Type: T/f section objective d-1: Explain acid deposition, its causes and solutions. Display 1



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Geography: Unit 5 – Section D Quiz

Total Points = 30

3 display T/F = 1 point each

9 display MC = 3 points each



TYPE: T/F

SECTION

OBJECTIVE D-1: Explain acid deposition, its causes and solutions.

Display 1

1) "Acid deposition" is a broad term used to describe several ways that acids fall out of the atmosphere.

@ True. "Acid deposition" is a broad term used to describe several ways that acids fall out of the atmosphere.

*a. True


b. False
2) Acid rain became a major transboundary environmental issue in the late twentieth century in Europe.

@ True. Acid rain became a major transboundary environmental issue in the late twentieth century in Europe.

*a. True

b. False
3) In the 21st century, the threat from acid deposition has actually been declining.

@ False. Acid deposition is a growing danger with industry booming throughout the world.

a. True


*b. False
OBJECTIVE D-2: Describe the effects of glacial processes on the Alps.
Display 1
4) Recent studies appear to suggest that most of the glaciers in the Alps are retreating.

@ True. Recent studies appear to suggest that most of the glaciers in the Alps are retreating.

*a. True

b. False
5) The High Alps no longer contain any permanent ice or snow.

@ False. The permanent ice and snow that remain in the region today are only located in the highest and coldest parts of the mountain area.

a. True


*b. False
6) Human impact on the environment can be seen in the deterioration of the Alps.

@ True. Human impact on the environment can be seen in the deterioration of the Alps.

*a. True

b. False
Objective D-3: Explain the impact pollution has on people and outdoor sculpture.



Display 1
7) Limestone, or marble, is extremely vulnerable to corrosion by acid deposition.

@ True. Limestone, or marble, is extremely vulnerable to corrosion by acid deposition.

*a. True

b. False
8) Monuments, statues, and bridges are generally not impacted by erosion from acid deposition.

@ False. Monuments, statues, and bridges are regularly impacted by erosion from acid deposition.

a. True


*b. False

9) Acid rain can damage buildings, stained glass, railroad lines, airplanes, cars, steel bridges, and underground pipes.

@ True. Acid rain can damage buildings, stained glass, railroad lines, airplanes, cars, steel bridges, and underground pipes.

*a. True


b. False
TYPE: MC
Objective D-1: Explain acid deposition, its causes and solutions.

Display 2
10) Which of the following are anthropogenic sources of acid rain?

@ Industrial emissions and other man-made polluters are anthropogenic sources of acid rain.

a. volcano emissions, lightning, and microbial processes

*b. industrial emissions and other man-made polluters

c. smokestacks and volcano emissions

d. microbial processes and fuel combustion


11) Which of the following are natural causes of acid rain?

@ Volcano emissions, lightning, and microbial processes are some of the natural causes of acid rain.

*a. volcano emissions, lightning, and microbial processes

b. industrial emissions and other man-made polluters

c. smokestacks and volcano emissions

d. microbial processes and fuel combustion


12) Although both humans and nature cause this corrosive precipitation, approximately what proportion of acid rain is attributable to humans?

@ 2/3 of acid rain is attributable to humans.

a. 1/4

b. 1/2


*c. 2/3

d. 3/4
13) Where are problems with acid deposition found?

@ Problems with acid deposition are found in aquatic environments, forests and human environments.

a. predominantly forests and human environments

b. forests and small bodies of water

c. predominantly aquatic environments

*d. aquatic environments, forests and human environments
14) How does acid deposition impact aquatic environments?

@ Fish that absorb the chemicals die, become sterile, or produce mutated offspring and are too full of mercury to eat.

a. Fish do not often die, but they do become too full of toxins to be consumed by humans

b. Aquatic environments become temporarily lifeless while new species of fish who can tolerate the acid deposition replenish the stock

*c. Fish that absorb the chemicals either die, become sterile or produce mutated offspring, and are too full of mercury to eat

d. Aquatic environments are not directly impacted by acid deposition


15) What is the best solution to the problem of increasing acid deposition?

