Volume 2007, XLIX, Number 1 Author



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Volume 2007, XLIX, Number 1


Author:

Daniel S. Larangé



Original title:

Le plaisir de la lecture Une définition de l´esprit de lecture



English title:



Abstract:

Reading as specific activity requires from the reader three interrelated operations. (1) to discover the antagonism in the text, (2) to solve them in the course of reading and (3) to follow up the linearity of the text. Reading in the western culture represents a unique hedonic activity rising from clearing of difficulties and contradictions hidden in the text. Unfamiliar text represents for every reader a challenge to unseal the riddle which was sealed by the author. Trained reader approves oneself by the faculty to carry out synthesis of the contradictions contained in the text. Reader’s mind moves unceasingly between frustration from unsolved contradictions and satisfaction with discovering of harmony.



Keywords:



reading, reader, text



Author:

Heerak Christian Kim



Original title:

Placing Matthew 17:1-13 in the Genre of the Fantastic



English title:

Placing Matthew 17:1-13 in the Genre of the Fantastic



Abstract:

Transfiguration pericope corresponds with Tzvetan Todorov´s definition of genre of “the fantastic”. It (1) produces fear, horror, or curiosity, (2) serves narration and maintains suspense, and (3) permits the description of a fantastic universe, which are main Todorovs´ criteria. Another question sounds what would propel the writer of the Gospel to use this genre. In this regard, Rosemary Jackson´s work, Fantasy: The Literature of Subversion, will provide a helpful reference point. She argues that the fantastic provides a way for protest literature. Ideas that are forbidden or taboo can be described by the genre of the fantastic. The pericope was meant to express protest to the dominant power that threatened Jesus of Nazareth and his movement and it is no accident that Jesus was claiming the heroes of the Judaism of his time as followers of his own movement.



Keywords:



fantasy literature, Gospel of Matthew, Matthew 17:1-13



Author:

Pavel Hejzlar



Original title:

John Calvin and the Cessation of Miraculous Healing



English title:

John Calvin and the Cessation of Miraculous Healing



Abstract:

Calvin’s doctrine of cessation of miraculous healing is principally based on two propositions. First, they have fulfilled their function of certifying the gospel when it was new, and second, what really matters is the healing of the soul from sin. Calvin’s general Christian-platonic background with hermeneutical principle of analogy and similitude plays in this respect crucial role. In this hermeneutical approach miracles are applied to the present, earthly things to heaven ones, material to the spiritual ones. Calvin shares general platonic conviction about body as a prison of the soul. Physical healing is in fact compared to spiritual one totally unimportant. More reserved attitude toward miracles compared to the older tradition, for example Augustinian, is caused also by catholic-protestant polemic in 16th century. Calvin reads synoptic gospels through the eyes of Gospel of John and miracles function here as signs confirming the proclamation of the true doctrine. Since the Romanist doctrine is far from being sound, no miracle can save it. In addition to this, Calvin insists that even in times when miraculous healing was imparted, it was confined to a narrow group of pre-selected individuals.



Keywords:



John Calvin, miracles, miraculous healing



Author:

Imre Koncsik



Original title:

Die Suche (nach) der wahren Kirche



English title:

Looking for the right Church



Abstract:

The article is trying to trace consequences of quest for true church in the wide area of catholic ecclesiology and suggests implications of the quest in various respects from principles of ecumenical dialog useable for catholic theology, over self understanding of catholic theology as academic discipline to the impulses for catholic missiology. Space for quest of true church is delimitated by two coordinates, horizontal and vertical analogy. The former embody actualities as visible church, sinful members and profane history whereas the latter invisible church, holiness and history of salvation. Every ecclesiological model whether reductional, plural, pluralistical or particularistic is trying to find some sort of mutual relation between above mentioned analogies. If catholic theology aspires to claim on unity of church in the New Testament sense and integrity of Catholic Church on the other hand at the same time, its scope may not be limited but on the contrary broaden by other religions or churches. True church is characterized neither by omni-formity, nor by multi-formity but only by pluri-formity.



