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Part I. Codes of Conduct

l. Principles of Ethics and Code of Professional Conduct: To the extent it is applicable, all advanced specialty education students and dental students must abide by the Principles and Code adopted by the American Dental Association. The Principles of Ethics and Code of Professional Conduct is available online at:


http://www.ada.org/prof/prac/law/code/index.html
2. University Standards of Conduct: All members of the University Community, including dental students, are subject to the following Standards of Conduct:
Standards of Conduct
Conduct that is subject to University disciplinary action includes the following:






  1. Interference with freedom of speech or movement, or intentional disruption or obstruction of teaching, research, administration, or other functions on University property

  2. Any actual or threatened physical harm or mental abuse of any person on University premises or at functions sponsored or supervised by the University

  3. Failure to comply with the directions of University officials, instructional or administrative, acting in performance of their duties

  4. Theft or vandalism of University property or that of a member of the University community or campus visitor

  5. All forms of dishonesty, including cheating; plagiarism; knowingly furnishing false information to the University; forgery; and the alteration or misuse of University documents, records, or instruments of identification

  6. Falsification, distortion, or misinterpretation of information before a hearing body

  7. Unauthorized carrying or possession on University premises of firearms or of any weapon with which injury, death, or destruction may be inflicted

  8. Violations of law on University premises or in connection with University functions

  9. Violation of published University rules and regulations



This is a general code designed to reaffirm the civil, personal and property rights of the University and its members.


3. School of Dental Medicine Student Code of Professional Conduct: All advanced specialty education students and dental students are subject to the Basic Standards set forth below.
Part II. Basic Standards of the Dental School Student Code of Professional Conduct
The students of CWRU School of Dental Medicine are committed to the study of dental medicine and the development and maintenance of a high sense of integrity, responsibility, self-discipline and ethics which befits the dental profession. The following statements are intended to illustrate some basic standards and values of the School of Dental Medicine:
l. Performance on Exams Should Reflect the Student’s Ability:
Violations of this standard include:
a) Giving or receiving privileged information regarding the specific content of an examination, prior to test time, which is not common knowledge of the participants, with the intent of gaining an unfair advantage.

b) Giving, receiving, or using unauthorized aid during an examination, quiz, or competency.

c) Disclosing the contents of an exam to a student who has yet to take the exam.

d) Making an unauthorized copy of an exam or portion thereof, or retaining possession of any exam, which the instructor has no intention of releasing.


2. Work Submitted for Credit Should Reflect the Student's Performance:
Violations of this standard include:
a) Submitting lab projects for evaluation which were not produced by the student. This includes receiving aid beyond a reasonable extent from other students or instructors while preparing projects for evaluation.

b) Claiming credit for clinical treatment which was not completed by the student with the exception of reasonable aid from faculty, and/or illegally altering patient clinic records for any reason.

c) Neglecting to adhere strictly to all conditions set for exams.

3. Respect Should be Shown for the Property of Others:


Violations of the standard include stealing or defacing the project or personal effects of another student, person, Dental School or the University. The taking or concealing of Property with or without the intent of depriving permanently is unacceptable behavior.
4. Representation of Self and Others Should be Fair:
Violations of this standard include intentional misrepresentation of one's own or any other student's grades, class rank, personal references, activities, or any other material facts regarding academic and personal achievements.



