Trade policy review report by the secretariat


partment of Commerce online information, "Export Import Data Bank"



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Source: WTO calculations, based on Department of Commerce online information, "Export Import Data Bank".

Table A2. 1 Sectors in which FDI is permitted



Sector

Foreign equity limit/route

Additional conditions

Agriculture

Floriculture, horticulture, apiculture and cultivation of vegetables and mushrooms under controlled conditions; development and production of seeds and planting material; animal husbandry (including dog breeding), pisciculture, aquaculture, under controlled conditions; and services related to agro and allied sectors

100%/automatic

Use of genetically modified materials subject to the Foreign Trade (Development and Regulation) Act, 1992 and any other laws, regulations or policies applicable

Tea, including plantations

100%/Government

Compulsory divestment of 26% of the equity of the company in favour of an Indian partner/Indian public within five years; and prior approval of the State Government concerned required in case of any future land use change

Mining and petroleum

Mining and exploration of metal and non‑metal ores (including diamond, gold, silver and precious ores but not titanium bearing minerals and ores)

100%/automatic

Subject to the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957

Coal and lignite mining for captive consumption by power projects, iron and steel and cement units and other eligible activities

100%/automatic




Setting up coal processing plants such as washeries subject to certain conditions

100%/automatic




Mining and mineral separation of titanium bearing minerals and ores, its value addition and integrated activities, subject to sectoral regulations and the Mines and Mineral (Development and Regulation) Act 1957

100%/Government

FDI for the separation of titanium bearing minerals and ores is subject to value addition activities being set up in India along with transfer of technology; and the disposal of tailings during mineral separation are subject to regulations framed by the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board

Exploration of oil and natural gas fields, infrastructure related to marketing and marketing of petroleum products and natural gas, pipelines, LNG regasification infrastructure, market study and petroleum refining in the private sector

100%/automatic

Subject to existing sectoral policy and regulatory framework in the oil marketing sector and on private participation in oil exploration and existing fields of national oil companies

Petroleum refining by the public sector undertakings (PSUs) without any disinvestment or dilution of domestic equity in existing PSUs

49%/Government




Power

Power exchanges registered under the Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (Power Market) Regulations 2010

49% (FDI + FII/FPI)/automatic

Non-residents jointly or together may not own more than 5% of the equity of these companies

Manufacturing

Manufacture of items reserved for micro and small enterprises

100%

(Government approval required for equity above 24%)



Subject to sectoral limits, entry routes and other relevant sectoral regulations. Also subject to industrial licences under the Industries (Development and Regulation) Act, 1951. Specific conditions of the licence include a minimum export requirement of at least 50% of new or additional annual production of the reserved items within a period of 3 years from commencement of industrial production

Pharmaceuticals







- greenfield

100%/automatic




- brownfield

100%/Government




Defence industry subject to Industrial licence under the Industries (Development and Regulation) Act 1951

49%/Government approval; above 49% through Cabinet Committee on Security on a case by case basis, wherever it is likely to result in access to modern and 'state of art' technology in the country.

Portfolio investment will not exceed 24% of the total equity of the company/automatic



Subject to licences issued by DIPP in consultation with the Ministry of Defence. Only for Indian companies or in partnership with an Indian company. The management of the company should be Indian with majority representation on the Board and residency requirements for the Chief Executives

Services

Communication services

Broadcasting carriage services

- teleports (setting up of uplinking hubs/teleports); direct to home (DTH); cable networks; mobile TV; Headend in the sky broadcasting services (HITs)

74% (Government approval required for equity above 49% and up to 74%)

Subject to compliance with the relevant policy and regulations notified by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. Additional security requirements relate to the nationality of senior officials of the company; as well as security clearance for officials holding more than 10% of the shares of the company, renewable every two years; and prior permission from the Ministry before any changes to the Directors

Cable networks

49%/automatic




Broadcasting content services

- terrestrial broadcasting FM (FM radio)

26%/Government




- uplinking of 'news and current affairs' TV channels

26%/Government




- uplinking of non-'news and current affairs' TV channels; downlinking of TV channels

100%/Government




Print media

- publishing of newspaper and periodicals dealing with news and current affairs

26% (by NRIs, PIOs, FII/FPIs)/

Government



Also subject to the Guidelines for Publication of Indian editions of foreign magazines dealing with news and current affairs issued by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting on 4 December 2008

