Chapter 9 Water Resources and Water Pollution

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Chapter 9 Water Resources and Water Pollution

Abel, P. D. 1997. Water Pollution Biology. 2nd ed. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC.

About. Dams.

Abramovitz, Janet N. 1996. "Sustaining Freshwater Ecosystems." In Lester R. Brown et al., State of the World 1996. New York: Norton, 60.

Addiscott, T. M. 2005. Nitrate, Agriculture, and the Environment. Cambridge, Mass.:CABI.

Adler, Robert W., et al. 1993. The Clean Water Act Twenty Years Later. Washington, D.C.: Island.

Aldhous, Peter. 2003. “The World’s Forgotten Crisis.” Nature, vol. 422, 251.

Allaby, Michael. 1992. Water: Its Global Nature. New York: Facts on File.

Allan, J. David. 1995. Stream Ecology: Structure and Function of Running Waters. New York: Chapman & Hall.

Alley, William M., et al. 2002. “Flow and Storage in Groundwater Systems.” Science, vol. 296, 1985.

American Rivers. 2002. The Ecology of Dam Removal: A Summary of Benefits and Impacts. Washington, D.C.: American Rivers.

Amery, Hussein A., and Aaron T. Wolf. 1999. Water in the Middle East: A Geography of Peace. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Ashworth, William. 1986. The Late, Great Lakes: An Environmental History. New York: Knopf.

Associated Press. 2004. “Government May Broaden the Regulating of Sewage Sludge.” New York Times, Jan. 2.

Atlas, Ronald M. 1995. “Petroleum Biodegradation and Oil Spill Remediation.” Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 31, 178.

Ball, Philip. 2000. Life's Matrix: A Biography of Water. New York: Straus & Giroux.

Barlow, Maude, and Tony Clarke. 2003. Blue Gold: The Fight to Stop the Corporate Theft of the World’s Water. New York: New Press.

Barzilay, Joshua I., et al. 1999. The Water We Drink: Water Quality and Its Effects on Health. Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press.

Bavor, H. J., and D. S. Mitchell. 1994. Wetland Systems in Water Pollution Control. New York: Elsevier Science.

Bennett, Elena M., et al. 2001. "Human Impact on Erodable Phosphorus and Eutrophication: A Global Perspective." BioScience, vol. 51, no. 3, 227.

Bergman, Charles. 2000. Red Delta: Fighting for Life at the End of the Colorado River. Washington, D.C.: Defenders of Wildlife.

Berthold-Bond, Annie. 1994. Clean and Green: The Complete Guide to Non-Toxic and Environmentally Safe Housekeeping. Woodstock, N. Y.: Ceres.

Biswas, Asit K., et al. 1997. Core and Periphery: A Comprehensive Approach to Middle Eastern Water. New York: Oxford University Press.

Blatter, Joachim, and Helen Ingram, eds. 2001. Reflections on Water: New Approaches to Transboundary Conflicts and Cooperation. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

Bormann, F. Herbert, et al. 2001. Redesigning the American Lawn: A Search for Environmental Harmony. 2nd ed. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press.

Bragg, James R., et al. 1994. “Effectiveness of Bioremediation for the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill.” Nature, vol. 368, 413.

Brown, Lester R. 2002. Water Shortages Growing in Many Countries. Earth Policy Institute, August 6.

Brown, Lester R. 2003. World Creating Food Bubble Economy Based on Unsustainable Use of Water. Earth Policy Institute, March 13.

Brown, Lester R. 2005. Outgrowing the Earth: The Food Security Challenge In An Age of Falling Water Tables and Rising Temperatures. New York: Norton.

Burger, Joanna. 1997. Oil Spills. Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press.

Bryant, Ralph C. 2003. Turbulent Waters: Cross-Border Finance and International Governance. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution.

California Urban Water Conservation Council. Ways to Save Water.

California Urban Water Conservation Council. Water Saving Opportunities in Your Home: An Interactive Tour.

Carle, David. 2003. Water and the California Dream: Choices for the New Millennium. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books.

Center For Food Safety. Sewage Sludge. for Ecology and Hydrology, Wallingford. The Water Poverty Index.

Chesapeake Bay Foundation.

Chetham, Deirde. 2002. Before the Deluge: The Vanishing World of the Yangtze’s Three Gorges. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

China Dam. Some Basic Facts of the Three Gorges Dam Project.