Part III. Addressing Violations of the Codes of Conduct:
The decision of other School(s) and/or the University as to whether to pursue formal judicial action under their own processes does not divest the School of Dental Medicine from following its own process and imposing its won discipline. In the event that two separate bodies impose different disciplinary measures, the more severe measures shall control.
l. Reporting Suspected Violations: Students or faculty who suspect there has been a violation of the Codes are expected to report the incident to either the appropriate faculty member (course director or course instructor), the Director of Student Services or the Chair of the Faculty-Student Relations Committee. A failure to report an incident may be deemed to be a violation of the Standards of Conduct regarding complying with University Policies and directives.
2. Informal Process: Where appropriate under the circumstances a student suspected of violating the Codes will be confronted by the faculty member or Chairman of the Department with a statement of the actions considered improper. The student will be given the opportunity to account for the action. Attempt will be made to resolve the problem through discussion. If the informal process is unsuccessful, then the formal process may be initiated.
3. Formal Process: The Faculty-Student Relations Committee may convene a hearing to address a student’s academic performance whenever it suspects that a student has violated a Code of Conduct or deems it appropriate under the circumstances. Prior to the hearing, the student shall be provided with a written statement outlining the academic issues to be addressed by the Committee. The Committee will give the student an opportunity to respond in writing within five business days unless at the Committee’s discretion, a shorter period of time is appropriate.
Under most circumstances, the student will be given the opportunity to appear at the hearing. The committee, however, has the discretion to exclude the student from the hearing when deemed appropriate.
If the student is given the opportunity to appear at the hearing, the student will also be allowed to have an advocate appear at the hearing. The advocate can be any person from the faculty, staff or administration of the University. The advocate shall be entitled to advise the student during the hearing, but shall not be permitted to directly address the Committee unless answering a specific question asked by the Committee of the advocate.
If the student appears at the hearing, the student will be given a reasonable opportunity to address the academic issues, and will also be required to answer any questions asked to him/her by the Committee. At the direction of the Committee Chair, the Committee also shall be entitled to gather any other relevant documentation relating to the academic violations or issues. The Committee further shall be entitled to hear from any other witness that the Committee deems to have relevant information. Under most circumstances, the student shall have the right to reasonably review any documentation gathered by the committee before the hearing, and shall also be reasonably permitted to indirectly question, through the Chair, any witness presenting testimony at the hearing. When necessary, the Committee has the discretion to prohibit the review of any documentation or prohibit the student’s confronting or indirectly questioning of a witness. Except as provided herein, this process shall be kept confidential. The Committee shall issue a written decision to the Dean within a reasonable period of time. A copy of this written decision shall be provided to the student. The decision shall specify the sanction, if any, to be imposed.
4. Appeal: Within seven days of the student’s receipt of the decision, or shorter period of time if deemed appropriate by the Committee, the student may appeal the decision of the Faculty Student Relations Committee directly to the Dean of the dental school. When the Dean is a material party to the deliberations, the appeal shall be directly to the Vice President of Student Affairs or his/her designee . The Dean or Vice President shall issue a written decision affirming and/or modifying the Committee’s decision, which shall be final. As part of the appeal, the Dean or Vice President may interview the student or other witnesses, and review documents, to the extent the Dean or Vice President believes such information is relevant to the appeal. As part of the appeal, the Dean or Vice President shall also consult with the Committee about his decision.
In cases involving the overall welfare, safety or operations of the School, the Dean at any time may modify and/or reverse the decision of the Committee, regardless of whether there has been an appeal of that decision.
IV. Penalties
The following are examples, either singularly or in combination, of penalties that may be imposed upon a student for violation of the codes of conduct. In determining the penalty, the Committee or Dean/Vice President may consider the nature of the offense, the record of the student involved, and any possible mitigating circumstances.
a) Informal Private Reprimand by the Course Director or by the Dean: The student may be given a private verbal reprimand stating that one of the codes of conduct has been violated, and that if additional violations should occur a more severe penalty may be imposed.
b) Disciplinary Probation: Disciplinary probation is a formal reprimand which is imposed upon the student for a specified period of time up to one year. The student will be informed that Code violations occurring during disciplinary probation may result in suspension or dismissal. A copy of the reprimand shall be placed in the student's permanent record.
c) Suspension: The student may be suspended beginning immediately or at the end of the current semester. Suspension excludes the student from all classes, exams, laboratory, clinic, and Dental School activities. Re-admission following suspension shall be considered by the Student-Faculty Relations Committee which will forward a recommendation to the Dean for disposition. The suspension will be permanently entered in the student's record.

d) Dismissal: The student may be expelled with a recommendation placed in the permanent record that the student not be considered for re-admission.


