International College of Applied Kinesiology, Shawnee Mission, KS, 197X-2005
Over 2,000 papers published by and for members of the organization.
Muscle Testing & Manipulation – A Talk with the Pioneer of Applied Kinesiology, George Goodheart, D.C.
Am Chiro, Sept 2005:44-45
The Importance of Proprioceptive Testing To Chiropractic, Cuthbert, S.
Dynamic Chiropractic, Sept 13 2004;22(19)
For about 76 million Americans, proprioceptive disorders cause more than a passing problem. More than 5 million of them visit their doctors each year because occasional or chronic feelings of wooziness, spinning, lack of balance, and fainting are seriously interfering with their ability to work or to enjoy their leisure. In fact, dizziness and other equilibrium disorders are among the most common symptoms reported to physicians.
Body posture and balance can be adversely influenced by dysfunctions affecting the central nervous system, the peripheral nervous system, the eyes, the ears, and the musculoskeletal system, where proprioceptor and mechanoreceptor sensory organs lie. Defects in any of these tissues can lead to diminished postural function and increased instability, and eventually to trauma from falling. There is evidence that multiple factors can adversely affect the postural mechanism and that these factors are cumulative. One of the causes of the chiropractic subluxation may be found in faulty proprioceptive mechanisms in our patients. Proprioception, equilibrium and balance are at the core of human functioning.
Applied Kinesiology and the Motor Neuron, Belli, R.
Dynamic Chiropractic, April 2003, 21(9).
Hardly a single human function takes place without muscular involvement. Consequently, proficiency in analyzing muscles via AK MMT, coupled with a thorough understanding of the central nervous system, provides clinicians with an almost limitless method of evaluating functional conditions and all their nuances.
Applied Kinesiology: How To Add Cranial Therapy To Your Daily Practice, Cuthbert, S.
Dynamic Chiropractic, May 2003;21(11).
Many chiropractic physicians feel intimidated by the concept of cranial evaluation and treatment. If they were more sensitive to cranial-system dysfunction, they might be better able to help their difficult patients overcome many problems related to cranial dysfunction and lead happier, more successful lives. Not only chiropractors, but also osteopaths; holistic dentists; some medical doctors (especially in Europe); physical therapists; and massage therapists actively pursue cranial manipulative procedures. With our many gifts in functional neurological assessment, more chiropractors should possess the greatest gifts in cranial evaluation and treatment.
DeJarnette and Goodheart introduced into our profession diagnostic methods for the evaluation and treatment of cranial dysfunctions. The key technical factor that has advanced cranial diagnosis and treatment, and brought the entire field of cranial therapy into accessible, reproducible, practice and scientific form, was provided by Goodheart's discovery that the musculoskeletal system and manual muscle testing (MMT) reflects what is going on within the cranial mechanism.
AK Manual Muscle Testing: As Reliable As The Deep Tendon Reflex?, Caso, M.
Dynamic Chiropractic, June 2003;21(13).
Just as a DTR represents a "snapshot" of a spinal cord reflex loop, a manual muscle test is also a "snapshot." It is a clinical window of the central nervous system which, due to its plasticity, is constantly in flux. The only difference is that the manual muscle test is exceedingly more complex, not only in terms of its mechanism, but also in how well a doctor can be trained to perform it. That is where the science and the art must blend. The experienced neurologist will likely be more successful at eliciting an accurate DTR, and appropriately interpreting it in the context of an exam, than the family practice physician. By the same token, expert applied kinesiologists are better equipped with the psychomotor skills necessary to perform accurate MMT.7 In light of this, it is my opinion that the use of AK MMT, when understood as part of a greater clinical picture, can become standard procedure, as have DTRs.
Manual Muscle Testing and Postural Imbalance, Christensen, K.
Dynamic Chiropractic, November 2000;18(24).