China Highlights. Some Facts of the Three Gorges Dam Project.

China’s Three Gorges Dam.

Christopher, Thomas. 1994. Water-Wise Gardening: America's Backyard Revolution. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Clark, Robert B., et al. eds. 2001. Marine Pollution. 5th ed. New York: Oxford University Press.

Clarke, Robin. 1993. Water: The International Crisis. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

Clean Water Network.

Colborn, Theodora E., et al. 1989. Great Lakes, Great Legacy? Washington, D.C.: Conservation Foundation.

Colorado Springs Utilities. Xeriscape.

Cosgrove, W. J., and F. R. Rijsberman. 2000. World Water Vision: Making Water Everybody’s Business. London: Earthscan.

Costner, Pat, et al. 1987. We All Live Downstream: A Guide to Waste Treatment That Stops Water Pollution. Peoria, Ill.: National Water Well Association..

Cronin, John, and Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. 1997. The Riverkeepers: Two Activists Fight to Reclaim Our Environment as a Basic Human Right. New York: Scribner.

Denver Water and American Water Works Administration. 1996. Xeriscape Plant Guide. Golden, Colo.: Fulcrum.

De Villers, Marq. 2000. Water: The Fate of Our Most Precious Resource. New York: Mariner (Houghton-Mifflin).

Dielelmann, John, et al, 2003. Natural Landscaping: Designing with Native Plant Communities. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.

Dodds, Walter K. 2002. Freshwater Ecology: Concepts and Environmental Applications. New York: Academic Press.

Druse, Ken. 2004. The Natural Habitat Garden. Portland, Ore.: Timber

Duncan, David J. 2001. My Story as Told By Water. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books.

Dykaar, Bruce B., and David A. Schrom. 2003. “Public Ownership of US Streambeds and Floodplains: A Basis for Ecological Stewardship.” BioScience, vol. 53, no. 4, 428.

Dzurik, Andrew A. 1993. Water Resources Planning. Lantham, Md.: University Press of America.

Earth Justice. Water.

Economy, Elizabeth C. 2004. The River Runs Black: The Environmental Challenge to China’s Future. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.

Eco-Portal—The Environmental Sustainability Info Source. Ocean.

Eco-Portal—The Environmental Sustainability Info Source. Water.

Edmonson, W. T. 1996. The Uses of Ecology: Lake Washington and Beyond. Seattle: University of Washington Press.

Eduseek. Dams Around the World.

El-Ashry, Mohamed, and Diana C. Gibbons, eds. 1988. Water and Arid Lands of the Western United States. Washington, D.C.: World Resources Institute.

Engleman, Robert, and Pamela LeRoy. 1993. Sustaining Water: Population and the Future of Renewable Water Supplies. Washington, D.C.: Population Action International.

Envirolink: The Online Environmental Community: Water Quality.

Environmental and Energy Study Institute. 1993. New Policy Directions to Sustain the Nation's Water Resources. Washington, D.C.: Environmental and Energy Study Institute.

Environment Canada. Water.

Ernst, Howard R. 2003. Chesapeake Bay Blues: Science, Politics, and the Struggle to Save the Bay. Lantham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield.

Falkenmark, Malin, and Carl Widstand. 1992. "Population and Water Resources: A Delicate Balance." Population Bulletin, vol. 47, no. 3, 1.

Fayzieva, D., ed. 2003. Environmental Health in the Aral Sea Basin: The Present and Future. Southampton, UK: WIT Press.

Ferguson, Robert. 2003. The Devil and the Disappearing Sea: A True Story About the Aral Sea Catastrophe. Vancouver, BC, Canada: Raincoast.

Fields, Scott. “Global Nitrogen: Cycling Out of Control.” Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 12, no. 10, July.

Fitzhugh, Thomas W., and Brian D. Richter. 2004. “Quenching Urban Thirst: Growing Cities and Their Impacts on Freshwater Ecosystems.” BioScience, vol. 54, no 8, 741.

Floods. Satellite Views.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Aquastat Global Information System of Water and Agriculture.

Ford, Timothy E. 2004. Increasing Risks From Waterborne Disease: Both U.S. and International Concerns.

Fountain, Henry. 2003. “The Science of Rain-Making is Still Patchy.” New York Times, October 19.

Gardner, Gary. 1995. "From Oasis to Mirage: The Aquifers That Won't Replenish." World Watch, May/June, 30–36, 40.