2. Additional Penalties: In addition to the penalties stated above, the following penalties may be imposed in appropriate cases:
a) Restitution: If found responsible for a violation involving property, the student may be ordered to repair or replace the property or reimburse the party whose property was damaged/or stolen. This financial obligation must be met in a reasonable time.
b) Grade Reduction: Where misconduct is committed in connection with the student's earned grade in a specified course, it may be recommended to the faculty member involved that the grade for that course be reduced up to and including a failing grade .
V. GRIEVANCE PROCEDURE
Case Western Reserve University has established a mechanism whereby students of the University may express a grievance against the action of other students or members of the faculty. Details of the grievance procedure are included in the CWRU Student Services Guide, an annual publication of the University Office of Student Affairs. Students who wish to have a specific problem reviewed should contact the Dental School Office of Student Services. This procedure, however, is not intended to substitute for the jurisdiction or procedures set forth for other Committees.
Promptness in settling a grievance is desirable for the grievant, for the institution, and for those involved in the procedures themselves. Promptness is therefore itself an element of equity and the absence of promptness may legitimately be the source of an additional grievance.
Every attempt shall be made to resolve grievances at the lowest authority level using informal procedures.
If the informal is unsuccessful or inappropriate, then the formal steps in the grievance procedures shall be taken as soon as possible and no later than seven days after the events leading to a complaint occurred or were discovered and a formal complaint shall be filed within ten days after failure of the informal procedures.

SEXUAL HARASSMENT POLICY
It is the policy of Case Western Reserve University to provide a positive, discrimination-free educational and working environment. Sexual harassment is unacceptable conduct which will not be tolerated. All members of the University community share responsibility for avoiding, discouraging, and reporting any form of sexual harassment.

Members of the University community found in violation of this policy may be disciplined, up to and including being discharged for cause or being expelled from the University. Retaliation against persons raising concerns about sexual harassment is prohibited and will constitute separate grounds for disciplinary action, up to and including discharge or expulsion from the University.

The complete policy is available from the Director of Student Services and from the Office of the Provost in Adelbert Hall.

POLICY ON SEXUAL ASSAULT
Case Western Reserve University is a community dependent upon trust and respect for its constituent members: students, faculty and staff. Sexual assault is a violation of that trust and respect. It will not be tolerated.

Sexual assault is a serious crime. Any non-consensual physical contact of a sexual nature is a sexual assault. Rape, statutory rape, incest, sodomy, sexual assault with an object, and fondling are examples of sexual assault.

Lack of consent is the crucial factor in any sexual assault. Persons forced to engage in sexual contact by force, threat of force, or coercion have not consented to contact. Persons acting under the influence of alcohol or other substances may be incapable of consent. Age or mental capacity may render consent impossible.

The University strongly encourages persons who have been sexually assaulted to report the assault, to seek assistance and to pursue judicial action or sanctions for their own protection and that of the entire campus community.





Commission on Dental Accreditation
COMPLAINTS

A complaint is defined by the Commission on Dental Accreditation as one alleging that a Commission-accredited educational program, or a program which has an application for initial accreditation pending, may not be in substantial compliance with Commission standards or required accreditation procedures.


REQUIRED NOTICE OF OPPORTUNITY AND PROCEDURE TO FILE

COMPLAINTS WITH THE COMMISSION
Each program accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation must develop and implement a procedure to inform students of the mailing address and telephone number of the Commission on Dental Accreditation. The notice, to be distributed at regular intervals, but at least annually, must include but is not necessarily limited to the following language:

The Commission on Dental Accreditation will review complaints that relate to a

program’s compliance with the accreditation standards. The Commission is

interested in the sustained quality and continued improvement of dental and

dental-related education programs but does not intervene on behalf of individuals

or act as a court of appeal for individuals in matters of admission, appointment,

promotion or dismissal of faculty, staff or students.
A copy of the appropriate accreditation standards and/or the Commission’s policy

and procedure for submission of complaints may be obtained by contacting the

Commission at 211 East Chicago Avenue, Chicago, IL 60611-2678 or by calling

1-800-621-8099 extension 4653.

The accredited program must retain in its files information to document compliance with this policy so that it is available for review during the Commission’s on-site reviews of the program. (01/94)

REQUIRED RECORD OF COMPLAINTS: The program must maintain a record of student complaints related to the Commission’s accreditation standards and/or policy received since the Commission’s last comprehensive review of the program. (07/96)


Approved September 2007

Case Western Reserve University School of Dental Medicine

Competencies for Graduates

Background

Competence refers to an accumulation of knowledge, skills, experiences, and values in dental education that together help to define the necessary foundation for the development of individuals who wish to join the profession of dentistry. The goal of the educational program is to provide the student of dentistry with the experiences that allow a learning environment conducive to the development of the combined knowledge base, clinical skills, and the professional value system needed to enter the practice of dentistry.

