Fruit Products Order - 1955, promulgated under section 3 of the Essential Commodities Act — 1955, aims at regulating sanitary and hygienic conditions in manufacture of fruit, vegetable products. It is mandatory for all manufacturers of fruit &vegetable products to obtain license under this Order to ensure good quality products, manufactured under hygienic conditions. The Fruit Product Order lays down tie minimum requirements for:
Sanitary and hygienic conditions of premises, surroundings and personnel.
Water to be used for processing.
Machinery and equipment.
Besides this, maximum limits of preservatives, additives and contaminants have also been specified for various products.
This order is implemented by Department of Food Processing Industries through the Directorate of Fruit & Vegetable Preservation at New Delhi. The Directorate bas four regional offices located at Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta and Chennai, as well as sub-offices at Lucknow and Guwahati. The officials of the Directorate undertake frequent inspections of the manufacturing units and draw random
samples of products from the manufacturers and markets which are analyzed in the laboratories to test their conformity with the specifications laid under FPO.
The Central Fruit Products Advisory Committee comprising of the officials of concerned Government Departments, technical experts, representatives of Central Food Technology Research Institute, Bureau of Indian Standards, Fruit and vegetable Producers and Processing Industry, is responsible for recommending amendments in the Fruit Product Order. In view of the demands of the industry,-and the liberalized economic scenario, major amendments were made in FPO during 1997. It bas been amended further in the year 2000 in consumer interest.
Codex Alimentarius Commission is an International Commission constituted by Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and World Healtb Organisation (WHO) of United Nations whose objective is to protect the health of consumers and to ensure fair practices in tine food trade. The term Codex Alimentarius" is taken from Latin Language and means food code'. The Codex Alimentarius is a collection of International Standards for the safety and quality of food as well as codes of good manufacturing practice and other guidelines to protect the health of consumers and remove unfair practices in International Trade. These standards, guidelines and recommendations are recognized worldwide for international trade negotiations and also for settlings of disputes by WTO.
The Codex Contact Point in India is the Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS) in the M/o Health &Family Welfare. However, the D/o Food Processing Industries is closely associated with me activities of Codex Alimientarius in their country. The Department has made provision of Rs.100 lakhs in the budget of 2000-2001 for creating the data base, technical examination of various standards in association with experts and coordination as well as participation in international Codex meetings.
A Delegation led by senior officer of this Department participated in the 28th Session of the Codex Committee on Food Labelling held during 5-9 May 2000 at Ottawa, Canada.
Another delegation comprising of representatives of Mineral Water and Chocolate industries attended meetings of Codex Committee on Natural Mineral Waters and Cocoa Products and Chocolates held at Fribourg, Switzerland from 30th October to 4th November. India's view points on different agenda items were well taken in these meetings.
The D/o Food Processing Industries intends to set up a dedicated information cell in association with CIFTI to work solely on collecting, analyzing, documenting and then disseminating the information on different food laws responses on Codex agendas and reports, WTO issues including case studies or any other issue related to food processing.