Two Bloods—the Passover Blood and the Circumcision Blood 60
BeHaalotcha [When You Mount the Candles] 64
Pinhas [Phinehas] 67
Ki Tetzeh [When You Go Out] 78
Song of Songs 79
Why Exile and Why to Egypt?
246) Why did the Creator wish to bring Israel down to exile in Egypt? Why the exile, and why specifically in Egypt?
247) Sixty is Malchut, the mighty ones above, from the side of Gevura that cling to carvings, meaning to the externality of the holy Haya of Israel, which is Malchut. This is why they are named after her, sixty queens [Malchuts]. Those are angels appointed over the nations. Eighty maidservants are the angels appointed by the carvings of Malchut, beneath the sixty queens. This is why they are called maidservants and not queens. And there is no number to the maidens.
And yet, it is written, “My dove, my undefiled, is but one; she is the only one to her mother.” This is the Holy Divinity that comes out of twelve lights, and she is the radiance that shines for all. This is why she is called “mother” [Ima], as it is written, “She is the only one to her mother.”
248) The Creator acted similarly in the land. He threw all the nations to all sides and established appointees over them, as it is written, “Which the Lord your God has allotted unto all the peoples.” And the Creator took the assembly of Israel into His lot, as it is written, “For the portion of the Lord is His people, Jacob the lot of His inheritance.” He called it, “My dove, my undefiled, is but one; she is the only one to her mother.” This is the Divinity of His honor, which He established between them. And she is one and dedicated to Him. “The daughters saw her, and called her happy,” as it is written, “Many daughters have done nobly, but you excel them all.” Malchut,“maidservants,” and “Will praise her” are the ministers of the people over whom they were appointed.
249) The world was created in ten utterances. But when you look, they are only three that the world was created in: Hochma, Tevuna, and Daat. And the world was created only for Israel. When the Creator wished to sustain the world, He acted for Abraham in Hochma, for Isaac in Tevuna, and for Jacob in Daat. This is considered, “And by knowledge are the chambers filled. This means that HGT, which are Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, have risen and became HBD. And at that time, the whole world was integrated. And when twelve tribes were born to Jacob, twelve boundaries of the diagonal, everything improved in this world, similar to Atzilut, above.
250) And when the Creator saw the great joy of this world when it improved to being as above, He said, “Let not the twelve tribes mingle with the rest of the nations, leaving a blemish in all the worlds.” What did the Creator do? He shook all of them to and fro until they went down to Egypt to dwell in their abodes inside the obstinate nation, which despises their conducts and degrades them by not marrying with them or mingling with them, and by considering them slaves. The males were loathsome of them and the females were loathsome of them until everything was bettered by the holy seed without mingling with strangers. In the meantime, the iniquity of the nations was completed, as it was said, “For the iniquity of the Amorite is not yet full,” so when they come out, they will come out holy, as it is written, “The tribes of the Lord, as a testimony unto Israel.”
This settles the two questions that he asked, “Why were Israel exiled?” and “Why specifically to Egypt?” For fear that they would mingle the tribes with the rest of the nations, who appreciated Israel, He exiled them to Egypt, who were proud and despised and loathed Israel. And they were there until the iniquity of the Amorites was full and they came to their own land, for there was no longer fear of mingling with the rest of the nations.
He neither Ate Bread nor Drank Water
251) Rabbi Shimon sat, and Rabbi Elazar, his son, stood and interpreted the words of the secrets of the wisdom. His face was shining like the sun and the words were spreading and flying in the firmament. They sat for two days; they neither ate nor drank, and they did not know if it was day or night. When they came out, they knew that two days had passed without them eating a thing. Rabbi Shimon called out about it, “And he was there with the Lord forty days and forty nights; he neither ate bread.” And what if we, who were rewarded with adhesion with the Creator, were so for one hour, having been in the light of the Creator for two days, not knowing where we are? Moses, the text testifies that he was there with the Creator forty days.
252) When Rabbi Hiya told the story to his father, Rabbi Shimon Ben Gamliel, he was bewildered and said, “Rabbi Shimon Bar-Yochai is a lion, and Rabbi Elazar, his son, is a lion. And Rabbi Shimon is not like all other lions. It is written about him, ‘When a lion roars, who will not fear?’ And if the worlds above shiver from him, we do even more. He is a man who never declared a fast for what he asked and prayed. Rather, he decides and the Creator keeps. The Creator decides and he revokes, as it is written, ‘Ruler over men shall be the righteous, even he that rules in the fear of God,’ meaning the Creator rules over man, and the righteous rules over the Creator; He sentences a decree, and the righteous revokes it.”
Against All the Gods of Egypt, I Will Execute Judgments
317) What was the Egyptians’ thought, and the thought of the minister appointed over them, who put it in their hearts? To prevent Israel from multiplying. This is because “And he said unto his people” relates to their minister, and he told them. And they knew that a son was to come out of Israel, by whom their gods would be sentenced.
318) When Moses said, “Against all the gods of Egypt, I will execute judgments,” Domeh, the minister of Egypt, went four hundred parsas [1 parsa is about 4 miles] because of the great fear. The Creator told him that a sentence has been given before Me and it cannot be undone, as it is written, “The Lord will punish the host of the high heaven on high.” At that time, the authority had been taken away from him and Domeh was appointed as the minister of hell, to sentence the evil souls there.
319) “Upon their gods also the Lord executed judgments.” But are there judgments upon a god of silver or gold or of wood or of stone? Indeed, the ones of silver and gold melted by themselves, and the ones of wood rotted.
320) The God of Egypt was a lamb. The Creator commanded that judgments would be executed upon it, that it would be burned in fire, as it is written, “The graven images of their gods shall you burn with fire,” so their smell will spread. Moreover, its head is on its legs and on its intestines, in a degrading manner. Moreover, its bones are thrown in the market, which was the hardest for the Egyptians. This is the meaning of the words, judgments.
321) He executed judgments in their actual gods. And this is their minister, to keep, “The Lord will punish the host of the high heaven on high, and the kings of the earth upon the earth.” And the wise ones among them knew all that, all the more so their minister. This is why it is written, “Let us deal wisely.”
322) Idol worship abounded in Egypt. And the Nile river was their god; actually, he was their gods. And in all of them, the Creator executed judgments. Their gods were struck first, and then the nation. And also, the Nile was struck first, and the trees and the stones that they worshipped, as it is written, “And the blood was through all the land of Egypt,” in the trees and in the rocks that really were their gods. It is written about the host of the high heaven on high that the Nile was not above, but on the earth. For the most part, the waters of the Nile are similar to the river as it is above. Their minister is struck first, and then the rest of their gods.
323) The actual striking of the nation of Egypt was only at sea, as it is written, “Not even one of them remained.” But before that, judgments were executed on their gods. This is why it is written, “Come, let us deal wisely with them, or else they will multiply and in the event of war,” meaning they were predicting the future, as it happened to them. “They also join themselves unto our enemies,” meaning they were predicting the camps of high angels that will be in the midst of them. “And fight against us” means that they were predicting what is written, “The Lord will fight for you.” “And get them up out of the land,” as he says, “And the children of Israel went out with a high hand.”