@ The best solution to the problem of increasing acid deposition is a combination of approaches including technical fixes such as clean coal technology, catalytic converters on cars, combined with schemes to reduce traffic in cities, education to encourage the public to use their cars less, and the further development of alternative fuels that are not harmful to the environment.

a. Clean coal technology

b. Encouraging citizens to use their cars less

c. Alternative bio-fuel development

*d. A combination of approaches including all of the above.


Objective D-2: Describe the effects of glacial processes on the Alps.
Display 2
16) What caused most of the current landscape features of the Alps region.

@ Many of the landscape features found owe their origins to ice movement and deposition of eroded material.

a. Tectonic plate movement

*b. Ice movement and deposition of eroded material

c. Accelerated river erosion

d. Global warming


17) What is the difference between erosional landforms and depositional landforms?

@ Erosional landforms tend to be located where the ice developed and moved from, while depositional landforms tend dominate where the ice flowed to, namely towards the edges of an ice mass.

a. Erosional landforms dominate an area where the ice flows to, while depositional landforms are found where ice flows from.

b. Erosional landforms and depositional landforms are two words for the same type of landform.

*c. Erosional landforms occur where ice developed and moved from, while depositional landforms are found where ice flows to.

d. Erosional landforms and depositional landforms occur at the edges of an ice mass.


18) How were the deep ravines and rock steps of the Alps formed?

@ Thicker ice created greater erosion, causing deep ravines and rock steps. Faster flowing ice also created more erosion.

*a. thicker ice and faster flowing ice

b. slow ice melt due to low temperatures

c. thin layers of ice melting gradually over time

d. There are no deep ravines and rock steps in the Alps region.


19) What is glaciation?

@ Glaciation is where precipitation in the form of snow has covered an area and has eventually been converted into ice by force of gravity and pressure.

a. Glaciation is the process by which mountains are formed.

b. Glaciation is the process of melting ice caps due to global warming.

*c. Glaciation is the process whereby snow has been converted to ice by the force of gravity and pressure.

d. Glaciation is the process of ravine formation due to extensive ice coverage over a large area of land.


20) Where is most accumulation of glacial ice found?

@ The most accumulation of glacial ice is found near mountains or near the poles.

a. Arctic Circle

b. spread throughout the continents

c. predominantly near the equator, at high elevations

*d. mountains or near the poles


21) Generally when do glaciers advance downward, causing further erosional landforms?

@ During colder seasons glaciers tend to advance downward, causing further erosional landforms.

a. Throughout the entire year

*b. During colder seasons

c. During times of excess precipitation in the form of snow

d. November and December


Objective D-3: Explain the impact pollution has on people and outdoor sculpture.

Display 1
22) Why has acid rain become an international problem?

@ Today pollutants can be transported thousands of miles due to the introduction of tall chimneys dispersing pollutants high into the atmosphere.

*a. Increasingly taller chimneys

b. Reduced efforts to clean emissions

c. Thinner ozone layer

d. Pollutants can be traced back to the country of origin


23) Which of the following is a secondary effect of acid deposition?

@ Polluted water, dying forests, and airborne chemicals are all considered secondary effects of acid rain.

a. polluted water

b. dying forests

c. airborne chemicals

*d. all of the above


24) What is the difference between acid rain and acid deposition?

@ Acid rain is a form of acid deposition.

a. There is no difference between the two terms.

b. Acid rain is a broader term that applies to many forms of acidity.

*c. Acid rain is a form of acid deposition.

d. Acid deposition only applies to non-liquid forms of acidity.


Higher Order Thinking Questions

Objective D-3: Explain the impact pollution has on people and outdoor sculpture.

