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Foundation of Physical Education

Principles and philosophies of founding fathers

Changes in concept of Physical Education

-The teacher discusses the philosophies of the founding fathers

- Explains the changes in the concept of physical Education

- the students compare the philosophies of the founding fathers and mention some changes in the concept of physical Education

- Instructional Resources textbook, Audio visual aids and CD-ROMs


Concept Of The Whole Man

Over view concept of the whole man

-Unitary nature of man

- Education of the physical and education through the physical the role of physical education in developing the mind and body of man

- The teacher explains the disadvantages of over emphasizing one aspect of life at the expense of the others e.g. placing more emphasis on the physical at the expense of emotional or social

-Describes the role of physical education in developing the mind and body.

- The students state the relationship between the mind and body

-List ways physical education develops the mind and body

- Instructional Resources textbooks, charts etc.


Physical Education Ideologies

-Nationalism and patriotism in physical education and sport

- Definition of Nationalism and patriotism

-Patriotism using Greeks, Spartans and Athenians as example

- The teacher defines nationalism and patriotism

-Explains nationalism and patriotism giving examples

- Relates ideologies in physical education to national ideologies

-The students give examples of patriots in sports

- discuss national ideologies that can be developed through physical education

- Instructional Resources: Textbook, posters etc.



-Definition and importance of recreational activities

- Characteristics of recreational activities

- Differences among work, rest, recreation, leisure and sports.

-The teacher defines recreation, rest and leisure

- Explains the objectives of recreation

List some recreational activities

-The students participate in class discussions by defining the key words

- Mention the objectives of recreation, rest and leisure

- State some local recreational activities, facilities and equipment.

Instructional Resource:-poster, pictures, open spaces, CD-ROMs, sports facilities and equipment


Recreation Continues

Types of recreational activities (indoor and outdoor)

-The teacher classifies recreational activities into indoor and outdoor

- Explains the various activities under indoor and outdoor

- Mentions the equipment and facilities in both indoor and outdoor activities

- The students identify indoor and outdoor activities

- Enumerates the equipment and facilities in both indoor and outdoor activities


Competitive Sports

Intramural and Extramural sports activities

-Minor and major games and sports

The teacher defines intramural and extra mural activities

-Explains minor and major games

- differentiate between minor and major games with examples

-the students discuss intra and extra mural activities

- gives examples of minor and major games

-Instructional Resources: playground, charts, textbooks sporting equipment etc.


Competitive Sports (Tournament)

Definition of tournament

-Types of tournaments e.g. single, Double |Elimination and Round robins

-Advantages and Disadvantages of each tournament

-The teacher defines tournament

-Lists the types of tournament

-Explains the various types, it’s advantages and disadvantages

-Mentions some advantages and disadvantages of the various types of tournament

-Instructional Resources;- charts for the various types of tournament Rules books of different sports etc.


Traditional Physical Education And Sports In Nigeria
-Origin of traditional sports in Nigeria

-types of traditional sports

-values /Importance of traditional sports

-The teacher narrates the history of traditional sports in Nigeria

-Mentions the types of traditional sports

-state values (importance of traditional sports

-the students identify some traditional sports and games

-Mention some values of traditional sports and games

-Practice some of the traditional sports and games

-Instruction Resources textbooks, pictures, CD-ROMs Local musical equipment.


Athletics And Sports


-Class of athletics events

-The sprints

-a the start

-b the acceleration

-c finishing

-The teacher defines athletics and sports

-Mentions the classes of athletics and sports races (Bunch, medium and Elongated)

- The students practice the types of start in sprint and the stages in running

- Instructional Resources;- starting block, whistle / starting gun, stop watch, Rules book and pillar.


Athletics And Sports (Relay Races)

-Relay Races


-Types of relay races

-The baton exchange

-Types of baton exchange (visual and non –visual)

-the exchange zone (20m zone)

-The teacher defines relay race

-Lists the types of relay race

-Describes the method of baton exchange

-Specifies the exchange zone

-students practice the baton exchange within the exchange zone and take note.

