Wing cadet programs


Section Four Review Questions



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Section Four Review Questions

  1. What CAP manual prescribes the rules of wearing CAP uniforms? ______________

  2. For each of the following measurements, put the corresponding uniform item next to it:

  • ½” from shoulder seam and centered: Wing Patch (example)

  • 1” up, parallel with front edge of collar, and centered:______________________

  • 1 ½” inches in and centered:__________________

  • Falls between the top and bottom of kneecap:_____________________

  • No more than 3” bulk for females:________________________

  • Rests upon the top of the left breast pocket:______________________

  1. If Cadet Sarah Smith has blond hair and puts it up when in uniform, which of the following rubber band colors should she use?

Blue Green Purple Yellow White Blond Brown

  1. Cadet Willis likes to wear his uniform a lot. Over the past two weeks you’ve seen him all over town in it. The following is a list of places you’ve seen him while in his uniform. Place an “x” next to the places that he shouldn’t have been wearing it:

  • You stopped at McDonald’s and saw him working the fry machine in BDU’s

  • You went with your grandfather to the local VFW post and saw him there making a presentation about CAP in his blues

  • You stopped at Denny’s about 30 minutes after the meeting and saw him there with his parents in his blues.

  • You went to a rally for your Squadron Commander, Maj John Puhlie, who is also running for city mayor, and saw Willis handing out CAP brochures and “elect Puhlie he’s no stoolie” buttons in his BDU’s.

  1. What color socks do you wear in blues if you are a male cadet or a female cadet with slacks?_________________

  2. Why is it important to wear a proper uniform?____________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________



  1. The Air Force lets CAP members wear their uniform. This makes wearing the uniform a ________________________ and not a _______________.

  2. Cadets wear b_______ nameplates while seniors wear g_________ nameplates.

Section Five – Customs, Courtesies, and Drill

Besides wearing your uniform, mastering drill and mastering customs and courtesies are other important responsibilities of the Phase I and II cadet. The CAP Cadet Program works from the military heritage given to us by our Air Force partners. From this heritage we develop and share military customs and courtesies. The Cadet Program uses military drill as one of its primary instructional tools to teach leadership. In drill you begin from the basic and move to the advanced. You also move from the simplest of followers, as an element leader, and can move to the most complex of commanders, directing the actions of an entire Wing during a Pass-In-Review.


Drill Terms

To know what to do, you must first have a common frame of reference to work from. Many of these terms should be familiar to you, but some will be new. These terms have been taken directly from AFMAN 36-2203, which CAP uses as its Drill & Ceremonies Manual. Not all the terms have been taken, but the ones you must be familiar with have. Study them carefully and commit them to memory.




Alignment. Dress or cover.

Cadence. The uniform step and rhythm in marching; that is, the number of steps marched per minute.

Center. The middle point of a formation. On an odd-numbered front, the center is the center person or element. On an even-numbered front, the center is the right center person or element

Cover. Individuals aligning themselves directly behind the person to their immediate front while maintaining proper distance.

Depth. The total space from front to rear of any formation. An individual’s depth is considered to be 12 inches.

Distance. The space from front to rear between units. The distance between individuals in formation is 40 inches as measured from their chests to the backs of individuals directly in front of them. Flight commanders, guides, and others whose positions in formation are 40 inches from a rank are themselves considered a rank.

Double Time. The rate of marching at 180 steps (30 inches in length) per minute.

Dress. Alignment of elements side by side or in line maintaining proper interval.

Element. The basic formation; that is, the smallest drill unit comprised of at least 3, but usually 8 to 12 individuals, one of whom is designated the element leader.

File. A single column of persons placed one behind the other.

Flight. At least two, but not more than four, elements.

Formation. An arrangement of units.

Front. The space occupied by a unit, measured from flank to flank. The front of an individual is considered to be 22 inches.

Guide. The airman designated to regulate the direction and rate of march.

In Column. The arrangement of units side by side with guide and element leaders to the head.

