Note the word laboratory and mathematics do not really go well in the old days as mathematics is for the most part an intellectual exercise.. However, I none the less made laboratory out of mathematics by actually building devices to measure angles and distances and used this with my self trained knowledge of trigonometry to measure heights and distances to distant objects. I made quadric surface models to see and feel the shape I am talking about. Models of regular polyhedra to see the shapes before my eyes. I taught mathematics using computer software as a support tool and not the main tool to teach calculus. With the advent of modern day computers mathematics is starting to become a lab susceptible area of study as well, but for all the wrong reasons I feel. The computers do not prove the theorems they just confirm it, and why confirm it if is proved, that is the conundrum. NOW if a computer comes up with a counter example than the proof is not correct and the theorem falls.and theorems that were built on that theorem fall. The other thing I would like to do is to build devices that make use of the old traditional theorems of geometry to expand out the actual barnyard mathematics that you often come across in daily life. Somewhat in the vein of drafting and surveying both aspects that apply mathematics to real life problems.
Protractors. Compasses. 30-60-90 triangle. 45-45-90 triangle. T – Square. Rulers English/Metric. Straight edge. Architects Scale. Traditional slide rules. Circular slide rules. Drafting Machine and scales. French curves Flexible Curves. Drafting tables, automatic arm drafting tables. Computer drafting and AutoCAD software
Templates (all types): Architectural, Landscaping, Electrical/Electronics. Interior Design, Flowchart. Mechanical. Circles/Ellipses. Lettering.
Conics models, dissected cones models. Models of the regular solid polyhedra
Various computer software for mathematics. Mathematica, Maple, Math Cad, Mat Lab mathematics software. Personal Computer, Windows Based and Apple McIntosh.
Biology and Human Anatomy and Physiology
The Teacher I dedicate this to was not well liked by other teachers, and she had a big problem with alcohol, but I truly did like her personally and learned a great deal from her, and she inspired in me the desire to learn as much about biology as I could. In some respects, I wish I had taken a major or at least a minor in biology, but my plate was full anyway you cut it. This teacher was Myrtle O’Connor. I have never figured out how she drove to and from Gallup despite the snow and ice on the road, intoxicated and all that. Oh, their were better teachers than her in the past, their were teachers who knew a lot more about biology in her, but something in her and in myself clicked with each other, but with the general students she was a mite sarcastic. Well let’s call it what it is, she was quite sarcastic. She even told off the school’s teacher’s pet one time. I think mother liked her though from what she told me. Dad use to have running battles with her now and then, but she looked OLD but it turns out she died not much older than I am now. That night she died the teachers said they saw her loading up on alcohol in Gallup. I don’t know if she decided to end it all or it was just one of those things. I don’t see her killing herself directly.
Specimens: Clams (Mussels), Starfish, Perch, Grasshoppers, earthworms, crawdads, frogs, and unfortunately a cat (I like them better alive and purring rather then reeking of formaldehyde and dead as doornails).
Dissection Tools: scalpel, Dissecting scissors, Cartilage Knife, Probes, Shears and bone cutting shears. Teasing needles. Forceps, tongs, dissection pans, rulers, section lifters, chain and hooks, Droppers, Dissecting pins, Magnifiers.
Equipment: Microscopes (all optical). Magnifiers (botanical work), glass slides, cover slips (glasses), slide preparation materials. Petri Dishes, bacterial culture media, incubators ovens. Sphygmomanometer (BP). Reflex Hammer. Tuning Forks. Digital and analog thermometers. EPM (Electronic Pulse Monitor) Stethoscope. Otoscope, Blood Glucose meters.
Equipement Additional: Skeletons and Skulls (the real thing: Human, Cat, and Chicken – the human skeleton was bought back in the 1950’s when high schools could get them. Curiousity drove me to ask about race and gender. It was certainly female but race was uncertain though the biology teachers had suspicions). During changing times, she was put in the back storage and plastic skeletons nad skulls were purchased. Models for each of the systems of the human body, and tissue samples of each of the organs of the body preserved forever (or a long, long time) I use to be fascinated with the brain tissue. Incubator/Brooders with hygrometers and Thermometer.
Donated equipment but not used except in theory: Equipment for EKG (electrocardiography), EEG (electronenceptholography), GSR (Galvanic Skin Response), Respiratory Cycle, Pulmonary Function, Dynamometry, EMG (electromyography), Plethysmography were to expensive in later years to cover (as Human Anatomy/Physiology were added in) but the theory was discussed.