Keywords:



Church, ecclesiology, roman-catholic theology





Book reviews


Author:

Zdenko Širka



Original title:

Felix Körner, Revisionist Koran Hermeneutics in Contemporary Turkish University Theology



English title:

elix Körner, Revisionist Koran Hermeneutics in Contemporary Turkish University Theology



Reviewed book:

KÖRNER, Felix. Revisionist Koran hermeneutics in contemporary Turkish university theology : rethinking Islam. Würzburg : Ergon Verlag, 2005. 230 p. ISBN 3-89913-373-0.





Author:

Marek Říčan



Original title:

John Hick, The Rainbow of Faiths. Critical Dialogue on Religious Pluralism



English title:

John Hick, The Rainbow of Faiths. Critical Dialogue on Religious Pluralism



Reviewed book:

HICK, John. The rainbow of faiths : critical dialogue on religious pluralism. London : SCM Press, 1995. 160 p. ISBN 0-334-02608-3.

Volume 2007, XLIX, Number 2


Author:

Jürgen Moltmann



Original title:

The Resurrection of Christ and the New Earth



English title:

The Resurrection of Christ and the New Earth



Abstract:

In this meditation the insepparable unity between the concept of Creation and that of Ressurection is being advocated. Creation has an echatological meaning and cannot be therefore perceived as an entity of lower dignity in comparison with spiritual matters. In a similar vein, Resurrection doesn't mean but final rehabilitation of just this created, natural and earthly World. This being so, there is no legitimate way for religious escapism, abandoning and disregarding this World.



Keywords:


creation, ressurection, nature, religious engagement, Easter Liturgy, Earthly character of humans



Author:

Petr Macek



Original title:

The Doctrine of Creation in the Messianic Theology of Jürgen Moltmann



English title:

The Doctrine of Creation in the Messianic Theology of Jürgen Moltmann



Abstract:

After a brief biographical note, the author introduces the main work of Jürgen Moltmann as sorted into two series. While in the first series the controlling idea was the dialectics of the cross and the resurrection, a particular form of Trinitarian thought became the overarching principle in the second series. It is within the second series that Moltmann's notion of Creation comes repeatedly under scrutiny. The core of the treatise concentrates on the way Moltmann deals with traditional Jewish and Christian items of creation theology and relates them to the present ecological concerns. Noticed and addressed is Moltmann's recent discovery of Romanian Eastern-Orthodox theologian Dimitru Stanilaoe



Keywords:


Moltmann, Jürgen, Stanilaoe, Dimitru, 1903-1993, hope, creation, Holy Trinity



Author:

Ivana Noble



Original title:

Doctrine of Creation within the Theological Project of Dumitru Staniloae



English title:

Doctrine of Creation within the Theological Project of Dumitru Staniloae



Abstract:

This article provides a biographical and theological portrait of the Romanian Orthodox theologian, philosopher and prisoner of the communist regime Dumitru Stăniloae (1903-1993). Despite his intellectual achievements it was only in late sixties that Stăniloae found reception among western theologians. In his understanding of creation Stăniloae emphasizes that it is God's gift. No theology or philsophy can therefore bypass the creation as a positive element on one's spiritual journey. Emerging from a consequent Trinitarian thinking, Stăniloae sees no contrast between Hesychast concepts of individual deification and the task of profound humanisation.