In Line. The arrangement of units one behind the other with the guide and element leader to the extreme right flank.

Interval. The space between individuals placed side by side. A normal interval is an arm's length. A close interval is 4 inches.

Inverted Column. The arrangement of units side by side with guide and element leaders to the rear.

Inverted Line. The arrangement of units one behind the other with the guide and element leaders to the extreme left flank.

Mark Time. Marching in place at a rate of 100 to 120 steps per minute.

Pace. A step of 24 inches. This is the length of a full step in quick time.

Quick Time. The rate of marching at 100 to 120 steps (12 or 24 inches in length) per minute.

Rank. A single line of persons placed side by side.

Slow Time. The rate of marching at 60 steps per minute (used in funeral ceremonies).

Step. The distance measured from heel to heel between the feet of an individual marching.

Unit. Any portion of a given formation.





In teaching drill, symbols are often used to indicate the position of certain persons and units. The following are drill symbols you should know:

Customs & Courtesies

In both the civilian world and the military world we have customs and courtesies. Customs are those things we do because the group we belong to obligates us to. Courtesies are those things we do because we are disciplined, civil persons who believe in being courteous and polite. The following are some of the more common military customs and courtesies we follow in CAP.


Saluting – Saluting comes to us from the Middle Ages when knights would raise their visors with their right hand as a sign of friendship or peace. From that display has evolved today’s salute which is a sign of respect amongst military personnel. As a cadet airman or NCO you are required to salute:

  • All CAP Cadet and Senior officers

  • All officers of the United States military

  • All officers of nations friendly to the United States

  • All recipients of the Congressional Medal of Honor

  • The President of the United States

  • The U.S. Flag

  • Vehicles that indicate the grade of the person inside the vehicle (watch for flags or license plates)

You salute any of the above when you are six paces in front of the person/flag/car and hold the salute until it is returned or until six paces beyond the person/flag/car. All salutes should be accompanied by a greeting of some sort (“Good morning, ma’am or Good evening, sir”). You do not salute indoors unless formally reporting. You do salute outdoors unless:

  • you are carrying articles in both hands

  • part of a formation

  • in a non-saluting area

  • part of a work detail

  • at a public gathering such as a sporting event.



Addressing with titles – As a Basic Cadet you are expected to address everyone by their proper titles, fellow cadets and seniors alike. For fellow cadets you should use their grade or general grade category such as Airmen, Sergeant, etc. For cadet and senior officers you must use either their grade or sir/ma’am as appropriate to their gender. For example you would address Major Donat as either “Major Donat” or “sir”. These titles should end every statement you make when talking with an officer or staff member. Higher ranking officers may address you by your name, your grade, or “cadet.”
Coming to attention when an officer is present

Hallways & Stairways – Whenever you are in a hallway or stairway and an officer walks towards you, you must stop, turn so your back is to the wall, be flush with the wall, and come to the position of attention. You may resume your normal walk once the officer has passed. This is sometimes referred to as “making a hole” or “hitting the wall.”

Rooms – When an officer enters a room, the first person to see the officer must call the room to attention. The exceptions to this rule are as follows:

  • If another officer, of higher grade, is already present in the room

  • If there is a class or official meeting going on in the room

  • If the occupants of the room are conducting an official work detail

Other times – Anytime that an officer steps in front of you, you should come to attention. This applies to formations, when you are in your room cleaning, or when you are in the line at the Dining Facility waiting to enter. If you are walking outside you do not come to a stop or come to attention, instead you salute and say a proper greeting.
Covers – Whenever you are outside you must have a cover (hat) on your head. In blues this will be your flight cap and in BDU’s it will be your BDU cover. When you are in a vehicle you wear or do not wear your cover depending on what the senior ranking person is doing. The exception to the cover rule is that we do not wear covers on the flight line.

Section Five Review Questions


  1. Identify the proper number of steps per minute for:

  • Quick Time:

  • Slow Time:

  • Double Time

  1. Why do we drill in the CAP Cadet Program?


  1. If you are in the flight, and your element leaders are to your left what formation are you in?




  1. There is a Major, two C/A1C’s, and a C/MSgt in a room. C/Lt Col McTie walks into the room. Do you call the room to attention? Why or why not?




