Sports in Korea culture include golf, bowling, dance, and yoga. Golf is viewed as a “rich man’s game” where business men make deals that further their business, but at the expense of others’. However, golf, like bowling and yoga, is also a popular recreation sport participated by people as simply a form of exercise and recreation.
Baseball is one of the most popular sports in Korea. Since its introduction in 1982, the sport has drawn a total of more than 100 million spectators. In 2012, the number of baseball fans flocking to the stadiums made headlines by surpassing 7 million. Although the figure slightly decreased to 6.75 million in 2013, it still exemplified the enduring popularity of professional baseball in Korea. After the Korean national baseball team won the gold medal at the 2008 Beijing Summer Olympics and second place in the 2009 World Baseball Classics, many lukewarm fans became avid spectators and the popularity of the sport continued to grow. Over time, spectators took on a greater passion for the game, turning stadiums into popular gathering spots serving as an outlet of energy for fans of all ages.
Koreans just as Americans have their own particular genre. Depending on where you are in Korea will determine what type of music you will hear. Music in Korea includes “Teurotea’, which is resembles American country music and K-pop. K-pop is similar to American pop music and has grown in popularity after the release of “Gangnam Style” by the South Korean musician PSY.
A predominant fixture of Korean culture for the last 60 years has been the tension between North and South Korea. Every male in Korea must serve in the army for a period of time, yet civilians are kept in the dark by the ministry of national defense and not given much information about the strife between the two countries.
- Ondol(Korean floor heating system)
Ondol is the Korean floor heating system. Ondol had traditionally been used as a living space for sitting, eating, sleeping and pastimes in most Korean homes before the 1960s. Unlike the western style, Koreans are accustomed to sitting on the floor, sleeping on the floor, and working and eating at low tables instead of raised tables with chairs. Traditionally, the heat of a fire is directed through flues under the floor to heat the room. Nowadays, in most modern homes hot water runs through pipes in the floor. Ondol is the predominant heating system in all Korean homes, even modern apartments. An ondol, also called Gudeul, in Korean traditional architecture, is underfloor heating which uses direct heat transfer from wood smoke to the underside of a thick masonry floor. With the traditional ondol heating, floor spots closer to the furnace were normally warm enough with warmer spots reserved for elders and honored guests. In modern usage it refers to any type of underfloor heating, or a hotel or sleeping room in Korean (as opposed to Western) style.
- Korean Traditional Dance
Korean dance originated in ancient shamanistic rituals thousands of years ago.
By the time of the later Korean kingdoms, Goryeo and Joseon, in the 2nd millennium CE, Korean traditional dance benefited from regular support of the royal court, numerous academies, and even an official ministry of the government.
This period had produced dance called ‘Hyangak jeongjae’
1) Cheoyongmu: dance of Cheoyong, Dragon King’s son which is the oldest jeongjae originated in the Silla periodHeo, Young-Il. “Cheoyong-mu”. Asia/Pacific Cultural Centre for UNESCO.
2) Chunaengjeon: dance of the spring nightingaler
3) Gainjeonmokdan: dance depicting beautiful women picking peonies
4) Geommu: sword dance Jinju geomu
5) Musanhyang: fragrance of dancing mountain dance
Other Korean dances remained and remain to this day under the ambit of farmers and folk dance groups. Props used in the dances include the long billowing silk scarf of pure white used in the ‘Salpuri’ dance, this period had produced dance called ‘Folk dance’
1) Seungmu: monk dance
2) Salpuri: literally spirit-cleansing dance
3) Hallyangmu: dance of prodigal man in yangban class
4) Ipchum: also called “ipmu” or “gibonchum”, literally basic dance
5) Taepyeongmu: dance to wish great peace
6) Ganggang sullae: maidens’ circle dance
7) Talchum: mask dance
Due to the cultural suppression by Imperial Japan, arguably considered cultural genocide during Korea’s Annexation to Japan, most of the dance academies died out and some dances were lost as well as some of dance forms were distorted.
However, few pioneering Korean dancers such as Choi Seung-hee created new forms of Korean dances based on the traditional dances and kept many of the traditions alive in secret and abroad, this period had produced dance called ‘New traditional dance’
1) Buchaechum: fan dance created by Kim Baek-bong and first presented in public in 1954
2) Hwagwanmu: floral coronet dance
3) Jangguchum: dance with janggu, hourglass-shaped drum
4) Samgomu: a drum dance
Today, Korean traditional dance is enjoying a vibrant resurgence. Numerous universities in Korea teach Korean traditional dance, and even some universities abroad now provide instruction in the forms. Thus, korea dance is made based on Korean culture!