Information-Seeking behaviour and Attitudes of Physicians Toward Drug Information Resources and Services in Saudi Arabia: a nationwide Survey Hisham S. Abou-Auda, Ph. D



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Table 3: Physicians’ source of information about drugs (information-seeking behaviour)


Source


GP

n (%)


Consultant

n (%)


Dentist

n (%)


Total

n (%)


Books

344 (82.9)

551 (79.4)

76 (63.3)

971 (79.0)

Periodicals

206 (50.4)

453 (65.3)

66 (55.0)

728 (59.2)

Symposia/CME

191 (46.0)

426 (61.4)

60 (50.0)

677 (55.1)

Company Representative

191 (46.0)

410 (59.1)

57 (47.5)

658 (53.5)

Package Insert

254 (61.2)

287 (41.1)

52 (43.3)

500 (40.7)

Pharmacist

154 (37.1)

236 (34.0)

44 (36.7)

434 (35.3)

Colleagues

125 (30.1)

197 (28.4)

44 (36.7)

366 (29.8)

Table 4: Frequency of awareness of the existence of drug information centers


Physician category

Awareness of DIC

Yes

n (%)


No

n (%)


p

Affiliation










Governmental sector

587 (81.0)

138 (19.0)

<0.0001

Private sector

256 (53.0)

227 (47.0)




Solo practice

14 (77.8)

4 (22.2)




Nationality










Arab

678 (69.5)

297 (30.5)

0.590

Western (USA, UK, Germany)

44 (75.9)

14 (24.1)




Uknown

135 (69.9)

58 (30.1)



Specialty










Internal medicine

153 (78.5)

42 (21.5)

<0.0001

Dentistry

64 (53.3)

56 (46.7)




Others

629 (70.5)

263 (29.5)




Type of practice










Primary care

758 (66.6)

347 (31.4)

0.003

Tertiary care

99 (81.8)

22 (18.2)






Table 5: Physicians’ present sources that they would normally use to answer drug-related question categories


Drug Information Category

Source

Books

n (%)


Periodicals

n (%)


Colleagues

n (%)


Pharmacist

n (%)


C.M.E.

n (%)


Others

n (%)


Dosage/Administration

973 (79.2)

260 (21.2)

179 (14.6)

391 (31.8)

163 (13.3)

33 (2.7)

Drug Interactions

931 (75.8)

300 (24.4)

137 (11.1)

299 (24.3)

150 (12.2)

29 (2.4)

Pharmacology/Toxicology

959 (78.0)

284 (23.4)

92 (7.5)

188 (15.3)

116 (9.4)

20 (1.6)

Therapeutics

936 (76.2)

333 (27.1)

149 (12.1)

231 (18.8)

156 (12.7)

28 (2.3)

Pregnancy/Lactation

875 (71.2)

279 (22.7)

172 (14.0)

252 (20.5)

138 (11.2)

32 (2.6)

Adverse Drug Reactions

957 (77.9)

317 (25.8)

141 (11.5)

246 (20.0)

146 (11.9)

36 (2.9)

Pharmacokinetics/Toxicokinetics

867 (70.5)

209 (17.0)

74 (6.0)

186 (15.1)

95 (7.7)

21 (1.7)

Lab. Tests Interferences

699 (56.9)

211 (17.2)

86 (7.0)

176 (14.3)

106 (8.6)

29 (2.4)

Complementary Therapies

289 (23.5)

90 (7.3)

122 (9.9)

57 (4.6)

36 (2.9)

38 (3.1)

Table 6: Information categories likely to be requested by physicians from drug information centers in future use.





GP

n (%)


Consultant

n (%)


Dentist

n (%)


Total

n (%)


Complementary/Herbal Medicine

203 (48.9)

367 (52.9)

51 (42.5)

621 (50.5)

Cautions/Contraindications/Adverse effects

209 (50.4)

319 (46.0)

73 (60.8)

601 (48.9)

Drug Overview (monographs)

205 (49.4)

320 (46.2)

62 (51.7)

587 (47.8)

Pregnancy/Lactation

211 (50.8)

326 (47.0)

44 (36.7)

581 (47.3)

Dosing Information

188 (45.3)

280 (40.3)

56 (46.7)

524 (42.6)

Incompatibilities

157 (37.8)

309 (44.5)

44 (36.7)

510 (41.5)

Drug Identification

149 (35.9)

223 (32.1)

51 (42.5)

423 (34.4)

Poisoning Emergencies

149 (35.9)

214 (30.8)

43 (35.8)

406 (33.0)

Therapeutics

100 (24.1)

162 (23.3)

38 (31.7)

300 (24.4)

Pharmacokinetics/Toxicokinetics

66 (15.9)

114 (16.4)

16 (13.3)

196 (15.9)

GPs vs. Consultants: Kendall tau-b=0.764, p=0.0023 (sig), GPs vs. Dentists: Kendall tau-b=0.644, p=0.0113 (sig)

Consultants vs. Dentists: Kendall tau-b=0.523, p=0.0381 (sig)







Figures’ Captions

Figure 1: The distribution of respondent physicians’ nationalities according to their specialty

Figure 2: The difference between Arab physicians and physicians from western countries (USA, UK, Germany) with respect to the use of drug information resources.






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