-Instructional Resources;- Relay baton, whistle/ starting gun, pillar, starting block, spike shoes, rules books etc,.













Traditional Sports in West Africa

-Origin of the sports

-The significance of the traditional sports in west Africa

-The teacher narrates the history of traditional sports in west Africa

-Mentions the significance of traditional sports in west Africa

-The students participate in the classroom discussions

-List some traditional sports in west Africa

Instructional Resources –posters, CD-ROMs, Textbooks etc.


Modern Physical Education And Sports In West Africa

-Modern physical Education in Nigeria

- Contribution of the pioneer of physical Education in Nigeria and west Africa

-The teacher explains modern physical Education in Nigeria

-mentions the contribution of the pioneers of physical education in Nigeria and other west Africa nations.

- The students take note and mention some pioneers of Physical Education in west Africa

-Instructional Resource posters, textbooks, CD-ROMs etc.


National Sports Championship


-Organization and administration of national championships

-Types of national championships e.g.

a) National Championships organized by different sports Associations (NSC) and its significance

b) Organized by corporate organizations

c) Organized by Nigerian school sports federation (NSSF)

-The teacher defines national championship

-Explains the organization and administration of national championships

-Lists the types of national championships

-The students listen, ask questions and take down notes

-Instructional Resources : text books, charts illustrating the types of championships, CD-ROMs, etc


Institutional Sports

-The Nigeria Universities Games association (NUGA)

-The Nigerians polytechnics Games Association (NIPOGA)

-The Nigerian Advanced teachers colleges and colleges of Education Game Association (NATCEGA)

-Their National development

-The teacher lists and explains the various institutional sports

-Explains the importance of institutional sports to national development

-The students participate in class discussions, ask questions and take notes

-Instructional Resource pictures, charts, CD-ROMs etc.


International Spots





-Importance of ECOWAS Games to the region, local Secretariat of ECOWAS

-The teacher defines the term ECOWAS

-Enumerates the ECOWAS nations

-Mentions the functions of ECOWAS

-Explains the importance of ECOWAs Games to the various regions and mentions the ECOWAs headquarter.

-The students participate in the classroom discussion and take note

-Instructional Resources charts, CD-ROMs picture, Textbooks etc.


The Skeletal System


-Types of bones



-Kinds of joins

-The teacher defines skeletal system and joins

-Guides the student to identify and label the main parts of the skeletal

-The students draw and label the parts of the skeleton

-Instructional Resources;- picture, textbooks, CD-ROMs, projectors and diagrams


The Circulatory System

-The heart muscle

-Effects of training on the heart

-The teacher guides the students to draw and label the different parts of the heart and explains the different between veins, and arteries

-Discusses the effects of training on the heart

-Students draw and label the different parts of the heart, participate on the heart –Instructional Resources –Diagrams, textbooks CD-ROMs, projector and pictures.


Blood Circulatory System

-The blood circulation

-Functions of bold

-Types of blood circulation

-The teacher discusses the composition of blood

-Explains the functions and differentiate between the two types of circulation (pulmonary and systemic circulation)

-Students participate in class discussion listen and explain the function of blood, asks question and copy notes.

-Instructional Resources

-Diagram, projectors, pictures CD-ROMs and textbooks.


The Respiratory System

-The structure of the lungs


-Types of respiration

-Effects of exercise on respiration

-The teacher draws and labels the respiratory system

-Explains the structure and functions of the lungs

-Discusses types respiration and explains the effects of exercises during respiration

-Students draw and label the respiratory system

-Participate in class discussion and take notes

-Instructional Resources;- CD-ROMs, projectors, pictures< textbooks and diagrams.













Ball Games (Soccer)

-Skills in soccer

-safety in soccer

-kits, equipment and facilities

-rules and regulations in soccer

-officials in soccer and their duties.

The teacher explains and demonstrates the skills in soccer

-Lists the protective kits in soccer

-Explains the basic rules and regulations

enumerates the equipment and facilities in soccer

-Mentions the officials and their duties

-The students practice the various skills

-Soccer pitch, ball, boots, shin, guards, CD-ROMs, whistle, corner flags, stop watch.


