8. Believe it or not, the famous Eiffel Tower used to be taken as a(n) on the landscape of Paris by most French people. They thought it totally clashed with the beauty of Paris.
(A) component (B) summit (C) ranking (D) eyesore
9. The personnel director has for a week but still can’t decide which applicant the company should employ, for all of the five applicants have a master’s degree and at least three years of working experience.
Stress is always with us. It 19 mental or emotional activity as well as physical activity. It is unique and personal to each of us. So personal, in actuality, that what may be relaxing to one person may be stressful to 20 . For instance, if you are an executive who likes keeping busy all the while, “taking it easy” at the beach on a beautiful day might be extremely frustrating, nonproductive, and upsetting. You may be emotionally distressed from “doing nothing.” Excessive emotional stress can
21 physical illness like high blood pressure, ulcers, or even heart disease; nonetheless, physical stress from work or exercise 22 cause such ailments. The truth is 23 physical exercise can help you relax and cope with your mental or emotional stress.
19. (A) leads to (B) stops in (C) happens on (D) derives from
20. (A) the other (B) each other (C) another (D) one another
21. (A) contribute to (B) attribute to (C) give priority to (D) be accustomed to
22. (A) is not likely that (B) is unlikely to
(C) would like to (D) feel like
23. (A) which (B) how (C) what (D) that
If, by some miracle, I were granted three seeing days, I should want to see the people 24 kindness and gentleness and companionship have made my life 25 . First, I should like to gaze long upon the face of my dear teacher, Mrs. Anne Sullivan Macy, who came to me when I was a child and opened the outer world to me. I should want not simply to see the outline of her face, 26 I could treasure it in my memory, 27 to study that face and find in it the living evidence of the compassionate tenderness and patience with which she achieved the difficult task of my education. I should like to see in her eyes that strength of character which has enabled her to 28 in the face of difficulties, and that sympathy for all human beings which she has revealed to me so often.
26. (A) but that (B) except that (C) such that (D) in order that
27. (A) also (B) but (C) as well (D) while
28. (A) stand firm (B) stand firmly (C) firm stand (D) stand firmness
I do not know what it is to see into the heart of a friend through that “window of the soul,” the eye. I can only “see” 29 my finger tips the outline of a face. I can detect laughter, sorrow, and many other obvious emotions. I know my friends from the feel of their faces. But I cannot really 30 their personalities through the thoughts they express to me, through 31 of their actions are revealed to me. I am denied that deeper understanding of them which I am sure would come through sight of them, through watching their reactions 32 various expressions and situations, through noting the immediate and fleeting reactions of their eyes and 33 .
It is hard to believe that, in the midst of the scientific and technological advancement of the 21st century, the Kombai tribe, a people living in the jungles of West Papua, New Guinea, still lives in a primitive way. Almost entirely 34 the outside world, the Kombai are completely self-sufficient and get their food, building materials, and clothing from the land around them. Resourceful
35 they are, living off the land is not easy and 36 in the constant search of food. With such an unforgiving environment, the Kombai are tough rather than hospitable. Therefore, if you are to live with the Kombai tribe, your first mission will be to find an accommodating Kombai clan. Traveling with an 37 guide doesn’t necessarily mean you are safe because the Kombai may think you trespass upon their territory and attack you at any moment. If you are lucky enough, you may avoid bloodshed 38 a peace offering. Once you become accepted as a member of the tribe, all you have to do is abandon everything in the modern society and do your best to enjoy the local lifestyle.
34. (A) unknown to (B) secluded from (C) unharmed by (D) irrelevant with
35. (A) while (B) than (C) as (D) although
36. (A) nowhere this is more obvious than (B) this is more obvious than
(C) nowhere is this as obvious as (D) so obvious is this that
38. (A) by making (B) to make (C) from making (D) without making
Tai chi’s beginning is lost in legend. Some believe that its origin goes back to the 13th century and a legendary Taoist monk named Zhang Sanfen. 39 , a late Ming Dynasty general named Chen Wangting is more commonly credited as the true creator of the art. Later, many styles of tai chi developed, and it is claimed that tai chi is now the most widely practiced martial art in the world.
At the end of the civil war in 1949, many of China’s prominent tai chi masters fled to Taiwan,
40 those who stayed in Mainland China were not allowed to practice it. During the Cultural Revolution, Chinese caught 41 the art were sent to reeducation camps. But Taiwan allowed tai chi to flourish, making it one of the best places in the world to learn the art.