- publication of Indian editions of foreign magazines dealing with news and current affairs

26% (by NRIs, PIOs, FII/FPIs)/

Government






- publishing, printing of scientific and technical magazines, specialty journals, periodicals, subject to compliance with the legal framework as applicable and guidelines issued in this regard by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting

100%/Government

FDI by owner of original foreign newspaper whose facsimile edition is to be published in India. Publication only by a company incorporated in India under the Companies Act 1956 and subject to the Guidelines for publication of newspapers and periodicals dealing with news and current affairs and publication of facsimile editions of foreign newspapers issued by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting on 31 March 2006 and as amended

- publication of facsimile edition of foreign newspapers

100%/Government




- courier services for carrying packages, parcels and other items which do not come within the ambit of the Indian Post Office Act 1898 and excluding activities related to the distribution of letters

100%/Government




Telecommunications services

- telecommunications services

74%/automatic up to 49% (including FDI and FII, NRI, FCCBs, ADRs, GDRs and convertible preference shares held by foreign entity), Government above 49%




- ISPs with and without gateways (for satellite and marine cables); radio paging; end-to-end bandwidth

74%/automatic up to 49%, Government above 49%




- infrastructure provider, providing dark fibre, right of way, duct space, tower (IP category I); electronic mail; voice mail

100%/automatic up to 49%, Government above 49%




Satellites-establishment and operation

74%/Government

Subject to the sectoral guidelines of the Department of Space/ISRO

Financial services

- Asset reconstruction companies

100% of paid up capital (FDI and FII/FPI)/automatic up to 49%; Government approval above 49%




- Banks (private sector)

74% (including FII/FPIs) – automatic up to 49%

At least 26% of paid up capital to be held by residents except for wholly‑owned subsidiaries of a foreign bank

- Banks (public sector)

20% (FDI and portfolio)/Government

Subject to Banking Companies (Acquisition and Transfer of Undertakings) Act 1970 and 1980

- Commodity exchanges

49% (FDI and FII)-FDI investment limit 26% and FII/FPIs registered under the Portfolio Investment Scheme to 23%/automatic

Subject to the Forward Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1952

- Credit information companies

74% (FDI + FII/FPI)/automatic

Subject to Credit Information Companies (Regulation) Act, 2005

- Infrastructure companies in Securities Market

49% (FDI + FII)(FDI up to 26% and FII up to 23%)/automatic

FIIs can invest only through purchases in the secondary market

- Insurance:

(i) insurance company; (ii) insurance brokers; (iii) third-party administrators; and (iv) surveyors and loss assessors



49% (FDI + FII/FPI + NRI)/automatic

Licence required from the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority

- Non-banking finance companies (NBFCs)

(i) merchant banking; (ii) under writing; (iii) portfolio management services; (iv) investment advisory services; (v) financial consultancy; (vi) stock broking; (vii) asset management; (viii) venture capital; (ix) custodian service; (x) factoring; (xi) credit rating agencies; (xii) leasing and finance; (xiii) housing finance; (xiv) foreign exchange broking; (xv) credit card business; (xvi) money changing business;

(xvii) micro credit; and (xviii) rural credit


100%/automatic




Transport services

Civil aviation

- airports (greenfield projects)

100%/automatic




- airports (existing projects)

100%/automatic up to 74%; Government approval for equity above 74%




Air transport services

- scheduled air transport services/domestic scheduled passenger airline

49%/automatic

100% for NRIs/automatic



Foreign airlines may invest in the capital of companies operating cargo airlines, helicopter and seaplane services; foreign airlines may also invest in the capital of Indian companies (but not Air India) operating scheduled and non‑scheduled air transport services subject to compliance with domestic regulations

- non-scheduled air transport services

74% (100% for NRIs) (Government approval required for equity above 49%)

- helicopter services/seaplane services requiring DGCA approval

100%/automatic

Other civil aviation services

- ground handling services subject to sectoral regulations and security clearance

74% (100% for NRIs) (Government approval required for equity above 49%)




- Maintenance and repair organizations; flying training institutes; and technical training institutions

100%/automatic




Railway infrastructure

Construction, operation and maintenance of the following:

(i) suburban corridor projects through PPP, (ii) high speed train projects, (iii) dedicated freight lines, (iv) rolling stock including train sets, and locomotive/coaches manufacturing and maintenance facilities, (v) railway electrification, (vi) signaling systems, (vii) freight terminals, (viii) passenger terminals, (ix) infrastructure in industrial park pertaining to railway line/sidings including electrified railway lines and connectivities to main railway line and (x) mass rapid transport systems



100%/automatic

Automatic subject to structural guidelines of Ministry of Railways, proposals for FDI above 49% in sensitive areas subject to consideration by Cabinet Committee on Security on case-by-case basis

Construction services

- Townships, housing, built up infrastructure and construction-development projects (including but not restricted to housing, commercial premises, hotels, resorts, hospitals, educational institutions, recreational facilities, city and regional infrastructure)

100%/automatic

Subject to minimum area, capitalization requirements and repatriation limits for original investment for three years; FDI is not permitted in real estate

Industrial parks

100%/automatic




Private security agencies

49%/Government




Distribution services

Trading

- cash and carry wholesale trading (including sourcing from SMEs)

100%/automatic

Subject to licences/registration/permits as specified under relevant State government legislation

- e-commerce activities

100%/automatic




- test marketing

100%/Government




- Single brand product retail trading

100%/automatic up to 49%. Government approval required above 49%

FDI above 51% subject to sourcing of 30% of the value of goods purchased from India, preferably from medium and small enterprises, village and cottage industries, artisans and craftsmen

- multi brand retail trading

51%/Government

Minimum FDI of US$100 million at least 50% of which to be invested in backend infrastructure; at least 30% of the value of procurement of manufactured/processed products to be sourced from Indian small industries with total investment in plant and machinery not exceeding US$1 million

Source: Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), Consolidated FDI Policy Circular of 2014 (effective from 17 April 2014), 17 April 2014; DIPP, Press Note No. 8 (2014 Series), 27 August 2014; and WTO (2011), Trade Policy Review: India, Geneva.

Table A2. 2 India's regional trade agreements in force, end-March 2015



Regional trade agreements

Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA)a (goods)

Parties

Bangladesh, China, India, Korea (Rep. of), Lao People's Democratic Republic, and Sri Lanka

Date of signature/entry into force

31 July 1975/17 June 1976

Full implementation

1 November 1976

Duty-free tariff lines

1.7%

Other provisions

Rules of origin, safeguards, balance of payments measures and dispute settlement

India's merchandise tradeb

Share of total imports: 14.4%

Share of total exports: 9.5%



Of which preferential




WTO document series

L/4418 (GATT), WT/COMTD/N/22, WT/COMTD/62

GSTP (goods)

Parties (as notified)

Algeria, Argentina, Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, Brazil, Cameroon, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Ecuador, Egypt, Ghana, Guinea, Guyana, India, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Rep. of), Iraq, Korea (Rep. of), Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, FYR of Macedonia, Malaysia, Mexico, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Plurinational State of Bolivia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Viet Nam and Zimbabwe

Date of signature/entry into force

13 April 1988/19 April 1989

Full implementation

19 April 1989 for 15 signatory countries

Duty-free tariff lines

..

Other provisions

Rules of origin, safeguards including balance of payments measures, dispute settlement

India's merchandise tradeb

Share of total imports: 30.3%

Share of total exports: 26.4%



Of which preferential




WTO document series

L/6564 (GATT)

SAPTA (goods)

Parties

Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka

Date of signature/entry into force

11 April 1993/07 December 1995

Full implementation

7 December 1995

Duty-free tariff lines

Tariff concessions apply to 2,565 HS six-digit tariff lines, with margins of preference of 10%-90% for non-LDC members and 10%-100% for LDC members.

