Company, 2nd Continental Artillery Captain Thomas Randall29
JACKSON’S DETACHMENT30 Colonel Henry Jackson 200
Jackson’s Additional Continental Regiment
Henley’s Additional Continental Regiment
William Lee’s Additional Continental Regiment
Garry Wheeler Stone
Revised to 1 December 2010
1 Brigade structure is based on Charles H. Lesser, The Sinews of Independence: Monthly Strength Reports of the Continental Army. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1976.
2 Samuel Smith to Adam Hoops, 17 February 1822, Timothy Pickering Papers, David Library of the American Revolution, film 44.
3 Brigade commanders are taken from John U. Rees, “’What is this you have been about to day?’ The New Jersey Brigade at the Battle of Monmouth,” on-line at http://revwar75.com/library/rees/monmouth/MonmouthD.htm.
4Entries marked * are from a brigade-by-brigade field return taken at Manalapan Brigade, 28 June 1778. Reproduced in William S. Stryker, The Battle of Monmouth (Princeton: Princeton Un. Press, 1927), p. 120.
5 William Irvine to John Davis, 30 June 1778, in Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 2 (1878), pp. 147-148.
6 At the Manalapan Bridge muster, only 3 colonels were in the brigade. It is not clear whether Henry Bicker (2PA) or George Nagel (10PA) was absent.
7 “We were in the front Line though not engag’d.” Lt.-Col. Persifor Frazer to his wife, Polly, 30 June 1778, in General Persifor Frazer: A Memoir Compiled Principally from his own papers (Philadelphia, 1907), p. 182.
8 Apparently present at Monmouth, though subsequently unwell. General Persifor Frazer: A Memoir, p. 185.
9 Probably absent, as the brigade had only two colonels present at Manalapan Brigade.
10 The Manalapan field return lists no colonels and only three lieutenant-colonels present, but a compilation or transcription error is present as Craig and Spencer are known to have taken part in the battle.
11 Trussell, Pennsylvania Line, p. 137.
12 Brigadier-General John Glover was commanding West Point. George Athan Billias, General John Glover and His Marblehead Mariners (NY: Henry Holt, 1960), p. 161.
14 Deposition supporting pension application of John Van Demark, 2NY: in reserve in edge of woods; ordered to prime & load as enemy advancing (W16557).
15 “Extracts from the Diary of Captain John Nice [13th PA],” Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 16 (1892):406.
16 David Cooper pension application: positioned on the extreme left behind the 1st line (John U. Rees, “I Expect to be Stationed in Jersey . . ..” (MS, 1994), Appendix P, p. 3.
17 Steven Jarvis (Sergeant, Queen’s American Rangers), Autobiography. New York Historical Society, Miscellaneous Microfilms, roll 17. Copy courtesy Michael S. Adelberg.
18 James Monroe, The Writings of James Monroe (NY: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1898-1903), vol. 1, p. 1.
19 George Washington, General Orders, 22 June 1778.
20 Elijah Fisher’s Diary, pp. 275-292 in Carlos E. Godfrey, The Commander-in-Chief’s Guard (Washington: Stevenson-Smith, 1904).
21 John T. Hayes, The Saddlebag Almanac, vol. 4, no. 1 (January 1996), pp. 1-29.
22 Research by Charles W. Griswold . His ancestor, Epaphras Thompson claimed he was at Monmouth, and several officers remained in Pennsylvania after most of the regiment was sent to New York.. Files, MBSP
23 Apparently operating as two battalions: Lt.-Col. Patton commanding the combined regiments of Grayson and Patton, while Grayson commanded 4th/8th/12th VA. Why didn’t Wood command his battalion? He was senior to Grayson and he is not listed as absent in the muster. Was he on temporary assignment or sick?
24 The commander at the beginning of the day, Col. John Durkee (4th CT), was wounded at Monmouth Courthouse.
25 Lee Papers, III: 140-143, testimony John Cumpston. His commander, Captain David Cook, was shot through the lungs at the hedgerow (he survived).
26 Samuel Smith to Adam Hoops, 17 February 1822, Timothy Pickering Papers, film 44; printed in Friends of Monmouth Battlefield, The Battlecry, vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan.-Feb. 2000).
27 Lee Papers, III:63 (Lt.-Col. Meade);
28 The initial commander, Col. James Wesson (9th MA), was wounded at Monmouth Courthouse. His second, Lt.-Col. Nathaniel Ramsay (3rd MD) was captured at the Point-of-Woods.
29 Joseph Lummis, pension application, National Archives, S41784
30 Jackson’s, Henley’s, and Lee’s regiments were formally reconstituted as one regiment 22 April 1779.