  1. We always salute the President because he is also the C__________-___-__________.




  1. If you approach an Air Force CMSgt, who is a 20-year veteran, do you salute her? Why or why not?




  1. What always accompanies a salute when not in formation?




  1. When talking, calling, emailing, or writing to a superior officer – what do you always use when addressing him/her?




  1. Being courteous and following military customs shows you have what?




  1. If you are outside the barracks you must have what on your head?




Bibliography

National Headquarters, CAP. Website. http://www.cap.af.mil

AFMAN 36-2203, Drill & Ceremonies

CAPM 39-1, CAP Uniform Manual

Red Wing Composite Squadron, CAP. Website. http://www.mnwg.cap.gov/redwing

Minnesota Wing, CAP. Website. http://www.mnwg.cap.gov

CAPR 52-16, Cadet Program Management

California Wing Cadet Programs, CAP. Website. http://www.cawgcadets.org



TRAINING

CADET HONOR CODE

REFERENCE PAMPHLET

10 February 1998


Cadet Programs, National Headquarters

United States Air Force Auxiliary

Civil Air Patrol
TRAINING
CADET HONOR CODE”

REFERENCE PAMPHLET

Contents


Section One

Honor Code

pg. 1

Section Two

Introduction

pg. 1

Section Three

Honor Violations

pg. 2

Section Four

Honor Code Interpretation

pg. 2

Section Five

Lying

pg. 2

Section Six

Intentional Dishonesty

pg. 3

Section Seven

Stealing

pg. 4

Section Eight

Cheating

pg. 5

Section Nine

Toleration

pg. 6


SECTION ONE - THE CADET HONOR CODE
1.1 “I will not lie, cheat or steal, nor tolerate anyone among us who does”

SECTION TWO - INTRODUCTION

2.1 This is your honor code. In accepting and living by this code you gain pride in knowing your word will be trusted implicitly and that you may trust others who have accepted this code. This code encompasses the respect you have for the property of others and the consideration you expect others to have for your property. It places responsibility on each individual to accept credit only for his own personal achievement. Accepting this code implies a moral courage to protect the Cadet Corps from any cadet who places his standards below those of the Corps.
2.2 The Civil Air Patrol Cadet Honor Code came about early in the life of the Cadet Corps of Civil Air Patrol. It originated because CAP cadets were destined to become officers and aviators in the U.S. Army Air Corps, and later the fledgling Air Force. The Concept of honor was felt important to the future officers from the Civil Air Patrol, as it was for the future officers from the service academies. Former Secretary of War, Newton Baker, said, “...the inexact or untruthful soldier trifles with the lives of fellow men and with the honor of his government...” The original honor code was developed from the US Military Academy at West Point. It was (and is) extremely necessary for a feeling of mutual trust to exist between members of air crews or operational units. This feeling was more clearly defined in 1955 when the Air Force Academy adopted its honor code: “We will not lie, cheat, steal, nor tolerate among us anyone who does.”
2.3 The Honor Code is not intended as a hard and fast set of rules, but rather as an ideal, or spirit which will guide the individual in his career in the cadet program, and hopefully throughout his life. You will find that living by the Honor Code isn’t as difficult as living without it. It is not a unique set of standards. It is based on the ideals every American encounters from childhood. They are not limited to the CAP program. They are the foundation of character for every good cadet. The CAP and the Air Force expect each cadet to make the Honor Code a part of his life.

