Tohono Affirmative – ddi 2015 sws



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Trafficking/Border

Drugs

1. CBP fails and was sued for their inefficiencies to solve immigration and drug problems


Feliz 15 (Wendy Feliz is the Director of Communications at the American Immigration Council. Prior to joining the Council, Ms. Feliz served as Director of Development at New America Media, after having worked at the Open Society Institute, and public radio station WAMU 88.5 as the Manager of Foundation Relations and Public Information, March 16, http://immigrationimpact.com/2015/03/16/challenging-cbps-failure-to-respond-to-foia-requests/, //rck)

A class action lawsuit was recently filed by three immigration attorneys and eleven noncitizens challenging U.S. Customs and Border Protection’s (CBP) nationwide practice of failing to respond to requests for case information under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) in a timely manner. Brown et al. v. U.S. Customs and Border Protection alleges that routine and excessive delays are unjustified from CBP, the agency with the largest budget within the Department of Homeland Security. FOIA gives an individual the right to access information that the federal government possesses about him or her within 20 business days of making the request. CBP routinely fails to provide requested documents within 20 days, but instead takes months—and in many cases more than a year—to provide documents. The result is plaintiffs and others like them are forced to delay filing applications for lawful permanent residence and other types of immigration benefits—including benefits which would provide relief from removal proceedings—while they wait for necessary documents from their own case files. The lawsuit—filed by the Law Offices of Stacy Tolchin, Northwest Immigrant Rights Project, National Immigration Project of the National Lawyers Guild, and the American Immigration Council on Friday, March 13, in federal court in San Francisco—seeks to remedy CBP’s system-wide failures in its management of FOIA requests. The Center for Effective Government also recently noted this troubling trend at CBP. In their just-released second annual analysis of 15 agencies who receive the highest number of FOIA requests they found “The Department of Homeland Security, which encompasses CBP, was among three government entities that received a D-plus.” Part of the reason for the low score was “the agency closed only 37 percent of simple requests within the required 20 days. It also had the third-largest request backlog and the second-lowest rate of fully-granted requests.”


2. Turn – the war on drugs has been a miserable failure. Removing Border Patrol from the Tohono land could only lessen the negative effects of the war on drugs like excessive spending, increased drug abuse, prison overcrowding, etc.


AP 10 (Associated Press. "War on Drugs Unsuccessful, Drug Czar Says." CBSNews. CBS Interactive, 13 May 2010. Web. 18 July 2015. .)TB

"This nation faces a major crisis in terms of the increasing use of drugs, particularly among our young people," Mr. Nixon said as he signed the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act. The following year, he said: "Public enemy No. 1 in the United States is drug abuse. In order to fight and defeat this enemy, it is necessary to wage a new, all-out offensive." His first drug-fighting budget was $100 million. Now it's $15.1 billion, 31 times Mr. Nixon's amount even when adjusted for inflation. Using Freedom of Information Act requests, archival records, federal budgets and dozens of interviews with leaders and analysts, the AP tracked where that money went, and found that the United States repeatedly increased budgets for programs that did little to stop the flow of drugs. In 40 years, taxpayers spent more than: • $20 billion to fight the drug gangs in their home countries. In Colombia, for example, the United States spent more than $6 billion, while coca cultivation increased and trafficking moved to Mexico - and the violence along with it. • $33 billion in marketing "Just Say No"-style messages to America's youth and other prevention programs. High school students report the same rates of illegal drug use as they did in 1970, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says drug overdoses have "risen steadily" since the early 1970s to more than 20,000 last year. • $49 billion for law enforcement along America's borders to cut off the flow of illegal drugs. This year, 25 million Americans will snort, swallow, inject and smoke illicit drugs, about 10 million more than in 1970, with the bulk of those drugs imported from Mexico. • $121 billion to arrest more than 37 million nonviolent drug offenders, about 10 million of them for possession of marijuana. Studies show that jail time tends to increase drug abuse. • $450 billion to lock those people up in federal prisons alone. Last year, half of all federal prisoners in the U.S. were serving sentences for drug offenses. At the same time, drug abuse is costing the nation in other ways. The Justice Department estimates the consequences of drug abuse - "an overburdened justice system, a strained health care system, lost productivity, and environmental destruction" - cost the United States $215 billion a year. Harvard University economist Jeffrey Miron says the only sure thing taxpayers get for more spending on police and soldiers is more homicides. "Current policy is not having an effect of reducing drug use," Miron said, "but it's costing the public a fortune."


3. short ev indicates loss of culture should be prioritized over loss of life. Culture is a social fabric that allows the dead to be kept alive. Without culture all impx are terminally NUq. Means case definitely o/w the da

4. katz ev indicates border patrol’s discriminatory practices dehumanize and cause every form of evil – means case o/w

5. NUq – a lot of weed already goes through Tohono land.


Mizzi, 14 (Shannon. "A Forgotten Front in the Drug & Border Fights: Tribal Reservations." By Shannon Mizzi. 26 Sept. 2014. Web. 27 July 2015.)TB

The Tohono O’odham reservation consists largely of mountains and desert — inhospitable terrain that is difficult to patrol, much to the delight of drug smugglers. Though the reservation’s size accounts for less than four percent of the total length of U.S.-Mexico border, between five and 10 percent of all marijuana produced in Mexico is transported through Tohono O’odham territory, according to Revels & Cummings. The U.S. government has designated the reservation as a “High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area,” with the amount of narcotics seized on the territory drastically increasing over the last 15 years. In 2008, roughly 201,000 pounds of marijuana was seized on the res; in 2009, marijuana seizures rose to 319,000 pounds.

6. Logically the border patrol would form a border around the northern end of the Tohono territory. Cartels wouldn’t see any more financial opportunity if they couldn’t enter the US.

7. Prioritize structural violence in your impact calculus: it’s the only thing that certainly exists and that we can certainly change. The fact that the USFG sanctions the destruction of the Tohono is the biggest impact in the debate


Taylor, ‘09 (Janelle S. , Prof. of Anthropology, Univ. of Washington, http://depts.washing...er/taylor.shtml, Explaining Difference: Culture, Structural Violence, and Medical Anthropology)TB
Structure sounds like a neutral term “ it sounds like something that is just there, unquestionable, part of the way the world is. By juxtaposing this with the word violence, however, Farmers concept of structural violence forces our attention to the forms of suffering and injustice that are deeply embedded in the ordinary, taken-for-granted patterns of the way the world is. From this follow some important and very challenging insights. First, the same structures that render life predictable, secure, comfortable and pleasant for some of us, also mar the lives of others through poverty, insecurity, ill-health and violence. Second, these structures are neither natural nor neutral, but are instead the outcome of long histories of political, economic, and social struggle. Third, being nothing more (and nothing less!) than patterns of collective social action, these structures can and should be changed. Structural violence thus encourages us to look for differences within large-scale social structures “ differences of power, wealth, privilege and health that are unjust and unacceptable. By the same token, structural violence encourages us to look for connections between what might be falsely perceived separate and distinct social worlds. Structural violence also encourages an attitude of moral outrage and critical engagement, in situations where the automatic response might be to passively accept systematic inequalities.
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