Other provisions

Rules of origin, safeguards including balance of payments safeguards, dispute settlement

India's merchandise tradeb

Share of total imports: 0.5%

Share of total exports: 5.4%



Of which preferential




WTO document series

WT/COMTD/10

SAFTA (goods and services)




Parties

Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka

Date of signature/entry into force

6 January 2004/1 January 2006

Full implementation

31 December 2012

Duty-free tariff lines

India has a sensitive list of 865 products imported from non-LDC members and 744 products from LDC members

Other provisions

Rules of origin, safeguards, including balance of payments safeguards, services, dispute settlement

India's merchandise tradeb

Share of total imports: 0.5%

Share of total exports: 5.4%



Of which preferential




WTO document series

WT/COMTD/N/26

India-Afghanistan (goods)

Parties

Afghanistan, India

Date of signature/entry into force

6 March 2003/13 May 2003

Full implementation

13 May 2003

Duty free tariff lines

13 out of 38 lines covered by the Agreement are duty free

Other provisions

Rules of origin, safeguards, including balance of payments safeguards, state trading and dispute settlement

India's merchandise tradeb

Share of total imports: 0.05%

Share of total exports: 0.2%



Of which preferential




WTO document series

WT/COMTD/N/32

India-Bhutan

Parties

Bhutan, India

Date of signature/entry into force

28.07.2006/29.07.2006

Full implementation

29 July 2006

Duty-free tariff lines

India provides a tariff exemption on all imports from Bhutan

Other provisions

Safeguards and customs related measures, rules of origin

India's merchandise tradeb

Share of total imports: 0.03%

Share of total exports: 0.1%



Of which preferential




WTO document series

WT/COMTD/N/28

India-Nepal (goods)

Parties

India, Nepal

Date of signature/entry into force

27 October 2009/27 October 2009

Transition for full implementation

27 October 2009

Duty-free tariff lines

India exempts imports from Nepal from tariffs (except for alcoholic liquors and beverages, perfumes and cosmetics with non-Nepalese/non-Indian brand names, and cigarettes and tobacco). Imports of vegetable fats, copper products, acrylic yarn and zinc oxide are subject to annual quotas

Other provisions

Rules of origin, safeguards

India's merchandise tradeb

Share of total imports: 0.1%

Share of total exports: 1.1%



Of which preferential




WTO document series

WT/COMTD/N/34

India-Singapore (goods and services)

Parties

India, Singapore

Date of signature/entry into force

29 June 2005/1 August 2005

Full implementation

1 January 2015

Duty-free tariff linesc

23.6% of the total

Other provisions

Rules of origin, customs related measures, safeguards, standards and technical regulations, sanitary and phytosanitary measures, services commitments, investment, dispute settlement

India's merchandise tradeb

Share of total imports: 1.5%

Share of total exports: 4.0%



Of which preferential




WTO document series

WT/REG228, S/C/N/393

India-Sri Lanka (goods)

Parties

India, Sri Lanka

Date of signature/entry into force

28 December 1998/15 December 2001

Full implementation

18 March 2003

Duty-free tariff lines

4150 lines at the HS6digit level are duty free. India does not give tariff concessions on 429 lines that are subject to a negative list. In addition a margin of preference of 25% of the MFN rate is provided for textiles imports with zero duty on imports of 3 million pieces per year for imports under HS 61 and 62. Tariff rate quotas on tea provide a 50% margin of preference on an annual quota of 15 million kg. There are also TRQs for dessicated coconut, pepper and Vanaspati.

Other provisions

Rules of origin, safeguards, including balance of payments safeguards, state trading, and dispute settlement

India's merchandise tradeb

Share of total imports: 0.2%

Share of total exports: 1.5%



Of which preferential




WTO document series

WT/COMTD/N/16

Chile-India (goods)

Parties

Chile, India

Date of signature/entry into force

8 March 2006/17 August 2007

Full implementation

13 January 2009 for India

Duty-free tariff linesc

0

Other provisions

Rules of origin, customs related measures, anti‑dumping and countervailing measures, safeguards, TBT and SPS measures, dispute settlement

India's merchandise tradeb

Share of total imports: 0.7%

Share of total exports: 0.2%



Of which preferential




WTO document series

WT/COMTD/N/30, WT/COMTD/RTA/4

MERCOSUR-India (goods)

Parties

Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, India

Date of signature/entry into force

25January 2004/1 June 2009

Full implementation

1 June 2009

Duty-free tariff linesc

1 line

Other provisions

Rules of origin, customs related procedures, SPS and TBT measures, state trading enterprises, dispute settlement

India's merchandise tradeb

Share of total imports: 1.2%

Share of total exports: 2.0%



Of which preferential




WTO document series

WT/COMTD/N/31

ASEAN-India (goods and services)