2.4 The Honor Code is regarded as the minimum standard of conduct. The code is realistic and reasonable. Each cadet should realize that the standards that are expected of him are a minimum and that he should maintain a set of personal values that are higher and broader than those established by the Honor Code. Honorable conduct must be a continuous pattern of behavior.
SECTION THREE - HONOR VIOLATIONS
3.1 The purpose of the Cadet Honor Code is to build within an individual a keen sense of honor and an intense dedication to live by the dictates of this sense of honor. The cadet who fails to do this is deemed unworthy of cadet status and is asked to resign from the Civil Air Patrol. There are usually two elements in an honor violation; the act and the intent. In the following pages, the prohibited acts of lying, quibbling (which is a form of lying), stealing, cheating, and toleration are defined. These acts, or an attempt to accomplish these acts, must be performed if a cadet is to be found guilty of an honor violation.
3.2 The question of intent and/or state of mind posses greater difficulty to define and prove. To some extent, the intent required depends on the act involved. There are some acts that are inherently wrong. In these cases, the intent to commit the act is sufficient to justify a guilty vote. For example, a cadet who takes a crib sheet into class and uses it to cheat does not have to think specifically “this is wrong and it is against the honor code.” His intent to commit the act would be enough. There are other acts which are defined as wrong. For a cadet to be found guilty of these violations, he must know that they are wrong, and think about the wrongful nature of the act at the time. For he would not be in violation of the honor code unless he knows what the ‘“authorized” area was. A cadet is expected to gain knowledge of such things as he is a member of the squadron for increasing periods of time.
3.3 What is expected of each cadet is that he will act as a reasonable and honorable individual and make judgments which a reasonable and honorable individual would make. Some basic knowledge and understanding is expected of a reasonable individual.
SECTION FOUR - HONOR CODE INTERPRETATION
4.1 There is a definite difference between an honor violation and a rules violation. This difference is extremely important to realize. A rules violation consists of a failure to comply with regulations, orders or instructions. An honor violation consist of a violation of the honor code, i.e. lying, cheating or stealing. Breaking the rules, such as staying awake after lights out, is not an honor code violation, unless the individual lies about having been awake. Intentionally breaking the rules also isn’t an honor code violation, unless one intends to cover it up or mislead someone.
SECTION FIVE - LYING
5.1 Lying is making a statement which is intended to deceive or mislead. A lie may be an oral or a written statement, or even a action which is misleading or deceiving and is meant to be so. The following sections merely expand the first two sentences of this paragraph, covering situations which may not be unique to the program, yet are new to you; and they will answer some of your questions before you ask the them.

5.2 Keep in mind that the points mentioned in the following sections are inseparable. They cover lying; only the form is different. Each one can be thought of in terms of the basic definition of lying. You should try to relate everything back to the concept as you read. In this way, you will get a feeling for the “spirit” of the Honor Code.


