Tools and lab equipment

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Warning: Needs to be worked on when and if time permits so i publish this with this warning—also spelling needs to be analyzed. This normally is not a hassle but it is when you get to technical terms and the spell checker goes into melt down mode or DEFCON 1 mode. It needs to be sat down with and read carefully rather than spell checking it.

Engineering Laboratory

  • Electrical Engineering I, II, III: Kirchoff's Laws. Ohm's Law. Thevenin equivalents. Maximum Power Transfer. Phasor analysis circuitry. Transfer Functions, Bode Plots. Many labs devoted to analyzing and reverse engineering the contents of “black boxes”.

  • Advanced Electronics Laboratories I & II Analog: Filters active/passive. Integration, differentiation circuitry. Darlington Push/Pull amplifiers. Power supplies various types. Charge Pump Power Supplies. Bridge rectifiers Transistor models/parameters. Op Amp models and applications. VCO's. Frequency Response. Cascade/Tandem amplifiers. Amplifiers of many other types.. Wien Oscillators and other oscillators. al. Will fill in more as I find my laboratory books.

  • Advanced Electronics Laboratories I & II Digital: Moore/Mealy state Machines. Transmission gates. Chip Oriented. Multiplexers, demultiplexers. ADC's DAC's. Programmable elements/ gate arrays. Flip Flop circuits. Transistor models of logic gates AND, OR, NOR, XNOR gates. Counters binary Counters divide by n. Digital timing circuits. DAC and ADC Digital to analog and analog digital converters, multiplexers, counters, DSP (Digital Signal Processors). FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Arrays).Timers. Rectifiers. Triggers. Clippers/Clampers. Microprocessor controlled circuits. Programming/Burning in programs for programmable components. PALs, PLAs, GATE ARRAYS. Mealy and Moore State al. Will fill in when and if I get my original laboratory notebooks

  • Semiconductor Fabrication: Oxidation thermal. Doping with Boron, Phosphorous, Etching (HF acid). Photolithography process. Masking. Ellipsometers for oxidation thickness. Dopant thickness with microscope and stain studies. Resistivity. Metallization process. Ion implantation. Molecular building layer by layer (at the time, an "in the future" discussion). General overview lab of semiconductor fabrication et. al. Will fill in if and when I get my laboratory notebooks

  • Power: High Voltage/Current Lab. Power generation, transmission, and distribution. Y versus Delta transmission cables. Overall view of a power plant: coal burning and hydroelectric. Motor, generators under varying load conditions. Power transformers, substations, ... et. al.

  • Microprocessor: Used the Intel 8085 and Motorola 6800 microprocessor for programming, detailed studies of interrupt systems, interfacing the microprocessor with the external world control nature of microprocessors. . Microprocessor and Digital Electronics: interrupt systems, control nature of microprocessors. Interfacing microprocessors to the real world

  • Volt Meters, Ohm Meters, Amp Meters, Watt Meters – old fashioned analog scale models, and newer self contained digital boxes. Extensive work on oscilloscopes. Function generators 1 Hz up into the Megahertz range. Square, Triangular, ramp, sinusoidal generators. Spectrum Analyzers. Capacitance meters. Transistor tracking meters. Varying Resistance and Capacitance boxes and devices. Old-fashioned wire wound inductors.

  • Drafting (traditional and computer)


  • Computer Programming: C, ADA, PASCAL, FORTRAN, Machine/Assembly Language, APL, SNOBOL, COBOL, Computer Graphics, and BASIC. Exposure to C++. Background work in SL-1, PL-1, LISP, Algol. Computer Graphics, BASIC. Would like to learn formally C++, Visual Basic, Java, and more modern languages. It should be noted that I am very adept and quick at learning new software skills if given a manual, a computer, and some time to learn it.

  • Software: Mathematica, Maple, Math Cad, Pspice, PUFF/SNAP, Frequency and Electronic analysis Software analog and digital, electronic workbench, and PSpice. Microsoft: Word, EXCEL, Works, and Power Point. Canvas, Adobe Acrobat, Program Data Management, Computer Drafting -- AutoCAD, File-maker Pro. And RELEX Word processing, excel, photo editing, MATLAB exposure I took classes from the original author of this mathematics software used today. It would not take me to long to master it. Access exposure, Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Acrobat, et al. Word Perfect, Star Office, Canvas, Adobe Acrobat, Program Data Management, Computer Drafting -- AutoCAD, File-maker Pro (databases), RELEX, Electronic frequency analysis software, digital analysis software, VPGP Software.

  • Computer Hardware Equipment: Used in past Xerox Sigma 6, IBM 360 family, UNIVAC (and associated key hole punch machines, card readers, tapes, teletypes, etc). More modern Apple Macintosh Classic, and today desk top personal computers with associated equipment: printers, scanners, mass drive disks, CD, data sticks, and floppy disks. Work with both wireless and land line modem. Familiar with much of the hardware associated with desktop computers, terminals, and related such as Printers, Scanners, Fax I am very aware that many of these items are out of date, but I have kept up with the more modern trends as well. Computers have evolved greatly over the years.

Science Laboratories I have included the high school laboratories because of the very strong program they had at THAT time; the work was equivalent to college work at that time. Now days the school has deteriorated immensely. Note: Most of the mentioned material came from university laboratories; however the high school I attended forced me to not just do the classes/labs but also to excel in doing them. This information is also incomplete in that I am doing it from memory years after the fact. All standard equipment in university engineering level physics and chemistry labs. To numerous to mention (and generally labs that are not taught anymore to physics students in engineering such as optics, thermodynamics, et al). I was fortunate to have been taught by those who studied in the hey day of the physical science areas in the 1930’s-40’s. I was fortunate in that my teacher was a student at Caltech earning his masters and BS from this school and attended seminars by the icons of physics and chemistry of the day. So he knew science, and the early school board was very science and mathematics oriented so a goodly amount of the budgets were invested in science and mathematics and the investment was returned with students who excelled in science and mathematics though unfortunately many left the reservation and never came back. Science Laboratory Studies (Physics – 3 years student, Chemistry – 2 years student, Biological Science – 2 year student, Physical Science 1 year).

