shows a triumphant face at the works of humane practitioners, who give serious thought and expend honest effort, for the alleviation of animal suffering.


  •  Page

  • Illustrations

  • Introduction


  • Etiology and Occurrence

  • Affections of Bones

  • Rarefying Osteitis, or Degenerative Changes

  • Fractures

  • Affections of Ligaments

  • Luxations—Dislocations

  • Arthritis

  • Affections of Bursae and Thecae

  • Affections of Muscles and Tendons

  • Affections of Nerves

  • Affections of Blood Vessels

  • Affections of Lymph Vessels and Glands

  • Affections of the Feet


  • Diagnostic Principles

  • Anamnesis

  • Visual Examination

  • Attitude of the Subject

  • Examination by Palpation

  • Passive Movements

  • Observing the Character of the Gait

  • Special Methods of Examination

Lameness in the Fore Leg

  • Anatomo-Physiological Review of Parts of the Fore Leg

  • Shoulder Lameness

  • Fracture of the Scapula

  • Scapulohumeral Arthritis

  • Infectious Arthritis

  • Injuries

  • Wounds

  • Luxation of the Scapulohumeral Joint

  • Inflammation of the Bicipital Bursa

  • Contusions of the Triceps Brachii

  • Shoulder Atrophy (Sweeny)

  • Paralysis of the Suprascapular Nerve

  • Radial Paralysis

  • Thrombosis of the Brachial Artery

  • Fracture of the Humerus

  • Inflammation of the Elbow

  • Fracture of the Ulna

  • Fracture of the Radius

  • Wounds of the Anterior Brachial Region

  • Inflammation and Contraction of the Carpal Flexors

  • Fracture and Luxation of the Carpal Bones

  • Carpitis

  • Open Carpal Joint

  • Thecitis and Bursitis

  • Fracture of the Metacarpus

  • Splints

  • Open Fetlock Joint

  • Phalangeal Exostosis (Ringbone)

  • Open Sheath of the Flexors of the Phalanges

  • Luxation of the Fetlock Joint

  • Sesamoiditis

  • Fracture of the Proximal Sesamoids

  • Inflammation of the Posterior Ligaments of the Pastern Proximal Interphalangeal Joint

  • Fracture of the First and Second Phalanges

  • Tendinitis (Inflammation of the Flexor Tendons)

  • Chronic Tendinitis and Contraction of the Flexor Tendons

  • Contracted Tendons of Foals

  • Rupture of the Flexor Tendons and Suspensory Ligament

  • Thecitis and Bursitis in the Fetlock Region

  • Arthritis of the Fetlock Joint

  • Ossification of the Cartilages of the Third Phalanx

  • Navicular Disease

  • Laminitis

  • Calk Wounds (Paronychia)

  • Corns

  • Quittor

  • Nail Punctures

Lameness in the Hind Leg

  • Anatomo-Physiological Consideration of the Pelvic Limbs

  • Hip Lameness

  • Fractures of the Pelvic Bones

  • Fractures of the Femur

  • Luxation of the Femur

  • Gluteal Tendo-Synovitis

  • Paralysis of the Hind Leg

  • Paralysis of the Femoral (Crural) Nerve

  • Paralysis of the Obturator Nerve

  • Paralysis of the Sciatic Nerve

  • Iliac Thrombosis

  • Fracture of the Patella

  • Luxation of the Patella

  • Chronic Gonitis

  • Open Stifle Joint

  • Fracture of the Tibia

  • Rupture and Wounds of the Tendo Achillis

  • Spring-Halt (String-Halt)

  • Open Tarsal Joint

  • Fracture of the Fibular Tarsal Bone (Calcaneum)

  • Tarsal Sprains

  • Curb

  • Spavin (Bone Spavin)

  • Distension of the Tarsal Joint Capsule (Bog Spavin)

  • Distension of the Tarsal Sheath of the Deep Digital Flexor (Thoroughpin)

  • Capped Hock

  • Rupture and Division of the Long Digital Extensor (Extensor Pedis)

  • Wounds from Interfering

  • Lymphangitis

  • Authorities Cited

  • Index

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