Special collections of biome specimens: Put out for display but hands off. Collections bottle with specimens of various animals plants. Some I remember and all of which were probably representatives of larger sets. Deer Mouse, Rat, bats. Chicks....Sparrows. Butterfly, Cicada, Centipede, Scorpion, Tarantula, Black Widow Spider, Garden Spider, Honeybee, Hornet/Wasps, cockroaches, grasshoppers, Hermit Crab, Crabs, Crayfish, Starfish, Sand dollar Frog, Toads, Salamanders, Newts. Jellyfish, Sponges, Urchins, Anemones, clams. Dogfish, Sharks, lampreys (attached to a victim...err host), Earthworms, Leeches, Fluke worms, tapeworms. Squids, Octopi. 100% certain there were others I have forgotten and maybe never saw. They were probably purchased by Dr. Sam Bellar, probably the brightest of the biology teachers that went through. The school was unable to keep biology teachers for some reason or other.
Aquarium/Terrarium and Living Animal Displays: Aquarium Displays: Plants (aquatic and actual surface dwelling plants). Fishes. Aquarium standard equipment.....light system, filter system (charcoal and glass wool fiber), pump, thermometer, thermostat,heating system. Hydrometer. Terrarium Displays: Desert Terrarium and Woodland Terrariums.
Lab Animals (they led a “long” happy life, being mascots and pets) Occasionally they'd donate fur involuntarily for microscopic studies. Assorted and associated cages, bedding, and food. Our biology teachers promoted using our own body for bacteria and the creek bed as well. Pond Water. It was interesting to not some of the creatures you saw under microscope. We were encouraged to provide blood for study as well. When Mrs O’connor was on one of her sarcastic modes you would almost dread the idea of giving blood as she might do it for you. NO, I heard she had a hard life
BIOLOGY & Anatomy/Physiology
Keep in mind, biology is not my strong suit, but I probably know more about it than a lot of the majors in biology. Equipment and tools used either directly or by demonstration
Clams (Mussels), Starfish, Perch, Grasshoppers, earthworms, crawdads, frogs, and unfortunately a cat.
scalpel, screwlock with blade
Scissors, Dissecting, superior
Haber Probe, Mall Probe, Flexible probe
Small Bone and Large bone cutting shears
Angular and Straight teasing needles
Forceps, Large Tissue
Forceps, straight sharp point
Curved point forceps, utility
triple chain hook
Straight surgical scissors
Straight Iris scissors
Scissors, Curved Dissecting
Probe and Hook
Iris Microdissection scissors
Magnifiers and Lenses/Microscopes:-
Magnifiers for botanical work
Glass slides and cover glasses
Microtome (for section cutting of specimens to 10 microns)
Basic: Bismarck Brown, Carmine Alum, Eosin yellowish, Crystal Violet, Hematoxylin,
Malachite Green, Methylene Blue, Methyl Green, Neutral red, Safranin.
Microstain set: Aniline Blue, Malachite Green, Eosine, Congo Red, Methyl
Dyes: Neutral Red, Janus Green, Methylene Blue, Bismarck Brown, Cresyl Blue Brilliant
Immobilization Solutions: Cupric Acetate and Cupric Sulfate.
--- it should be noted that our teacher was a fly by the seat of her pants teacher who
encouraged checking everything out including creek water, snot, saliva, blood samples,
skin, hair....you name it----
Devices and Apparatus for Physiology
Equipment for EKG (electrocardiography), EEG (electronenceptholography), GSR (Galvanic Skin Response), Respiratory Cycle, Pulmonary Function, Dynamometry, EMG (electromyography), Plethysmography were to expensive in later years to cover (as Human Anatomy/Physiology were added in) but the theory was discussed.
EPM (Electronic Pulse Monitor)
Student Wet Spirometer
Blood Glucose meters
Hemocytometer Set (Red,White blood cell counts)
ABO-Rh Blood Typing Kit
Fat O meter
Skin Temp set Meter
Flexibility Strength Kit
Eye test Chart
Pin Hole viewer
Visual Perception Kit
Breath Fitness Kits:
Breath Control Devices
Breath Volume Kit
Skeletons (the real thing) Cat, Chicken for comparative anatomy.
Human Skeleton (real and plastic). Skull real and plastic.
The real ones were gotten before the days of political correctness. Included charts
multi view. It use to be schools could get real human skeletons without a lot of hassle
now days they are hard to come by. Plastic is cheaper anyway and less scary to some
students. I learned my anatomy from the real thing though. It scared me very badly when
I was a kid however. Note: after reading in 2013 where the skeleton likely came from it
sickens me to think about it. The school itself is blameless and really the supply houses are
sort of blameless but the ones who raided and stole bodies are borderline illegal and definitely
unethical and the practice was clamped down on. But there are still places that get and
Respiratory Systems (Lungs, including trachea and
Larynx) Carbon Dioxide <--> oxygen interchange). Included charts multi view.
