Wing cadet programs



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WING CADET PROGRAMS
Encampment

Workbook




Overview


This workbook has been designed as part of your academic curriculum here at encampment. This book will not be collected by squadron staff or corrected and returned to you. Instead it is a tool for you to use to gain knowledge about many of the important topics and skills we will cover this week.
Hopefully you will find all of the information in this workbook to be useful. In many sections portions of the CAP regulations or manuals have been reproduced. Do not mistake these for the regulations themselves. If you have a question – look it up! Do not rely on this document as your sole source of information or as an authoritative word on matters pertaining to the administration of CAP.
Your Flight Staff will help you complete the book throughout the week. Strive to make every answer correct. To do this you must read the information within. Do not take the easy route and simply wait for your Flight Staff to give you the answers. While possible, it is not the route of a cadet with integrity, discipline, or honesty. Strive for these things as that is part of being and succeeding at encampment.
Lastly, much of this information will appear on the final examination. That examination is the basis for the Academic Excellence awards. Discipline yourself and demand excellence and you will succeed.

Section One – The History of CAP



P
earl Harbor propelled the United States into World War II, but many Americans saw the AXIS threat long before Dec. 7, 1941. Among them were nearly 150,000 men and women involved in aviation.
As early as 1938, they began to argue for the creation of an organization to harness their aviation resources to aid the nation in the event America entered the conflict. Their efforts, led by writer-aviator Gill Robb Wilson and supported by Gen. Henry "Hap" Arnold, resulted in the creation of the Civil Air Patrol on Dec. 1, 1941 - one week before Pearl Harbor.
First organized under the Office of Civilian Defense, headed by former New York Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia, Civil Air Patrol members became the "Minutemen" of World War II, volunteering their time, resources, and talents to defend the nation's borders and fill the gaps as men and resources were being mobilized to fight abroad.
The War Department, especially the Army Air Forces, recognized the important roles performed by CAP. In April 1943, CAP was reassigned from the Office of Civilian Defense to the War Department and placed under the jurisdiction of the Army Air Forces.
These Flying Minutemen, all volunteers, performed valiantly during the war. They performed many missions including coastal patrol to search for enemy submarines, search and rescue missions throughout the United States, cargo and courier flights to transfer critical materials and personnel, and even towing targets so Army Air Corps personnel could practice air-to-air gunnery techniques - a very risky mission with new gunners.
In all, these volunteers amassed a stunning record - flying more than half-a-million hours, sinking two enemy submarines, and saving hundreds of crash victims. A thankful nation recognized the vital role CAP played during the war and understood the organization could continue to provide invaluable help to both local and national agencies.
O
n July 1, 1946, President Harry Truman signed Public Law 476 that incorporated CAP as a benevolent, nonprofit organization. And on May 26, 1948, Congress passed Public Law 557 that permanently established CAP as the Auxiliary of the new U.S. Air Force. This law also gave the Secretary of the Air Force the authority to provide financial and material assistance to the organization.



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