Centers of trade (cities); advanced technology; specialized workers; written language; complex institutions



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  1. What are the 5 traits of a civilization?

centers of trade (cities); advanced technology; specialized workers; written language; complex institutions (government & religion)

  1. __________ Humanity’s past based upon written records

History

  1. The 3 major times periods of Western civilization are: ______________, _______________ and modern.

Ancient - 4000 B.C.-A.D. 500; Medieval- 500 - 1400; Modern- 1400 - present

  1. What specific geographical feature allowed Paleolithic peoples to enter North America?

Bering Strait

  1. Describe the difference between Paleolithic & Neolithic times.

Paleolithic Age was defined by people being nomadic and serving as hunters/gatherers.

The Neolithic Agricultural Revolution describes the way life changed when people settled in villages and domesticated animals.



  1. What is cultural diffusion?

The spread of ideas, customs, and technology from one people to another through migration, trade, and warfare

  1. Identify the three major time periods or eras for Western Civilization.

Ancient - 4000 B.C.-A.D. 500; Medieval- 500 - 1400; Modern- 1400 - present

  1. What became the world’s first written law code?

Hammurabi’s Code

  1. What are the 3 major monotheistic religions? Briefly describe each.

Judaism

Christianity

Islam


  1. What was the Silk Road and what impact did it have?

A trade route that connected the “East” to the “West”

  1. Know important details of the following early civilizations:

    1. Mesopotamia

    2. Egypt

    3. China

    4. India

  2. Describe ethical monotheism

The idea introduced by the Israelites that one’s behavior should be based on a moral code following the laws of one God

  1. On which peninsula is Greece located?

Balkan Peninsula

  1. Which conflict was fought between Mycenae and Troy and written about by Homer?

Trojan War

  1. Who were the members of Rome’s First Triumvirate?

It was formed by Julius Caesar, and included 3 people in total

  1. Why was Julius Caesar assassinated?

The Roman Senate feared he would become too powerful (a king)

  1. Who were the members of Rome’s Second Triumvirate?

Will not be on test, disregard.

  1. Who became the first emperor of the Roman Empire?

Octavian (Augustus)

  1. What influences did the United States take from Ancient Greece & Ancient Rome?

Many aspects of our government, such as democracy.

  1. __________ An aristocratic Roman citizen

Plebian

  1. __________ A common Roman citizen

Patrician

  1. List & describe the levels of Feudalism in Medieval Europe

King/Church

Lord


Knight

Serf


  1. __________ The law of the Catholic Church

Canon Law

  1. Describe the influence of the Catholic Church on Medieval Europe

Heavily influenced the life of all involved, from king to serfs.

  1. What are the religious books for Judaism, Christianity, and Islam?

Judaism- Torah

Christianity- Bible

Islam- Quaran


  1. What were the 5 relationships focused on in Confucianism?

Brother-Brother, Son-Father, Husband-Wife, Ruler-Ruled, Friend-Friend

  1. What city became known as the “city of the prophet” in the Islamic faith?

Medina

  1. Describe the feudal pyramid that defined Medieval Europe

King/Church

Lord


Knight

Serf


  1. When did Rome fall?

476 AD

  1. What is “autocratic” rule?

Rule by one person

  1. What is “theocratic” rule?

Rule by a religious leader

  1. What is the difference in a monotheistic religion and a polytheistic religion?

Monotheistic- One god Polytheistic- More than one god

  1. What was the official policy of the Qin dynasty?

Legalism

  1. How did the Zhou Dynasty justify its rule?

Mandate of Heaven

  1. Which Chinese dynasty began the Great Wall?

Qin

  1. Which Chinese dynasty introduced Buddhism to China?

Han

  1. How did the Twelve Tables impact life for the Plebians of Rome?

It gave them more voice and involvement in government matters

  1. What city has significant meaning to both Judaism, Christianity and Islam?

Jerusalem

  1. The Treaty of Verdun ended the civil war taking place in what empire?

Charlemagne’s Empire

  1. What disease wiped out up to ½ of Europe’s population during the Middle Ages?

The Black Death

Describe the significance of the following people

  1. Hammurabi- Write the world’s first code of law

  2. Alexander the Great- Greek ruler who

  3. Julius Caesar- Leader of Rome’s First Triumvirate who was eventually assassinated because of his popularity and the fear by Senate members that he would become a king

  4. Charlemagne- His dynasty was the last to fall before Europe slipped into the “Middle Ages” and feudalism

  5. Pepin the Short- Granted the Papal States to the Catholic Church

  6. Octavian/Augustus- First emperor of Rome

Study major accomplishments/descriptors for the following early civilizations

  1. Sumer

  2. Egypt

  3. India

  4. China

Fill-in-the-Blank

  1. The spread of ideas, customs, and technology from one people to another through migration, trade, and warfare is called cultural diffusion.