Gardner, Gary. 1998. "Recycling Human Waste: Fertile Ground or Toxic Legacy?" World Watch, January/February, 28.

Glanz, Michael H., ed. 1999. Creeping Environmental Problems and Sustainable Development in the Aral Sea. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Gleick, Peter H. 1994. "Water, War and Peace in the Middle East." Environment, April, 6.

Gleick, Peter H. 2001. "Water: Threats and Challenges Facing the United States." Environment, vol. 43, no. 2, 19.

Gleick, Peter H. 2002. “Is the Skeptic All Wet? The Skeptical Environmentalist.” Environment, vol. 44, no. 6, 36.

Gleck, Peter H. 2003. “Global Freshwater Resources: Soft-Path Solutions for the 21st Century.” Science, vol. 302, 1524.

Gleick, Peter H. 2005. The World's Water 2004–2005: The Biennial Report on Freshwater Resources. Washington, D.C.: Island.

Glennon, Robert. 2002.”The Perils of Groundwater Pumping.” Issues In Science And Technology, Fall, 73.

Glennon, Robert. 2002. Water Follies: Groundwater Pumping and the Fate of America’s Fresh Waters. Washington, D.C.: Island.

Gollehon, Noel, and William Quinby. 2000. “Irrigation in the American West: Area, Water, and Economic Activity, Water Resources Development, vol. 16, 2.

Gottlieb, Robert. 1989. A Life of Its Own: The Politics and Power of Water. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

Graf, W. I. 1985. The Colorado River. Washington, D.C.: Association of American feographers.

Gray, N. F. 2004. Biology of Wastewater Treatment. 2nd ed. London: Imperial College Press.

Green Nature. 2004. Fresh Water.

Green Nature. 2004. Rivers.

Grossman, Elizabeth. 2002. Watershed: The Undamming of America. Boulder, Co., Counterpoint.

Haddad, Brent M. 1999. Rivers of Gold: Designing Markets to Allocate Water in California. Washington, D.C.: Island.

Hansen, Nancy R., et al. 1988. Controlling Nonpoint-Source Water Pollution. New York: National Audubon Society and the Conservation Society.

Harder, Ben. 2003. “A Safe Solution: Disinfection at Home Could Provide Africa with Cheap and Abundant Potable Water.” Science News, vol. 163, 136.

Harper, David M., and Alstair J. D. Ferguson, eds. 1995. The Ecological Basis of River Management. New York: Wiley.

Harvey, Charles F., et al. 2002. “Arsenic Mobility and Groundwater Extraction in Bangladesh.” Science, vol. 298, 1602.

Haslam, S. M. 1994. River Pollution: An Ecological Perspective. New York: Wiley.

Hayes, Miles O. 1999. Black Tides. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Hemenway, Toby, and John Todd. 2001. Gaia’s Garden: A Guide to Home-Scale Permaculture. White River Junction, Vt.: Chelsea Green.

Hillel, Daniel. 1995. Rivers of Eden: The Struggle for Water and the Quest for Peace in the Middle East. New York: Oxford University Press.

Hillel, Daniel. 2004. The Global Water Supply.

Hinrichsen, Don. 1998. Coastal Waters of the World: Trends, Threats, and Strategies. Washington, D.C.: Island.

Hinrichsen, Don. 2003. “A Human Thirst.” World Watch, January/February, 12.

Hirsch, Robert M., et al. 2001. "Using Today’s Science to Plan for Tomorrow’s Water Policies." Environment, vol. 43, no. 1, 8.

Holeck, Kristen T., et al. 2004. “Bridging Troubled Waters: Biological Invasions, Transoceanic Shipping, and the Laurentian Great Lakes.” BioScience, vol. 54, no. 10, 919.

Holland, Marjorie, et al., eds. 2003. Achieving Sustainable Freshwater Systems: A Web of Connections. Washington, D.C.: Island.

Horne, A. J., and C. R. Goldman. 1994. Limnology. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Horton, Tom. 2003. Turning the Tide: Saving the Chesapeake Bay. 2nd ed. Washington, D.C.: Island.

Howard, Brian. 2003. “Message in a Bottle: Despite the Hype, Bottled Water is Neither Cleaner nor Greener Than Tap Water.” E Magazine, September/October, 27.

