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Uniform Guide”

Napoleon’s Campaigns in Egypt and the Holy Land.”
Table of Contents:

  1. Republic of France, Page 1.

  2. Mameluke, Page 5.

  3. Ottoman Empire, Page 5.

  4. Great Britain, Page 7.

5. References for Napoleons Campaign in Egyptian and Holy Land . Page 12
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1. Republic of France:

Cockade: Red, White and Blue.
General Officers:

General Officers wore a tricoloured (Red, White and Blue) hat plumes.

Coat

Collar

Collar Piping

Cuffs

Turnbacks

Piping

Sash

Shabraque

Dark Blue

Scarlet

Gold Lace

Scarlet

Gold Lace

Gold

Red White and Blue

Scarlet with

Gold Trim




Infantry:

When the French invaded Egypt in June of 1798 they were wearing their heavy European uniforms. All units below have White Belts, Brown Leather Packs, off White/Grey Overcoat Rolled on there Packs, and Black Cartridge Pouches.


Line Demi-Brigade.

Black bicorne hat, blue cut-away coat or habit, with red collar and cuffs red piping, white turnbacks with red piping, blue shoulderboards with red piping white waistcoat and breeches (the 18th, 25th, 32nd and 75th had red-and-white ticken overalls) and long black gaiters (most info shows the gaiters were not worn. Instead the breeches/overalls were simply worn lose or cuffed at the ankles.
Light Demi-Brigade.

Black bicorne hat, blue waistcoat or habit, with red collar, white piped cuffs with green epaulettes, and blue breeches.


Notes:

Both the Grenadier and Carabinier Company’s as above but with a red horsehair falling plume on the bicorne as well as red epaulettes and shoulderboards. Some sources state that members of the Grenadier and Carabinier Company’s wore Bearskins. Grenadier with Brass front plates, Carabinier without.
In November of 1799 the Carabinier Company’s of the 2nd Legere was eliminated (men scattered throughout the rest of the Demi-Brigade) do to a mutiny led by the Carabinier Company’s.
In October of 1799 the Infantry started changing over to their new uniforms. Known as the Kleber

Ordnance. All infantry had white gaiter – trousers. And the famous helmet with houppe or pouffe. The Tricolor Cockade was worn on the left side of the helmet.
In most cases Musicians wore reverse colors of its Demi-Brigade, with yellow chevrons running down both sleeves and yellow bars on the button line across the chest.
Listed below are the colors of the second uniform. For the helmet pouffe, if you see two colors listed the first color is on top of the second color. If only one color is listed then the pouffe was a solid color.
When the Demi-Brigades transitioned to the new uniforms, (October of 1799) the Grenadier and Carabinier Company’s did as well. With red epaulettes and shoulderboards and a red Pouffe on there helmet. Also a Brass flaming grenade insignia was worm on the front and rear of there helmet. The Grenadier Company’s of the 9th Demi-Brigade of Line were ordered to were there Bicorn hats with red falling plum as the rest of the Demi-Brigade had red Pouffe’s on there helmets.
Some of the Demi-Brigades had many change’s in their uniforms over the time that the campaign took place. The first color for each is what they wore during the initially change, but some elements may have received different uniforms over the period of the campaign. Those additional issues are listed as (Alt).


Demi-

Brigade #

Coat

Collar

Collar Piping

Cuffs

Turnbacks

Piping

Helmet Houppe / Pouffe

2nd Legere

Light Green

Dark Blue

White

Dark Blue

Dark Blue

White

Green

4th Legere

(Alt)

Light Green

Light Green



Crimson

Brown


White

White


Crimson

Brown


Crimson

Brown


White

White


White Green

21stLegere

(Alt)

Sky Blue

Sky Blue


Yellow

Yellow


White

White


Yellow

Yellow


Yellow

Red


White

White


Yellow Green

22nd Legere

Sky Blue

Crimson

White

Crimson

Crimson

White

Red

Green


9th Ligne

(Alt)

Scarlet

Scarlet


Blue

Green


Red

White


White

Green


White

Green


Blue

White


Red

13th Ligne

(Alt)

Crimson

Crimson


Dark Blue

Dark Blue



White

Green


Puce

Puce


Puce

Puce


White

Green


Dark

Blue


18th Ligne

(Alt)

(Alt)

(Alt)

Scarlet

Scarlet


Scarlet

Scarlet


Brown

Yellow


Scarlet

Scarlet


Brown

Blue


White

Blue


Yellow

Yellow


Scarlet

Blue


Yellow

Yellow


White

Blue


Blue

White


White

Blue


Black

25th Ligne

(Alt)

Crimson

Crimson


Sky Blue

Blue


White

White


Sky Blue

Blue


Sky Blue

Blue


White

White


White

Red


32nd Ligne

(Alt)

(Alt)

Brown

Crimson


Violet

Scarlet

Blue


Scarlet

Blue

Blue


Blue

Orange

Blue


Orange

Orange

Blue


Orange

White

White


White

White

Blue


61st Ligne

(Alt)