Parties

Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Viet Nam, India

Date of signature/entry into force

13 August 2009/1 January 2010

Full implementation

31 December 2022

Duty-free tariff linesc

75% at end of implementation

Other provisions

Rules of origin, customs related procedures, tariff rate quotas (by Malaysia), safeguards, SPS and TBT measures, services, dispute settlement

India's merchandise tradeb

Share of total imports: 9.2%

Share of total exports: 10.6%



Of which preferential




WTO document series

WT/COMTD/N/35

Korea-India (goods and services)

Parties

Korea (Rep. of), India

Date of signature/entry into force

7 August 2009/1 January 2010

Full implementation

1 January 2021

Duty-free tariff lines

On 31 December 2014, 61% of the tariff was duty free. India exempts 1,895 HS eight-digit tariff lines from liberalization

Other provisions

Rules of origin, customs related measures, anti‑dumping and countervailing measures, safeguards, SPS and TBT measures, state trading, non-tariff measures, services, investment and dispute settlement

India's merchandise tradeb

Share of total imports: 2.8%

Share of total exports: 1.3%



Of which preferential




WTO document series

WT/REG286, WT/COMTD/N/36, S/C/N/558, S/C/N/570

India-Malaysia (goods and services)

Parties

India, Malaysia

Date of signature/entry into force

18 February 2011/1 July 2011

Full implementation

31 December 2019

Duty-free tariff linesc

75.3% by end of implementation

Other provisions

Rules of origin, customs related procedures, tariff rate quotas (by Malaysia), SPS and TBT measures, safeguards, including balance of payments safeguards, services, investment and dispute settlement

India's merchandise tradeb

Share of total imports: 2.0%

Share of total exports: 1.3%



Of which preferential




WTO document series

WT/COMTD/N/37, S/C/N599, WT/COMTD/RTA/5, WT/REG329

India-Japan (goods and services)

Parties

India, Japan

Date of signature/entry into force

16 February 2011/1 August 2011

Full implementation

1 January 2021

Duty-free tariff linesc

17.4% as of 31 December 2014 and 86.6% by end of implementation

Other provisions

Rules of origin, customs related procedures, SPS and TBT measures, safeguards, including balance of payments safeguards, services, investment and dispute settlement

India's merchandise tradeb

Share of total imports: 2.1%

Share of total exports: 2.2%



Of which preferential




WTO document series

WT/REG300, S/C/N/601

.. Not available.

a Previously known as the Bangkok Agreement; original signatories were Bangladesh, India, Korea (Rep. of), Lao PDR and Sri Lanka. China became a party to the Agreement on 1 January 2002 and the amended APTA Agreement entered into force on 1 September 2006.

b UNSD Comtrade Database. Data for 2013.

c Secretariat calculations based on data provided by the authorities and included in a factual presentation of the RTA.

Source: WTO RTA Database (http://rtais.wto.org) and information provided by the Indian authorities.

Table A3. 1 IEC exemptions for imports and exports, 2014



Imports

Goods imported by the Government and state‑owned undertakings for defence purposes

Goods imported by the Government, State governments, public entities or state‑owned undertakings, through the Directorate General of Supplies and Disposals or the Indian supply missions in London and Washington D.C.

Goods imported by transhipment; or imported and bonded for re‑export as ships' stores to any destination (except Nepal and Bhutan) or released for use of diplomatic/consular officers and UN officials

Goods imported and bonded for sale to passengers in duty‑free shops

Goods in transit through India or redirected to any destination (except Nepal and Bhutan)

Goods imported for air shipment to Afghanistan or for land shipment to any destination (except Nepal and Bhutan) under claim for duty exemption or refund

Goods imported as passengers' baggage

Goods imported for personal use

Goods imported by diplomatic/consular officers and trade commissioners

Goods imported from countries exempt from customs duty on re‑import

Goods previously exported but imported back for repair and re‑export

Goods imported by UN officials or the Ford Foundation

Temporary imports of vehicles

Goods imported for use in fairs and exhibitions

Goods imported by the Government or State governments for repair and re‑export to Indian embassies abroad

Food grains imported by the Food Corporation of India

Food products imported and supplied as gifts by UN accredited agencies

Goods imported by ministries and departments of the Government and State governments