This document defines the competency statements in broad terms, citing key areas of instruction and experiences. Each competency statement is accompanied by a set of descriptive educational outcomes that define the knowledge, skills, experiences and values that the faculty has determined to be contributory to the individual competency statement.

The competencies in this document have been defined by the faculty of the School of Dental Medicine to include the knowledge base, clinical skills and values that are requisite for the beginning practitioner to start their professional career. The notion of personal continuous improvement and life-long learning are philosophies that must be integrated into professional life. These qualities will provide a template for the new practitioner as he/she joins the community of professionals committed to improving oral health.



Case Western Reserve University School of Dental Medicine Definition of Competency:

That level of foundation knowledge, clinical skills, experiences, and values that are necessary for students of dentistry to have acquired as they make the transition from a supervised educational program to the independent practice of general dentistry.


Definitions
Principles: The School of Dental Medicine Principles have guided the curriculum planning process. These principles are ideals that have been articulated by the faculty as the initial stages of curriculum innovation began in 2003. The principles were agreed upon by the faculty and have been used to develop content, format, organization, outcomes and evaluation planning for the new curriculum.
Concepts: As the curriculum planning process proceeded, the School defined broadly, notions of content areas that were important for the beginning general dentist practitioner to have mastered. These general content areas were aligned by the new curriculum themes: Health and Well-being, Disease Processes, Maintenance of Health and Restoration of Health. They included important general categories of information that assisted in the outlining of the new curriculum and were initially defined by content experts within the disciplines of the dental faculty. The concepts were then integrated across disciplines, coalescing similar concepts into the courses that are a part of the current program.
Facts/Educational Objectives: Each discipline in the School defined factual knowledge essential for the beginning general dentist practitioner. This knowledge is the basis for content planning as well as outcome assessment/competency assessment.
Skills: These are the clinical hand skills and developmental experience levels required for the beginning general dental practitioner. These are evaluated through daily feedback, and clinical competency testing.
Values: Values represent the demonstration of ideals in the growth and development of the dental student into a professional. The values are bounded by ethical principles, behavior, decision making and judgment while demonstrating qualities of compassion, and a perspective of the professional role in dentistry for the individual patient, the community, and society at large.
Oral diseases: This term includes conditions that are categorized by infectious, neoplastic, traumatic, or congenital processes.
Oral mucosal disorders: Oral mucosal disorders include disorders of the oral associated structures and salivary glands.
New Competencies for Graduates Document Aligned by Themes

1. Health and Well-being

Educational Outcomes: The Graduate will be competent to:

H.1 Demonstrate knowledge of normal morphology, developmental, physiologic and biochemical processes in systemic and oral health (CODA 2-12)

H.2 Apply appropriate interpersonal and communication skills (CODA 2-17)

H.3 Apply preventive strategies for patients based on their oral health status and risk factors (CODA 2-25c)

H.4 Apply biological, clinical and behavioral principles in patient-centered health care. (CODA 2-16)

2. Maintenance of Health

Educational Outcomes: The Graduate will be competent to:

M.1 Recognize the principles involved in community interventions to improve oral health and general health, and participate in clinical experiences in oral health improvement (CODA 2-25c)

M.2 Educate individual patients about the prevention, development, progression, and etiology of oral and systemic diseases (CODA 2-25c)

M.3 Prescribe therapeutic agents for the prevention and treatment of oral diseases

(CODA 2-25e)

M.4 Demonstrate knowledge of common drugs used in dental and medical situations related to the practice of dentistry (CODA 2-25e)

M.5 Provide comprehensive patient assessment including examination of the head and neck and diagnose oral related disease (CODA 2-25a)

M.6 Develop treatment plans based upon assessment of collected data (CODA 2-25b)

M.7 Demonstrate the ability to evaluate diagnostic (laboratory) tests relevant to the assessment of oral and systemic disease.

