Most people have experienced bone fractures. Slips, falls, etc. are often the causes of bone fractures. Some people may be at higher risks for fractures than others. Recent research shows that people are at more risk for fractures if:
1. Have low bone density and frail bones.
2. Increased blood levels of the amino acid homocysteine
3. Excessive levels or intake of the fat soluble vitamin A
Fractures are classified based on the following criteria:
1. Position of the bone ends after fracture
Displaced fractures means that the end of the bone are out of normal alignment
The new bone can be taken from the patient's own healthy bone (this is called an autograft) or from frozen, donated bone (allograft).
A surgeon makes a cut over the bone defect. The bone graft is shaped and inserted into and around the area. The new bone is held in place with pins, plates, or screws. Stitches are used to close the wound. A splint or cast is usually used to prevent injury or movement while healing.