15. FIELD TRAINING
Army Cadets participate in a number of field training camping exercises during the course of our training year. During these exercises you will be given practical experience living in the outdoors. While a well prepared cadet can easily live in the field in comfort, a poorly prepared cadet will be cold and uncomfortable. The key in most cases to a fun and comfortable weekend exercise is preparation. You can often find mote information on our training activities on our web page, so check it often for information prior to an exercise and for photos following the exercise.
a. Types of Exercises
There are several different types of exercises we hold and knowing what type of exercise you are attending will help you to prepare. For example, if you are attending a bushcraft exercise you will be sleeping outside usually in improvised shelters, a cold weather indoctrination exercise will be held outdoors in the winter. On the other hand a range or sports weekend is usual held outdoors but we usually sleep indoors. A citizenship tour is always conducted as day trips from a central indoor barracks
b. What to Bring
What you will bring on an exercise will depend largely on the type of exercise and what we will be doing on it. Always find out what you are going to be doing so you can be prepared. Some basic items you should bring include:
A wash and hygiene kit including a towel, soap, shampoo, deodorant, toothbrush & paste.
A pair of good boots is usually better than a pair of running shoes
A sweater and coat appropriate to the weather conditions
A hat. In the summer, a baseball cap or wide brim hat or in the winter a toque
A pair of sunglasses. You need these in the summer AND in the winter
A change of clothing
A raincoat or poncho.
Gloves and scarves should be brought in cold weather
You will be given a full, KIT LIST” prior to the exercise that you will be attending. A”KIT
CHECK” will be conducted before the exercise to ensure that you have all the required kit you may need. On certain exercises you will be issued certain items that you may not personally have. This Kit is your responsibility while you are using it. The key phrase you will hear before, during and after exercises is “ONE MAN ONE KIT”. Learn and follow this phrase. You are responsible for yourself.
c. Cadet Combat Clothing
Cadets are permitted to wear combat clothing however, this must be old Canadian Combat Pattern (olive drab) NOT CADPAT and must have a Royal Canadian Army Cadet Badge worn on the sleeve. Combat clothing has the advantages of quick drying, lots of pockets, warmth, and durability. Combat boots area particularly good investment. Combat clothing can be purchased privately or through the Corps Kit shop (the Marti shop).
d. Weather Conditions:
Always check the weather report prior to a weekend exercise to ensure you have the proper clothing for the weekend. And always be prepared for the unexpected, ONE CADET, ONE KIT.
e. Food on Exercises:
We eat many different types of food on our exercises, everything from Individual Meal Packages, where the meal is entirely self contained, to meals cooked on site. Always bring a cup on exercises. Cadets are permitted to bring munchies with them on an exercise, however, remember that our furry friends also like your food and that the kit you bring is the kit you carry, so before bringing it with you ensure you are ready to carry your kit for a long distance. You will not be allowed to have food in your shelter.
f. Our Environment
Nature is a resource we all share. What you leave behind is what someone else has to arrive to. Check your kit carefully to ensure all of your kit is with you prior to departing your camping area that includes your garbage. Just like you don’t want to sleep in someone else’s garbage, someone else does not want to sleep in yours.
Remember that just because you are not at home, does not mean you can let your stinky index reach critical. Cadets are required to wash daily and wash their hands prior to meals. If you do not wash properly there is a good chance you may feel sick in the days following the exercise. Remember that washing, while more inconvenient in the field, is very important and must not be skipped.
k. Where We Train
We train in many different locations in the local area. Ensure you let your parents know what time you will be returning from your exercise and arrange to call for your ride once you arrive back as we may be late returning from our weekend.
16. APPOINTMENTS AND ADVANCEMENT
We operate on the MERIT SYSTEM. That means that you will advance when you deserve to do so, provided that a suitable vacancy exists. Appointments refer to a position a cadet is assigned by the awarding of a rank level or a position. In the Canadian Forces an appointment to a rank level is referred to as a promotion, this term, while not entirely accurate, is generally used to refer to an appointment to an applicable rank level. Appointments, either to a position or a rank, are recommended by your own cadet officers and NCM’s. In considering a cadet for appointment, we look for such qualities as leadership ability, personal drill and quality of dress, performance during local headquarters and summer camp training, reliability, maturity and initiative, a demonstrated interest in the cadet corps1 consistency of performance and attendance. Cadets who do well at summer camps may expect to advance faster. Cadets who have passed the National Star Certificate Examination may expect to take the top positions in the corps. In all cases cadets must show a firm commitment to the corps through regular attendance at all corps events. Cadets are promoted to Private on successful completion of the Green Star program provided their attendance and behavior is satisfactory.
17. SMALL ARMS SAFETY
From tune to time cadets handle and use firearms. We will take all possible care to ensure that you use them safely. Here are some very important rules to memorize and follow. They apply to both air rifles and small bore or large bore rifles.