Hundley, Norris, Jr. 1992. The Great Thirst: Californians and Water, 1770s–1990s. Berkeley: University of California Press.

International Arid Lands Consortium. Water Issues, Policy, and Management.

International Rivers Network. Three Gorges Campaign.

Ives, J. D., and B. Messeric. 1989. The Himalayan Dilemma: Reconciling Development and Conservation. New York: Routledge.

Iyer, Ramaswamy R. 2003. Water: Perspectives, Issues, Concerns. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage.

Jacobs, Jeffrey W., and James L. Wescoat Jr. 2002. “Managing River Resources.” Environment, vol. 44, no. 2, 6.

Jacobs, Katharine L., et al. 2003. “Cal Fed: An Experiment in Science and Decisionmaking.” Environment, vol.45, no. 1, 28.

Jefferies, Michael, and Derek Mills. 1995. Freshwater Ecology: Principles and Applications. New York: Wiley.

Jehl, Douglas. 2000. “Tampa Bay Looks to the Sea to Quench Its Thirst.” New York Times, Mar. 12.

Jenkins, Virginia S. 1994. The Lawn: A History of an American Obsession. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution.

Jensen, Robert. 2004. “India’s Mega-Dams: Temples or Burial Grounds? AlterNet, September 21.

Jewell, William J. 1994. "Resource-Recovery Wastewater Treatment." American Scientist, vol. 82, 366.

Johnson, Nels, et al. 2001. “Managing Water for People and Nature.” Science, vol. 292, 1071.

Jones, J. A. A. 1996. Global Hydrology: Process and Management Implications. London: Longman.

Joyce, Stephanie. 1997. "Is It Worth a Dam?" Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 105, no. 10, 1050.

Keeble, John. 1991. Out of the Channel: The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill in Prince William Sound. New York: HarperCollins.

Khagram, Sanjeev. 2003. “Neither Temples Nor Tombs: Global Analysis of Large Dams.” Environment, vol. 45, no. 4, 28.

Kliot, N. 1993. Water Resources and Conflict in the Middle East. New York: Routledge.

Klare, Michael T. 2001. Resource Wars: The New Landscape of Global Conflict. New York: Metropolitan.

Knopman, Debra S., and Richard A. Smith. 1993. "20 Years of the Clean Water Act." Environment, vol. 35, no. 1, 17.

Kotlyakov, V. M. 1991. "The Aral Sea Basin: A Critical Environmental Zone." Environment, vol. 33, no. 1, 4.

Kourik, Robert. 1992. Drip Irrigation. Santa Rosa, Calif.: Edible Publications.

Lauer, William C., ed. 2005. Desalination of Seawater and Brackish Water. Denver, Colo,: American Waterworks Association.

Laws, Edward A. 2000. Aquatic Pollution: An Introductory Text. 3rd ed. New York: Wiley.

Levin, Ted. 2003. Liquid Land: A Journey Through the Florida Everglades. Athens: University of Georgia Press.

Lewis, William M. Jr., ed. 2003. Water and Climate in the Western United States. Boulder: University of Colorado Press.

Logan, Karen. 1997. Clean House Clean Planet. New York: Pocket.

Lowry, William P. 2003. Dam Politics: Restoring America’s Rivers. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press.

Ludwig, Art. 2000. Create an Oasis with Greywater: Your Complete Guide to Choosing, Building, and Using Greywater Systems. Los Angeles, Calif.: Oasis Design.

Mallin, Michael A., et al. 2002. “Impacts and Recovery from Multiple Hurricanes in a Piedmont-Coastal Plain River Systam.” BioScience, vol. 52, no. 11, 999.

Markels, Alex. 2002. “In a Drought, Just Let’er Drip.” U.S. News & World Report, June 24, D8.

Maryland Department of Natural Resources. Harmful Algae Blooms.

Marulies, Phillip. 2003. The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill (When Disaster Strikes). New York: Rosen.

Marx, Wesley. 1991. The Frail Ocean: A Blueprint for Change in the 1990s and Beyond. San Francisco, Calif.: Sierra Club Books.

Mason, C. F. 2002. Biology of Freshwater Pollution. 4th ed. Reading, Mass.: Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall.

Massey, Rachel. 2001. “Arsenic From Your Tap” Rachel’s News, #722, Apr. 12.

Mastny, Lisa, and Hilary French. 2002. “Crimes of a Global Nature.” World Watch, September/October, 12.

