Tohono Affirmative – ddi 2015 sws

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T – domestic


1. w/m –


A. c/I - Domestic is in a country's own territory

American Heritage 14 The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

domestic adjective

1. Of or relating to the family or household:

familial, family, home, homely, household.

2. Trained or bred to live with and be of use to people:


3. Of, from, or within a country's own territory: home, internal, national, native.

B. another c/I do the neg’s interpretation and allow the aff in this instance – as long as we can prove that we’re reasonably topical, we garner all the advantages of the neg’s interp and allow one more aff that they can easily be prepared for

3. Pref our interp – it actually requires the neg to prepare for FEWER affs

4. Standards

Limits: Prefer breadth, we gain more topic education about large issues in the status quo, border surveillance, nsa surveillance and others

Reasonability: Competing interps lead to a race to bottom, prefer reasonability

Predictability: Ours is a core aff, it’s on the wiki, this is one you should be prepared for.

Ground: Generics solve any lost ground

Fairness: Potential abuse isn’t a voter, make them prove they have suffered in this round

Education: Best for education, we learn about more issues while still keeping it adequately limited.

w/m US persons

Indigenous people are US citizens

Bureau of Indian Affairs( Accessed 7-13-2015, "Indian Affairs,",

Yes. As early as 1817, U.S. citizenship had been conferred by special treaty upon specific groups of Indian people. American citizenship was also conveyed by statutes, naturalization proceedings, and by service in the Armed Forces with an honorable discharge in World War I. In 1924, Congress extended American citizenship to all other American Indians born within the territorial limits of the United States. American Indians and Alaska Natives are citizens of the United States and of the individual states, counties, cities, and towns where they reside. They can also become citizens of their tribes or villages as enrolled tribal members.

Current Tohono are citizens by descent

Cowan, 3 (Margo, Margo is an immigration attorney and a former general counsel to the tohono, Native Americans and the U.S.-Mexico Border, In Defense of the Alien Vol. 26, accessed 7/13/15) CH

When the United States recognized the Tohono O'dham Nation as a federally recognized American Indian nation, they had to approve the constitution. And the constitution of the nation says to be a Tohono O'd ham member you either have to have 50 percent blood Tohono O'dham or you have to be a direct linear descendant of the original base role. And so that was the setting that allows today members born in Mexico who can prove they are original descendants of the original base role to be recognized as federally recognized American Indians. Now, two things happened in the 1990s that really I guess brought the Tohono O'dham Nation into the context of problems that communities around the border had been facing for a very long time. The first was all of the border policies to close off the ports and to force people into areas away from the ports and prior to - it took a few years - those initiatives you heard began in the early '90s, mid '90s. It took a few years, really until 1995 or 1996, and then you begin to see hundreds in the beginning and today you see 2,000 undocumented people on any given day, nonmembers, on the lands of Tohono O'dham Nation crossing up. But it's sort of it seems to me as a funnel. A funnel of death, for me that is how I view it. When people are forced away from the ports and forced into very dangerous areas where there are not communities for them to go into - and I think that is the purpose of the policy - then it's no longer a law enforcement situation it's a search and rescue situation. And so you went from a situation where there were no undocumented people besides undocumented Tohono O'dham on the lands of the Tohono O'dham Nation in the '90s and before, to today where there are 2,000 undocumented people in distress - people in distress. Where people run out of the desert and flag down your car and walk into your office and beg for food, and just a terrible, terrible situation. What that means is in the words of the vice-chairman of the Tohono O'dham Nation - the nation's land has become a war-zone and now they are occupied by the Border Patrol and Customs and DEA and Tohono O'dham people who are dark-skinned and elders who don't speak English all of a sudden had been asked for documents and if you can't produce documents we are going to arrest you and deport you and seize your vehicle and we are not really - we don't really have time to distinguish whether or not you are a U.S. citizen or a Tohono O'dham member from the other side.

w/m US territory

Indigenous land is United States territory.

BIA, no date (Bureau of Indian Affairs,, no date. Accessed 28 July 2015.)TB

A federal Indian reservation is an area of land reserved for a tribe or tribes under treaty or other agreement with the United States, executive order, or federal statute or administrative action as permanent tribal homelands, and where the federal government holds title to the land in trust on behalf of the tribe.

Double bind

1. They say border patrol will adjust – plan still solves beatings within the land by removing CBP and culture by allowing Tohono to cross the border

2. If the border patrol would form a border on the Northern end of the reservation that shields the link to politics because the border enforcement would still be there.

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