A medical specialty that treats ear, nose, and throat problems.
A physician who specializes in the disorders of the ear, nose, throat.
The sense organ for hearing and balance.
The soft, fleshy, pendulous lower part of the external ear.
Syn. Outer ear
The outer portion of the ear, extending from the visible organ on the head to the ear drum.
The tube-like passage through which sound enters the ear.
Ear drumSyn. tympanic membrane
A thin membrane that separates the external ear from the middle ear. Its function is to transmit sound from the air to the bones inside the middle ear. Rupture or perforation of the eardrum can lead to hearing loss.
The middle ear is the space behind the eardrum.
The internal portion of the ear inside the skull involved in hearing and balance.
The vestibular system detects motion of the head in space and in turn generates reflexes that help us maintain balance. It also provides us with our subjective sense of movement and orientation in space.
The tube that connects the middle ear with the back of the nose. Normally this tube lets fluid drain out of the middle ear.
A wax-like secretion from glands in the ear canal.
A gradual accumulation or increase of something negative and typically leading to a problem.
A brand of cotton-tipped swab used especially for cleansing a small area or for applying medications.
A condition that occurs when water is trapped in the ear canal, leading to an infection in the outer ear and ear canal.
Otitis media with effusion
A condition which occurs when there is fluid (effusion) in the middle ear. Fluid in the middle ear usually doesn't bother children. It almost always goes away on its own in a few weeks to a few months. So, this kind of ear problem doesn't usually need to be treated with antibiotics, unless the fluid doesn't go away.
Syn. Perforated eardrum
A condition resulting in an opening or hole in the eardrum. Damage to the eardrum may harm hearing.
An infection of the bone behind the ear. It is usually caused by a middle ear infection (acute otitis media). The infection may spread from the ear to the mastoid bone of the skull. The mastoid bone fills with infected materials and its honeycomb-like structure may deteriorate.
Medical problems that arise from the pressure differences between ears and the environment (water, air) and is a particular concern for scuba divers. It may also happen during an airplane flight.
External ear squeeze
A type of barotrauma, which occurs when your ear canal is blocked by something such as earwax. As the water pressure increases while you descend, the air pocket between the obstruction and the eardrum shrinks. This can damage the tissue in the ear canal, usually your eardrum.
Middle ear squeeze
A type of barotrauma, which occurs when you cannot equalize the pressure in your middle ear.
A dysfunction of the balance organs of the inner ear
A sensation of lightheadedness, faintness, or unsteadiness. It can be a primary sign of a vestibular disorder in addition to a broad array of cardiovascular, neurological, metabolic, vision, and psychological problems.
A rotational, spinning sensation. An extreme feeling of the surrounding area spinning or moving.
A feeling of unsteadiness, imbalance, or loss of equilibrium that is often accompanied by spatial disorientation.
An ear disorder that involves irritation and swelling (inflammation) of the inner ear.
An inner ear disorder that affects balance and hearing.
Ringing in the Ears(colloq.)
"Hearing" noises in your ears when there is no outside source of the sounds. The noises you hear can be soft or loud. They may sound like ringing, blowing, roaring, buzzing, hissing, humming, whistling, or sizzling.
A noncancerous growth or tumor on the auditory nerve near the inner ear. The auditory nerve carries sound impulses from the ear to the brain. An acoustic neuroma grows slowly and can cause hearing loss in the affected ear. Although the growth is not cancerous, it can press on other nerves or brain tissues as it grows.
To pull on the ear
Syn. To tug at the ear
To hold onto the ear and move it towards yourself or down.
A stuffy or plugged-up feeling in the ear
A feeling in the ear as if something obstructs it.
Hearing sounds not at their actual volume but as if being obstructed in some way; muted.
Liquid medicine designed to be dripped into the ear canal.
Surgery performed on the external, middle or internal ear.
Tiny plastic tubes that help drain the fluid from the middle ear, and balance the pressure in a child's ears. They allow air into the middle ear so that fluid can drain out down the eustachian tube. They're put into the eardrum during surgery and stay in place for an average of 6 to 9 months. The tubes are usually left in place until they fall out on their own or your doctor decides your child no longer needs them.
Syn. Audiometric test
Part of an ear examination that evaluates a person's ability to hear by measuring the ability of sound to reach the brain. The test is often performed using an audiometer.
A device used to determine a person's hearing sensitivity at different frequencies.
Hearing specialists who are trained to identify, diagnose, measure, and treat hearing disorders or balance problems.
The inability to hear sound either partly or totally in one or both ears.
A device that is molded to fit inside your ear canal and can improve mild to moderate hearing loss in adults.
In-the-ear hearing aid
A custom made device that fills most of the bowl-shaped area of your outer ear. This style is helpful for people with mild to severe hearing loss.
Behind-the-ear hearing aid
A device that hooks over the top of your ear and rests behind the ear. The hearing aid picks up sound, amplifies it and carries the amplified sound to an ear mold that fits inside your ear canal. This style is appropriate for almost all types of hearing loss and for people of all ages.
Open-fit hearing aid
Usually a very small behind-the-ear-style device that leaves the ear canal open. Sound travels from the instrument through a small tube or wire to a tiny dome or speaker in the ear canal. This style is best for mild to moderate high-frequency losses where low-frequency hearing is still normal or near normal.
An object made of a soft, pliable material, such as foam or rubber, and fitted into the ear canal to block the entry of water or loud noise.
A type of personal protective equipment that covers the entire outer ear, consisting of two ear coverings connected by a band and worn over the ears to protect them from noise or cold.
Certification Commission for Healthcare Interpreters (CCHI)
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