McClure, Chris. 1996. Three Gorges Dam: Technological Advance or Environmental Decline?

McCully, Patrick. 2001. Silenced Rivers: The Ecology and Politics of Large Dams. Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Zed.

McCutcheon, Sean. 1992. Electric Rivers: The Story of the James River Project. New York: Paul.

Meharg, Andrew. 2005. Venomous Earth: How Arsenic Caused the World’s Worst Mass Poisoning. New York: Macmillan.

Merrett, S. 1997. Introduction to the Economics of Water Resources. London: UCL.

Micklin, Philip P., and William D. Williams. 1996. The Aral Sea Basin. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Mitchell, Bruce, ed. 1990. Integrated Water Management. New York: Belhaven.

Moffat, Anne Simon. 2002. “Finding New Ways to Protect Drought-Stricken Plants.” Science, vol. 296, 1226.

Munasinghe, Mohan. 1992. Water Supply and Environmental Management. Boulder, Colo.: Westview.

Murphy, Dean E. 2003. “Pact in West Will Send Farms’ Water to Cities.” New York Times, October 17.

Myers, Mary Fran, and Gilbert F. White. 1993. "The Challenge of the Mississippi Flood." Environment, vol. 35, no. 10, 6.

Naiman, Robert J., ed. 1992. Watershed Management: Balancing Sustainability and Environmental Change. New York: Springer-Verlag.

NASA. Understanding the Global Water Cycle.

National Academy of Sciences. 1992. Water Transfers in the West: Efficiency, Equity, and the Environment. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press.

National Academy of Sciences. 1997. Valuing Ground Water. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press.

National Academy of Sciences. 2000. Clean Coastal Waters: Understanding and Reducing the Effects of Nutrient Pollution. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press.

National Academy of Sciences. 2001. Arsenic in Drinking Water: 2001 Update. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press.

National Academy of Sciences. 2002. Biosolids Applied to Land: Advancing Standards and Practices. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press.

National Academy of Sciences. 2004. Privatization of Water Services in the United States: An Assessment of Issues and Experience. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press.

National Academy of Sciences. 2004. Review of the Desalination and Water Purification Technology Roadmap. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Center for Sponsored Coastal Ocean Research Coastal Ocean Program (NOAA/CSCOR/COP). The Harmful Algae Page.

Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC). Clean Water and Oceans.

Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC). 1989. Ebb Tide for Pollution: Actions for Cleaning Up Coastal Waters. Washington, D.C.: Natural Resources Defense Council.

Nickson, Ross, et al. 1998. “Arsenic Poisoning of Bangladesh Groundwater.” Nature, vol. 395, 338.

Newton, David E. 2003. Encyclopedia of Water. Westport, Conn.: Oryx.

NOAA. Coral Reef Information System.

NOAA. North American Drought: A Paleo (Historical)Perspective.

NOAA. Ocean.

Nordstrom, D. Kirk. 2002. “Worldwide Occurrences of Arsenic in Ground Water.” Science, vol. 296, 2143.

Northwest Fisheries Science Center. Harmful Algal Blooms Program.

Obmascik, Mark. 2001. A Consumer’s Guide to Drinking Water: Where It Comes From, How It’s Made Safe and What to Do If Something Goes Wrong. Denver, Colo.: American Water Works Association.

Oceana. Protecting and Restoring the World’s Oceans.

Olivera, Oscar, and Tom Lewis. 2004. Cochabamba! Water Rebellion in Bolivia. Cambridge, Mass.: South End.

Olmstead, Shelia M. 2003. “Water Supply and Poor Communities: What’s Price Got to Do With It? Environment, vol. 45, no. 10, 22.

Opie, John. 1993. Ogallala: Water for a Dry Land. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

Outwater, Alice. 1996. Water: A Natural History. New York: Basic Books.

Owens, Owen D. 1993. Living Waters: How to Save Your Local Stream. Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press.

Pala, Christopher. 2003. “$85 Million Project Begins for Revival of the Aral Sea.” New York Times, August 5.

Palmer, Tim. 1994. Lifelines: The Case for River Conservation. Washington, D.C.: Island.

Pankratz, Tom M. 2003. An Environmental Primer. Houston, Texas: Lone Oak.

Parker, D., and J. Handmer, eds. 2000. Floods. New York: Routledge.

Parris, Thomas M. 2004. Is It Safe to Swim Here? Key Websites.” Environment, vol. 46, no. 4, 3.