For millions of people looking for a softer form of combat, or just seeking better health or 42 , tai chi is the answer. And it 43 its continual survival, in no small part, to the little island nation of Taiwan.
The history of deliberate cruelty to other species has taken a strange course. The early hunter had a kinship with animals. He respected them. 44 But the moment that urban populations began to develop, large groups of human beings cut off from direct contact with animals, and the respect was lost. 45 He shut his eyes to the fact that he was just as much an animal as any other species. A great gulf appeared: now only he had a soul and other animals did not. 46 With the spreading influence of the Christian religion, animals were in for a rough passage.
47 However, it was not until Darwin’s theory of evolution began to have a major impact on human thought that man and the animals came closer together again.
48 As a result, our attitude towards deliberate cruelty to animals has been changing rapidly during the past hundred years; but despite increasingly powerful disapproval, the phenomenon is still very much with us. Public displays are rare, but private cruelties persist.
(A) The reacceptance of man’s relationship with animals led to a second era of respect.
(B) As civilization grew, so did man’s arrogance.
(C) Many Christians were beginning to have doubts about this attitude.
(D) So rather naturally, did the early farming people.
(E) They were no more than brute beasts put on earth for pleasure.
四、閱讀測驗 (2%*9 = 18%)
Studies conducted in the late 1970’s and early 1980’s found that some teachers lacked a basic knowledge of the subjects they were teaching. The studies led to sharp criticism of teacher-training programs at American universities and colleges. Many people felt that these programs did not require education majors to master the subject that they wished to teach. To improve their teacher-training programs, some universities and colleges raised the standards in choosing students who applied for joining in the programs. They also required students to select a major other than education from the 80s.
Teachers and other educators opposed these attacks on teacher performance. They conducted a survey and pointed out that the majority of teachers, 93 percent according to the feedback from students, are dedicated and well trained. Many teachers, about four-fifths, feel that they have little control over how their schools are operated or over what textbooks and teaching methods are used in their classrooms. In addition, teachers, 28 out of 50, feel that they are overloaded with other duties at their schools besides teaching.
49. According to the passage, out of one hundred teachers, how many are considered indifferent in teaching?
(A) 28 (B) 20 (C) 7 (D) 93
50. We can infer from the first paragraph that education majors in the 70s were .
(A) all-rounded in every field (B) specialized in nothing but education
(C) ignored in their teaching performance (D) able to take double major courses
51. Which of the following is a response to the problem mentioned in the first paragraph?
(A) Schools asked students to master both education and the subjects they would teach.
(B) Universities became stricter in recruiting students to enter the school.
(C) School began to provide professional training for those who wished to teach.
(D) Schools dissuaded students from choosing education as a major.
Everyone loves the good times. They bring more money, prosperity, and happiness to our homes. But, as the old saying goes, what goes up must come down. For every boom that occurs, it seems there is a slump secretly waiting around the corner. Although the bad times might lighten your bank balance, research shows they can sometimes improve your health.
For years, researchers assumed that tough situations created more stress and pain for people. However, more recent findings suggest that this is not always the case. For people used to living the good life, the bad times can actually be a time of rest and rejuvenation. With overtime cut, many people find more time to spend in the gym or with their families. As budgets tighten, healthy home-cooked meals replace dining out, and outdoor activities can take the place of a night in the town.
But the bad times are not necessarily a healthy time for everybody. In fact, they can create some serious problems for lower income families. As jobs are lost, many people are left unable to afford their health care programs. Without access to doctors and medical care, health issues can worsen dramatically. Also, during economic downturns, deaths related to mental illnesses and depression are shown to rise.
As it turns out, the bad times can also be a bad time to be born. A study of twins in Denmark indicated that on average, people born during recession don’t live as long and suffer more heart problems than those born when the economy is on a roll. So whether the hard times will help or harm a person’s health depends a lot upon their financial states.
52. What is the passage mainly about?
(A) How people cope with bad economic situations.
(B) How good times and bad times affect people’s lives.
(C) The influences that bad times have on people’s health.
(D) The health problems that people suffer in bad times.
53. In the last paragraph, what does the phrase “on a roll” mean?
54. According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE about economic downturn?
(A) People who are used to prosperity feel more depressed than poor people.
(B) Fewer babies are born, and most of them are of poor health.
(C) Economic downturns can’t be a good chance to improve one’s health.
(D) Poor people are hit harder because they are unable to pay for medical care.