Goods imported from Nepal, Myanmar (through the Indo‑Myanmar border), and China (through Gunji, Namgaya Shipkila, and Nathula ports), provided the c.i.f. value of a single consignment does not exceed Rs 25,000 (Rs 100,000 for Nathula)

Exports

Goods exported by the Government

Goods (other than foodstuffs) constituting the stores of outgoing vessels

Goods constituting the bona fide personal baggage of any person

Goods exported by post or by air, under conditions specified by the postal authorities

Goods transhipped at Indian ports

Goods imported and bonded for re‑export to any destination (except Nepal and Bhutan)

Goods in transit through India by post; or goods re‑directed by post to any destination (except Nepal and Bhutan)

Goods imported with no valid import licence and exported following a Customs' order

Goods exported from special economic zones (SEZs) or export‑oriented units (EOUs)

Exports of blood group Oh (Bombay phonotype) for scientific research or emergency medical treatment by the National Blood Group Reference Laboratory

Exports of samples of lubricating oil additives by Lubrizols India Ltd., Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd., and Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd. to Lubrizol's laboratories in the United States and the United Kingdom for evaluation and testing purposes

Goods exported for personal use

Goods exported to Nepal, Myanmar (through the Indo‑Myanmar border), and China (through Gunji, Namgaya Shipkila, and Nathula ports), provided the c.i.f. value of a single consignment does not exceed Rs 25,000 (Rs 100,000 for Nathula)

Source: Foreign Trade (Exemption from application of Rules in certain cases) Order 1993 (Clauses 3(1) and 3(2)) (CBEC online information, "Customs: Acts". Viewed at: http://www.cbec.gov.in/customs/cs‑acts‑botm.htm); and Department of Commerce (2010), Handbook of Procedures, Vol. 1, incorporating Annual Supplement, 23 August. Viewed at: http://dgft.gov.in, and information provided by the Indian authorities.

Table A3. 2 Safeguard investigations, 2011-14



Commodity: tariff item

Date of initiation

Date of final findings

Main import partnersa

Recommendation by the Director‑General

Final decision

Cases initiated in 2011

Aluminium FRP and aluminium foil (review proceedings): 7606 and 7607

14.02.11

13.10.11

China specific

Investigation terminated on withdrawal of application

n.a.

Phthalic anhydride

2917.35.00



10.08.11

29.03.12

..

Safeguard duty at the rate of 10% ad valorem for one year (17.01.12 – 16.01.13)

Customs notification No. 03.12 (SG) of 29.05.12. Safeguard duty: 10% when imported between 17.01. 12 and 16.01.13 inclusive

Carbon Black 2803.00.10

02.12.11

16.03.12

..

30% minus anti-dumping duty payable, if any (first year), 25% minus anti-dumping duty payable, if any (second year), and 20% minus anti‑dumping duty, if any (third year)

Customs notification No. 04.12 (SG) of 05.10.12. Safeguard duty: 30% minus anti-dumping duty payable, if any (first year: 05.10.12 to 04.10.13), and 25% minus anti-dumping duty payable, if any (second year: 05.10.12 to 31.12.13 inclusive)

Cases initiated in 2012

Electrical Insulators 8546.10 and 8546.20

30.05.12

27.09.12

..

35% (first year) and 25% (second year)

Customs notification No.05.12 (SG) of 20.12.12. Safeguard duty: 35% (first year), and 25% (second year)

Dioctyl phthalate (DOP)

2917.39.20



23.05.12

16.11.12

..

15% (first year) and 10% (second year)

Safeguard duty not imposed

Phthalic Anhydride (Review) 2917.35.00

26.10.12

07.06.13

..

No safeguard duty recommended

n.a.

Hot Rolled Flat Products of Stainless Steel 304 grade

7219.11.11, 7220.11.10, etc.



26.06.12

25.05.13

China specific

20% (From 04.01.13 to 22.07.13 (both days inclusive))

Customs notification No.02.13 (SG) of 29.08.13.

Safeguard duty: 20% (from 04.01.13 to 22.07.13 (both days inclusive)) on imports of hot rolled flat products of stainless steel 304 grade (up to a maximum width of 1,605 mm)



Cases initiated in 2013

Sodium nitrite

2834.10.10



17.04.13

17.09.13

..