Muscles systems (including Skin models) for both
involuntary and voluntary muscles. Discussing importance of Calcium. Included charts multi view
Circulatory Systems (heart arteries and veins) Included charts multi view
Brain model detachable, Spinal cord models. Included charts multi view
Digestive tract Models including support organs: Liver, Pancreas, Spleen, gall bladder, small and large intestines, etc. Also including the kidney systems (though I technically think of this as a separate system along with the other part of the coin (enough said). Included charts multi view
Reproductive systems were avoided like plague, though to me it's natural and part of us a
humans. Anyhow, I came to understand this part of the human body from both male and female aspects. I.e. Storks don't bring babies, and babies are not necessarily gifts from God. – though fundamentalists like to say so. Tell that to a mother in the slums with already 8 kids to feed without a father in sight). I read the anatomy books on the subject in other words. Even though the topic itself was never discussed in the labs.
Charts illustrating the Endocrine Systems and
Charts illustrating the Lymphatic System, and the Immune
Full Torso models
Excretory systems including Urinary System (actually and
technically part of the digestive system, but I include it
Models of the human sensory systems:
Eye Included charts multi view
Ear Included charts multi view
Models of the olfactory systems Nose sinuses etc.
Included charts multi view
Models of the tongue and taste sensory system. Included charts multi view
Discussions of the sense of touching. Tactile sensory system. Included charts multi view
In the days of old before political correctness the old biology teachers bought some sample of actual human tissue, that were preserved in an acrylic (?) plastic box. Various parts of the brain, heart tissue, Lung etc. These items really struck home that we are indeed animals and we are formed of different systems and tissues.
Special collections of biome specimens: Put out for display but hands off. Collections bottle with specimens of various animals plants. Some I remember and all of which were probably representatives of larger sets
Deer Mouse, Rat, bats. Chicks....Sparrows. Butterfly, Cicada, Centipede, Scorpion, Tarantula, Black Widow Spider, Garden Spider, Honeybee, Hornet/Wasps, cockroaches, grasshoppers, Hermit Crab, Crabs, Crayfish, Starfish, Sand dollar Frog, Toads, Salamanders, Newts. Jellyfish, Sponges, Urchins, Anemones, clams. Dogfish, Sharks, lampreys (attached to a victim...err host),
Earthworms, Leeches, Fluke worms, tapeworms. Squids, Octopi. 100% certain there were others I have forgotten and maybe never saw.
Aquarium/Terrarium and Living Animal Displays:
Tip Growing: Underwater bananas, etc
Rooted: Amazon sword plant, Ludwigia,
Mollies, Guppies, Goldfish
Aquarium standard equipment.....light system, filter system (charcoal and glass wool fiber),
pump, thermometer, thermostat,heating system. Hydrometer.
Desert Terrarium and Woodland Terrariums.
Lab Animals (they led a “long” happy life, being mascots and pets) Occasionally they'd donate fur involuntarily for microscopic studies.
Assorted and associated cages, bedding , and food.
Hamsters (old “Hamish” got caught by one of our cats though when he was brought home over Christmas break. However we did have several bull snakes in that house though. At any rate Hamish disappeared). Bull snakes I did not mind at all. Where you have bull snakes you do not have mice, rats, or rattlesnakes.
Turtles/tortoises (I rather believe)
Incubator/Brooders with hygrometers and Thermometer
Live Animal Traps
Cages for animals...Bird and reptiles and mammals.
Animal Collections/Plant Collections
Teacher did not have us do this....anything having to do with expiring animals we didn't do, but the old biology teachers apparently did, as I remember my brother doing so.
Collecting nets pond/stream
Insect collection nets
Killing Jar (ethyl acetate)
Fumigate for protecting mounted specimen
Storage box for mounted boards
Insect trappers besides nets
The ant lion trick apparatus Berelese Apparatus. The insect falls into a funnel and then into a bottle.
Metabolism Experiment apparatus
Volumeter (Oxygen consumption meters)
Botany: Teacher was very big on growing plants in the lab.
Light and water meter
General plant germination to adult process
Pots, fertilizer, hand soil tiller rake, sprayer, potting soil, ... all standard equipment for growing, and transplanting plants.
Slide Studies, Sketches, and Labeling.