The Hockey Games

-Types of hockey

-Dimensions of the hockey pitch

Equipment and facilities and their functions

-Officials and their duties in hockey

The teacher discusses the types of hockey

-Draw the hockey pitch,

-Lists the equipment and their functions

-Demonstrates some of the skills in hockey

-Supervises the students while they practice

-List the officials and their duties

-Students demonstrate the skills and participate in class discussions

-Instructional Resources;-

Hockey sticks and balls, head protector for goal keeper, shin guards, boot, the pitch textbooks.


Racket Games (Table Tennis)

-Brief history of table tennis and the nature of the game

-Table tennis specification


-Basic skills

-rules and regulations of the game.

-The teacher explains the history of table tennis and the nature of the game

-Drawn and explain the dimension of the table tennis

-Lists the basic skills

-Enumerates the rules and regulations

-The students listen and take notes

-Draw the table tennis with specification

-Practice the skills

-Mention the rules in the game

-Instruction Resources;- the table, balls, net, bats etc.



-Brief history and the nature of the game

-Types of count in tennis

-Equipment and facilities

-The skills in tennis

-Rules and regulations

-The teacher narrates the brief history of the game and it’s nature

-Mention the types of court in tennis

-Draws and explains the tennis court

-Mention the equipment and lists the skills

-Enumerates the rules and regulations

-The students practice the skills

-Participate in class discussions

-Draw the tennis court with specifications

-Instructional Resources the tennis court, tennis racket\bat, tennis balls the net, CD-ROMs


Nigerian Traditional Dances

-Different dances from the regions of the country e.g. Atilogwu in Igbo, Fulani, Hausa, Efik and Yoruba dances.

-The teachers explains the various dances

-Demonstrates the dance steps

-Provides costumes for the various dances

-Displays pictures of some costumes

-The students listen and take down notes

-Practice the dance and dance steps

-Instructional Resources – pictures, CD-ROMs

-Dance costumes, Radio cassette, local instruments –drums, samba, gong, earthen Rot etc.


Nigerians Traditional Dances Continues

-Practical demonstration of traditional dances and dance step.

-The teacher demonstrates the various dances and dance steps

-The students practice the dances and the dance steps.

-Instructional Resources:- pictures CD-ROMs, dance costumes, radio cassette, local instruments.


Physical Fitness


-Components of physical fitness

-Classification into health performance\ skills related components

-The teacher defines physical fitness

-Itemizes the components

-Classifies the components under health and performance\skills related components

-The students listen and take notes

-Mention and classify the components of physical fitness

-Instructional Resources:- textbooks, posters, charts, CD-ROMs.


Physical Fitness Test

-Physical fitness texts activities

-Administration of physical fitness tests

-The teacher explains the meaning of physical fitness tests

-Demonstrates the selected fitness test

-The students demonstrate and practice selected physical fitness test

-Discuss the impotence of physical fitness tests

-Instructional Resources;- charts, benchers mats, pictures, textbooks, stop watch, and jotters,



-Definition of warm-up

-Types of warm-up activities

-Importance of warm-up activities

-The teacher defines warm-up

-Explains the types of warm-up activities

-The students listen and write the types of warm-up activities, participate in class Discussions

-Instructional Resources:- textbooks, pictures and CD-ROMs


Adapted Physical Education Programme

-Definition of major concepts

-Categories of people with special needs

-The teacher defines major concepts in adapted physical education programme

-Explains the various categories of people with special needs

-The students take notes of the definitions and describe the various special needs they know

-Instructional Resources;- picture, posters CD-ROMs etc.


Adapted Physical Education Programme

-Corrective exercises

-Activities for the special needs

-The teacher discusses and demonstrates corrective exercises

-Explains activities suitable for different categories of special needs

-The students participate in class discussions on activities suitable for different categories of special need conditions

-Practice the corrective exercises

-Instructional Resources:-

-Special equipment








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