Tohono Affirmative – ddi 2015 sws

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Agent circumvention

1. Agents have no incentive to circumvent – they treat the natives the way they do because of high stress and job insecurity.

Browne, no date (Clayton. "The Employee Turnover for the Border Patrol." Work. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 July 2015.)TB

Overview Most Border Patrol agents have difficult, stressful, and occasionally physically dangerous jobs. New hires must complete rigorous training of up to three months at Border Patrol Academy before they start work in the field. All Border Patrol Academy graduates must serve at least two years on the Mexican border and many are assigned to remote rural areas with relatively few recreational amenities. Border Patrol agents are expected to work long hours, including nights, and deal with highly stressful situations. Employee Retention Problems The Border Patrol has had issues with employee retention as least as far back as 2001. Turnover has been as high as 30 percent among Border Patrol employees during their first 18 months. Experts say many leave due to stress, relatively low pay and long hours. Given the length of time required for extensive background checks and training,hire new agents quickly is difficult, thus adding to the conditions that spur turnover in the first place. Culture Shock The reasons for the high turnover rate among Border Patrol agents are complex, but include high stress, long hours, perception of poor administrative support, and culture shock. A 2008 story by the Associated Press says that Mike Fisher, at the time a sector chief of the Border Patrol in San Diego, faced "culture shock" from working on the Texas-Mexico border.

2. Border Patrol agents would be removed from Tohono land as a result of the plan – circumvention would be unlikely, and officially impossible. A vanguard, off-duty Border Patrol agent could be arrested by tribal police.


CBP alt causes (CBP ev)

Let’s examine each alt cause:

1. Following up leads – how do you get the lead without surveillance?

2. Responding to electronic sensors – sensors are surveillance. Post-plan there will be no sensors to respond to

3. Interpreting and following tracks – you can only find the tracks through surveillance

4. Maintaining checkpoints – you can only know where to put the checkpoint based on surveillance. Also, the checking itself is surveillance

5. conducting city patrol – patrolling is surveillance. Even if you don’t buy that, the endpoint is to find someone to surveil.

6. anti-smuggling investigations – without surveillance, there is no starting point for an investigation.

Minute men

1. The minute men have disbanded.

Goodwin, 12 (Liz. Liz Goodwin. Ledecky Fellow. Liz Goodwin '08, returning to her Texas roots, writes about immigration and politics for Yahoo News. "The End of the Minutemen: Tea Party Absorbs the Border-watching Movement." The Lookout. Yahoo!, 16 Apr. 2012. Web. 30 July 2015. .)//TB

Back in 2004, Jim Gilchrist, a retired Marine and the founder of the California Minutemen Project, emailed a few dozen friends and family suggesting that concerned civilians personally combat illegal immigration by traveling to the Arizona border with him. Gilchrist lives in Orange County, Calif., but the Arizona border was the most heavily trafficked and sparsely patrolled. That email reached thousands of people and touched a nerve. Hundreds showed up in April 2005 to patrol the border. Some of them brought floppy hats, lawn chairs, binoculars and American flags. Others toted guns and protest signs. The group banned neo-Nazis from attending, though some came anyway. A movement was born. Gilchrist estimates he did 4,000 radio and TV interviews over the next five years as his group's membership swelled and the media attention exploded. "It was just literally overwhelming," he said. But today, the once-thriving Minutemen anti-illegal immigration fraternity has all but died out. No one knows exactly why the groups fizzled so quickly, but researchers and former border-watching leaders say infighting and bad press have taken a toll. At the same time, the tea party movement started to rise, which usurped members and stole the groups' thunder.

2. Their own (Jenkins) ev indicates vigilantes are doing lots of bad stuff in the squo, means the impact is inevitable


1. The case is a DA to this argument. Since they don’t propose an alternative, your choice is really to either end the violence visited upon the Tohono or to let it continue.

2. The burden is on them to prove that other indigenous movements will specifically see the Tohono case as a victory for all natives.

State hurts natives

See State K

Still violence in the US

1. They can’t solve this violence either – at least we’re a step in the right direction.

2. Racialized attitudes toward natives probably can’t be solved through policy action, means we’re the best alternative

3. We solve the violence on sovereign Tohono land. That’s what Tohono themselves have shown that they overwhelmingly care about – that’s 1ac miller.

4. don’t evaluate this as a solvency deficit – we never claimed to solve for it

There’s a fence


Kilpatrick, 14 (Kate. Reporter/Editor at Al Jazeera America. "U.S.-Mexico Border Wreaks Havoc on Lives of an Indigenous Desert Tribe." Aljazeera America. N.p., 25 May 2014. Web. 15 July 2015.)TB

When the border fence was erected — to this day just concrete vehicle barriers connected by chicken wire — it didn’t stop O’odham from crossing between the countries.

TOPD $ tradeoff

1. Money for the Tohono not zero-sum – if they want the money, they can ask the USFG

2. Their ev is talking about the Tohono in the status quo. That means impact is inevitable.

3. they concede short ev and katz ev - indicates loss of culture should be prioritized over loss of education or even life. Culture is a social fabric that allows the dead to be kept alive. Without culture all impx are terminally NUq. Means case definitely o/w the turn

4. At the beginning of their ev it assumes that TOPD will want to keep stringent border security – the plan advocates an end to border surveillance activities on Tohono land.

TOPD circumvention

1. Make them isolate an incentive the tribal police would have to circumvent the law if they’re gonna make this argument

2. There is no evidence of the tribal police restricting border access or assaulting Tohono tribal members, so we still garner 100% solvency

3. The Tohono people control the tribal police – they can change it. The Tohono have no power over border patrol.

TOPD = border patrol (in a bad way)

1. The TOPD only monitors the 160 known ILLEGAL crossing sites on the border – it does not monitor the legal sites, like where the Tohono culturally cross the border.

2. The TOPD is investigating deaths on the border – it’s unlikely they would prioritize a Tohono culturally crossing the border over one of the 62 deaths in 2005 alone

Joint hearing before United states government house of representatives subcommittee on immigration border security and claims and subcommittee on crime, terrorism and homeland security committee on the judiciary , Outgunned and outmanned : local law enforcement confronts violence along the southern border, march 2cnd 2006,

TOPD Provides primary border security law enforcement services in addition to public safety with in the nation itself. There are at least 160 know illegal crossing sites along the nation 75 mile shared border with Mexico, in 36 location , and there are no barriers at all thus TOPD officers travel in excess of 200 miles per shift or a yearly total of 48,00 miles. On average, each TOPD officer spends 60% of his or her time working on border related issues, decreasing the amount of time spent on public safety and threatening not only our members but threatening the safety of the united states as well. Daily confrontation with UDAS require the Nation’s Police Officers to possess weaponry and protective equipment to ensure the safety of their own lives as well as the safety of the tribal community. TOPD is the first in line to confront these individuals, which often include criminal and possible terrorists. In addition to apprehending the UDAs the TOPD officers investigate crimes committed by IDAs. Including homicides and unattended deaths. In 2005 alone, TOPD investigated 62 deaths.

TOPD violence

1. This evidence talks about SQUO cooption of the TOPD by the border patrol. It doesn’t apply, unless they can prove that TOPD is being mind-controlled

2. They say financial incentive to abuse – if the US passes the plan, they would be unlikely to continue paying off tribal officials.

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