International Style (architecture)



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Architects[edit]


  • Alvar Aalto

  • Welton Becket

  • Lawrence Allen Bernstein

  • Geoffrey Bazeley

  • Marcel Breuer

  • Roberto Burle Marx

  • Gordon Bunshaft

  • Natalie de Blois

  • Henry N. Cobb

  • George Dahl

  • Charles and Ray Eames

  • Otto Eisler

  • Joseph Emberton

  • Landis Gores

  • Bruce Graham

  • Eileen Gray

  • Walter Gropius

  • Hermann Henselmann

  • Raymond Hood

  • George Howe

  • Mazharul Islam

  • Arne Jacobsen

  • John M. Johansen

  • Philip Johnson

  • Louis Kahn

  • Richard Kauffmann

  • Fazlur Khan

  • Frederick John Kiesler

  • Joseph Klarwein

  • Le Corbusier

  • William Lescaze

  • Charles Luckman

  • Michael Manser

  • Erich Mendelsohn

  • John O. Merrill

  • Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

  • Richard Neutra

  • Oscar Niemeyer

  • Eliot Noyes

  • Gyo Obata

  • Jacobus Oud

  • Nathaniel A. Owings

  • I.M. Pei

  • Frits Peutz

  • Ernst Plischke

  • Ralph Rapson

  • Gerrit Rietveld

  • Arseniusz Romanowicz

  • Rudolph Schindler

  • Michael Scott

  • Arieh Sharon

  • Louis Skidmore

  • Jerzy Sołtan

  • Raphael Soriano

  • Edward Durell Stone

  • Carlos Raul Villanueva

  • Leendert van der Vlugt

  • Lloyd Wright

  • Minoru Yamasaki

  • The Architects' Collaborative

See also[edit]


  • New Objectivity (architecture)

  • Functionalism (architecture)

  • Modern architecture

  • Neomodern

Further reading[edit]


  • Henry Russell Hitchcock and Philip Johnson, The International Style, W. W. Norton & Company, New York, 1997 (originally published 1935).

  • Terence Riley, The International Style: Exhibition 15 and The Museum of Modern Art, Rizzoli, New York, 1992.

  • John Elderfield (ed), Philip Johnson and the Museum of Modern Art, Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1998.

  • Gabriel Gössel, Functional Architecture. Funktionale Architektur. Le Style International. 1925-1940, Taschen, Berlin, 1990.

  • Baharak Tabibi, Exhibitions as the Medium of Architectural Reproduction - "Modern Architecture: International Exhibition", Department of Architecture, Middle East Technical University, 2005.

References[edit]


  1. Jump up ^ "International Style", Encyclopedia Britannica, 2005.

  2. ^ Jump up to: a b Robert W. Collier, Contemporary Cathedrals - Large scale developments in Canadian cities, Harvest House, Montreal, 1975.

  3. ^ Jump up to: a b c Panayotis Tournikiotis, The Historiography of Modern Architecture, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1999. ISBN 0-262-70085-9.

  4. ^ Jump up to: a b c Terence Riley, "Portrait of the curator as a young man", in John Elderfield (ed), Philip Johnson and the Museum of Modern Art, Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1998, pp.35-69

  5. ^ Jump up to: a b c Henry Russell Hitchcock, Philip Johnson. The International Style. W. W. Norton & Company, 1997. ISBN 0-393-31518-5

  6. ^ Jump up to: a b Gabion: Modernism - or should that be Modernwasm?

  7. Jump up ^ Monroe Bengt Bowman (1901-1994), Art Institute Chicago

  8. Jump up ^ Baharak Tabibi, Exhibitions as the Medium of Architectural Reproduction - "Modern Architecture: International Exhibition", Department of Architecture, Middle East Technical University, 2005.

  9. Jump up ^ Terence Riley, The International Style: Exhibition 15 and The Museum of Modern Art. New York, Rizzoli, 1992.

  10. Jump up ^ Le Corbusier. Toward an Architecture. Translated by John Goodman. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute, 2007.

  11. Jump up ^ Claudia Quiring, Wolfgang Voigt, Peter Cachola Schmal, Eckhard Herrel (eds), Ernst May 1886-1970, Munich, Prestel, 2011.

  12. Jump up ^ Detailed references listed in the article on Södra Ängby.

  13. ^ Jump up to: a b White City of Tel-Aviv – the Modern Movement, World Heritage Centre, Unesco, retrieved 2009-09-14 

  14. Jump up ^ Jewish Virtual Library. The Founding of Tel Aviv. Accessed 25 February 2010.

  15. Jump up ^ The New York Times. A City Reinvents Itself Beyond Conflict. Accessed 25 February 2010.

  16. Jump up ^ Jewish Virtual Library. From Spring Hill to Independence. Accessed 25 February 2010.

  17. Jump up ^ Cinema Treasures, Esther Cinema, Tel Aviv Israel, Accessed 1 March 2010

  18. Jump up ^ Ina Rottscheidt, Kate Bowen, Jewish refugees put their own twist on Bauhaus homes in Israel, Deutsche Welle, 1 April 2009

  19. Jump up ^ UNESCO, Advisory Body Evaluation: Tel Aviv (Israel) No 1096, p. 57, retrieved 14 September 2009

  20. Jump up ^ Sharon Architects, Three Generations of Sharon Architects – A Historical Summary accessed 29 March 2009

  21. Jump up ^ Goel Pinto, Taking to the streets – all night long, Haaretz, 29 June 2007

  22. Jump up ^ World Monuments Fund, World Monuments Watch 1996–2006, retrieved 16 September 2009

  23. Jump up ^ Sigfried Giedion, Space, Time and Architecture: The growth of a new tradition, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1949.

  24. Jump up ^ Kenneth Frampton, Modern Architecture - A Critical History, London, Thames and Hudson, 2007.

  25. Jump up ^ Botey, Josep (1996). Oscar Niemeyer. Barcelona: Gustavo Gili. ISBN 8425215765. 

  26. Jump up ^ Philip S. Gutis, It's Ugly, And So Is The Fight To Save It, New York Times, February 7, 1987, accessed 02-17-2008

  27. Jump up ^ E.g., C. Thau & K. Vindum, Jacobsen, 2002, at 65, ISBN 978-87-7407-230-0 (referring to reaction to internationalism as "A Horror of the Traceless, Inhuman Industrial Look") Archived February 27, 2008 at the Wayback Machine

  28. Jump up ^ A History of Architecture, New Internationalist issue 202 - December 1989

  29. Jump up ^ T. Wolfe, From Bauhaus to Our House, Farrar Straus Giroux (1981), ISBN 978-0-374-15892-7 ISBN 0-374-15892-4

  30. Jump up ^ Herbert Muschamp, Fear, Hope and the Changing of the Guard, New York Times, November 14, 1993, accessed 02-17-2008 ("the preservation movement . . . was a tool directed against real estate development, but inevitably it was turned against architecture. Its particular target was modern architecture")

  31. Jump up ^ R. Jobst, Charm is not an antiquated notion, FFWD Weekly: March 31, 2005 ("At the root of the public's apprehension about new development is that we've been getting screwed for 60 years by brutal, soulless and downright crappy architecture that arrogantly dismisses the human requirement for beauty")





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Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=International_Style_(architecture)&oldid=688204609"


Categories:

  • International style architecture

  • 20th-century architectural styles

  • Modernist architecture

  • Architectural design

  • Museum of Modern Art exhibitions

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