Display 1
25) According to the following map showing how much renewable energy is used by the countries of Europe, which of the following countries utilizes the highest amount of renewable energy?

@ Portugal utilizes the highest amount of renewable energy.

a. Ireland

b. France

c. England

*d. Portugal

insert image: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:400px-European-union-renewables-fr.png

26) According to the map below showing the utilization of renewable energy by the different countries of the European Union, how does Ireland compare to Spain in its use of renewable energy?

@ Ireland uses far less renewable energy than Spain.

a. Ireland and Spain use about the same amount of renewable energy.

b. Ireland uses far more renewable energy than Spain.

*c. Ireland uses far less renewable energy than Spain.

d. There is not enough information to answer the question.

insert image: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:400px-European-union-renewables-fr.png


27) According to the map below showing the utilization of renewable energy by the different countries of the European Union, how does France compare to the UK in its use of renewable energy?

@ France use more renewable energy than the UK.

a. France and the UK use about the same amount of renewable energy.

b. France uses far less renewable energy than the UK.

*c. France uses more renewable energy than the UK.

d. There is not enough information to answer the question.

insert image: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:400px-European-union-renewables-fr.png

Objective D-4: Analyze the process and impact of creating genetically modified food.

Display 3
28) Which of the following can be genetically engineered?

@ Genetic engineering can be done with plants, animals, or micro-organisms.

a. plants

b. animals

c. micro-organisms

*d. all of the above


29) Overall, what is the reaction in Europe to genetically engineered food?

@ Europe is leading the fight against genetically engineered food.

a. Europe has not taken a position on genetically engineered food.

b. Europe has the most scientists in the world dedicated to genetically engineering food.

*c. Europe is leading the fight against genetically engineered food.

d. Europe is supporting genetically engineered plants, but not genetically engineered animals.


30) Which of the following crops served as the lightning rod for the European debate over genetically engineered food?

@ Amflora Potatoes served as the lightning rod for the European debate over genetically engineered food.

*a. Potatoes

b. Squash

c. Beans

d. Apples


31) What is the biggest influence on the decision of the European people to accept or reject genetically modified food?

@ As a continent, European food culture is ancient and treasured.

*a. Respecting ancient food culture

b. Concern for the environment

c. Respect for the farmers and land

d. Concern over international trade issues


32) Approximately what percent of the world’s genetically modified food crop is grown in Europe?

@ 1% of the world’s genetically modified food crop is grown in Europe.

*a. 1%

b. 5%


c. 10%

d. 35%
33) Why did the European Union lift its ban on growing genetically engineered crops?

@ Pressure from the World Trade Organization and the US forced the European Union to lift its ban on growing genetically engineered crops.

a. Pressured by the citizens of the EU

*b. Pressured by the United States

c. Pressured by international farming conglomerates

d. Pressured by traditional farmers wanting more options
34) What was the World Trade Organization decision in 2006 related to genetically modified crops?

@ Banning genetically modified crops was essentially a barrier to fair trade.

a. Individual countries had the right to determine if they were going to allow genetically modified crops to come into their country.

b. Individual countries had to consult the will of the people before they could ban genetically modified crops.

*c. Individual countries were creating an unfair trade barrier if they banned genetically modified crops.

d. Individual countries had no say over the import of genetically modified crops from trading partners.


35) Why did German farmers grow the Amflora Potato?

@ The Amflora Potato was grown primarily for industrial use.

a. To prevent the spread of potato rot

*b. To be used primarily for industrial use

c. To increase potato exports

d. To feed the growing population of people living in poverty


36) What has helped lower international resistance to genetically modified crops?

@ Soaring food prices and global grain shortages are bringing new pressures on governments, food companies and consumers to relax their longstanding resistance to genetically engineered crops.

*a. Soaring food prices and global grain shortages

b. Increased scientific proof that genetically modified foods are safe



c. International trade policies encouraging genetically modified crops

d. Weather related crop problems throughout much of the world


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