*Chromosome study sets: Animals and Plants
It's hard to say with certainty which slides we saw, as this is based on memory of things nearly 40 years ago, The time and the sheer number of slides we had to study, sketch, label, and remember was very large. We started and quickly went through the beginning survey set of “e” animal hair (yanked from her dog or donated involuntarily by the local lab animal). Natural synthetic fibers, insect eyes and heads, lice, fleas, butterfly wings, honeybee wings, legs, and stinger etc.
As memory serves, we studied cross sections of tissues, blood, parts of the organs and systems of larger animals, and studied the cellular structure of the “simple” animals. There are orders in these animals and plants, and I tried to do some ordering but as I am not applying for any jobs related to biology I am not ordering it that well.
Prepared slides: Animal, Plant, mineral
Blue Green Cyanophyta
Diatoms Chrysophyta (golden algae)
Phaeophyta (Brown algae)
Red algae Rhodophyta
Fungus and Molds:
Eumyceta (fungus) mold
phycomycetes (molds/fungus) Rhizopus
Asomycetes (molds), Yeast, Penicillin,
Basidiomycetes (molds) wheat rot and
Amoebae (the ever lovin' amoebae)
Ciliates (our true blue paramecium)
Gram + or Gram -
With gram stain identify gram – and gram +
bacteria and identify bacterial type via
spherical, rod, or spiral shape.
I will put here two beasts that have always been favorites of mine: slime molds, and nematodes.
Parts of Insects
parts of blood (various types)
Various samples from macro animals including humans
Pelomyxa Carolinensis Giant Amoeba
Coelenterata (Hydra, Obelion)
Clonorchis sinensis (Liver Fluke worm)
Nemathelminthes (nematode like) Parasitical representatives
Annelida (segmented worms)
Insects: Antennas, wings, legs, mouth parts, stingers, etc
Mammal Physiology set
Frog Histology set
neurons of various parts of the brain
Endocrine, Urinary, Digestive, Respiratory, Skin, Lymphatic, Vascular, Neuron, Muscular tissue
Bacterial growth and culturing:
Stain Kit + purple - pink
Inoculating Needles and Inoculating loops
Protozoan Culture Media:
Euglena -- Gro
Slime Molds (Myxomycota)
agars: Lactose, Oatmeal, Subouraud Dextrose
Sugar, Neuspora, Potato Dextrose Sugar
Fermentation Kit: carbon dioxide + alcohol.
Bacterial Cultures from students mouth and teeth, bought specimens see bacterial specimens
Discussion topics: Teacher led us from the simplest plants and animals up through the flowering plants and humans. She did discuss evolution as fact NOT theory, and spent some time on the development of man as it was known at that time. I have since learned the more modern ideas.
Live Mosses & Liverwort
Angiosperms Plants as we customarily know them including edible plants and wildflowers.
Carnivorous Plants: Never had much luck with them when we tried to grow them.
Myxomycota (slime molds)
Equisetophyta (Horse tail)
Rhodophyta (Red algae)
Photosynthetic Reactions Lab
Live Animals Discussions: Probably many others:
Platyholminthes flatworms (Planaria)
Rotifers Monostyla, Philodina
Gastrotrichs related to nematodes and flatworms
Mollusca (snails and clams)
Arthropoda (crustaceans) Tarantulas, crayfish shrimp
Amphibians (Salamanders, Frogs, Bull Frogs, Newts)
Insects (Bees, Ants, Praying mantis, butterfly)
Reptiles (Garter Snakes, Chameleon)
Aves (Chickens and cockatoos)
Mammalia (Rats and Mice. Gerbils and Hamsters as examples)
I have grown to redevelop an interest in biology and biological science. Especially in regards to viruses and preons. The ever increasingly complex immune system, endocrine systems, and the effects of the mind (nervous system) on these two systems and vice versa.
Items I forgot to put in earlier:
Plant Cell Models
Animal Cell Models
Models of flowers.
TOOLS USED IN LABS:
Hammer. Adjustable Wrenches. Tinner snips. Diagonal pliers. long nose pliers. Cutting Pliers. Flat Nose side cutters. long nose side cutters. Diagonal cutting pliers. Needle Round Nose Pliers. Channel Lock Pliers. Short Nose locking pliers (aka vice grips) . Short Head/Philips head screwdrivers. Precision screwdrivers. Micro screwdrivers. Crimpers/Cutters. Hacksaw. Hand drill. Soldering gun. Hex Key wrench set. Allen wrench set . Triangle files. Flat Bastard Files. Circular bastard files. Socket wrench set Meter. Nut Driver Set . Levels. Plumb bob. C clamps. table clamps. Bench Vice . Anvil. Glass Tubing. Rubber Tubing. Glass Cutting files. T – connecting tube . Y – connecting tubes. U – connecting tubes. . calipers. micrometers. .
