What bony structures form external wall of the orbit: Orbital surface of zygomatic bone



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  1. What bony structures form external wall of the orbit:

    1. Orbital surface of zygomatic bone

    2. Frontal bone, small wing of zygomatic bone

    3. Papers lamina of cribrose bone, lacrimal bone, frontal processus of maxilla, small wing of zygomatic bone

    4. Maxilla, zygomatic bone, orbital processus of palatine bone

    5. None

ANSWER: B

  1. How many histological layers are there in the retina:

    1. 10

    2. 5

    3. 6

    4. 3

    5. 2

ANSWER: A

  1. Cornea consists of:

    1. 2 layers

    2. 10 layers

    3. 5 layers

    4. 6 layers

    5. 8 layers

ANSWER: C

  1. How many layers are there in iris:

    1. 1

    2. 2

    3. 3

    4. 4

    5. 5

ANSWER: B

  1. How many neurons are there in the retina?

    1. 3

    2. 2

    3. 1

    4. 5

    5. 4

ANSWER: A

  1. What nerves innervate levator:

    1. Facial and supraorbital

    2. Frontal and supratrochlear

    3. Supraorbital and infratrochlear

    4. Oculomotorius and sympaticus

    5. Оrbital and sympaticus

ANSWER: D

  1. What elements of retina form its second neuron:

    1. Nuclei of rods and cones

    2. Internal plexiform layers

    3. Bipolar cells

    4. Мullers cells

    5. Ganglionar cells

ANSWER: C

  1. In chiasm axons of ganglionar cells get crossed, and go:

    1. From the upper parts of both eyes retinas

    2. From the lower parts of both eyes retinas

    3. From the medial parts of both eyes retinas

    4. From the lateral parts of both eyes retinas

    5. From lateral areas of both eyes retinas

ANSWER: C

  1. How many arterial circles are there in iris:

    1. 2

    2. 1

    3. 3

    4. 4

    5. 5

ANSWER: A

  1. Ora serrata is the limit between:

    1. Iris and ciliary body

    2. Ciliary body and choroid

    3. Cornea and sclera

    4. Ciliary body and retina

    5. Choroid and retina

ANSWER: E

  1. What muscle elevates superior eyelid:

    1. Levator

    2. RiolANS muscle

    3. Gorners muscle

    4. Musculus orbicularis oculi

    5. Frontal muscle

ANSWER: A

  1. What are the average sizes of normal adult eye-ball in tree main meridiANS (sagital, vertical, horizontal):

    1. 23,5 мм

    2. 22 мм

    3. 21 мм

    4. 25 мм

    5. 27 мм

ANSWER: B

  1. In what lobus of cerebrum visual center is located:

    1. Anterior.

    2. Occipital

    3. Medial

    4. Cerebellum

    5. Frontal

ANSWER: B

  1. What layer of retina is the base of its third neuron:

    1. Internal plexiformy

    2. Bipolar cells

    3. Ganglionar cells

    4. The layer of pigmental epithelium

    5. Mullers cells

ANSWER: C

  1. What parts of retina ganglionar cells fibers are not crossed in chiasm:

    1. Lateral parts of both eyes retina fibers

    2. Medial parts of both eyes retina fibers

    3. Superior parts of both eyes retina fibers

    4. Inferior parts of both eyes retina fibers

    5. Superior Lateral parts of both eyes retina fibers

ANSWER: A

  1. What are the strongest parts of sclera:

    1. Around the exit of optic nerve and the zone of external rectus muscules connection

    2. In limbus zone і cribrose lamina

    3. In zone of equator and limbus

    4. In zone of ciliary body and emisarias