Keywords:

Staniloae, Dumitru, 1903-1993, Church in Romania, Easter-orthodox theology, philokalia, creation, Holy Trinity, hesychasm, deification





Author:

Rodney D. Holder



Original title:

Creation and the Sciences in the Theology of Wolfhart Pannenberg



English title:

Creation and the Sciences in the Theology of Wolfhart Pannenberg



Abstract:

In expounding the Christian doctrine of creation, Wolfhart Pannenberg directly challenges Karl Barth’s attitude to natural theology and lack of engagement with the natural sciences. Indeed Pannenberg sees dialogue with the sciences as essential for the establishing of all Christian truth claims since this must be done on the basis of a shared rationality and publicly accessible evidence. In this article I examine Pannenberg’s advocacy of theology as a science in its own right. I explore his attitude to natural theology, his exposition of the doctrine of creation, and some key aspects of his thought such as contingency, where he sees consonance between the Biblical and scientific views, and, more controversially, the concept of ‘field’. I also briefly consider some suggestions for furthering his programme of providing rational support for theological claims.



Keywords:

theology and natural science, natural science and theology, Pannenberg, Wolfhart, Moltmann, Jürgen, history, the nature of





Author:

Beat Zuber



Original title:

Bibel und Gnosis oder ein Vorschlag, den Gaul vom Kopf her aufzuzäumen



English title:

Bible and Gnosis



Abstract:

In this article the cultural phenomenon of Gnosis, widely spread in Mediterraneum, is interpreted as a reaction to the Hellenistic globalisation of the whole region in late Antiquity. The suggestion is being made to understand the Creation story in Gen 1 as a deliberate polemics with Gnosis and its disdain for body and matter. If true, however, this suggestion would radically change the chronology of Biblical texts. Finally, the argument of Qumran library, often reffered to as the proof for Bible's antiquity, is being challenged.



Keywords:

Gnosis, dualism, Genesis, the book of, Qumran, Bible, origins of, hellenism







Book reviews


Author:

Ondřej Macek



Original title:

Wie mit dem Teufel zu pflügen ist



English title:

How to plough with devil



Reviewed book:

HELLER, Jan. Jak orat s čertem : kázání. Praha : Kalich, 2005. 204 s. ISBN 80-7017-017-4.





Author:

Petr Turecký



Original title:

Ein Weg durch die Felsen mit Jan Heller



English title:

Way through rock with Jan Heller



Reviewed book:

HELLER, Jan. Stezka ve skalách : postila. Praha : Kalich, 2006. 291 s. ISBN 80-7017-043-3.





Author:

Igor Kišš



Original title:

Synagogue and Ecclesia



English title:

Synagogue and Ecclesia



Reviewed book:

HORŇANOVÁ, Sidonia. Synagogues : continuity between the synagogue and ecclesia. Bratislava : Comenius University, 2006. 104 s. ISBN 80-223-2123-0.







Volume 2007, XLIX, Number 3





Author:

Katharina Kunter



Original title:

"We know now" – the historiography of Protestant Churches in Central and Eastern Europe after 1989



English title:

"We know now" – the historiography of Protestant Churches in Central and Eastern Europe after 1989



Abstract:

The article deals with three major trends in historiography since 1989: The first is a broader public interest in the political engagement of the (Protestant) churches at the end of the communist period and their contributions to opposition and the transitions to democracy. The second is a wider public and internal clerical debate about the way Protestant churches in Eastern Europe went between opposition, conformity and loyalty to the regime and the part the Western Churches played in that game. Finally, since the early 1990s, international academic research projects in theology, history and sociology have started to build up a solid empirical basis and place the churches´ actions and policy against a wider historical horizon.



Keywords:

Protestant Churches - Central and Eastern Europe – historiography – Communism - Post-Communism - Transition





Author:

Mikko Ketola



Original title:

Cold War Church history research at the University of Helsinki



English title:

Cold War Church history research at the University of Helsinki



Abstract:

The article is an overview of Cold War church history research, which church historians in the Church History Department of the Faculty of Theology in Helsinki have carried out over the past 15 years or so. The Department’s Cold War church history has been first and foremost a history of the churches in the Eastern bloc during the period starting from the Second World War. Research has also been done on the relations and contacts between the churches on the opposing sides of the Iron Curtain. The third focus of Cold War church history has been the prevailing perceptions of communism and the Soviet Union among Finnish Lutherans. The author points out that there is still much to do in the field of Cold War church history. He also expresses his hope that in the future, Czech and Finnish church historians will find themselves involved in joint research projects.