3. Disease Processes

Educational Outcomes: The Graduate will be competent to:

D.1 Demonstrate knowledge of etiologic and pathologic processes that define systemic and oral diseases (CODA 2-14)

D.2 Demonstrate knowledge of the interaction and relationship between systemic and oral disease (CODA 2-13)

D.3 Demonstrate knowledge of and diagnose oral disease or disorders including:

(CODA 2-25) D3.1 Pulpal & periradicular disease (CODA 2-25i) D3.2 Periodontal disease (CODA 2-25h) D3.3 Caries D3.4 Malocclusions (CODA 2-25m) D3.5 Oral mucosal disorders (CODA 2-25j)

D.4 Assess the treatment needs of special care patients (CODA 2-26)
4. Restoration of Health

Educational Outcomes: The Graduate will be competent to:

R.1 Demonstrate knowledge of treatment modalities and restoration of health in systemic and oral disease (CODA 2-25b)

R.2 Demonstrate skills in applying comprehensive treatment planning strategies for restoration of oral health (CODA 2-25b)

R.3 Demonstrate ability to develop optimal and alternative treatment plans which are

properly sequenced R4 Demonstrate skills in obtaining informed consent (CODA 2-25d)

R.5 Demonstrate clinical skills in the treatment/restoring oral hard and soft tissues to form, function, and esthetic standards (CODA 2-25b)

R.6 Restore/replace teeth with dental materials based on requirements for form, function and esthetics (CODA 2-25f & g)

R.7 Prescribe and evaluate laboratory fabrications of fixed or removable prostheses

R.8 Evaluate the outcomes of treatment (CODA 2-25n)

R.9 Demonstrate skills in the management of pain, anxiety and the delivery of local anesthesia (CODA 2-25e)

R.10 Recognize, treat, and/or manage dental emergencies (CODA 2-25l)

R.11 Recognize, evaluate and manage uncomplicated localized odontogenic infections and common post-operative complications (CODA 2-25k)

R.12 Recognize and manage, on a short term basis, medical emergencies in the dental office (CODA 5-5)

R.13 Assess patient medical status utilizing the health history, patient examination, patient interview, and through communication with other health care professionals

(CODA 2-25a)


R.14 Maintain certification in basic life support techniques (CODA 5-5)

R.15 Manage and/or treat dental disease and oral problems including: (CODA 2-25)

R.15.1 Pulpal & periradicular disease (CODA 2-25i)

R.15.2 Periodontal disease (CODA 2-25h)

R.15.3 Caries

R.15.4 Uncomplicated oral hard and soft tissue surgery (CODA 2-25k)

R.15.5 Malocclusions and space management (CODA 2-25m)

R.15.6 Oral mucosal disorders (CODA 2-25j)

5. Ethics, Professionalism and Leadership in the Practice of Dentistry

Educational Outcomes: The Graduate will be competent to:

L.1 Participate in the delivery of oral health care for the individual and for groups

(CODA 2-18)

L.2 Demonstrate knowledge of the laws, rules, codes, and ethical principles that govern and influence the practice of dentistry. (CODA 2-20)

L.3 Apply the principles of ethical reasoning and professional responsibility as they pertain to patient care and practice management (CODA 2-21)

L.4 Recognize the limits of their expertise through self-evaluation (CODA 2-22)

L.5 Demonstrate skills important to lead the dental health care team (CODA 2-19)

L.6 Manage patient information (CODA 5-8)

L.7 Demonstrate knowledge of risk management and quality assurance (CODA 5-1)

L.8 Evaluate different models of oral health care management and delivery (CODA 218)

L.9 Demonstrate use of information technology resources in contemporary dental practice (CODA 2-24)

L.10 Manage a diverse patient population and display the interpersonal skills to communicate and function in a multi-cultural work environment (CODA 2-17)

6. Inquiry, Critical thinking, Evaluation of evidence, Clinical decision making

Educational Outcomes: The Graduate will be competent to:

I.1 Demonstrate skills in the use of scientific evidence for the practice of dentistry.

(CODA 2-25n, 2-24)

I.2 Apply skills in critical thinking and problem solving to make patient care decisions (CODA 2-23)

I.3 Recognize the role of lifelong learning and self-assessment in maintaining competency (CODA 2-22)

* L5 includes duty delegation

Student Code of Conduct

Case Western Reserve University

School of Dental Medicine


I, ________________________________________ have received a copy of the Student Code of Conduct and agree to abide by the terms and conditions set forth. I further acknowledge receipt of a copy of the Student Code of Conduct.


____________________________________

Signature August 2, 2011





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