Write Poems about the Gods



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Write Poems about the Gods

Historians have found many scrolls of Egyptian poems. These ancient people used a variety of poetic forms to express their feelings about loved ones, gods, and nature. Use the examples below to have students write poems about the Ancient Egyptian gods. Have the class choose as many different gods as possible and have them illustrate their poems with drawings of the gods they write about. Allow time for students to share their poems and drawings.
Title Poem

Use each letter of the god's name to begin a sentence or phrase describing the attributes, duties, or life of that god.


Osiris, god of death and resurrection,

Sentenced to abide in the dark Underworld

Inside your chamber with crook and flail

Ruling and judging the dead

Isis, your wife, healed with magic the doom

Seth contrived.
Diamonte

This type of poem has two subjects. The poem leads from one subject to the other and forms a diamond shape.



Osiris

green, dead

ruling, judging, waiting

powerful, husband, gentle, wife

healing, flying, caring

beautiful, magical

Isis
(Subject 1)

(2 adjectives describing subject 1)

(3 ing words for subject 1)

2 adjectives for subject 1 and 2 for subject 2)

(3 ing words for subject 2)

(2 adjectives describing subject 2)

(Subject 2)
Couplet

A couplet is two lines that rhyme. Challenge students to write at least two couplets about their subjects.

Osiris, god of resurrection and death,

Tricked and killed by brother Seth.

Brought back to life to rule the dead,

By Isis, his sister, whom he wed.
HORUS

Horus-son of Isis and Osiris. In mythology, he avenged the death of his father by killing Seth. During the battle he lost an eye, which was renewed by Isis. You see the Eye of Horus in paintings, amulets, and jewellery, representing renewal and protection. When people die, he leads them into the Underworld to be judged by weighing their hearts. He is sometimes depicted as the head of a falcon or as an entire falcon wearing a crown.


THOTH

Thoth (Troth}-the god of wisdom and science. He is the scribe of the god world, recording all writing, counting, and measurement. Since he records time, he is also the god of the moon. He is husband to Ma'at and represented by the head of an ibis. Many times he is holding tools for writing or measuring.


OSIRIS

Osiris--one of the chief gods representing immortality. He presides over the Underworld, where he is the judge of the dead. A son of Nut and Geb, he married his sister, Isis, with whom he had a son, Horus. He is represented as a mummy in a royal crown, holding the crook and flail, the signs of sovereignty and power. Sometimes he is white (mummy wrappings), sometimes he is black (the Underworld), and sometimes he is green (spring and resurrection).


SETH

Seth (Set)-evil brother of Osiris and therefore another son of Nut and Geb. Seth represents the lord of the desert and the god of storms, violence, and disorder. His battle with Horus illustrates the battle of night with day and the conquest of good over evil. He is represented with the head of an unidentified animal.


ANUBIS

Anubis-messenger to Osiris and guard of the scales during the weighing of the heart ceremony. He is the god of embalming and presides over the mummification process. Priests wear his jackal head during rituals performed when

working on a mummy.
ISIS

Isis-sister and wife to Osiris, the goddess of magic and healing. She wears a headdress shaped like a seat. Some believe it is her tears for her dead husband that flood the Nile each year.


HATHOR

Hathor-goddess of love, beauty, dancing, and music and protector of children and birth. She is often shown as a beautiful woman with the sun disc and horns of a cow. Sometimes she is depicted as a cow with the sun disc between her horns.


NEPTHYS

Nepthys-the nature goddess who represents the day, both before sunrise and after sunset. She is daughter of Nut and Geb, sister to Isis, wife to Seth, and mother of Anubis by Osiris. She wears on her head hieroglyphics that mean "lady of the house:


MUT

Mut-goddess of Thebes and a great-divine mother. She is pictured with the head of a vulture or a vulture headdress.


BASTET

Bastet (Bast)-household goddess representing joy and music. She is depicted as a cat-a prized animal in Ancient Egypt because rodents infested the granaries.


RE

RelAmonlAmon-Re {Ra, pronounced ray}--the original god of the sun. He sails his boat across the sky between heaven and earth. Amon is the chief god in Thebes, the capital of Egypt during the New Kingdom. Eventually Re and Amon merged together to make Amon-Re, the supreme state god of Egypt. He is usually depicted with a large crown. Sometimes the crown also has the sun disc. Many pharaohs during the New Kingdom are also shown wearing this crown, representing their devotion to Amon-Re.


MA’AT

Ma'at-goddess of law and order and truth and balance. The Egyptians reqi ired precise order in their daily lives, they believed that without this balance and harmony, the world would be filled with destruction and chaos. Ma'at is the daughter of Re and wife of Thoth. The ostrich feather she wears on her head is put on the scales during the judgment ceremony. Sometimes Ma'at is shown sitting on the tip of the scales, and sometimes her entire body is being weighed on the scales itself.


NUT

Nut-represents the heavens as the sky goddess. She is sister and wife to Geb and mother of Osiris and Seth. Nut is believed to be one of the first gods.. Usually she is represented as a lady arching over the earth god, Geb. Sometimes she is seen as a large cow, and sometimes she is depicted with stars, representing the night sky.


H’APY

H'apy (Hapi}-god of the Nile and responsible for the proper workings of this precious river. He is usually shown as a long­haired man with papyrus and lotus flowers growing from the top of his head. He also has the chest of a woman, depicting fertility. He lives in a cave at the head of the Nile.


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