Patrick, Ruth, et al. 1992. Surface Water Quality: Have the Laws Been Successful? Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

Pearce, Fred. 1992. The Dammed: Rivers, Dams, and the Coming World Water Crisis. London: Bodley Head.

People & Planet. Water.§ion=14

Pernin, Christopher G., et al, 2002.Generating Electrical Power in the Pacific Northwest: Implications of Alternative Technologies. Santa Monica, Calif.: RAND.

Peterson, Charles H. 2003. “Long-term Ecosystem Response to the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill.” Science, vol. 302, 2082.

Philippi, Nancy. 1995. "Plugging the Gaps in Flood-Control Policy." Issues in Science and Technology, Winter, 71.

Pielou, E. C. 2000. Fresh Water. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press.

Pimentel, David, and Anne Wilson. 2004. “World Population, Agriculture, and Malnutrition.” World Watch, September/October, 22.

Pimentel, David, et al. 2004. “Water Resources: Agricultural and Environmental Issues.” BioScience, vol. 54, no. 10, 909.

Planet Ark. 2002. Chronology of Major Oil Spills. Nov. 20.

Platt, Anne. 1996. "Water-Borne Killers." World Watch, March/April, 28.

Poff, N. LeRoy, et al. 1997. "The Natural Flow Regime: A Paradigm for River Conservation and Restoration." BioScience, vol. 47, no. 11, 769.

Porto, David, and Carol Steinfeld. 1999. The Composting Toilet System Book: A Practical Guide to Choosing, Planning and Maintaining Composting Toilet Systems. Concord, Mass.: Center for Ecological Pollution Prevention.

Postel, Sandra. 1997. Last Oasis: Facing Water Scarcity. 2d ed. New York: Norton.

Postel, Sandra. 1999. Pillar of Sand: Can the Irrigation Miracle Last? New York: Norton.

Postel, Sandra, and Brian Richter. 2003. Rivers for Life: Managing Water for People and Nature. Washington, D.C.: Island.

Postel, Sandra, et al. 1996. "Human Appropriation of Renewable Fresh Water." Science, vol. 271, 785.

Postel, Sandra, and Amy Vickers. 2004. “Boosting Water Productivity.” In Worldwatch Institute, State of the World 2004, (New York: Norton), p. 46.

Prillwitz, Marsha, and Larry Farwell. 1994. Graywater Guide. Sacramento: California Department of Water Resources.

Public Citizen. Critical Mass Energy and Environment Program: Water for All.

Qing, Dai. 1994. Yangtse! Yangtze! Debate Over the Three Gorges Project. Armonk, N.Y.: M. E. Sharpe.

Qing, Dai, et al. 1998. The River Dragon Has Come: The Three Gorges Dam and the Fate of China’s Yangtze River and Its People. London: Earthscan.

Raines, Diane. 2002. Water Wars: Drought, Flood, Folly, and the Politics of Thirst. New York: Riverhead (Penguin).

Rand, Honey. 2003. Water Wars: A Story of People, Power, and Politics. Philadelphia, Penn.: Xlibris.

Reefbase. A Global Information System on Coral Reefs.

Reisner, Marc. 2003. A Dangerous Place: California’s Unsettling Fate. New York: Pantheon.

Reisner, Marc, and Sara F. Bates. 1991. Overtapped Oasis: Reform or Revolution for Western Water. Washington, D.C.: Island.

Renner, Michael. 2002. The Anatomy of Resource Wars. Washington, D.C.: Worldwatch Institute.

Renner, Michael. 2003. “Oil and Blood: The Way To Take Over The World.” World Watch, January/February, 19.

Reuther, Christopher G. 2000. "Saline Solutions: The Quest for Fresh Water." Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 108, no. 2, A78.

Rijsberman, F. R., ed. 2000. World Water Scenarios: Analyzing Global Water Resources and Use. London: E & FN Spon.

Rocky Mountain Institute. Water.

Rogers, Peter, and Peter Lydon, eds. 1994. Water in the Arab World: Perspectives and Prognoses. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Rosegrant, Mark W., et al. 2003. World Water and Food 2025: Averting an Impending Crisis. Washington, D.C.: International Food Policy Research Institute.

Roth, Sally. 2003. Natural Landscaping: Gardening with Nature to Create a Backyard Paradise. Emmaus, Pa.: Rodale.

