Dental anatomy and occlusion dent 202 (3 credit hours: 1 theory / 2 practical)



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DENTAL ANATOMY AND OCCLUSION

DENT 202

(3 credit hours: 1 theory / 2 practical)



Jordan University of Science and Technology

Faculty of dentistry

Department of Oral Medicine and Surgery

Second Semester

Course Syllabus




Course Information

Course Title

Dental Anatomy and Occlusion

Course Code

Dent 202

Prerequisites

N-A

Course Website

N-A

Coordinator

Dr. Ashraf Shaweesh

Lecture instructor

Dr. Ashraf Shaweesh

Office Location

D1 L0

Office Phone




Office Hours




E-mail

ashrafis@just.edu.jo

Teaching Assistant(s)

  • Demonstrators: 3 staff members







Course Description

This is one of the courses provided by the Department of Oral Medicine and Surgery for undergraduate 2nd year students in the Bachelor Degree in the Science of Dentistry during the second semester. The course has two components, lectures and corresponding practical training in laboratories. The lecture topics cover detailed dental macroscopic anatomy and the basic principles of dental occlusion. Each lecture covers one class of permanent teeth and there is a separate lecture for deciduous teeth. The first two lectures present the dental notation systems and chronology of development and the last lectures introduce the fundamentals of dental occlusion. The practical sessions focus on developing the skills of carving different teeth out of wax blocks. This practice is assumed to help students recalling the details of tooth morphology and improving their manual skills. The latter is significant to have been developed before upgrading to 3rd year. The sessions also include practicing on dental notation, dental age estimation, occlusion as well as skills of tooth identification. By the completion of the practical sessions, each student has to hand in for assessment the laboratory book containing the completed duties that they have been asked to execute.






Text Book 1

Title

Wheeler’s Dental Anatomy, Physiology and Occlusion

Author(s)

Ash, M. M. & Nelson, S.

Publisher

Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, Mo. c2010.

Year

2010

Edition

9th

Book Website




References







Assessment Policy

Assessment Type

Theoretical exams, practical exams and practical duties

Theoretical midterm online exam

14% (MCQs)

Practical midterm online exam

6% (Illustration-related MCQs)

Practical midterm exam

10 % (Held in the lab. in the form of flag race)

Practical duties

10% (Tooth carving, quizzes and lab. books1)

Theoretical final online exam

20%

Practical final exams

40% (Held in the lab. in the form of flag race (20%) and tooth carving exam (20%)



Course Objectives

Weights

  1. To practice on using different dental notation systems for both dentitions and to understand the concept of dental formula as a summary for mammalian dentitions.

  2. To recognize the importance of having two sets of dentitions in most mammals and to relate form to function in dental anatomy.

  3. To learn and apply the chronological standards of stages of deciduous and permanent tooth development and eruption.

  4. To learn the details of the newly-established standards of permanent tooth eruption specific to the Jordanian population (Shaweesh, A.).

  5. To know the sequence of eruption in each arch for both dentitions and its need in pediatric dentistry, orthodontics and forensic science.

  6. To learn the detailed anatomy of all deciduous and permanent teeth and their pulpal systems.

  7. To learn the different traits used to tell different teeth apart leading to developing skills of tooth identification.

  8. To develop skills of estimating dental age by applying the knowledge they have acquired from dental chronology.

  9. To acquire manual skills of tooth carving.

  10. To identify the normal variation in dental anatomy

  11. To acquire the detailed knowledge of functional and static interaction of teeth in occlusion and the relationship between dental occlusion and temporomandibular joints and masticatory muscles.

  12. To identify the significance of learning dental morphology and principles of occlusion for restorative, prosthetic and orthodontic clinical practice.

  • 5%



  • 2.5%




  • 5%




  • 2.5%




  • 5%




  • 40%




  • 10%




  • 5%




  • 10%

  • 2.5%

  • 10%



  • 2.5%






Teaching & Learning Methods

  • Classroom lectures

  • Demonstrations

  • Tests and exams

  • Review for exams

  • Textbook reading assignments




Learning Outcomes: Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to

Objective No.

Related Objective(s)

Reference

1,2

Practice on using different dental notation systems for both dentitions and to understand the concept of dental formula as a summary for mammalian dentitions

Recognize the importance of having two sets of dentitions in most mammals and to relate form to function in dental anatomy



Wheeler’s Dental Anatomy, Physiology and Occlusion

Lecture notes

Handed videos


6,7,10

Learn the detailed anatomy of all deciduous and permanent teeth and their pulpal systems.

Wheeler’s Dental Anatomy, Physiology and Occlusion

Handed videos



6,7

Learn the different traits used to tell different teeth apart leading to developing skills of tooth identification.