Keywords:

Cold War – Church History – Finland – Central and Eastern Europe – Role of Religion- European Integration - Research Projects





Author:

Klaus Fitschen



Original title:

Der westdeutsche Protestantismus und die gesellschaftlichen Veränderungen in den 1960er Jahren : eine Bestandsaufnahme



English title:

The west German Protestantism and the social changes in the 1960s : "a stock-taking"



Abstract:

The article investigates changes in Western German Protestantism during the 1960s and into the 1970s. It points to the social changes going on at the time and discusses their influence on the churches. Alongside these external changes, there were also internal changes in the churches, some of which would be expressed especially in the 1970s in the themes of the Kirchentag. The article also considers relations between Western and Eastern German Churches, and the debate about the role of the church vis-à-vis society. Finally, the article also considers the conservative evangelical response to changes in church and society and wonders whether similar developments might be traced in other – for example, East German – churches.



Keywords:

German Churches - 1960s - 1970s - Internal Change - External Change - West-East German Relations – Liberal - Conservative





Author:

Gerhard Lindemann



Original title:

Die Geschichte der christlichen Kirchen in Dresden : 1945 bis 1990



English title:

The history of Churches in Dresden : 1945-1990



Abstract:

The article examines Church-State relations in the former East Germany. The author has chosen Dresden as a case study through which he investigates the development of the relations in the period of 1945-1989. He argues that a church historian has to take into account not only the archive materials on the theme, but has to understand them against the background of the social and cultural changes. Thus he interprets the persecutions in the 1950s, the decline in church attendance peaking in the 1960s and 1970s, and the churches' involvement as a political alternative in the 1980s.



Keywords:

Dresden – Christian Churches – Communism – 1945-1989 – Church-State Relations





Author:

Norbert Kmeť



Original title:

Research into non-Catholic Churches and religious communities in Slovakia after November 1989



English title:

Research into non-Catholic Churches and religious communities in Slovakia after November 1989



Abstract:

After November 1989, the issues of Church and religion began to draw much of the researchers' attention in Slovakia. This topic began to reverberate in the media too. Of all non-Catholic Churches, most research has been done into the position of the Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession. Most academic works particularly analyse the Church-State relationship and survey restrictions on the Church activities and persecution of the clergy. Individual studies mainly follow the development of the given issue in a chronological order, which enables the authors to point out causal relationships. However, what is completely missing in Slovakia is comparative studies pertaining to non-Catholic Churches not only within Central Europe but also within the whole territory of former Czechoslovakia, since - despite the same legislation being in force in both territories - the situation in the Czech lands has always been different from that in Slovakia.



Keywords:

Slovakia – Communism - Historical Research - Non-Catholic Churches - Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession - Lutheran Church





Author:

Peter C.A. Morée



Original title:

Between solidarity and emigration : the case of Tomáš Bísek, pastor of the Evangelical Church of the Czech Brethren



English title:

Between solidarity and emigration : the case of Tomáš Bísek, pastor of the Evangelical Church of the Czech Brethren



Abstract:

The Evangelical Church of the Czech Brethren experienced a serious division in the second half of the 1970s and in the 1980s. The reason was a difference in understanding which position the church should take in relation to the communist regime. The church leadership developed a strategy to avoid an open conflict with the regime. A minority in the church took a more critical stance to the regime, as they saw it as an obligation for the church to speak up in matters of oppression and violations of human rights. Pastor Tomáš Bísek, who signed Charta 77, got into conflict with the regime and with the church leadership as well. This article tells his story, which led from loss of his pastoral work to emigration.



