1.0 SCOPE This process specification defines the JSC process for laser engraving of materials.
2.0 APPLICABILITY This process specification applies to laser engraving on the surface of materials such as wood, acrylic, engraver’s plastic, glass, leather, stone, and rubber. Coated metals and anodized aluminum may be marked using this procedure if the coating or anodize color is in contrast with the metal color. The process removes the coating or anodize, but does not engrave the metal surface. Before using this process for metals, it should be verified that removal of coating or anodize will not adversely affect the performance of the part.
3.0 USAGE This process specification shall be called out on the engineering drawing by a drawing note with the following general format:
LASER ENGRAVE MARKINGS ON PART PER JSC PRC-9003
3.1 RECORDS, REPORTS, AND FORMS Standard manufacturing records, reports and forms shall be used. The laser system settings (processing power, processing speed, and image resolution) used to engrave the part shall be documented in the part quality records.
3.2 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS AND WARNING NOTES Laser engraving uses a carbon dioxide laser that produces intense and invisible radiation. The laser engraving system must be designated a Class 1 device, that is, be equipped with a protective housing and safety devices to completely contain the laser under normal use. The system shall not be modified (other than by the manufacturer) or operated while partially disassembled. The user shall comply with all manufacturer’s instructions relating to safety.
4.0 REFERENCES The following references were used to develop this process specification:
EM-007.1 Preparation and Revision of Process Specifications
JSC 8500C Engineering Drawing System Manual
Universal Laser Systems ULS Performance Series Laser System Volume I, Rev.
Inc. Operation Manual 3, September 1994
5.0 TOOLS, EQUIPMENT, AND MATERIALS REQUIREMENTS Computer-controlled carbon dioxide laser engraving system -- Univeral Laser Systems Inc. Model ULS-25 25-watt carbon dioxide laser engraving system or equivalent.
6.0 PROCESS REQUIREMENTS The Manufacturer shall use the most up-to-date procedures for laser engraving of parts. Written procedures shall be used and they shall consist of Detailed Process Instructions (DPIs) selected for use from the DPI-9000 series of work instructions. MDS’s shall also be used internally.
7.0 PROCESS QUALIFICATION The laser engraving process shall be qalified for each new material and records for settings retained in permanent part quality records and in the laser engraver computer files.
7.1 DEVIATIONS AND WAIVERS
Any deviations or waivers regarding the use of this process specification shall be requested in writing. This request shall be directed to the JSC Materials & Processes Technology Branch (EM2) with the appropriate justification and rationale. A written response will be provided upon such a request.
8.0 PROCESS VERIFICATION a. Create laser engraver computer files of part and each surface that will be engraved
b. Manufacture a suitable holding fixture for mounting a part in the laser engraving unit
c. When engraving dimensions are critical, test the accuracy of the laser engraving process and the effect of laser beam width by engraving similar scrap material and measuring the dimensions. Adjust the settings in the computer files appropriately.
d. Before engraving a material configuration for the first time, conduct a series of trial engravings on specimens of the material configuration over a range of processing power settings, processing speeds, and image resolutions to establish settings that result in acceptable image quality and do not result in damage to the part (use the manufacturer’s recommended settings as a guide). Evaluate the specimens for damage by microscopy and/or appropriate other techniques.
Conduct laser engraving in accordance with manufacturer’s operation manual.
f. Inspect all engraved parts to verify conformance to quality requirements.
9.0 TRAINING AND CERTIFICATION OF PERSONNEL All personnel operating laser engraving systems shall receive proper training in their safe use and in producing quality products using the system. Training and certification records shall be kept.
10.0 DEFINITIONS Laser engraving A technique used to engrave precise images (resolution up to 1000 dots per inch) on the surface of suitable materials