Elaborating: Specific Adjectives



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Elaborating: Specific Adjectives


Shawn Reavis-Long

Purpose: The purpose of this lesson is to help students improve their descriptive writing skills and be able to identify adjectives.
Materials: Pencil, transparency pen

Overhead projector

Lists of sensory words for each student

Copy of worksheet for each student

Copy of worksheet as overhead

Time:

Approximately 15-20 minutes


Objectives:

NCTE Standards


  • 4. Students adjust their use of spoken, written, and visual language (e.g., conventions, style, vocabulary) to communicate effectively with a variety of audiences and for different purposes.



NCSCS Standards


  • Competency Goal 6: The learner will apply conventions of grammar and language usage.

6.01:(6th grade) Demonstrate an understanding of conventional written and spoken expression by:

      • Demonstrating the different roles of the parts of speech in sentence construction.



Script: Say: Who can tell me the parts of speech? (noun, verb, adjective, adverb, pronoun) Today we are going to talk about adjectives. What do adjectives do? (describe a noun; tell how many, what kind)

Pass out lists of adjectives, sensory words. As you pass out the papers, have a student or students pick out some favorite or interesting words. Pass out worksheet. Place overhead on projector.



Read directions on worksheet. Go over example and #1. Call on students to complete 2-5; several students may do the same one depending on answers. Have students complete worksheet on their own.

Sensory Words for Describing Animals and People




Eyes


Beady

Black


Blue

Bright


Brilliant

Brown


Clear

Dazzling


Dark

Dreamy


Dull

Enormous


Expressive

Flashing


Flaming

Glaring


Gleaming

Glistening

Glowing

Gray


Large

Laughing


Oval

Radiant


Shimmering

Sparkling

Starry

Wide


Ears


Droopy

Floppy huge

Pointed

Rounded


Small


Stature/Body Build

Bent


Big

Bulky


Chubby

Colossal


Crooked

Enormous


Fat

Gigantic


Graceful

Grotesque

Heavy

Huge


Immense

Large


Light

Little


Long

Massive


Minute

Petite


Portly

Short


Skinny

Small


Stout

Tall


Thin

Tiny


Towering

Tail


Flat

Long


Short

Stubby


Thin

Hair/Body Covering

Bald


Black blonde

Brown


Brunette

Coarse


Crinkled

Curly


Dark

Feathered

Fluffy

Glistening



Golden

Green


Gray

Long


Multicolored

Red


Scaly

Short


Smooth

Spotted


Straight

Thick


White

Yellow


Complexion


Black

Blushing


Dark

Light


Pale

Radiant


Rosy

Ruddy


Tan

White


Wizened

Wrinkled


Sounds


Bark bawl

Bleat


Cackle

Coo


Crook

Cry


Groan

Growl


Hoot

Howl


Hiss

Peep


Purr

Scream


Snarl

Snort


Tweet

Wail


Shine

Personality


Bold

Ferocious

Fierce

Generous


Gently

Happy


Kingly

Mean


Shy

Vicious

















Sensory Words for Describing Objects




Size/Weight


Bulky

Colossal


Enormous

Gigantic


Huge

Tiny


Immense

Huge


Massive

Minute


Towering

Light


Shape


Broad

Crooked


Curved

Deep


Shallow

Square


Round

Oblong


Tapered

Many sided

Indiscriminate

Color


Flaming

Dart


Bright

Glowing


Flashing

Dull


Pale

Flickering

Glaring

Dazzling


Radiant

Colorful


Shiny

Multicolored



Texture


Bumpy

Crinkled


Fluffy

Muddy


Rippling

Shear


Wispy

Cold


Icy

Hot warm


Smooth

Rough


Grainy

Sandy


Moist

Dry


Satiny

Silky


Velvety

Oily


Slippery

Uneven


Jagged

Prickly


Hairy

Shaggy


Cool

Cuddly


Elastic

Tickly


Moist

Damp


Downy

Hard


Slimy

Sharp


Sticky

Soft


Solid

Gooey


Gritty

Dull


Fury

Greasy


Earthy

Lukewarm


Rubbery

Tepid


Slushy

Wet


Sound


Thumping

Squeaking

Tinkling

Ringing


Clanging

Sizzling


Screeching

Hissing


Humming

Rustling


Buzzing

Popping


Splashing

Thudding


Snapping

Odor


Antiseptic

Burning


Clean

Fresh


Fragrant

Medicinal

Musty

Pungent


Putrid

Strong


Sweet




ELABORATING: SPECIFIC ADJECTIVES

Specific adjectives strengthen elaboration in writing by creating images for the reader (a way to show the reader what you mean)


Exercise 1:

The following phrases have vague, nondescript adjectives. Substitute specific adjectives.


Example: a great day a warm, sunny vacation day
1. the pretty leaves the _______________________ leaves
2. a neat outfit _____________________________ outfit
3. an interesting movie ______________________________ movie
4. a nice basket ______________________________ basket
5. a cool teacher ______________________________teacher
Add specific adjectives to each of the following sentences.
6. I sit on the _____________ porch and watch the _______________________
squirrels ________________________________________________________.
7. I held on to the ________________________________________ rope.
8. He sat in ______________ office for two _______________________ hours.
9. The __________________ dog bit the _______________________man.
10. My ________________ brother drives a _______________________ car.
11. In the summer _____________ people flock to the _______________
beaches to relax under the ________________ sun and the ________________
breeze.
12. The ________________ stranger __________________________________
________________________________________________________________
stood in the middle of the _____________________ street and raised his arms.

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