For more than 100 years, the Glow Worm Cave of Waitomo in New Zealand has attracted millions of people from all over the world. A small glowing insect has fascinated and intrigued people from all walks of life. A guided walking tour of the limestone cave, followed by a boat ride through the darkness of the Glow Worm Grotto to view the thousands of glowworm lights, is a trip not to be missed. The Glow Worm Cave was first explored in 1887 by a local Maori chief, Tane Tinorau, and an English surveyor, Fred Mace. They built a raft of flax stems and with candles, their only light, they floated into the cave where the stream goes underground. Visitors now exit the cave at this point. As their eyes adjusted to the darkness, they saw a myriad of lights reflecting off the water. Looking up they discovered that the ceiling was dotted with the lights of thousands of glowworms. Logs littered the waterway but by poling themselves toward the embankment they were able to leave the raft and explore the lower levels of the cave. By 1888, Tane Tinorau had opened the cave to tourists. The government acquired the cave in 1906. It was not until 1989 that the land and cave were returned to the descendants of the original owners, who receive a percentage of the cave’s revenue and participate in the management and development of the cave.
The glowworm emits a bright light to attract food and builds a nest of mucus and silk in the shape of a hollow tube which is attached to the cave roof by a series of fine silk like threads. About 20-30 threads—fishing lines—each coated with a sticky mucus, are hung from the tube. Flying insects are attracted to the light where they become trapped in the sticky lines. The glowworm draws in the fishing line and devours the insects.
55. Inside the Glow Worm Cave, attracted the explorers to look up and find the glow worms.
(A) the reflection of light (B) the winding stream
(C) the littered logs (D) the mysterious limestone
56. How do insects fall victim to the glow worms?
(A) They fly directly to the glow worms under the attraction of light.
(C) They are eaten by the glow worms after they get stuck to the sticky threads.
(D) They hit the ceiling because of the flickering light and get killed instantly.
57. According to the passage, which statement is NOT true?
(A) Tourists could not access the cave until 1888.
(B) The descendants of the explorers have benefited from the cave since it was open to tourists.
(C) Despite the littered logs, the two explorers still went on with their adventure in the grotto.
(D) The means of transportation the explorers took inside the cave was a raft.
五、文意選填 (大小寫不拘) (1%*10 = 10%)
Pablo Picasso was the son of an art and drawing teacher. He was admitted to the Barcelona School of Fine Arts at the age of 14 and with his 58 talent in art, he was allowed to skip the first two classes. During his lifetime, the artist went through different periods of characteristic painting styles. The Blue Period, 59 from about 1900 to 1904, features the use of different shades of blue underlining the melancholic style of such subjects as beggars, 60 , and alcoholics. During Picasso's Rose Period from about 1905 to 1906, his style moved away from the Blue Period to a friendly pink 61 with subjects taken from the world of the circus. After several travels to Paris, the artist moved permanently to the "capital of arts" in 1904. There he met all the other famous artists like Henri Matisse, Joan Miro and George Braques.
Inspired by the works of Paul Cezanne, he 62 with George Braque and Juan Gris and developed Cubism, in which subjects are reduced to basic 63 shapes. Instead of simply imitating reality, cubism is a 64 to its own end. In 1937 the artist created his landmark painting Guernica, a protest against the 65 air raid against a Basque village during the Spanish Civil War. In Guernica, subjects were painted in a symbolic way. For example, a dying horse is seen to represent those who suffered in the 66 . Guernica was exhibited at the museum of Modern Art in New York until 1981. It was 67 to the Prado Museum in Madrid, Spain in 1981 and was later moved to the Queen Sofia Center of Art, Madrid in 1992. Picasso had disallowed the return of Guernica to Spain until the end of the rule of Fascism by General Franco.
六、文意字彙&詞類變化 (1%*10 = 10%)
68. There will be a s________r display of fireworks on Double Tenth Day next year, for it’s our country’s 100th birthday.
69. We are i________s about Michael’s story, for it isn’t convincing at all.
70. The corrupted ex-president and his family lead a l________s life.
71. Willy was found dead in suspicious c________es; the police would investigate the cause of his death.
72. Ryan lives a miserable life; he has to struggle against i________e difficulties all the time.
73. This incident had the unexpected c________e that he got fired; he had thought that he might get promoted instead.
74. In this school, each grade has a c________r to guide students when they are faced with difficulties.
75. In such an embarrassing situation, there was a p________d silence before anyone spoke.
76. The bee is a __________ (benefit) insect; it helps the pollination of flowers.
77. Tina sat in the classroom without paying attention, and she didn’t even notice that the teacher had called her name twice. __________ (appear), she was absent-minded.