  2. Most scientists believe the Bering land bridge allowed people to migrate from Asia to North America thousands of years ago.

  3. One reasons the earliest civilization developed at the eastern end of the Fertile Crescent in present-day Iraq was that the rivers in the area provided favorable conditions for agriculture.

  4. One reasons the earliest civilization developed at the eastern end of the Fertile Crescent in present-day Iraq was that the rivers in the area provided favorable conditions for agriculture.

  5. A result of the Persian Wars was that Athens became the dominant Greek city-state.

  6. A result of the civil war fought between Athens and Sparta was that totalitarianism (kind of government) defeated democracy (kind of government).

  7. Alexander the Great’s most lasting contribution was the assimilation of the Greek culture with other cultures.

  8. A similarity between ancient Athens and modern America is that both practiced popular sovereignty

  9. The Romans became suspicious of the motives of any monarchy, they chose instead to establish a kind of rule based on a republic

  10. Roman ideas that the framers of the U. S. Constitution eventually adopted were a) the Senate, b) checks and balances on political power, c) and the power to veto.

  11. The Romans established control of foreign lands and peoples by practicing the policy of imperialism.

  12. Julius Caesar was assassinated by senate enemies because they feared he planned to become king.

  13. The major result of the three Punic Wars was that Roman culture continued through the ages rather than the culture of Carthage.

  14. The founder of Christianity was born in the Roman region called Palestine during the reign of Roman Emperor Augustus.

  15. The significance of the Battle of Tours is that Major Domo Martel hammered the Muslims out of Christian France.

  16. Pepin the Short, “King of the Franks by the grace of God,” gave the pope Italian lands called the Papal States

  17. Feudalism developed in Western Europe there was no longer a strong, centralized government to keep law and order.

  18. The economic system of feudalism revolved around self-sufficient manors because it was not safe to leave the manor Serfs were responsible for keeping the manor self-sufficient because there was little or no trade.

  19. Medina became known as the “city of the prophet” because this is where Muhammad converted the first Muslims.

  20. The religious groups that Muhammad considered to be “People of the Book” are Jews & Christians

  21. List the three reasons for the Muslims’ early conquests of foreign lands: a) to spread their religions through jihads; b) to relieve overcrowding on the Arabian Peninsula; and c) the Persian and Byzantine Empires were to weak to resist Muslim invasion

  22. The old Ottoman Empire is now the country of Turkey

  23. This city, located near the Nile, became a center of Islamic learning: Alexandria

  24. The Pax Mongolica can be compared to ancient Rome’s time of peace and prosperity.

  25. The Tang and the Song showed a high respect for education by allowing young men to study for civil service exams to enter government employment.

  26. Chinese merchants were considered the lowest in Chinese society was because they made their living on the backs of laborers.

  27. A way the Ming emperors tried to restore Chinese culture was by re-introducing the

civil service exams.

  1. A purpose of China’s Zheng He’s overseas expeditions was to bring together the continents and the seas

  2. The Grand Canal connected Beijing, the Hwang Ho, and Yangtze Rivers for grain shipping grain.

  3. Ancient Chinese Buddhist built these throughout China. _pagodas ___________

  4. This was a technique used to limit the mobility of women in Ancient China. _____foot binding______________

  5. Elaborate drawing were depicted on this using black ink. ____________SILK___________

  6. Explosive material design first for elaborate light shows and celebration and later was used for warfare. ________Gun Powder_____________

  7. Way of life that dictated the Ancient Chinese Civilization. ___Confucianism _________________

  8. Who united the tribal Mongol people? _________Kublai Khan________________

  9. Pax Mongolica, the Mongolian golden age is followed by the rein of ?

  10. What was the name Kublai Khan took after he integrated Chinese culture into the Mongol way of life? Yuan

  11. Which Confucian tradition best exemplifies the relationship between China and Korea? Older Brother younger brother

  12. Use the following terms to complete the Japanese Feudal Pyramid:



Samurai Peasant Shogun Artisans Daimyo Merchants Emperor







  1. The Merovingian Dynasty ruled which barbaric tribe? ______Franks _______________

  2. The significance of the Battle of Tours is that Charles Martel ______Hammered the Muslims out of Christian Gaul ___________________________

  3. ___Charlemagne _______________________ began the Carolingian Dynasty

  4. What happened after the treaty of Verdun was signed? The Empire was weak and was attacked ________________________

  5. Court used to try Heretics? _________Inquisition _____________

  6. Free labor tax paid by serfs to their lords to work the lands? __corvee____________________

  7. Worldly interest by the Church? ___secular_________________

  8. What is the significance of the Major Domo? ____Mayor of the palace of a weak Morgovian Dynasty whose power eventually became hereditary.

  9. What was the role of a journeyman? _____salary paid worker who works to create a masterpiece to be accepted by the guild.

  10. What are the three types of trials of Germanic Justice? Trial by jury, trial by combat, trial by compurgation



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