Abstract: The best posture is one in which the body segments are balanced in the position of optimal alignment and maximum support, with full mobility available. Optimal posture allows for pain-free movement with a minimum of energy expenditure, and is a sign of vigor and harmonious control of the body.1 One of the most useful diagnostic procedures in chiropractic practice is the manual testing of the muscles responsible for maintaining postural alignment. This part of an examination provides valuable clinical information, which can be correlated with a patient's history and reported symptoms.
The Research Status of applied kinesiology, Part I, Rosen, M.S.
AK Review, 1(1);Fall 1990:42, and Chiro Econ, 37(2);Sept-Oct 1994:17
The Research Status of applied kinesiology, Part II, Rosen, M.S.
AK Review, 1(2);Spring 1991:34 and Chiro Econ, 37(6);May-June 1995):40
Infantile Colic – Does Every Baby Have It?, Arcadi, V.C.
Dynamic Chiropractic, February 1991;9(3).
The treatment, which is 90 percent effective in treating newborns and infants right from the moment they are born, is full spine chiropractic adjustments, especially in the occiput/C1 area and thoracics from T8 superior to T1. A newborn with cephalgia and cranial molding requires a cranial adjustment utilizing such gentle techniques as Upledger, Sacro-occipital Technique (SOT), or Applied Kinesiology. A cranial adjustment in my experience can be the most important adjustment that can be made to a newborn or infant. Reversing the damage done from the birth can be of optimal benefit to the baby as an infant, and throughout the child's life. Temporomandibular joint dysfunction early on can lead to breast feeding difficulties, headache, and improper feeding which in turn can lead to colic and digestive problems.
Applied kinesiology – what does the term mean? (Letter to the Editor), Goodheart, G.
Structural imbalance and nutritional absorption, Goodheart, G.
Am Chiro, Oct 1989:40-44
On the balancing of candida albicans and progenitor cryptocides: a triumph of the science of applied kinesiology, Rochlitz, S.
Townsend Letter for Doctors, May 1986;37:113-152
Kinesiology Korner: 21st Century Chiropractic, Mladenoff, E.
Am Chiro, Dec 1985:55
The cranium is a living structure, which has motion occurring in all sutures, if the cranium is functioning properly. It is believed that if the cranium is not functioning properly then cranial malfunction might cause health problems. It is noted that cranial malfunction can also produce local pain in the sutures, disturbances in the endocrine system, and inhibit cerebrospinal fluid motion and production. Cranial bone dysfunction can affect conditions such as hypertension, brain vascularity, visual difficulties, learning disabilities and temporomandibular joint imbalance.
A study of the results of Applied Kinesiology in a group of 123 Patients, McDowall, D.
Journal Of The Australian Chiropractic Association, 1983;13(2):26-7
Applied kinesiology: the advanced approach to athletic health care, B.M. Chambul, T.G. Chambul
Canadian Runner, May 1983:18-19
Applied kinesiology – the tangible measure of health imbalance and correction, Dalrymple, H, D.C.
Nature & Health, Winter 1982:79-81
A multi-disciplinary view of Herpes Simplex II, Goodheart, G.
Applied kinesiology diagnosis and treatment of emotional stress overload, Goodheart, G, Schmitt, W.
The Journal of Energy Medicine, 1980, 1:40-45.
The good hands man
Sports Illustrated, 51(3);July 16 1979:34
This was a feature article about the founder of AK, Dr. George Goodheart
Cranial Technique: A Clarification of Certain Principles, Goodheart, G, Schmitt W
Dig Chiro Econ, Nov/Dec 1977;20(3):26-29,74.
Normal cranial bone movement with respiration is reviewed. The frontal bone’s two halves rotate internally at the metopic suture on inspiration and externally on expiration. The temporal bone and innominate bones have similar but not identical respiratory movements. The mastoid process moves posteriorly and medially on inspiration, the opposite on expiration. Correction of “inspiration – and expiration – assist” cranial faults is therefore based on exaggeration of the fault and the “rebound” response of the dura mater.