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Wiki-Neuroethology bionb4240

Cornell University


Wikineuroethology is a project started at Cornell University in 2007 to make the subject matter in the field of Neuroethology available to the general public on the WIKIPEDIA website. Students in BioNB4240 make contributions to the WIKIPEDIA website by selecting a topic, researching the topic by reading multiple sources on the subject matter of their choice, and writing original contributions for posting on the WIKIPEDIA site.


Wikipedia is a free,[5] web-based, collaborative, multilingual encyclopedia project supported by the non-profit Wikimedia Foundation. Its name is a portmanteau of the words wiki (a technology for creating collaborative websites, from the Hawaiian word wiki, meaning "quick") and encyclopedia. Wikipedia's 13 million articles (three million in the English Wikipedia) have been written collaboratively by volunteers around the world, and almost all of its articles can be edited by anyone with access to the site.[6] Launched in 2001 by Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger,[7] it is currently the largest and most popular general reference work on the Internet.[3][8][9][10]
Critics of Wikipedia accuse it of systemic bias and inconsistencies (including undue weight given to popular culture),[11] and allege that it favors consensus over credentials in its editorial process.[12] Its reliability and accuracy are also claimed to be an issue.[13] Other criticisms center on its susceptibility to vandalism and the addition of spurious or unverified information,[14] though scholarly work suggests that vandalism is generally short-lived,[15][16] and an investigation found that the material they compared came close to the level of accuracy of Encyclopædia Britannica and had a similar rate of "serious errors".[17] These claims have been disputed by Encyclopædia Britannica.[18]


“Wikipedia is written collaboratively by an international group of volunteers. Anyone with internet access can write and make changes to Wikipedia articles. There are no requirements to provide one's real name when contributing; rather, each writer's privacy is protected unless they choose to reveal their identity themselves. Since its creation in 2001, Wikipedia has grown rapidly into one of the largest reference web sites, attracting around 65 million visitors monthly as of 2009. There are more than 75,000 active contributors working on more than 14,000,000 articles in more than 260 languages. Since its creation in 2001, Wikipedia has grown rapidly into one of the largest reference websites, attracting 400 million unique visitors monthly as of March 2011 according to ComScore.[1] There are more than 82,000 active contributors working on more than 19,000,000 articles in more than 270 languages. As of today, there are 3,768,054 articles in English. Every day, hundreds of thousands of visitors from around the world collectively make tens of thousands of edits and create thousands of new articles to augment the knowledge held by the Wikipedia encyclopedia (see also Wikipedia:Statistics.)

Visitors do not need specialized qualifications to contribute. Wikipedia's intent is to have articles that cover existing knowledge, not create new knowledge (original research). This means that people of all ages and cultural and social backgrounds can write Wikipedia articles. Most of the articles can be edited by anyone with access to the Internet, simply by clicking the edit this page link. Anyone is welcome to add information, cross-references, or citations, as long as they do so within Wikipedia's editing policies and to an appropriate standard. Substandard or disputed information is subject to removal. Users need not worry about accidentally damaging Wikipedia when adding or improving information, as other editors are always around to advise or correct obvious errors, and Wikipedia's software is carefully designed to allow easy reversal of editorial mistakes.”


Go to the WIKIPEDIA Main page to get started.
On the left panel you will see navigation guides and interaction guides. Under interaction, go to the help page for help getting started with your project.
Here is a list of some of the most useful pages:
WIKITUTORIAL: I highly recommend that you read and review the WIKIPEDIA TUTORIAL ( ) to get a sense of how to do things on WIKIPEDIA. IF you complete the tutorial you will be a full fledged wikipedian.
While Wikipedia allows you to edit a page anonymously, you cannot create new pages without having an account, so make sure to do this before attempting to make an article. When you’re ready to write your Wikipedia article, you should first perform a search to evaluate the coverage of your topic. As with any encyclopedia, you should keep the principle of the fewest amount of entries to cover the broadest range of topics in mind. For example, Bat Echolocation is not a valid Wikipedia page, because “Echolocation” already exists; instead the author should make “Bat Echolocation” a subheading of “Echolocation”. If you decide that there is not adequate coverage through searching, decide on a topic title, which should be sufficiently general to encounter on a search. Type this into the