30% (first year) and 28% (second year – three months only)

Customs notification No. 01.14 (SG) of 26.02.14

Safeguard duty: 30% from 26.02.14-25.02.15 and 28% from 26.02.15-25.05.15



Seamless pipes and Tubes

73041910 etc.



22.04.13

11.03.14

..

25% (first year), 15% (second year), and 5% (third year – six months only)

Customs Notification No. 02/14 (SG) of 13.08.14

Safeguard duty: 20% (from 13.08.14 to 12.08.15 (both days inclusive)), 10% (from 13.08.15 to 12.08.16 (both days inclusive)), and 5% (from 13.08.16 to 12.02.17 (both days inclusive)).



Methyl Acetoacetate 2918.30.40

06.06.13

08.10.13

..

No safeguard duty recommended

n.a.

Rubber Chemical (Review) 3810, 3812, as well as under 2921, 2925, 2934 and 2942 (at six digit levels) of the Customs Act 1975

29.08.13

24.04.14

..

No safeguard duty recommended

n.a.

Cases initiated in 2014

Saturated fatty alcohols with carbon chain length of C8, C10, C12, C14, C16 and C18

3823.70.10 etc.



13.02.14

09.10.14




20% (first year), 18% (second year), and 12% (third year – six months only)

Customs notification No.03.14 (SG) of 28.08.14.

Safeguard duty: 20% (for 200 days from 28.08.14)



Elastomeric yarn

5402.44.00 and 5404.11.00 (Customs Tariff Act 1975)



28.02.14

29.09.14

..

No safeguard duty recommended

n.a.

Sodium citrate

2918.15.20 (Customs Tariff Act 1975)



04.03.14

16.09.14

..

55% (first year), 50% (second year), and 40% (third year)

Customs notification No. 04.14 (SG) of 31.12.14.

Safeguard duty: 30% (from 31.12.14 to 30.12.15 (both days inclusive)), 20% (from 31.12.15 to 30.12.16 (both days inclusive)), and 10% (from 31.12.16 to 30.12.17 (both days inclusive))



Not-alloyed ingots of unwrought aluminium

7601 and 7602



07.04.14

07.10.14

..

No safeguard duty recommended

n.a.

Flexible slabstock polyol of molecular weight 3,000 to 4,000

3907.20.10



22.05.14

13.01.15

..

No safeguard duty recommended

n.a.

Sodium di-chromate

2841.30.00



26.05.14

15.01.15

..

No safeguard duty recommended

n.a.

Cold rolled flat products of stainless steel of chromium type, 400 series

7219.31.12 etc.



19.09.14

..

..

..

..

n.a. Not applicable.

.. Not available.

Source: WTO Secretariat; Central Board of Excise and Customs online information, "Customs: Notifications". Viewed at: http://www.cbec.gov.in/cae1-english.htm; and information provided by the Indian authorities.

Institutions_responsible_for_formulation_and_enforcement_of_standards_and_technical_regulations,_2014'>Table A3. 3 Institutions responsible for formulation and enforcement of standards and technical regulations, 2014



Institution

Field of action

Legislation

Atomic Energy Regulatory Board

Nuclear energy

Atomic Energy Act 1962

Automotive Research Association of India

Safety standards on automobiles

Societies Registration Act XXI 1860

Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS)

Standardization, Certification and Testing

BIS Act 1986, BIS Rules 1987, BIS (Certification) Regulations 1988

Central Boilers Board

Boilers

Indian Boilers Act 1923; Indian Boilers Regulations 1949

Central Electricity Authority

Supply of electricity to units owned by the central Government

Electricity Act 2003; Central Electricity Authority (Measures relating to Safety and Electric Supply) Regulations 2010

Central Silk Board

Natural raw silk and products

Central Silk Board (Amendment) Act 1982

Chief Controller of Explosives

Gas cylinders, pressure vessels and explosive materials, and flameproof electrical equipment for industries

Indian Explosives Act 1984; Gas Cylinders Rules 1981; Explosive Rules 1983; Static and Mobile Pressure Vessels (Unfired) Rules 1981; Acetylene Notification No. GSR.625(E), 7 August 1983; Carbide of Calcium Rules 1937

Coir Board

Coir products

Regulation Coir Industries Act 1953

Department of Fertilizer

Fertilizers

Fertilizer Control Order 1985

Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI)

Food products

Food Safety and Standards Act 2006; Food Safety and Standards (Licensing & Registration of Food Businesses) Regulations 2011; Food Safety and Standards (Food Product Standards and Food Additives) Regulations 2011; Food Safety and Standards (Packaging and Labelling) Regulations 2011; Food Safety and Standards (Prohibition and Restriction on Sales) Regulations 2011; Food Safety and Standards (Contaminants, Toxins and Residues) Regulations 2011; Food Safety and Standards (Laboratory and Sampling Analysis) Regulations 2011.