SECTION SIX - INTENTIONAL DISHONESTY
6.1 A person can easily create a false impression in the mind of his listener by cleverly wording what he says, omitting relevant facts, or telling a partial truth. When he knowingly does so with the intent to deceive or mislead, he is quibbling. Quibbling and lying are really one and the same thing.
6.2 Reports: Every cadet at one time or another must render a report of some sort, and it is mandatory that each cadet realize the meaning of the report. Oral and written reports must be complete and accurate because the report is a statement made by the cadet. When reports are given in ranks, the person rendering the report must give the name and number of cadets who are absent and whose status is not known for certain. All reports should be inspected for accuracy and completeness before they are signed. In general, cadets should know what they are saying when an oral or written report is made or before they apply their signature or initials to a report or document.
6.3 “Popping Off”: In some situations it is possible to make a false statement. Often, when cadets are asked questions that have an expected or programmed response, they do not think twice about answering it. And example might be: “How are you this morning cadets?” “Outstanding, Sir!” The cadet who isn’t feeling “outstanding” has “popped off” his programmed response. Another example of a “pop off” is when a cadet is asked why they didn’t know their knowledge, and they answer “no excuse, sir” when in fact they just didn’t study the material. Again, the cadet answered with the programmed response to the question. Once a cadet realizes they have “popped off” an answer, they should attempt to correct it with the person to whom the statement was made at the first reasonable opportunity. If the person is unknown, or unavailable, he should tell his flight commander or leadership officer the circumstances of the incident. If he lets the mistake ride he is allowing the false statement to stand as truth, which is then no different from making a false statement initially with the intent to mislead. A “pop off” is not an honor violation if corrected.
6.4 Tact: Social situations may arise in which a cadet should not embarrass another person by being completely truthful. Here is an obvious example: The hostess asks her cadet guest if he enjoyed the meal she spent two hours preparing. It would go against the rules of etiquette for a cadet to reply, quite truthfully, “a matter of fact, I was just going to ask for a glass of water-the chicken was so dry it was all I could do to get it down.” The cadet may apply tact to save someone else’s feelings and that is not considered a lie. Of course, the solution would be to comment on some part of the meal the cadet actually did like. A cadet should apply tact only in a social situation when common sense dictates it to avoid embarrassing someone else, and never with it personal gain in mind. If there is ever any doubt as to whether tact applies, go ahead and be completely truthful.
6.5 Signatures: A cadet’s signature is his word. As a cadet there will be many times when your signature-whether it is your full written name, typed name, initials, check mark, or whatever will be required to affirm that you have performed some task, to certify that a document is complete and accurate to the best of your knowledge, or to indicate some other response. If your are required to do something before you place your signature, keep in mind that when you sign, you are in effect saying, “Yes, I have done what was required.” A violation of your signature is a lie.
6.6 Improper or unnecessary questions: Caution is necessary when questioning cadets to insure that the Honor Code is not used unfairly. Good judgment is a continuous obligation on the part of the questioning officer. Obviously, a cadet should not be asked an embarrassing personal question about his private life. Generally, the prudent degree of questioning is related to whether the questioning individual has reasonable suspicion that the cadet has knowledge of or was implicated in, some act or incident. Questions should be avoided when there is only vague suspicion that some violation or breach of duty has occurred (a “witch hunt.”) If a supervisor asks an improper or unnecessary question, the cadet is not required to answer it.
6.7 Within this framework, the Honor Code is a tool for self-discipline and is not a regulatory device imposed by regulation. A cadet’s sense of honor should dictate that the cadet will not lie or quibble to avoid responsibility for his mistakes or shortcomings. Honor and duty, although distinguishable, cannot be completely separated. Cadets are expected to be straightforward in answering the question of superiors and to stand up to whatever punishment they bring upon themselves.
6.8 The goal of the Cadet Honor Code is to establish within each cadet a keen appreciation for the importance of integrity in the character of every individual, and to insure each cadet’s dedication to being an individual of integrity and honor.
6.9 If a cadet feels that the Honor Code has been used unfairly against him, he should answer the question, and then discuss the matter with his flight commander or leadership officer. If it is deemed appropriate, the problem will be discussed with the squadron commander who will take appropriate action.

SECTION SEVEN - STEALING
7.1 Stealing is defined as intentionally depriving someone else of his property without his permission. This act may be either a permanent or temporary deprivation. If something is not yours, you cannot take it without the permission of the owner.
7.2 Borrowing: Borrowing must be considered in conjunction with stealing. A cadet must have either specific or implied permission to borrow another person’s belongings. Someone offering “blanket” permission to borrow their belongings constitutes implied permission. One should not take advantage of close friendships by careless borrowing. The borrower should always leave a note giving his name and the item borrowed. He should also return borrowed items properly.
7.3 Destruction of Property: Obviously, to destroy anther’s property is the same as depriving the owner of its use. Willful destruction of anther’s property is a violation of the Honor Code by stealing. If a cadet accidentally damages, destroys, or loses someone’s property, it is his responsibility to repair or replace the items involved.
7.4 Government Property: Cadets should not feel that their presence in and around government installations entitles them to assume ownership of government-owned materials. Government property should always be treated in the same manner as personal property.