  • Biology: Standard collegiate and advanced high school, biology laboratory. Optical Microscopes. Sample preparation on slides and slip covers. Staining samples. Bacterial culturing and growth. Bacterial study. Analysis and study of cellular structures (bacterial, plant, animal including myself). Dissections of clams, starfish, crayfish, earthworms, grasshoppers, frogs. Macro biology encompassing botany and al. Will fill in when and if I find my laboratory notebook. High school

  • Anatomy and Physiology. Standard anatomy and physiology of the human systems and comparisons to other mammals. Blood Testing. Various cellular structures (difference and similarities). Osmosis experiments. Solution and stain preparation. Dissection of a cat. Analysis and detailed study of the cat’s anatomy and relationships to the anatomy of the human. Analysis and detailed study of human skeleton Detailed study of the muscular system Detailed studies of each of the systems of the human body. More...will fill in if and when I find my lab book High school

  • Physics, Advanced Laboratories, surface analytical equipment: Department of Physics. Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ Advanced Physics Laboratory, and surface analytical equipment: Ultra High Vacuum Technology. Low Energy Electron Diffusion. Scanning Tunneling Microscopy. Atomic Force Microscopy. Low Energy Ion Scattering. Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry. Auger Electron Spectroscopy. X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy. Electron Spectroscopy for Chemical Analysis. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance. X-ray Diffraction, and Semiconductor Fabrication laboratories. Exposure to Methods (1 year)

  • Physics Laboratories. Department of Physics. Northern Arizona University. Flagstaff, AZ. Window Rock High School. Fort Defiance, AZ. Gravity and Laws of Mechanics. Conservation of Linear and Angular Momentum. Gyroscope experimentation. Pendulum and gun apparatus laboratories. Pendulum apparatus laboratories. Air track/cars, inclined plane experiments. Force tables. Cathode Ray tube experiments. Electroscopes, static charge generators: Wimshurst and Van de Graff. Thermal expansion and contraction. Steam turbines. Water wave generation devices. String waves experiments. Experiment study of electron energy levels in Hg atoms. Diffraction gratings. Planck's Constant. Optics: Reflection, Refraction, Transmission, Diffusion, and diffraction of light. Lenses and mirror apparatus. Electronic and Electrical Circuits. Electric motors/generators. Static and Electric charge generators static electricity. Will fill in if and when I find my lab books

  • Chemistry Laboratory. Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ and Window Rock High School, Fort Defiance, AZ. Oxygen, Hydrogen, Chlorine generation experiments. Heats of reactions, exothermic and endothermic reactions. Separation/Distillation. Titration. Acid-Base reactions. Calorimetric experimentation. Reactions of metals with water (violent and tamer). Oxidation/Reduction. Color Bead Tests. Melting points. Freezing point and crystalline structure. Polar bonds. Electron Affinity. Bonding. Equations, Stoichiometry and equilibrium of reactions. Measures of solution content. Le Chatelier's Principle. Diffusion/Graham's Law. rates of reactions. Thermodynamics laws. Internal energy, enthalpy and entropy. Gibb's Law. Hess' Law. Ideal gas laws and equations. I will fill in if and when I find my lab books

  • Astronomy Laboratories (1 year student, on going amateur, though it’s hard since I live in a city now). General introductory laboratories, but more in depth. Actual observations of night sky with unaided eye sight to analyze planetary motion, color types of stars, changes in star fields as time went by. Plotted the paths daily of Mercury, Venus and the Sun in reference to the horizon as the first project for the Astronomy class. Observations of sun and moon changes in reference to earth. Observation through the university telescopes of the moon and planets (associated moons) making sketches of what was seen.  Observation and record keeping of sun spot activity.  Work done at minor level then to more complicated level on smaller university telescopes. Finding objects on my own using right ascension and declination. Observation of deep sky objects using the main university telescope.    Performed minor calculation of celestial mechanics, and later took the full-blown version of Celestial Mechanics (very intense mathematics). Graduated onto the University main telescope to make sketches of objects. Gained a strong interest in celestial photography, and many visits in later years back to the university main telescope. Regular field trips to Lowell Observatory for viewing nights. Photographs of night skies, comets on my own. As knowledge has grown about astronomy in non – optical wavelengths, my interest in astronomy has grown with it.

  • Meteorology Laboratory Related:  Meteorological observations and record keeping.  Standard equipment and observations of weather behavior. Course work.  Project detailing the mathematical analysis of data for weather stations to develop model for climatic changes over a 100-year time frame.  Interest in all aspects of meteorology.  Theoretical exposure to weather and resulting prevailing conditions from clear skies to stormy weather. Climate modeling by analysis of data over several decades and into centuries.

Mathematics Laboratories

Supervising of Maple Laboratories for mathematical education for Calculus Students.
General Laboratory

  • Archaeology Laboratory: On site digging through midden, collecting artifacts, location of artifact in space on written records. Sifting soil for artifacts. Laboratory cleaning, drying, and sorting as to type of artifact. Archaeology digs at Elden Pueblo, and worked within the laboratory, washing, drying, and presorting artifacts as to lithics, bones, and pottery.

  • Surveying Laboratory: Mathematical principle of surveying. Principles of surveying using total station techniques

  • Drafting Laboratory Egr Design and Graphics ---- Spring 92 3 A Drafting 1/2 8/71-5/72 B B

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