Tohono Affirmative – ddi 2015 sws



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TOPD surveillance

1. Their Singleton ev says that the government needs to provide “public recognition and support” for the Tohono. The CP does this in no way shape or form, means the Multiculturalism DA is moot.

2. Nowhere in the Singleton ev does it specify the Tohono as specifically k2 solve for all native culture.

3. The CP makes no sense – it can’t be “its” as in the USFG’s surveillance if it is under the control of the Tohono. Means PDB solves the entirety of the aff and the net benefits – curtail federal government surveillance and ramp up the Tohono Tribal Police surveillance of the border

4. Solvency deficit – doesn’t solve sovereignty at all. If the Tohono are still going to be restricted from crossing the border, it doesn’t matter if it’s by the border patrol or by the Tohono Tribal Police – they still can’t access their culture

5. Immigration DA is NUq

A. Border porous now

B. Border Patrol catches less than half of crossers


York, 13 (Byron. Byron York is an American columnist for the Washington Examiner, Fox News contributor, and author who lives in Washington, D.C. "What Is the Real Number of Illegal Border Crossings?" Human Events. 29 May 2013. Web. 26 July 2015. No, they can’t. To find some of the answers that Homeland Security won’t provide, the authors looked to other data — interviews with people who have tried to cross the border illegally; analysis of people who have been caught attempting to cross multiple times; and what is called “known flow,” that is, the actual observations by the Border Patrol of people trying to cross into the United States. Putting together all the evidence, what they found is that U.S. authorities are catching somewhere between 40 percent and 55 percent of the people who try to cross the border illegally. That’s more than in the past, when the Border Patrol had less manpower, but it’s still just somewhere around half, or even less.


C. Trafficking NUq – a lot of weed already goes through Tohono land.


Mizzi, 14 (Shannon. "A Forgotten Front in the Drug & Border Fights: Tribal Reservations." By Shannon Mizzi. 26 Sept. 2014. Web. 27 July 2015.)TB

The Tohono O’odham reservation consists largely of mountains and desert — inhospitable terrain that is difficult to patrol, much to the delight of drug smugglers. Though the reservation’s size accounts for less than four percent of the total length of U.S.-Mexico border, between five and 10 percent of all marijuana produced in Mexico is transported through Tohono O’odham territory, according to Revels & Cummings. The U.S. government has designated the reservation as a “High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area,” with the amount of narcotics seized on the territory drastically increasing over the last 15 years. In 2008, roughly 201,000 pounds of marijuana was seized on the res; in 2009, marijuana seizures rose to 319,000 pounds.

6. Immigration impact NUq

A. short ev indicates loss of culture should be prioritized over loss of life. Culture is a social fabric that allows the dead to be kept alive. Without culture all impx are terminally NUq. Means case definitely o/w the da

B. katz ev indicates border patrol’s discriminatory practices dehumanize and cause every form of evil – means case o/w


7. Immigration DA turn – the USFG uses the excuse of terrorism to oppress native populations and force nationalism against us.

Rivas, 6(Ofelia, Tohono born and activist fighting for cultural freedom, Immigration, Imperialism and Cultural Genocide: An interview with O’odham Activist Ofelia Rivas concerning the effects of a proposed wall on the US / Mexico border, The Solidarity Project, interviewed by Jeff Hendrix, http://www.tiamatpublications.com/docs/imperialism_interview_article.pdf, Accessed 7/15/15) CH

Imperialism – lately this word has been re-entering debate and speech around the country. For the most part, these days, the word imperialism is being used to describe the actions of the United States government as it seeks to gain control over Middle Eastern governments and economies. The continuing occupation of Iraq by the United States is the best example of this neo-imperialism. But imperialism is not limited to lands across the oceans, and the United States government is currently engaged in the occupation of lands much closer to home. We must never forget that the very lands claimed by the government of the United States in North America are claimed by nothing other than the right of conquest. The United States government is a government of occupation here in North America and the lands that it continues to claim and occupy are in spirit still the autonomous territories of the indigenous tribes that existed here before the first European colonists stepped foot on the continent. Since 9/11 the United States government has ratcheted up its attacks against the indigenous residents of the United States. In southern Arizona, these attacks have come in the guise of borderland defense. The traditional O’odham residents of southern Arizona have become the victims of a joint program carried out by the Department of Homeland Security and the Border Patrol to build a border wall across the entire 330 mile U.S / Mexico border, a 65 mile section of which will run along the southern edge of the Tohono O’odham reservation. This wall, if it is allowed to be built, will effectively cut in half the traditional territory of the O’odham and serve to disrupt traditional migration patterns and isolate O’odham villages that exist on opposite sides of the international border. To justify the building of this wall the government has once again used the fear of terrorism, as has become common since 9/11, to advance its fascistic imperialist interests. In a Time Magazine article dated September 20, 2004, entitled “Who left the door open” one can find a perfect example of the fear mongering about “terrorist threats” being used by the corporate media and government to justify the militarization of the border zone and the building of a border wall. Although the Time article does not specifically mention the proposed wall, it does mention the Tohono O’odham nation as being a specific weak spot in the border defense. The article states that “Law enforcement authorities believe the mass movement of illegals, wherever they are from, offers the perfect cover for terrorists seeking to enter the U.S…” Even the 9/11 commission chimes in on this absurd talking point in its report stating that: “two systemic weaknesses came together in our border system's inability to contribute to an effective defense against the 9/11 attacks: a lack of well-developed counter terrorism measures as a part of border security and an immigration system not able to deliver on 1 its basic commitments, much less support counter terrorism. These weaknesses have been reduced but are far from being overcome.” This last statement is especially ridiculous considering that none of the accused 9/11 hijackers crossed into the United States through its border with Mexico. Despite such evident absurdity, the government obviously feels that it can count on the ignorance and apathy of the American public to give it free reign as it moves to completely seal the border between the United States and Mexico. In fact, it seems that a small minority of deluded and frightened residents of this country have fallen for the government campaign of terrorist fear mongering and economic scapegoating of immigrants. The visible rise of racist vigilante groups such as the Minute Man project and Save our State are part of the very dangerous right wing consolidation of power taking place here in North America. It is essential for every resident of this land who does not agree with the racist nationalism being forced upon us in this country to rise up and stop this tide of fear based fascism before it is consolidated. Hundreds of thousands of migrants from the south have risen in a nationwide movement to resist this new wave of racism and fascistic demagoguery – now it is essential that the rest of us join them to resist the militarization of the U.S./Mexico border. It should go without saying that given the current trajectory of the Bush regime, a sealed border should be of grave concern to anyone living in North America – don’t forget that a sealed border can serve to keep people in just as well as it can serve to keep others out!

8. Their second singleton ev assumes they solve for local autonomy – they don’t, means they don’t solve the aff



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