Never touch a firearm unless told to do so
When you pick up a firearm or give it to someone, DO A SAFETY CHECK, open the action to prove that it is empty and the weapon is safe.
NEVER point a firearm near or at anyone~ not even in fun.
NEVER let a firearm you have been issued out of your sight.
REMEMBER TO ALWAYS TREAT A FIREARM AS IF IT IS LOADED
18. SUMMER TRAINING
The Local Headquarters program is only one part of the Cadet Training System. Cadets are also authorized to attend summer camps, where vacancies are available, based on a progressive system. When a cadet submits a camp application form that cadet is ranked against their peers and a “priority list” is submitted with the completed camp applications. To make sure you are high up on the priority focus on making sure you have good attendance, participation in activities, dress, and deportment.
Year 1: Familiarization Training (2 or 3 Weeks)
Basic Army Cadet;
Basic Army Cadet Band
Basic Army Cadet Pipes and Drums
Basic Army Cadet Marksman
Year 2: NCM Qualifying (6 Weeks)
Army Cadet Leader;
Army Cadet Leader Marksman
Army Cadet Leader Band
Army Cadet Leader Pipes and Drums
Year 3: WO Qualifying (6 Weeks)
Army Cadet Leader Instructor
Drill and Ceremonial
Band; Pipes and Drums
Year 4: Central Region Cadet Adventure Expedition (6 Weeks)
Year 5: Advanced Training (6 or 7 Weeks) Or Staff Cadet
Army Cadet Advanced Band
Army Cadet Advanced Pipes and Drums
National Army Cadet Pipes and Drums
Army Cadet Leadership and Challenge
Army Cadet Bisley Team
Outward Bound Exchange (UK or USA)
Maple Leaf Exchange (UK)
Federal Republic of Germany Exchange;
International Exchanges (Europe)
Year 6: Staff Cadet or Advanced Training (6 or 7 Weeks)
Not every cadet will follow this progression. For example 14 year old cadets who complete their red star can receive a waiver and start their summer camps at the Year 2 level. If you wish to find out further information about summer camps see your star level officer or your Platoon officer.
19. BASIC DRILL GUIDE
Drill is an important part of cadet training. It teaches the individuals in a group how to act as a uniform body. While on the parade square taking part in drill a cadet has only to follow instruction in a smart manner. Even when one makes a mistake on the parade square as long as one does not move after it there is little chance anyone watching the squad will notice. However, with practice, as with any endeavor, cadets’ drill is able to reach the same level as that of any regular force drill team. Remember that when you do drill you may not be moving for extended periods of time. This will cause you to become faint if you do not take steps to avoid this. It is important to have a good night’s sleep and a meal before going on parade and also to drink plenty of liquids. In hot weather an active person can loose a liter and a half of water each hour through perspiration. Also ensure you keep your blood flowing by flexing the muscles in your legs. Also wiggle your toes and shift your weight between the front and back of your feet. The tough part is making sure no one can see you move! If you do feel ill or faint on parade drop down onto one knee and wait for someone to help you off the Parade square.
a. POSITION OF ATTENTION:
The position of attention is one of readiness in expectation of a word of command. Exactness in this position is important.. The position of attention is the position adopted by officers and cadets when addressing a superior.
The position of attention is as follows:
Heals together and in line;
Feet turned out to form an angle of 30 degrees; body balanced and the weight evenly distributed on both feet.
Shoulders level, square to the front.
Arms hanging as straight as their natural bend will allow with elbows and wrists touching the body.
Wrists straight, the back of the hands held outwards.
The fingers aligned, touching the palm of the hand, thumbs placed on the side of the forefinger at the middle joint with the thumbs and back of the fingers touching the thighs lightly and the thumbs in line with the seam of the trousers.
Head held erect, neck touching the back of the collar, eyes steady looking their height, and straight to the front.
Note: No part of the body should be strained when in the position of attention. Straining your body will only make you uncomfortable; try to relax, while maintaining the position of attention. Muscles should not be tense, merely held in position.
b. POSITION OF STAND AT EASE
The stand at ease is an intermediate position between attention and stand easy. It allows no relaxation, but can be maintained without strain for a longer time than the position of attention.
c. STAND AT EASE FROM ATTENTION
On the command STAND AT - EASE:
Bend the left knee,
Carry the left foot to the left, straightening it in double time, and place the foot flat on the ground smartly, with the inside of the heels approximately 25 cm apart,
At the same time, with a quick motion, bring the arms behind the back, stretched to their full extent, and place the back of the right hand in the palm of the left, with thumbs crossed right over left, the fingers together and extended,
Balance the body with the weight evenly distributed on both feet.
Note: The term “Bend the Left, or Right, Knee” as applied in this section of the Recruit Handbook means to bend the knee so the foot will hang at its natural angle with the toe pointed downwards 15 cm off the ground and directly underneath the knee.