Keywords:

Evangelical Church of the Czech Brethren - Tomáš Bísek - Charta 77 – Czechoslovakia - Church-State Relations - Communism





Author:

Jiří Piškula



Original title:

Verbot des Siebenten-Tags-Adventistenkirche : ein Beispiel für Verfolgung der Freikirchen in der Tschechoslowakei



English title:

Ban on the Seventh-Day Adventist Church : an example of persecution of Free Churches in Czechoslovakia



Abstract:

This article deals with a development of relations between state and party authorities and the Seventh Day Adventist Church in Czechoslovakia. The author first sketches the situation after the World War II and then decribes the process of elimination of religious freedom under the communist government which led also to action against the Seventh Day Adventists. Finally he considers similarities and differences with the persecution of other free churches, and emphasizes the consequences ot the ban of the Seventh Day Adventist Church for other small Churches.



Keywords:

Seventh Day Adventists – Czechoslovakia – Communism – Persecution – Church-State Relations – Free Churches







Author:

Cornelia von Ruthendorf



Original title:

Reaktionen in den evangelischen Landeskirchen der DDR auf den 21. August 1968 in Prag



English title:

Responses of the Protestant Churches in DDR to the August 21 1968 in Prague



Abstract:

Summary: This article investigates the state of awareness of unity and tension between the ecclesial and political life as mediated by the representatives of the East German Protestant State Churches responding to the invasion on 21 August 1968 that ended the Prague Spring . The archive materials are interpreted in connection with the political situation in the German Democratic Republic in the 1960s, state responses to the Prague Spring, and also Church-State relations. A particular emphasis is given to how church representatives placed themselves in relation to the official political line, especially after the invasion, when they felt the need to communicate with churches in Czechoslovakia, and in particular with their representatives who found themselves in a similarly difficult position in which they managed or failed to negotiate their loyalties.



Keywords:

German Democratic Republic – Prague Spring – East German Protestant State Churches – August 21st 1968 – Church-State Relations under Communism





Author:

Aleš Pištora



Original title:

La question Socratique ches Jan Patočka



English title:



Abstract:

This short article commemorates the centenary of the birth and 30th anniversary of the death of the Czech philosopher Jan Patočka, co-founder of Charter 77. The author compares Patočka's philosophical search for foundations of moral and responsible human life to that of Socrates. He shows in which aspects Patočka developed the phenomenological heritage differently from Heidegger, and why, instead of an engagement in the new metaphysics, he preferred the philosophy of history and morality, broadly understood as that which reveals the transcendent dimension of human conscience, gives orientation to human life, and when needed, strength to protest against what is given.



Keywords:

Patočka - Heidegger - Socratic Philosophy - Philosophy of History - Foundations of Human Life - Transcendence - Moral Conscience - Responsibility





Author:

Adrienn Orosz



Original title:

Die Geschichte der deutschsprachigen reformierten Gemeinde in Ungarn



English title:

The history of the German speaking reformed community in Hungary



Abstract:

The German speaking reformed community in the Hungarian capital was founded in 1859. A keen layman, Ingenieur Theodor Biberauer, had a plan to start a German reformed community in Pest. Since the 20s of the 20th century this reformed parish had been a centre of a spiritual theological and social life of German speaking people in Budapest. After the World War II the hardest time for the parish had begun. At the end of the World War II two buildings were destroyed through air-raid. Many members had emigrate. Total more than 300.000 German speaking Hungarians had to leave their country. The community that remained was facing a further challenge coming from the types of people who encouraged the German-speaking Protestant parish life during the 45 years of communist regime.



Keywords:

German-speaking minorities – Budapest – Protestant Church – Theodor Biberaeur - Mihály Bucsay – 19th and 20th Century Hungary







Book reviews


Author:

Pavel Šuba



Original title:

Theo Verbeek, Spinoza´s Theologico-Political Treatise : exploring the will of God



English title:

Theo Verbeek, Spinoza´s Theologico-Political Treatise : exploring the will of God



Reviewed book:

VERBEEK, Theo. Spinoza´s Theologico-Political Treatise : exploring the will of God. Ashgate, 2003. 204 s. ISBN 0-7456-0493-4.


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