Rothfeder, Jeffrey. 2004. Every Drop for Sale: Our Desperate Battle Over Water in a World About Ready to Run Out. New York: Tarcher Putnam.

Rubin, Carole. 2003. How to Get Your Lawn and Garden Off Drugs: A Basic Guide to Pesticide-Free Gardening in North America. 2nd ed. Madeira Park, BC, Canada: Harbour

Rubin, Carole, et al. 2002. How to Get Your Lawn Off Grass: A North American Guide to Turning Off the Water Tap and Going Native. Madeira Park, BC, Canada: Harbour

Sampat, Payal. 2000. Deep Trouble: The Hidden Threat of Groundwater Pollution. Washington, D.C.: Worldwatch Institute.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. Our Troubled Sound: A Five-Part Series.

Shady, Aly M., et al., eds. 1996. Management and Development of Major Rivers. New York: Oxford University Press.

Shaver, Matthew. 2001. Waste Lands: The Threat of Toxic Fertilizer. May 3.

Sheaffer, John R., et al. 2002. "Encouraging the Use of Flood Plains with Market-Based Incentives." Environment, vol. 44, no. 1, 33.

Shiva, Vandana. 2002. Water Wars: Privatization, Pollution, and Profit. Cambridge, Mass.: South End.

Siegel-Maier, Karyn. 1999. The Naturally Clean Home: 101 Safe and Easy Herbal Formulas for Non-Toxic Cleansers. North Adams, Mass.: Storey.

Sierra Club Defense Fund. 1989. The Poisoned Well: New Strategies for Groundwater Protection. Washington, D.C.: Island.

Sink, Mindy, 2004. “Colorado Faces New Divide: Deiced Roads vs. Ecosystems.” New York Times, Mar. 9.

Smith, Allan H., et al. 2002. “Arsenic Epidemiology and Drinking Water Standards.” Science, vol. 296, 2145.

Smith, Craig S. 2003. “Saudis Worry as They Waste Their Scarce Water.” New York Times, January 26.

Smith, K. and R. Ward. 1998. Floods: Physical Processes and Human Impacts. New York: Wiley.

Smith, Zachary, and Grenetta Thomassey. 2003. Fresh Water Issues: A Reference Handbook. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO.

Smithsonian Institution Exhibition. Ocean Planet.

Society of Environmental Journalists.

Sparks, Richard E. 1995. "Need for Ecosystem Management of Large Rivers and Their Floodplains." BioScience, vol. 45, no. 3, 168.

Starr, Joyce R. 1991. "Water Wars." Foreign Policy, Spring, 12.

Status of Mangrove Systems.

Stauffer, Julie. 1998. The Water Crisis: Construction Solutions to Freshwater Pollution. London: Earthscan

Stauffer, Julie. 2003. The Water You Drink: Safe or Suspect? Gabriola Island B.C., Canada: New Society.

Stein, Sara B. 1995. Noah’s Garden: Restoring the Ecology of Our Back Yards. New York: Houghton Mifflin.

Steingraber, Sandra. 1998. Living Downstream: A Scientist’s Personal Investigation of Cancer and the Environment. New York.: Vintage.

Stevens, William K.. 1999. “After the Storm: An Ecological Bomb..” New York Times, Nov. 30

Stevens, William K.. 1999. “Trouble Brewing in a Diverse Estuary.” Images of North Carolina’s Rivers before and after several 1999 hurricanes. Nov. 30.

Sullivan, Patrick J., et al. 2002. America’s Threatened Drinking Water: Hazards and Solutions. New Bern, N.C.: Trafford.

Swanson, Peter. 2001. Water: The Drop of Life. New York: Creative Publishing.

Taylor, Patricia A. 1996. Easy Care Native Plants: A Guide to Selecting and Using Beautiful American Flowers, Shrubs, and Trees in Gardens and Landscapes. New York: Henry Holt.

Tomchick, Maria. 2002. “The Never-Ending Oil Spill.” AlterNet, Dec. 16.

United Nations. Atlas of the Oceans.

United Nations. 2002. Water: A Matter of Life and Death.

United Nations. 2003. Water for People-Water for Life: The UN World Water Development Report. New York: Berghahn.

United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. 2002. “Comprehensive Assessment of the Freshwater Resources of the World.”

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). Water Portal.

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). World Water Assessment Programme.

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