HOME TOOLS USED: SHOULD INCLUDE MOST OF LAB TOOLS AS THEY ARE ALSO USED IN HOME SETTING: Diagonal cutters, Allen Wrenches, Crimpers, files of various types.
Carpentry: Planar. Rasps. Sanding Blocks. L Square. Levels. plumb bobs. Saws: [Cross cut saw. Ripping Saws. Key Hole or Compass saw. Hacksaw. Coping (or Fret) saw. Back saw. Mitre Boxes. Bow Saws. Pruning saws]
Wrecking Bar. Nail Puller.
Plumbing: Plumbers Pipe Wrenches------Reamers------ Threaders------ Pipe Cutters------
Earth Moving: Drainage Canals, Fence lines, etc. ------Shovels ----- Picks ----- pick axes ----- Crowbar -----
Fence Line Construction/Repairs----- Real linesman pliers----- Vice Grips----- Fence Post drivers----- Wire Puller
Wood Cutting for stoves: ----- Axes-----Mauls -----Wedges -----Chisels -----Hatchets -----Chain Saws: gasoline, electric -----
Buzz saws: Loud and scary. -----Two Man saw
Gardening Harvesting -----Hoes -----Rakes Also called bow rake -----Bamboo rakes also called leaf rakes-----
Spades-----Tillers -----Manure Forks----- Pitch forks-----cultivator forks -----spade fork ----- Scythes ---- electric and gasoline powered weed cutters. Landscape and screening rake ----- Mulch and bedding forks ----- Flower pruning shears -----Heavy duty pruning shears ----- Landscape and screening rake -----Cultivating Mattocks ----- Bulb planters
General Tools: Coal shovels. Snow shovels Squeegees and Scrapers.
Torches: Propane torches----- Acetylene Torches----- Oxyacetylene torches----- Kerosene torches/burners----- Kerosene Heaters ---Butane Torches
Hammers: Geologists -----Brick Layers-----Cross Peine-----Repousse-----Ball Peinn-----Claw Hammer -----Driving sledge-----
Machinist sledge-----Tack Hammer
Pliers: Lock Jaw. Vice Grips Locking. Slip joint, alligator, toungue and Groove. Needle nose. Long nose. flat nose . True fence line . Diagonal .
General: Wheelbarrows. Pump sprayers (insecticide and fertilizer applications (not same container of course). Stone and masonry chisels. Wood chisels and wedges. Wood scrapers and shavers. Wood planes, suroforms, Mallets. Wedges. Stone and masonry chisels. Nail Pullers Mallets Soldering gun and solder.
Clamps: Bar Clamps, Utility Clamps, Pipe clambs, and C clamps. Glass cutter tools.
General Office and Other Equipment:
Electric Typewriters. Manual Typewriters (basically antiques now)
Hole Punch Machine (Key punch ? -- stamping out old time Computer cards. They were on the way out when I started school shortly after the last dinosaur died). However, I had to use them for a few programs for practice.
Ditto Machines – these I think are almost antiques now I think.
Telephone systems but my hearing is such that I can’t use them to well anymore.
CHEMISTRY/PHYSICS LABORATORY WORKER. Window Rock High School. Fort Defiance, AZ
Assisted laboratory manager in creating organic stain solutions for cellular structure, and osmosis studies in Anatomy/Physiology.
Prepared acid/base solutions of proper normality for use in high school chemistry laboratories.
Cleaned and inventoried equipment at year's end. Kept inventory of chemicals and chemistry/physics apparatus for the laboratory. Familiar with lab safety procedures.
Set up experiments for physics laboratories: mechanics, thermodynamics, electrical/electronic circuits, optics experiments.
Adept at using almost all standard equipment in a chemistry and physics laboratory. Extensive work in the laboratory. The level of work was intense and beyond the usual university introductory level
Laboratory Assistant or Monitor (Electronics Lab – 1 year student, Computer Lab – 1 year student, Mathematical Lab – 4 years professional). Chemistry/Physics Laboratory Worker: (3 years. Set up experimental apparatus for day's labs, prepared solutions of acids, bases, stains, et al. For class use, inventory of stockroom and equipment)
NEED TO PUT IN THE CRAFT TOOLS ASSOCIATED WITH LAPIDARY, SILVERCRAFT, LEATHERCRAFT