    5. In zone of oblique muscles connection and vorticose veins exit

ANSWER: A

  1. How many muscles are there in the iris:

    1. 2

    2. 1

    3. 3

    4. 5

    5. 6

ANSWER: A

  1. What anatomical parts of normal eye retina can be clearly determined with ophtalmoscopy:

    1. The area of vorticose veins forming

    2. Ora serrata

    3. Optic nerve disc and central fossa

    4. Nerval fibers radical pass

    5. Cilio-retinal artery

ANSWER: C

  1. What is used for the visual field examination:

    1. Kravkow-Purkinje test

    2. adaptometry

    3. Sivtsevs tables

    4. perimetry

    5. anomaloskopy

ANSWER: D

  1. What is used for vision acuіty examination:

    1. Landolts circles

    2. polychromatic tables

    3. Fersters perimetr

    4. adaptometry

    5. аnomaloskopy

ANSWER: A

  1. What is the visus, in case of reading of all the first line letters from the 3m distance:

    1. 0,05

    2. 0,01

    3. 0,2

    4. 0,1

    5. 0,06

ANSWER: E

  1. The optimal method of blind spot investigation is:

    1. visometry

    2. perimetry

    3. аdaptometry

    4. refractometry

    5. campimetry

ANSWER: E

  1. Blind spot – is a kind of scotoma:

    1. negative

    2. pathologic

    3. positive

    4. deferent

    5. central

ANSWER: A

  1. The vision angle in case of normal visus equals to:

    1. 1 degree

    2. 1 minute

    3. 5 minutes

    4. 1 second

    5. 5 degrees

ANSWER: B

  1. Protanopy – is a kind of color blindness:

    1. for red

    2. for blue

    3. for green

    4. normal color sensitivity

    5. seeing around in red

ANSWER: A

  1. What is an objective sign of medical blindness:

    1. the absence of opposite light reaction in pupil

    2. the absence of straight light reaction in pupil

    3. wrong light proection

    4. the patient can not see the light

    5. the patient can not point the light rout

ANSWER: B

  1. Tritanopia – is:

    1. color blindness for red

    2. color blindness for blue

    3. color blindness for green

    4. normal color sensitivity

    5. seing objects in blue

ANSWER: B

  1. Negative scotoma – is:

    1. vision field defect, which is subjectively felt with the patient;

    2. the narrowing of vision field

    3. falling out of the half of vision field

    4. vision field defect, which is not subjectively felt with the patient

    5. total absence of vision field

ANSWER: D

  1. Blind spot – is a kind of scotoma:

    1. pathologic

    2. deferent

    3. positive

    4. physiological

    5. central

ANSWER: D

  1. What is the vision acuty in patient, if he reads the letters of the first table line from the distance of 4m:

    1. 0,05

    2. 0,01

    3. 0,08

    4. 0,1

    5. 1,0

ANSWER: C

  1. The vision field can be measured in:

    1. conventional units

    2. degrees

    3. percents

    4. minutes

    5. meters

ANSWER: B

  1. Light receptional element of the retina:

    1. rod

    2. cone

    3. bipolar cell

    4. pigmental epithelium

    5. ganglionar cell

ANSWER: A

  1. For vision acuty measuring we use:

    1. polychromatic tables

    2. nystagmoapparate

    3. Fersters perimetr

    4. аdaptometr

    5. аnomaloscope

ANSWER: B

  1. What is the vision acuity in patient, if he reads the letters of the first table line from the distance of 2m:

    1. 0,04

    2. 0,01

    3. 0,2

    4. 0,1

    5. 1,0.