‘Search’ bar on the right hand navigation bar. Wikipedia should tell you that ‘No page with this title exists’, and if you are logged in, will give you a red link that will allow you create the page, or request it. For more information:

Editing Articles:

An article is organized into three parts, the introduction, the table of contents and the body of the article, which is composed of subheadings under the main topic title.

• The introduction is the portion of text in the ‘edit’ page written before the first header, and will appear in the Wikipedia article page prior to the table of contents.

• The table of contents is generated automatically from the list of subheadings, and always follows the introduction. The position of this is not editable.

• The body of the article is composed of materials that is within a subheading.

There are a number of basic ‘shortcuts’ that will allow you to properly format your Wikipedia article, check out the attached Wikipedia ‘Cheatsheet’ for the basics, and for more in depth info (such as how to add a mathematic formula) by visiting:
For more information:


Part of the fun and utility of using Wikipedia are the internal references to other Wikipedia articles, typically shown as hyperlinks (blue= page exists in Wikipedia; red=page does not yet exist). You can make any word into a Wikipedia link by enclosing it in double brackets. EXAMPLE: Carl Hopkins teaches [[neuroethology]].
Advanced maneuvers in ‘wikification’ are summarized in the Wiki markup section on the how to edit a page entry:
For more information: to Edit a Page

Uploading Images:

Adding images to any article enhance understanding and give your page an extra bit of flair. Unfortunately, because of the ‘open source’ nature of Wikipedia, special rules dictate the submission of images, most images that come up on ‘Google Image search’ for example are not permissible for inclusion in Wikipedia. If you want to place an image in your article there are two options:
1. Use a previously uploaded image: Wikimedia Commons ( is a repository of all ‘Free License images’, this is a great place to start searching, and the images here are all appropriate to use for your article. To link them into your article, simply create the tag: [ [Image: ImageTitle]]. A snappy and elegant way to make ‘thumbnails’ appear on the right hand side of the page is to simply type: [[Image: ImageTitle | thumb | Thumnail Title]].
2. Upload your own image: I must warn you, BE CAREFUL OF LICENSING ISSUES! If you decide to go the route of uploading that ‘must have’ image, you have two major options:
A. ‘Fair Use Images’- these images are only okay to be used on Wikipedia, and are not necessarily freely distributed. These images are not freely distributable, and therefore must meet 10 criteria specified by Wikipedia and justified by the submitting user in order for their use. For the official policy on this, please read:

Generally speaking, this is way more trouble than it’s worth. I would suggest making your own, or using a previously uploaded image.

B.‘Free Use Images’ - these are images that are either created by the user, or to which another person has relinquished all rights to use of. You have the choice of relinquishing the rights to your work, or licensing it using GFDL and/or Creative Commons Licensing. In either case, anyone may use it, but if you relinquish the rights to the work, it can be modified by anyone, and they don’t have to give you credit for the image, where in the latter case, you can specify your wishes for the artwork. It is generally considered courteous to upload these images to the Wikimedia Commons instead of to Wikipedia so that all other WikiMedia Foundation Projects might utilize your images. Once you’ve decided the licensing route for the image, you have to upload the image. The basic process for uploading to Wikimedia Commons is summarized here, you may suffer at your own peril for uploading to Wikipedia, because this means you’ve decided to do ‘Fair Use’ images:
1. Go to the Wikimedia Commons site: (you must create another username/password for this site)

2. Click Upload File
3. Click the most appropriate scenario (It is entirely my own work is highly encouraged...)
4. Follow the steps on your screen. Step 3 describes the licensing options that you have.

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