SECTION EIGHT - CHEATING
8.1 During your association with the Civil Air Patrol, you will be in constant competition with other cadets and yourself. In fact, this competition is one of the most important aspects of the squadron’s training program. The results of this competition will constantly affect your progress through the cadet program. It is illogical for a cadet to join the squadron seeking a challenge and then cheat to lessen the challenge. It is expected therefore, that each cadet will compete fairly with his fellow cadets. Cheating is not confined to any single area-it applies to your whole life as cadet.
8.2 Credit Work: In general, any work done for credit must be done without another cadet’s help unless such help is specifically authorized by the instructor. The work is accepted by the instructor with the idea that your have done it yourself.
8.3 Quizzes and Graded Reviews: A cadet must never copy another cadet’s work or compare answers with the intent of confirmation or checking an answer during a graded recitation. Because of their faith in the honesty of cadets, instructors will often leave the room at the beginning of an exam, and return after the exam is over. It is therefore the cadet’s responsibility to know and observe the starting and stopping times for the quiz.
8.4 Evaluation preparation: Preparing for evaluations (inspections, as an example) is part of the competitive process mentioned above. Cadets will always strive to find methods to reduce or avoid doing unnecessary work while preparing for the evaluation. However, there are certain activities that give some cadets an unfair advantage. When the squadron, flight or cadet bends the rules they are giving themselves an unfair advantage. Some examples include:

  • Not taking the blanket off the bed during fire drills. Those cadets that do are at a disadvantage because their beds are now torn up, while the others are not.

  • Not using a particular sink or stall in the latrine, so they do not have to be cleaned for inspection the next day

  • Using safety pins and shirt garters (slingshots) underneath the bed to hold the sheets and collar in place, saving time for inspection. This is unfair because not everyone will have shirt garters or safety pins to keep their beds in order.

  • Sleeping above the covers for the reason of not messing up the bed at night. This is unfair because those who do sleep under the covers have a messier bed and are at a disadvantage.

This does not preclude the cadet from coming up with creative time-saving solutions for preparation. The safest way to know if no rules will be broken, is to ask a flight staff member if it is OK.



SECTION NINE-TOLERATION
9.1 The final clause of the Honor Code requires a cadet to report any violation of the code he observes or has unquestionable knowledge of. This is in effect saying the same thing as the Air Force Academy’s “...or tolerate anyone who does.”
9.2 The true backbone of the Honor Code requires a cadet to report any violation of the code. If a cadet suspects another cadet of a violation, he should approach the individual and inquire about the circumstances surrounding the situation. A misunderstanding or mistake may be easily and quickly cleared up in this manner; however, if the suspecting cadet is not absolutely certain in his own mind that the incident was not an honor violation, he should tell the individual involved the see his flight commander or leadership officer, and later check to insure that this was done. The intent is to ensure that there is not any toleration of a violation of the Honor Code. Toleration cannot be present until the intent to ignore the honor violation is formulated. In some cases, several hours or even days of serious thinking may be necessary before this decision is finally made to report a violation of the Honor Code. During this period, the cadet is encouraged to talk with someone he respects, his flight commander, leadership officer, cadet commander, or some other officer. Toleration can only occur when the conclusion is made not to turn in a suspected cadet when a violation has occurred.
9.3 It is important that each cadet fully understand the spirit behind the toleration clause, as well as the obligations it creates, and the method of reporting a suspected honor violation. Once confronted with the pressures of toleration situation, it may be too late to formulate a clear dissuasion on it, because of the emotion involved. If one has doubts or questions about this clause, the matter should be discussed with a flight commander or leadership officer.
9.4 Non-toleration is often equated with tattling or squealing. Such comments reflect a misunderstanding of the program and of the Honor Code. The Honor Code is administered by the cadet section, and is its standard. As the cadets have set the pace, so must they act to remove violators from the squadron if the code is to mean anything at all. The spirit of the code can best be summarized by an article in the “Denver Post”; “The success of the Honor Code is realized through its tacit acceptance by all those entering the Academy. It implies that the cadet who cheats has denied himself the membership of this group of highly favored young men. Thus it is an intrinsic yardstick of moral behavior, clearly recognized by everyone who puts on the uniform of an Air Force Cadet.

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