Good discipline must become a habit, not a chore. To help build that habit, the military uses various ways of showing trust, loyalty, and respect. These include standing at attention, saying “Sir” or “Ma’am”, and saluting. The salute dates from medieval times, when knights showed their friendly intentions by raising their weapon hand, empty, and opening the visor of their helmet. When you salute officers, you acknowledge that they hold their rank by virtue of a commission from Her Majesty the Queen. That is why they are called “Commissioned Officers”. As citizens of a democracy, we look our superiors in the eye when we salute because, though we may differ in rank, we are all equals before the law. The trust, loyalty, and respect on which good discipline is built must be natural, not just one-sided. In civilian life, when someone says “Thank you”, we return the courtesy by replying, “You’re welcome”. Similarly, when you show your trust, loyalty, and respect for an officer by saluting, they “return” the salute to show their trust, loyalty, and respect for you.
WHEN SHOULD YOU SALUTE? a. Conversations with Officers:
Stand at attention, and salute at the start and end of a conversation with an officer.
b. Passing an Officer
If you are standing still when an officer passes you, come to attention and salute. If you are on the move, and you pass an officer, turn your head in his direction and salute. But keep marching; you don’t have to halt to salute. It is courteous to add a greeting, such as “Good evening, Sir”.
c. Out Of Uniform
In Commonwealth forces, unlike the American forces, if you are not in uniform, or if you are in uniform but do not have your headdress on, you do not salute. Just stand to attention or turn your head, as the situation requires. If you are wearing a civilian hat, lift or touch the brim courteously; do not turn this gesture into a drill movement. Add a polite greeting whenever possible.
d. In an Unformed Group:
In an “unformed” group (i.e. when a bunch of you are just standing around or walking together), all members of the group will salute an officer. If you pass a group of officers, only the senior officer will return the salute,
e. In A Formed Group
In a “formed” ~ (i.e. when you are formed up in ranks), you come to attention to speak with an officer or NCM. You do not salute when in ranks. If it is necessary for a squad to pay compliments, the person in charge will call the squad to attention and salute. When a squad passes a junior officer, the person in charge will salute. When passing a senior or general officer, the person in charge will order an “Eyes Right or Eyes Left: officers on parade”, or the NCM in charge will salute.
One salutes, when entering or leaving an officer’s office, or interrupting his classroom. You will salute within an armory or drill deck as one would outdoors.
As a mark of respect, one may salute civilian ladies and gentlemen whom one meets on the street, or before and after receiving a presentation from a civilian on parade.
When in uniform and in an “uniformed body” face the direction of the band and salute during the playing of “God Save the Queen”, “0 Canada”, “Last Post”, or “Reveille”.
When in uniform and in an “unformed body” face the direction of the flag when the National Flag is raised or lowered, Regimental Colours, or the Royal Canadian Army Cadet flag is paraded past
j. Other Nations
Pay similar compliments to the Heads of State, officers, anthems, flags and ships of other friendly nations.
MILITARY TITLES: Address officers and Chief Warrant Officers as “Sir” or “Ma’am”. Address Master Warrant Officers as “Master Warrant Officer”, Warrant Officer as “Warrant”, Sergeants as “Sergeant”, Corporals as “Corporal”, or “Master Corporal” and Privates as “Private”. All ranks may be addressed by their rank and last name. A Warrant officer holding an appointment as sergeant-major may be called “Sergeant-major”, with or without their last name.
14. LOCAL TRAINING
Local Headquarters Training is the cadet training that is conducted during the school year in your local community. It is composed of several elements including, weekly Parade, optional range nights. and Shooting Teams which may practice from time to time during the week or Saturday or Sunday, and a weekend a month of training. Lack of attendance on your weekly training night may well result in being restricted from attending fun weekend activities, so don t miss any parade nights. Weekend field training exercises are conducted on the average of once every 5 or 6 weeks. Citizenship tours, special parades, and competitions with other Cadet Corps may also be held from time to time. Training at the corps level is taught through a series of four star levels each caking one year to complete. In your first year of training you learn the Green Star training level. The green star level is the basic block on which all other phases of training have been built and includes; Drill, Firearm Handling, Public Speaking, Bushcraft, Range Courses, Field Exercises, and Fundamental Training. Remaining time is taken up with optional subjects such as; Communications, Cadet Fitness, First Aid, Sports, Abseiling, etc.. After your first year of training you will move through the Red. Silver and Gold Star levels. Each star level builds on the one prior to it and teaches cadets new skills. Upon completion of the Gold Star level a cadet writes the National Star Certification Examination which is a once a year national examination. Successful completion of the components of this examination is required before a cadet can attend an advanced summer camp course or exchange. Successful completion of a star level authorizes a cadet to wear the corresponding coloured badge on their uniform.