ANSWER: A

  1. Positive scotoma - is:

    1. vision field defect, which is subjectively felt with the patient

    2. vision field narrowing

    3. falling out of the vision field half

    4. vision field defect, which is not felt with the patient

    5. total absence of the vision fie

ANSWER: A

  1. Deuteranopy - is:

    1. color blindness for red

    2. color blindness for blue

    3. color blindness for green

    4. normal color vision

    5. seing in green

ANSWER: C

  1. Color receptor of retina - is:

    1. pigmental epithelium

    2. cone

    3. rod

    4. optic nerve disc

    5. bipolar cell

ANSWER: B

  1. The highest vision acuty is provided with :

    1. central fovea

    2. optic nerve disc

    3. retinal periphery

    4. paramacular region of retina

    5. peripapillar region of retina

ANSWER: A

  1. For measuring the vision field we use:

    1. аdaptometry

    2. polychromatic tables

    3. Sivtsevs table

    4. perimetry

    5. аnomaloscopy

ANSWER: D

  1. Blind spot – is scotoma:

    1. pathological and negative

    2. negative and deferent

    3. positive and physiological

    4. deferent and positive

    5. negative and absolute

ANSWER: E

  1. In case the left optic nerve affect in patient appear:

  2. concentric narrowing or total vision field falling out in the left eye

  3. homonymic left-side hemianopsy

  4. heteronimic binasal hemianopsy

  5. heteronimic bitemporal hemianopsy

  6. homonimic right-side hemianopsy

ANSWER: A

  1. Green and blue colors sensitivity is saved due to:

    1. аchromasia

    2. deuteranopia

    3. тritanopia

    4. protanopia

    5. erythropia

ANSWER: D

  1. Hemeralopia – is the disorder:

    1. vision acuty

    2. color sensitivity

    3. vision field

    4. light sensitivity

    5. binocular vision

ANSWER: D

  1. Peripheral functions of the eye include:

    1. vision field and vision acuty

    2. vision acuty and color sensitivity

    3. light sensitivity and vision field

    4. light sensitivity and color sensitivity

    5. vision acuty and light sensitivity

ANSWER: C

  1. The mid-long wave color group includes:

    1. yellow and green

    2. light blue and navy blue

    3. white

    4. red and orange

    5. black

ANSWER: A

  1. Blind spot – is a kind of scotoma:

    1. pathologic

    2. absolute

    3. positive

    4. deferent

    5. central

ANSWER: B

  1. Scotoma - is:

    1. vision field defect, due to periphery

    2. vision field narrowing

    3. vision field half falling out

    4. vision field defect, which is not due to periphery

    5. total vision field absence

ANSWER: D

  1. What is the vision acuty in patient, if he reads the letters of the first table line from the distance of 1m:

    1. 0,05

    2. 0,02

    3. 0,2

    4. 0,1

    5. 1,0

ANSWER: B

  1. The objective method of measuring the visual acuty is:

    1. visometry with Sivtsevs tables

    2. examination with the help of polychromatic tables

    3. optokinetic nystagmus examination

    4. visometry with Landolts circles

    5. Pupillar light reaction examination

ANSWER: C

  1. The vision field can be measured in:

    1. conventional units

    2. degrees

    3. percents

    4. minutes

    5. meters

ANSWER: B

  1. Functional hemeralopy follows the insufficiency of:

    1. vitamin С

    2. vitamin A

    3. vitamin group В

    4. мicroelements

    5. vitaminРР

ANSWER: B

  1. Blind spot – is scotoma:

    1. pathological and positive

    2. negative and physiological

    3. positive and absolute

    4. deferent and negative

    5. physiological and positive

ANSWER: B

  1. What is the vision acuіty in patient, if he reads the letters of the first table line from the distance of 5m:

    1. 0,05

    2. 0,01

    3. 0,2

    4. 0,1

    5. 1,0

ANSWER: D

  1. The method of lateral lighting is not used for investigation of:

    1. cornea

    2. anterior chamber

    3. retina

    4. iris

    5. pupil

ANSWER: C

  1. For biomicroscopy we use:

    1. ophthalmoscope

    2. perimeter

    3. slot lamp

    4. оphthalmometer

    5. table lamp and loupe

ANSWER: E

  1. Ophthalmoscopy can be:

    1. straight and opposite

    2. simple and opposite

    3. straight and combined

    4. simple and combined

    5. simple and mixed

ANSWER: A

  1. Оphthalmochromoscopy - is:

    1. the method of color sensitivity investigation

    2. investigation of clear medias of the eye in different light spectrums

    3. investigation of anterior parts of the eye in different light spectrums

    4. investigation of the lens in different light spectrums

    5. investigation of the eye bottom in different light spectrums

ANSWER: E

  1. Gonioscopy – is the method of:

    1. clear medias of the eye investigation

    2. anterior chamber angle observation

    3. conjunctiva investigation

    4. lens investigation

    5. eye bottom investigation

ANSWER: B

  1. For cornea sensitivity we use:

    1. оphtalmoscope

    2. retinophote

    3. slot lamp

    4. аlgesimeter

    5. loupe

ANSWER: D

  1. In a state of norm the pupil is:

    1. оval

    2. round, with 2-4 мм diameter

    3. is not visualized

    4. deformated

    5. round, with 5-6 мм diameter

ANSWER: B

  1. In case of biomicroscopy with the sledging ray we investigate:

    1. the sphere of investigated surface

    2. the color of investigated surface

    3. the thickness of investigated surface

    4. the clearness of investigated surface

    5. the location of investigated surface

ANSWER: C

  1. The upper part of ophthalmoscopic image matches to:

    1. the upper parts of the retina

    2. мacule

    3. inferior regions of the retina

    4. optic nerve disc

    5. central region of the retina

ANSWER: C

  1. Due to the passing light in state of norm the pupil is:

    1. black

    2. grey

    3. red

    4. white

    5. is not visualized

ANSWER: A

  1. Еxophthalmometry – is the method:

    1. clear medias of the eye investigation

    2. anterior chamber examination

    3. conjunctiva examination

    4. eye balls protrution examination

    5. eye bottom investigation

ANSWER: D

  1. The main cause of presbyopy is:

      1. The decreasing functions of ciliary body

      2. The decreasing functions of ciliary muscle

      3. Lens elasticity loss

      4. The decreasing function of zonula ciliaris

      5. The postponing of near point

ANSWER: B

  1. What is the type of astigmatism: 180° - My 2,0 D and 90° - Hm 5,0 D:

      1. Simple myopic

      2. Complicated myopic

      3. Mixed

      4. Simple hypermetropic

      5. Complicated hypermetropic

ANSWER: C

  1. High degree myopia gets complicated with:

      1. Glaucoma

      2. Retinal detachment

      3. Amblyopia

      4. Cataract

      5. Uveitis

ANSWER: B

  1. Optic power of the cornea equals to:

      1. 40 D

      2. 90 D

      3. 60 D

      4. 20 D

      5. 80 D

ANSWER: A

  1. In case of emmetropy the focus is formed;

      1. behind the retina

      2. in front of the retina

      3. at the retina

      4. at the lens

      5. at the anterior chamber

ANSWER: C

  1. 50 years old 2,0 D myopic person needs the glasses for reading with the refractive power of:

      1. +2,0 D

      2. -2,0 D

      3. +4,0 D

      4. +5,0 D

      5. Does not need any glasses

ANSWER: E

  1. In case of accommodation spasm emmetropic eye usually arises:

      1. Myopy

      2. Hypermetropy

      3. Astigmatism

      4. Emmetropy

      5. Anisometropy

ANSWER: A

  1. Convex lens improves the vision till 20/20 (6/6 or 1,0) concave lens decrease the vision. The refraction of the patient is:

      1. Myopy

      2. Hypermetropy

      3. Myopic astigmatism

      4. Emmetropy

      5. hypermetropic astigmatism

ANSWER: B

  1. Astigmatism is usually caused by different refraction of the:

      1. Pupil

      2. Cornea

      3. Anterior chamber

      4. Vitreum

      5. Lens

ANSWER: B

  1. What is the type of astigmatism: 180° - My 2,0 D and 90° - My 5,0 D:

      1. Simple myopic

      2. Complicated myopic

      3. Mixed

      4. Simple hypermetropic

      5. Complicated hypermetropic

ANSWER: B

  1. The optic power of the eye is:

      1. 40 D

      2. 90 D

      3. 60 D

      4. 20 D

      5. 80 D

ANSWER: С

  1. In case of myopy the focus is formed:

      1. behind the retina

      2. in front of the retina

      3. at the retina

      4. at the lens

      5. at the anterior chamber

ANSWER: B

  1. The cylindric lens is used to correct:

      1. Myopy

      2. Hypermetropy

      3. Astigmatism

      4. Emmetropy

      5. Anisometropy

ANSWER: C

  1. The main symptom of orbital tumor is:

      1. Enophthalmus

      2. Exophthalmus

      3. Ptosis

      4. ophthalmoplegy

      5. diplopia

ANSWER: B

  1. Papillae are typical for:

      1. bacterial conjunctivitis

      2. adenoviral conjunctivitis

      3. allergic conjunctivitis

      4. gonococcal conjunctivitis

      5. diphteritic conjunctivitis

ANSWER: B

  1. Which drops are antiviral:

      1. interferoni

      2. dexamethasoni

      3. laevomycetini

      4. taufoni

      5. acycloviri

ANSWER: A

  1. Trachoma is caused by:

      1. pneumococcus

      2. adenovirus

      3. chlamydia

      4. herpes virus

      5. Kokh-Wick's bacteria

ANSWER: C

  1. Choose the key sign of gonococcal conjunctivitis:

      1. palpable preauricular nodes

      2. profuse pus discharge

      3. itching

      4. papillae

      5. Membrane

ANSWER: B

  1. What is chemosis:

      1. swelling of palpebral conjunctiva

      2. conjunctival injection

      3. adherence of the bulbar and pulpebral conjunctiva

      4. swelling of bulbar conjunctiva

      5. knitting of eyelids margins

ANSWER: B

  1. Choose the stimulator of corneal regeneration:

      1. interferoni

      2. dexamethasoni

      3. fibrinolysini

      4. corneregel

      5. acycloviri

ANSWER: D

  1. Mydriatic:

      1. arutimoli

      2. dexamethasoni

      3. timololi maleati

      4. atropini sulfatis

      5. Pilocarpini

ANSWER: D

  1. Iris investigation method:

      1. US

      2. ophthalmoscopy

      3. perimetry

      4. gonioscopy

      5. Biomicroscopy

ANSWER: E

  1. How do we call the congenital absence of iris:

      1. albinism

      2. aniridia

      3. policoria

      4. correctopia

      5. Heterochromia

ANSWER: B

  1. Panuveitis – is the inflammation of:

      1. iris

      2. iris and ciliary body

      3. caliary body and choroid

      4. choroid

      5. iris, ciliary body and choroid

ANSWER: E

  1. Complicated cataract appears in case of:

      1. keratitis

      2. blepharitis

      3. aphakia

      4. chalazion

      5. glaucoma

ANSWER: E

  1. How do we indicate the localization of intraocular foreign body:

      1. X-Ray

      2. biomicroscopy

      3. direct ophthalmoscopy

      4. indirect ophthalmoscopy

      5. computer perimetry

ANSWER: A

  1. First aid in case of burns is:

      1. surgery

      2. watering of the eye

      3. antibiotics

      4. corticosteroids

      5. Mydriatics

ANSWER: B

  1. What is the syderosis:

      1. eye tissue changes with the effect of Fe-containing foreign body

      2. eye tissue changes with the effect of acid

      3. eye tissue changes with the effect of Cu-containing foreign body

      4. eye tissue changes with the effect of glass foreign body

      5. eye tissue changes with the effect of commotion

ANSWER: C

  1. The sign of retinal detachment is:

      1. haloes around light

      2. methamorphopsia

      3. photophobia

      4. cloudy vision

      5. foreign body sensation

ANSWER: B

  1. Choose the blunt injury of the eyeball:

      1. corneal laceration

      2. hyphaema

      3. orbital fracture

      4. intraocular foreign body

      5. sympathetic ophthalmia

ANSWER: B

  1. For Horner’s syndrome it is typical:

      1. lagophthalmos

      2. miosis

      3. mydriasis

      4. retinopathy

      5. exophthalmos

ANSWER: B


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