Kraus' Dental Anatomy and Occlusion

Lecture notes

Handed videos


3,4,5

Know the timing of development of each tooth and the sequence of their eruption

Wheeler’s Dental Anatomy, Physiology and Occlusion

4,5

Learn the details of the newly-established standards of permanent and deciduous tooth eruption specific to the Jordanian population

Published Articles of Dr Ashraf Shaweesh

3,4,8

Estimate dental age and know its significance and applications

Lecture notes and practical tutorials

9

Carve any permanent tooth on wax blocks

Practical tutorials

Handed videos



6

Know the different external anatomical features and landmarks on teeth and their functions

Wheeler’s Dental Anatomy, Physiology and Occlusion

Practical tutorials

Handed videos


6,11,12

Acquire the basic principles of dental occlusion and how it can be simply applied in clinical dentistry

Wheeler’s Dental Anatomy, Physiology and Occlusion




Useful Resources




  1. Jordan, R. E. Abrams, L. Kraus, B. T. (1992). Kraus’ Dental Anatomy and Occlusion. 2nd Edition. Mosby.

  2. Craig, P (2005) Handbook of Human Dental Anatomy. The University of Melbourne.

  3. Craig, P (2005). The Teeth and Jaws of Animals (Comparative Oral Anatomy). The University of Melbourne.

  4. Lecture notes (to be uploaded on elearning)

  5. Videos on Dental Anatomy and Tooth carving. (to be handed)





Course Content:

Date

Topics

Practical session of the week

Week 1

Introduction & notation systems

Dental notation

Week 2

Chronology of tooth development

Standards of tooth eruption for Jordanians



Chronology of tooth development

Week 3

Dental morphological terminology

Chronology of tooth development

Week 4

Permanent incisors

Morphological dental features & introduction to wax carving

Week 5

Permanent canines

Anatomy of incisors

Drawing & carving incisors



Week 6

Maxillary premolars

Anatomy of canines

Drawing & carving canines



Week 7

Mandibular premolars

Anatomy of premolars

Drawing & carving premolars



Week 8

Midterm Exam

Week of practical midterm exams

Week 9

Permanent maxillary molars

Anatomy of max. molars

Drawing & carving max. molars



Week 10

Permanent mandibular molars

Anatomy of mand. molars

Drawing & carving mand. molars



Week 11

Deciduous dentition

Anatomy of deciduous teeth

Week 12

Pulp anatomy & normal variations

Practice on tooth identification

Week 13

Holiday

Labor Day

Week 14

Introduction to dental occlusion Comparative dental anatomy & occlusion

Dental occlusion

Week 15

Catch up and revision

Week of final practical exams

Week 16

Final exam period

Determined by Registration





Additional Notes

Attendance:
Students must attend 100% of all scheduled classes and labs. Class participation is required. Should an absence be necessary, student should contact the course instructor by e-mail immediately. Work missed can ONLY make up with an excused absence.

  • No make-up exams or quizzes will be given for unexcused absences

  • Late arrivals to class are unexcused absences

  • All course make-ups, test, and so forth, must be completed within 14 days from the date of the excused absence.


Practical component:
Practical training will take place in Biochemistry Lab. (M4-L2) on Mondays and Wednesdays. Students are divided into 4 practical sections according to the following table:

Section

Day

Time

Lab.

1

Mon

8 – 12 pm

M4 – L2

2

Mon

12 – 4 pm

3

Wed

8 – 12 pm

4

Wed

12 – 4 pm

Each student will be allocated a lab code consisting of 4 digits. From left to right, the first digit stands for the section (1,2,3,4), the second and third digits are the bench number (group). The last digit stands for the order of the student on the bench. Students are instructed to recall their lab codes until the practical part is completed because the lab codes will act as their lab. IDs.
During the practical training, students of a given section will be divided into groups, each group will be occupying a pre-determined bench in the lab. and instructed to remain at the allocated location to carry out the practical duties for the full duration of the course. It is important to know that students are not allowed to switch groups, laboratories or sections in the practical part of this course.
At the beginning of each practical session, students will be introduced to the practical duties that they have to carry out on that day. This is followed by a detailed demonstration on casts, radiographs, tooth models and natural teeth under a live camera connected to monitors. In some weeks, short video clips on tooth carving and morphology of the tooth of the week will be run and watched through a monitor. Once introduction and demonstration are finished, student should commence their practical duties under supervision that may include:

  • Tracing radiographs and assigning teeth to their suitable notation in different notation systems

  • Tracing radiographs and estimating dental age

  • Sketching tooth models, jaw models and occlusion curves

  • Carving teeth out of wax blocks

  • Answering given questions / quizzes

  • Making comments after video clip watching.

  • Identifying teeth

  • Preparing and presenting posters illustrating certain topics (optional)


Tools and materials needed for the practical component:


  • A mechanical pencil, an eraser and a ruler together with the Practical Book. The Practical Book should have alternating blank and lined A4 sheets

  • A magnifying lens (optional)

  • A graph-paper book with pre-sketched outlines of all aspects of permanent teeth. The book is available at Alfajr bookshop

  • A blank graph-paper book for sketching outlines of teeth aspects with additional sheets for helping in tooth carving. The book is available at Alfajr bookshop

  • Paper adhesive tape, soft tooth brush, retractable blade ((مشرط and pair of scissors

  • Le Crone carver and a wax knife

  • 12 colored wax carving blocks (the extra ones will be available in case the main ones have failed)

  • Natural and plastic teeth (it is advisable that students start collecting natural teeth at the beginning of the course) to be used as reference for anatomy and carving and for tooth identification. These teeth / models will also be utilized in practical courses of third year. These are never a waste!


Student instructor relationship


  • Students are instructed to frequently access the uploaded handouts, recourses and extra learning materials on the e-learning link on the University's website.

  • e-learning will also allow for mentor-student interaction through online evaluation in the form of tutorials, assignments and quizzes.

  • Students will be able to view the outcomes of their evaluation uploaded on e-learning. This includes the results the quizzes and the midterm practical exams.

  • It is strongly recommended that the instructor is contacted either personally in his office within the frames of the office hours provided or through email / e-learning. Contacting the instructors on their private mobile phones is prohibited and will unintentionally ruin the lecturer-student relationship.







1 To be submitted before the agreed-upon due date



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