(Alt)

(Alt)

Crimson

Crimson


Brown

Brown


Dark Blue

Blue


Yellow

Yellow


Yellow

Blue


Yellow

Blue


Dark Blue

Lt. Green

Yellow

Lt. Green



Dark Blue

Lt. Green

Yellow

Lt. Green



Yellow

White


Yellow

Blue


White

Black


69th Ligne

(Alt)

(Alt)

Brown

Brown


Brown

Scarlet

Scarlet


Scarlet

Blue

White


Blue

White

Scarlet


White

White

Scarlet


White

White

White


Blue

White Yellow

75th Ligne

(Alt)

Scarlet

Scarlet


Sky Blue

Sky Blue


White

Blue


Sky Blue

Sky Blue


Sky Blue

Sky Blue


White

Blue


Red

Dark Blue



85th Ligne

(Alt)

Brown

Brown


Scarlet

Scarlet


Blue

Blue


Yellow

Yellow


Yellow

Yellow


White

Blue


Red

Yellow


88th Ligne

(Alt)

Crimson

Violet


Blue

Blue


White

White


Green

Green


Green

Green


White

White


Blue

Yellow

Note: all units above have White Belts, Brown Leather Packs, Off White/Grey Overcoat Rolled on Pack, and Black Cartridge Pouches.

Cavalry:

Note: all units below have white belts, black boots.



Unit

Coat

Breeches

Collar

Cuffs

Turnbacks

Lapels

Head Gear

Shabraque

7th Hussars bis, Pre October 1799

Dark Blue Dolman, Red Pelisse.

Dark


Blue, Yellow Stripe.

Red, Yellow Piping.

Red, Yellow Piping.

Red

N/A

Mirliton Shako, scarlet wing, white piping, Black Plum White Tip.

Red,


White Trim.

7th Hussars bis, Post October 1799.

Dark Blue Dolman, Red Pelisse.

Dark

Blue, Red Stripe.

Red, Yellow Piping.

Red, Yellow Piping.

Red

N/A

Mirliton Shako with bill, scarlet wing, white piping, Black Plum White Tip.

Red,


White Trim.

22nd Chasseurs a Cheval, Pre October 1799

Dark

Green Dolman.



Dark


Green

Red, White Piping.

Red, White Piping.

Red

N/A

Mirliton Shako, orange wing, white piping, Green Plum Red tip.

White,


Red Trim.

22nd Chasseurs a Cheval, Post October 1799.

Medium Green Dolman, Light Green Pelisse.

Medium Green, White Piping.



Red, White Piping.

Red, White Piping.

Red

N/A

Mirliton Shako, orange wing, white piping, Green Plum Red tip. Bicorn in Field.

White,


Red Trim.

3rd Dragoons.

Dark

Green

White


Scarlet

Scarlet

Scarlet

Scarlet

Note Below

Green, White Trim.

14th Dragoons.

Dark

Green

White


Dark Pink

N/A

Dark Pink

Dark Pink

Note Below

Green, White Trim.

15th Dragoons.

Dark

Green

White


Dark Pink

Dark Pink

Dark Pink

N/A

Note Below

Green, White Trim.

18th Dragoons.

Dark

Green

White


Dark Pink

Dark Pink

Dark Pink

Dark Pink

Note Below

Green, White Trim.

20th Dragoons.

Dark

Green

White


Pale Yellow Piping

Pale Yellow

Pale Yellow

Pale Yellow

Note Below

Green, White Trim.

Notes:

All Dragoon Regiments wore Brass helmet, Brown fur turban, Black horse hair crest.

An alternate uniform did exist for the Dragoon Regiments after there first uniforms had worn out in October of 1799. This was White Jacket for Officers and Unbleached Linen Jackets for enlisted. All appropriate collar, cuffs, turnbacks and lapels as above.

Artillery, Engineers, Pontonniers and Aerostiers: All French gun carriages were painted Olive Green, Metal carriage fittings were black. Gun tubes were Bronze. Note: all units below have white belts.

Unit

Coat

Collar

Piping

Cuffs

Turnbacks

Pants

Head Gear

Artillery a Pied.

Dark Blue

Red

Red

Red

Red

Dark Blue

Bicorn

Artillery a Cheval.

Dark Blue

Blue

Red

Red

Red

Dark Blue

Mirliton Shako, Red plume on the left side

Engineers.

Dark Blue

Red

Red

Black

Black

Dark Blue

Bicorn

Pontonniers.

Dark Blue, Red epaulettes and shoulderboards.

Dark Blue

N/A


Dark Blue

Dark Blue

Dark Blue white gaiters under the pants.

Black round Hat with left side folded up, Red. Plum, Gold Anchor and cockade on flap.

Aerostiers (Balloonists).

Dark Blue

Medium Green

White

Medium Green, White Piping.

Medium Green

Dark Blue.

Bicorn

Medical, Officer

(Sevice de Sainte).

Dark Blue

Black

Gold

Black

Black

White

Bicorn, red plum.
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