Telecommunication Engineering Centre, Department of Telecommunication

Telecom equipment

Indian Telegraph Act 1885; Indian Wireless Act 1933; Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) Act 1997

Ministry of Road Transport and Highways

Road transport

Regulation of Motor Vehicles Act 1988; Carriage by Road Act 2007; Road Transport Corporation Act 1950

Directorate General Factory Advice Service and Labour Institutes

Safety in factories, and flameproof electrical equipment for industries

Factory Act 1948; Dock Workers (Safety, Health, and Welfare) Act 1986

Directorate General of Civil Aviation

Civil aviation

Aircraft Act 1934; Carriage by Air Act 1972; Airport Authority of India Act 1994; Airports Economic Regulatory Authority of India Act 2008

Directorate General of Mines Safety

Safety of mines and mining operations, and electric equipment for coal and oil mines

Indian Mines Act and Rules 1952

Directorate of Marketing and Inspection

Raw and semi‑processed agricultural commodities, and meat and meat products

Agricultural Produce (Grading and Marketing) Act 1937; Meat Food Products Order 1973

Directorate of Standardization

Articles for defence use

..

Directorate of Vanaspati, Vegetable oil, and Fats

Hydrogenated vegetable oils (Vanaspati), vegetable oil, de‑oiled meals, and edible flours

Vegetables Products Control Order 1947; Vegetable Oil Products (Standards of quality) Order 1975; Solvent Extracted oils, De‑Oiled Meals and Edible Flour (Control Order) 1967

Directorate of Weights and Measures

Weight and measures used in commercial transactions

Standards of Weights and Measures Act 1976; Standards of Weights and Measures (Packages Commodities) Rules 1977; Standards of Weights and Measures (Enforcement) Act 1985; Standards of Weights and Measures (General) Rules 1987

Drugs Controller General of India

Cosmetics, Indian pharmacopoeia, and drugs specification

Drugs and Cosmetics Act 1940, and Drugs and Cosmetic Rules 1945

Electronics Components Standardization Organization

Electronics components standardization

..

Indian Roads Congress

Technical specifications regarding roads and bridges

..

Jute Commissioner

Jute and jute products

Essential Commodities Act 1955; Jute (Licensing and Control) Order 1961

Ministry of Environment and Forest

Tolerance limits for emulsion and effluents

Environment (Protection) Act 1986 and Environment (Protection) Rules 1986

Ministry of Food Processing Industries

Fruits and vegetable products, synthetic syrups, and aerated waters

Fruit Products Order 1955

Research and Design Standards Organization (RDSO)

Development of standardization of technical specifications for items used in railways

Indian Railway Act

Rural Electrification Corporation (REC)

Codes of practice and guide for rural electrification

..

Technology Application and Standard Unit, Central Public Works Department

Civil and electrical works

..

Steel Authority of India

Interplant standardization of consumable, replacement, and other items used in the steel industry

..

Standardization Testing and Quality Certification Directorate

Standardization of electronics technology

..

Textile Commissioner

Textile fibres, yarn, and fabrics (except handloom, silk, and jute fabrics), and textiles machinery (excluding jute machinery)

..

Ministry of Home Affairs

Acquisition, possession, manufacture, sale, import, export and transport of arms and ammunition

Arms Act 1959

Central Insecticide Board and Registration Committee

Import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution and use of insecticides

Insecticide Act 1968

Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change

Hazardous waste

Hazardous Waste (Management and Handling) Rules 2003

Department of Consumer Affairs

Metrology that treats units of measurement, methods of measurement and relevant instruments

Legal Metrology Act 2009 and Legal Metrology (Packaged Commodities) Rules 2011



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